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Events and People Who Made History on March 20

2nd Century

141 - 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

14th Century

1345 - Saturn/Jupiter/Mars-conjunction: thought "cause of plague epidemic"

16th Century

1525 - Paris' parliament begins pursuit of Protestants
1569 - Duke van Alva leads "tenth penning" in Ponts the Ce
1598 - French king Henri IV and duke van Mercour sign treaty

17th Century

1602 - United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms
1616 - Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana
1627 - France and Spain signs accord for fighting protestantism
1697 - Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"

18th Century

1760 - Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings

19th Century

1800 - French army defeats Turks at Helipolis Turkey, and advance to Cairo
1814 - Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
1815 - Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
1816 - U.S. Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions
1833 - U.S. and Siam sign commercial treaty
1848 - King Louis I of Bayern abdicates to marry dancer Lola Montez
1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)
1863 - Battle of Pensacola Florida - evacuated by Federals
1865 - 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville North Carolina
1865 - Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
1868 - Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville Kentucky of $14,000
1883 - Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
1885 - John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
1885 - Yiddish theater opens in New York with Golldfaden operetta
1886 - 1st AC power plant in U.S. begins commercial operation, Massachusetts
1888 - Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "A Scandal in Bohemia"
1890 - General Federation of Womans' Clubs founded
1890 - German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
1896 - Marines land in Nicaragua to protect U.S. citizens
1896 - Uprising in Matabeleland
1897 - 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
1897 - 1st U.S. orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in New York
1897 - France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia

20th Century

1906 - George B. Shaws "Captain Brassbound's Conversion," premieres in London
1911 - National Squash Tennis Association forms (New York City)
1911 - Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway New York City
1914 - 1st international figure-skating tournament held in U.S., New Haven
1916 - Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
1920 - 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (1 month)
1920 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
1920 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1922 - USS Langley is commissioned, Navy's 1st aircraft Carrier
1922 - WIP-AM in Philadelphia Pennsylvania begins radio transmissions
1923 - Bavarian minister of Interior refuses to forbid Nazi SA
1923 - Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
1924 - Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
1924 - Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Vanc Millionaires (PCHA) in 2
1930 - Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph
1931 - Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
1932 - Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR
1933 - Dachau, 1st concentration camp, completed
1934 - Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Philadelphia A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
1934 - Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
1934 - Test of practical radar apparatus made by Rudolf Kuhnold in Germany
1935 - "Your Hit Parade" made its debut on radio
1937 - Franco-offensive at Guadalajara Spain
1939 - 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
1940 - Paul Reynoud becomes French premier
1941 - Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn
1942 - Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
1942 - General MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
1942 - Major German assault on Malta
1943 - British offensive against Mareth-line
1943 - German U-384 bombed and sinks
1944 - Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River New Jersey, killing 16
1944 - Mount Vesuvius, Italy explodes
1945 - U.S. 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
1946 - Belgian government of Spaak, resigns
1947 - 180-metric ton blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic
1948 - 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90
1948 - 20th Academy Awards - "Gentleman's Agreement," L Young, R Colman win minutes by 2nd live televised musical Arturo Toscvanni on NBC
1951 - Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
1952 - 24th Academy Awards - "American in Paris," H Bogart and Vivian Leigh win
1952 - Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan
1952 - U.S. senate ratifies peace treaty with Japan
1954 - 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
1954 - 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
1954 - "King and I" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 1246 performances
1955 - KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, California (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - 156-day strike against Westinghouse ends
1956 - E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP
1956 - Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (U.S.S.R.) explodes
1956 - Tunisia gains independence from France
1956 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test
1956 - Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp
1957 - Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it
1958 - 50" snow across the Mason-Dixon line
1958 - Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
1958 - Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
1962 - Sjoukje Dijkstra becomes world champion figure skater
1963 - 1st "Pop Art" exhibition (New York City)
1963 - Sikkim crown prince Paldan Thondup Namgyal marries Hope Cooke
1964 - ESRO established, European Space Research Organization
1965 - 27th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Michigan 91-80
1965 - Venkataraghavan takes 8-72 vs. New Zealand at Delhi
1966 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St. Petersburg Women's Golf Open
1967 - Supremes release "The Happening"
1967 - WOET (now WPTD) TV channel 16 in Dayton, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Lyndon Baines Johnson signs a bill removing gold backing from U.S. paper money
1968 - Military intervene in South-Yemen (leftist ministers resign)
1969 - Abebe Bikila's auto-accident, near Addis Ababa
1969 - Beatle John Lennon marries Yoko Ono in Gibraltar
1969 - U.S. president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970
1971 - Boston Bruins win 13th straight NHL game
1972 - 19 mountain climbers killed on Japan's Mount Fuji during an avalanche
1972 - S Mansholt succeeds Malfatti as chairman of European Committee
1973 - Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death
1976 - Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.70)
1976 - Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery
1977 - Communists/socialists win French municipal elections
1977 - Parisians elect former Prime Minister Jacques Chirac as 1st mayor in a century
1977 - Premier Indira Gandhi loses election in India
1978 - Flyers' Rick MacLeash scores on 6th penalty shot against Islanders
1979 - Columbia flies on Shuttle carrier aircraft to Kennedy Space Center
1980 - U.S. appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran
1981 - Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron sentenced to 8 years
1981 - Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Dr
1982 - 1st-class debut of Richie Richardson, Leeward Is vs. Barbados
1982 - France performs nuclear test
1982 - Joan Jett and the Blackhearts' "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" goes #1 for 7 wks
1982 - Reverend A Treurnicht forms Conservative Party of South Africa
1983 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1984 - Andy Kaufman and Fred Blassie's "My Breakfast With Blassie" premieres
1984 - Senate rejects amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools
1985 - Libby Riddles is 1st woman to win Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race
1986 - 228 KPH gust of wind strikes Cairngorm (U.K. record)
1986 - Jacques Chirac forms French government
1987 - FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment)
1987 - NASA launches Palapa B2P
1987 - Soap opera "Capitol" final episode
1987 - Soviet filmmakers arrive in Hollywood for an entertainment summit
1987 - Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 5 km (7:20.36)
1988 - David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly," premieres in New York City
1988 - Laura Davies wins Circle K LPGA Tucson Golf Open
1988 - Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
1989 - Baseball announces Reds manager Pete Rose is under investigation
1989 - Richard J. Kerr replaces Robert M. Gates as deputy director of CIA
1990 - Los Angeles Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33
1990 - Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident
1991 - Court awards Peggy Lee $3 million in suit against Disney
1991 - Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records
1991 - Supreme Court rules unanimously employers can't exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage fetus
1991 - U.S. forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland
1992 - Janice Pennington is awarded $1.3M for accident on Price is Right set
1992 - Noriega's wife Felicidad arrested for stealing buttons from dresses
1993 - Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (36.02 sec)
1993 - IRA-bomb kills 3 year old in Warrington England
1993 - Morton Downey, Jr. weds Lori Krebs
1994 - 14th Golden Raspberry Awards: Indecent Proposal wins
1994 - Brett Hart wins WWF championship at Wrestlemania X
1994 - "Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon New York City after 137 performances
1994 - El Salvador's 1st President election following 12-year-old civil war
1994 - "Flowering Peach" opens at Lyceum Theater New York City for 41 performances
1994 - Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament
1994 - Mashonaland U-24 beat Matabeleland on 1st inn to win Logan Cup
1994 - "No Man's Land" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 61 performances
1994 - Wrestlemania X at MSG NY, Bret Hart pins Yokozuna
1994 - Zulu-king Goodwill Zwelithini founds realm in South Africa
1995 - Beatles song, "Baby It's You," with late John Lennon as lead singer, is released, 1st Fab Four single in more than 30 years
1995 - Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record)
1995 - Poison Gas released in Tokyo subway 12 killed, 4,700 injured
1996 - Erik and Lyle Menendez found guilty of killing their parents
1996 - "Love Thy Neighbor," opens at Booth Theater New York City
1996 - U.K. admits humans can catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease)
1997 - Liggett admits cigarettes are addictive
1997 - Mens Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
1997 - "Play On!," opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater New York City for 61 performances

21st Century

2003 - United States, Briain, Australia and Poland invade Iraq without United Nations sanction
2005 - Magnitude 7 earthquake strikes west of Kyushu Island, Japan


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