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Events and People Who Made History on March 19

13th Century

1227 - Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX

15th Century

1452 - Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Roman German Emperor

16th Century

1524 - Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas
1540 - Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic"
1563 - Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots
1571 - Spanish troops occupy Manila

17th Century

1628 - Massachusetts colony founded by Englishmen
1644 - 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide
1682 - Nationally Council accept independence of French church

18th Century

1702 - James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England
1748 - English Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize US
1775 - 4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy)
1775 - Poland and Prussia sign trade agreement
1799 - Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung," premieres in Vienna

19th Century

1803 - Johann von Schillers "Die Braut von Messina," premieres in Weimar
1822 - Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city
1831 - 1st U.S. bank robbery (City Bank, New York/$245,000)
1859 - Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
1864 - Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris
1865 - Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
1866 - Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
1870 - The opera "Guarany," premieres in Milan
1877 - Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match
1883 - Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes
1885 - Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask
1892 - 3 brothers Hearne play in same Test Cricket England vs. South Africa (Cape Town)
1895 - Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service
1897 - Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game

20th Century

1906 - Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi," premieres in Munich
1907 - 18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record)
1914 - Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game
1915 - Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time)
1917 - U.S. Supreme Court upheld 8-hour work day for railroad employees
1918 - Congress authorizes time zones and approves daylight saving time
1918 - S. Potter becomes 1st U.S. pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
1920 - U.S. Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy)
1925 - Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop
1927 - Bloody battles between communists and nazis in Berlin
1928 - "Amos and Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago)
1930 - Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi
1931 - Nevada legalizes gambling
1937 - Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
1938 - Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes
1940 - Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt
1940 - French government of Daladier, falls
1941 - Jimmy Dorsey and Orchestra record "Green Eyes" and "Maria Elena"
1942 - Franklin D. Roosevelt orders men between 45 and 64 to register for non military duty
1942 - Thoroughbred Racing Association of U.S. formed in Chicago
1943 - Airship Canadian Star torpedoed and sinks
1944 - Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time," premieres in London
1945 - 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan
1945 - Adolf Hitler issues Nero Decree: destruction of German facilities
1945 - British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine)
1945 - U.S. Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure
1946 - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Reunion become overseas depts
1946 - Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as president of U.S.S.R.
1947 - Belgian government of Spaak, forms
1947 - Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan
1948 - Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at MSG, New York City
1949 - 1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tennessee
1950 - 5th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson Zaharias
1950 - City College of New York defeats Bradley to win the NIT
1951 - Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny," published
1953 - 25th Academy Awards - "Greatest Show on Earth," Gary Cooper and Shirley Booth win (1st time televised)
1953 - Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real," premieres in New York City
1954 - 1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in MSG, New York City
1954 - 1st rocket-driven sled on rails was tested in Alamogordo, New Mexico
1954 - U.S. Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright
1954 - U.S. Mens Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins
1954 - Weekes, Worrell and Walcott complete tons in innings vs. England
1955 - 17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: San Francisco beats La Salle 77-63
1956 - Biggest NBA margin of victory - Minnesota Lakers-133, St. Louis Hawks-75
1957 - Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score
1958 - Britain's 1st planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's in London
1958 - Sobers completes a century in each innings vs. Pakistan
1959 - "1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater New York City for 84 performances
1960 - 22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats California 75-55
1960 - "Redhead" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 455 performances
1962 - "All American" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 80 performances
1962 - Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal
1964 - Sean Connery's 1st day of shooting on "Goldfinger"
1965 - Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies
1965 - Stoica becomes president and Ceausescu party leader of Romania
1966 - 28th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Texas Western beats Kentucky 72-65
1966 - Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins
1966 - "Pousse Cafe" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 3 performances
1967 - French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France
1967 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St. Petersburg Orange Golf Classic
1968 - Howard University students seize administration building
1969 - British invade Anguilla
1969 - Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention
1970 - West German chancellor and East German premier Willy Brandt meet
1971 - Philadelphia 76ers outscore Cincinnati Royals 90-8 in 1 half
1972 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1972 - India and Bangladesh sign friendship treaty
1972 - Los Angeles Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts
1972 - "To Live Another Summer" closes at Helen Hayes New York City after 173 performances
1973 - Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency"
1974 - Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour
1975 - "Dr. Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 5 performances
1975 - Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports
1976 - Princess Margaret separates from the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years
1977 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1977 - Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33)
1977 - "Side by Side by Sondheim" closes at Music Box New York City after 390 performances
1978 - 50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb
1978 - Sally Little wins LPGA Kathryn Crosby/Honda Civic Golf Classic
1979 - House of Representatives begins live television broadcasts via C-SPAN
1981 - 2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident
1981 - Buffalo Sabres beat Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4
1981 - Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time
1982 - National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27
1984 - John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of New York
1984 - "Kate and Allie," premieres
1984 - KSD-AM in St. Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA
1984 - Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River
1984 - Pitcher Denny McLain, indicted on various charges of racketeering
1984 - STS-41-C vehicle moves to launch pad
1985 - NSW wins cricket Sheffield Shield by beating Queensland by 1 wicket
1985 - Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile
1985 - "Spin Magazine" begins publishing
1987 - Bonnie Blair skates ladies world record 500 m (39.43 sec)
1987 - Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company
1987 - Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad and Tobago
1987 - PTL leader Jim Bakker resigns after sex scandal with Jessica Hahn
1987 - Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 3 km (4:16.85)
1988 - Yvonne van Gennip skates un-official world record 10 km (15:25.25)
1989 - Boeing B-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight
1989 - Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by M Klimova and S Ponomarenko (USR)
1989 - Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by E Gordeeva and S Grinkov (U.S.S.R.)
1989 - Lori Garbacz wins Circle K LPGA Golf Open Tucson
1989 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
1989 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan)
1990 - 1st world ice hockey tournament for women held (Ottawa)
1991 - Kansas City Royals announce they are putting Bo Jackson on waivers
1991 - NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona not recognizing Martin Luther King Day
1991 - Sacramento Kings set NBA record of 29 consecutive road loses
1991 - St. Louis Blue Brett Hull is 3rd NHLer to score 80 goals in a season
1992 - British Prince Andrew and Sarah Ferguson announce separation
1992 - "Master Builder" opens at Belasco Theater New York City for 45 performances
1993 - Ice Dance Championship at Prague won by M Usova and A Zhulin (RUS)
1993 - Ice Pairs Championship at Prague won by I Brasseur and L Eisler (CAN)
1993 - Supreme Court Justice Byron R. White announced plans to retire
1994 - 2500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde Netherlands
1994 - Lara scores 167 for WI vs. England at Georgetown
1994 - Largest omelet (1,383 ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama Japan
1994 - New Jersey Devils club record 41st win of the season
1995 - 5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway
1995 - Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new area code 520
1995 - Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450)
1995 - Finland Social-Democratic Party wins parliamentary election
1995 - Laura Davis wins LPGA Standard Register PING Golf Tournament
1995 - Michael Jordan rejoins Chicago Bulls after 17 months, beats Pacers
1995 - NBA New York Knicks beat New York Nets in 100th meeting (Knicks 53 Nets 47)
1995 - Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08)
1995 - "Translations" opens at Plymouth Theater New York City for 25 performances
1995 - "Uncle Vanya" closes at Circle in Sq Theater New York City after 29 performances
1996 - Winnie Mandela divorces Nelson after 38 years of marriage
1997 - Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel and Ingo Steuer (GER)
1997 - Major League Baseball announces 5 year, $50M deal with Pepsi
1997 - Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments
1998 - "Ah Wilderness!," opens at Vivian Beaumont theater


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