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Events and People Who Made History on March 2

9th Century

871 - Battle at Marton: Ethelred van Wessex beats Danish invasion army

12th Century

1121 - Dirk VI becomes count of Holland

15th Century

1458 - Hussite George van Podiebrad chosen king of Bohemia
1498 - Vasco da Gama's fleet visits Mozambique Island

17th Century

1629 - English king Charles I leaces house of commons
1675 - Prince William III installed as governor of Overijssel

18th Century

1725 - Georg F Handels opera "Giulio Cesare in Egitto," premieres in London
1776 - Americans begin shelling British troops in Boston
1789 - Pennsylvania ends prohibition of theatrical performances
1799 - Congress standardizes U.S. weights and measures

19th Century

1807 - Congress bans slave trade effective January 1, 1808
1817 - 1st Evangelical church building dedicated, New Berlin, Penn
1819 - Territory of Arkansas organized
1819 - U.S. passed its 1st immigration law
1824 - Interstate commerce comes under federal control
1825 - 1st grand opera in U.S. sung in English, New York City
1829 - New England Asylum for the Blind, 1st in U.S., incorporated, Boston
1831 - John Frazee becomes 1st U.S. sculptor to receive a federal commission
1836 - Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico
1853 - Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Territory
1855 - Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia
1858 - Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie
1861 - Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington
1861 - U.S. creates Dakota and Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska and Utah territories
1863 - Congress authorizes track width of 4'8" for Union Pacific Railroad
1865 - British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
1865 - Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
1865 - General Early's army is defeated at Waynesborough
1866 - 1st U.S. company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Connecticut
1867 - Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico
1867 - Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act
1867 - Jesse James-gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead
1867 - U.S. Congress creates the Department of Education
1868 - University of Illinois opens
1874 - Baseball batter's box is officially adopted
1877 - Rutherford B Hayes (R) declared president despite Samuel J Tilden (D) winning the popular vote, but is 1 electoral vote shy of victory
1887 - American Trotting Association organized in Detroit
1889 - Kansas passes 1st U.S. antitrust
1890 - Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 5 km (9:19)
1893 - 1st federal railroad legislation passed; required safety features
1896 - Battle of Aduwa, Abyssinia (Ethiopia) defeats invading Italians
1896 - George Lohmann takes 9-28 vs. South Africa at Johannesburg
1898 - Australia complete a 4-1 series annihilation of England
1899 - President McKinley signs bill creating Mount Rainier National Park (5th in U.S.)

20th Century

1901 - Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens
1902 - Jimmy Collins, leaves Boston Beaneaters (NL) club to manage AL's new Boston Somersets
1903 - Martha Washington Hotel, catering to women only, opens in New York City
1904 - Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio," premieres in Milan
1904 - "Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" adopted
1907 - General Louis Botha named premier of Transvaal
1907 - Georges Feydeaus' "La Puce l'Oreille," premieres in Paris
1909 - Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy asks Serbia to set no territorial demands
1910 - 2 trains crash in snow storm in Wellington Washington, 118 die
1915 - British vice adm Carden begins bombing of Dardanelles forts
1915 - Vladmir Jabotinsky forms a Jewish military force to fight in Palestine
1917 - Jones Act: Puerto Rico territory created, U.S. citizenship granted
1918 - New York Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers and immediately trades him to Philadelphia A's
1919 - 1st congress of Communist International opens at the Kremlin
1920 - Karel Capek's "Loupeznik," premieres in Prague
1922 - WBAP-AM, Fort Worth Texas, begins broadcasting
1922 - WLW-AM in Cincinnati OH begins radio transmissions
1923 - Time magazine debuts
1925 - Dutch Socialists demand drastic disarmament
1925 - Japan's House of Representatives recognizes male suffrage
1925 - Nationwide road numbering system and U.S. shield marker adopted
1925 - SDAP-Second-Faction of parliament demands drastic disarmament
1927 - Babe Ruth becomes highest paid baseball player ($70,000 per year)
1929 - Chicago Black Hawks shut-out for NHL record 8th straight game
1929 - Congress creates Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
1930 - 1st U.S. indoor glider flight, St. Louis Terminal Building
1933 - "King Kong," premieres at Radio City Music Hall and RKO Roxy New York City
1933 - Most powerful earthquake in 180 years hit Japan
1934 - Union Pacific tests light-weight high-speed passenger train, Omaha
1936 - Bradman scores 369 in 253 minutes, SA vs. Tasmania, 46 fours 4 sixes
1937 - Mexico nationalizes oil
1938 - Landslides and floods cause over 200 deaths in Los Angeles, California
1938 - Trials of Soviet leaders begins in the Soviet Union
1939 - Eugenio Pacelli chosen as Pope Pius XII
1939 - Massachusetts Legislature vote to ratify the Bill of Rights - 147 years late
1940 - 1st intercollegiate track meet telecast, MSG, New York City
1940 - Soviet armies conquer Tuppura Island Finland
1942 - 14th Academy Awards - "How Green was My Valley," Cooper and Fontaine win
1942 - Admiral Helfrich departs Java for Ceylon
1943 - 1st transport from Westerbork Netherlands to Sobibor concentration camp
1943 - Sea battle in Bismarck Sea finishes, U.S. and Australia win
1944 - 16th Academy Awards - "Casablanca," Jennifer Jones and Paul Lukas win
1944 - Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocates 521 in Italy
1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
1945 - King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
1946 - Dutch troops land on East Bali
1946 - Ho Chi Minh elected president of North Vietnam
1946 - Kingman Douglass, becomes deputy director of CIA
1949 - 1st automatic street light (New Milford, Ct)
1949 - Lucky Lady II (USAF B-50 Superfortress), completes 1st nonstop round- the-world flight at Fort Worth, Texas, covering 23,452 miles in 94 hours
1951 - 1st NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 111-94 at Boston
1952 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1955 - King Norodom Sihanukh of Cambodia succeeded by his father
1955 - William Inge's "Bus Stop," premieres in New York City
1956 - Morocco tears up the Treaty of Fez, declares independence from France
1958 - 1st surface crossing of Antarctic continent is completed in 99 days
1958 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1958 - Yemen announces it would join the United Arab Republic
1961 - "13 Daughters" opens at 54th St. Theater New York City for 28 performances
1962 - John F. Kennedy announces U.S. will resume above ground nuclear testing
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain scores incredible 100 points in an NBA game
1964 - Beatles begin filming "Hard Days Night," Harrison meets Patti Boyd
1965 - Montcalm Community College in Sidney, Michigan, founded
1965 - "Sound Of Music" opens
1966 - 215,000 U.S. soldiers in Vietnam
1967 - 9th Grammy Awards: Strangers in Night, Michele wins
1967 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1968 - Ice Dance Championship at Geneva won by Towler and Ford (GRB)
1968 - Ice Pairs Championship at Geneva won by Belousova and Protopopov (U.S.S.R.)
1968 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Geneva won by Emmerich Danzer (AUT)
1968 - U.S.S.R. launches space probe Zond 4; fails to leave Earth orbit
1968 - USAF displays Lockheed C-5A Galaxy, biggest plane in the world
1968 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Geneva won by Peggy Fleming (U.S.)
1969 - 1st test flight of the supersonic Concorde
1969 - Chinese-Russian borders fight (approx 70 die)
1969 - Dmitri Shostakovich completes his 14th Symphony
1969 - Phil Esposito becomes 1st NHL Player to score 100 points in a season
1970 - American Airlines' 1st flight of a Boeing 747
1970 - Rhodesia becomes independent republic
1970 - Supreme Court ruled draft evaders can not be penalized after 5 years
1972 - Jean-Bedel Bokassa appoints himself President for life of Cent African Rep
1972 - Pioneer 10 launched for Jupiter flyby
1973 - "Black September" terrorists occupy Saudi Embassy in Khartoum
1974 - 16th Grammy Awards: Killing Me Softly, Bette Midler wins
1974 - 1st class postage raised to 10 cents from 8 cents
1974 - Grand jury concludes President Nixon is involved in Watergate cover-up
1974 - Greg Chappell makes 247* vs. New Zealand, 410 minutes, 29 fours 1 six
1976 - Bob Lurie becomes CEO of San Francisco Giants
1976 - "Bubbling Brown Sugar" opens at ANTA Theater New York City for 766 performances
1976 - Holgate, Kemp and Lopez' musical premieres in New York City
1976 - Walt Disney World logged its 50 millionth guest
1977 - 1st time Jay Leno appears on Tonight Show with host Johnny Carson
1977 - Bette Davis is 1st woman to receive Life Achievement Award
1977 - Libya amends constitution
1978 - 1st broadcast of "Dallas" on CBS TV
1978 - Soyuz 28 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 Czechoslovakian) to Salyut 6
1980 - 3rd Islander scoreless tie-Penguins in Pitts
1980 - Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Sun City Golf Classic
1980 - Mike Bratz (Phoenix) ends NBA free throw streak of 57 games
1981 - Aircraft hijacked by 3 Pakistani terrorists
1981 - Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWDC in Washington D.C.
1982 - 60th hat trick in Islander history - Bryan Trottier
1982 - Terror group "The Illuminated Path" frees 260 prisoners in Peru
1983 - Compact Disc recordings developed by Phillips and Sony introduced
1983 - Final episode of M*A*S*H; 125,000,000 viewers
1983 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1984 - Iran offensive against Iraq fails
1984 - John Long (Detroit) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games
1985 - U.S. approves screening test for AIDS
1986 - 1st million-dollar purse for a handicap race won at Santa Anita
1986 - Mary Beth Zimmerman wins Uniden LPGA Golf Invitational
1986 - Protesters try to stop Land Rover motor company being sold to U.S.
1988 - 30th Grammy Awards: Graceland, Joshua Tree, Jody Watley
1988 - Dutch Liberal Party merged with SDP
1989 - 12 European nations agree to ban chlorofluorocarbon production by 2000
1989 - Exxon Houston runs aground in Hawaii, spills 117,000 gallons of oil
1989 - Madonna's "Like a Prayer" premieres on worldwide Pepsi commercial
1989 - NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers win 22nd straight home game
1989 - New York Met Darryl Strawberry swings at teammate Keith Hernandez
1990 - Greyhound Bus goes on strike
1990 - Mark Tewsksbury swims world record 50m backstroke (25.06 sec)
1991 - "Aspects of Love" closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 377 performances
1991 - Deb Richard wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1991 - Del Ballard, Jr. throws most famous gutter ball in PBA Tour history
1991 - "La Bete" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City after 24 performances
1991 - North Carolina State Chris Corchiani becomes 1st NCAAer to get 1,000 assists
1991 - U.N. votes in favor of U.S. resolutions for cease fire with Iraq
1992 - Anita Hall swims female world record 200m freestyle (2:25.35)
1993 - Claudette Colbert, suffers a stroke at 89
1993 - Salman Rushdie divorces Marianne Wiggins
1994 - Branch Davidian cult leader David Koresh promises to surrender if taped statement is broadcasted, it is, but he doesn't
1994 - Miami begins a latin walk of fame, 1st star for Gloria Estefan
1994 - William Huston Natcher, Representative-D-Kentucky, casts his 18,401 and last consecutive vote
1995 - British trader Nick Leeson arrested for collapse of Barings Bank PLC
1995 - Ferry boat sinks off Sumbe Angola, 42+ killed
1995 - "Smokey Joe's Cafe," opens at Virginia Theater New York City
1995 - Space shuttle STS-67 (Endeavour 8), launches
1996 - Copeland swimming pool re-opened by Gladiator
1996 - Tendulkar scores 137 for Ind vs. SL in Cricket World Cup, but still lose
1997 - Gail Graham wins LPGA Alpine Australian Ladies Masters
1997 - Nick Faldo wins Nissan Golf Open
1997 - Saudi Arab billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple Computer
1997 - Soyuz TM-24 returns to Earth (Russia)

21st Century

2009 - Joao Bernardo Vierira, President of Guinea-Bissau is assassinated during an armed attack on his residence in Bissau


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