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Events and People Who Made History on March 15

5th Century

493 - Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker of Italy

10th Century

933 - Battle at Riade: German King Henry I beats Magyaren

14th Century

1360 - France invasion army lands on English south coast, conquers Winchel
1382 - Conservative "Popolo Grasso" regain power in Florence Italy
1391 - Jew hating Monk in Seville Spain stirs up people to attack Jews

15th Century

1493 - Christopher Columbus returns to Spain after 1st new world voyage

16th Century

1560 - Failed assault on royal palace in Amboise France
1562 - General Francois de Guise enters Paris
1580 - Spanish king Philip II puts 25,000 gold coins on head of prince Willem of Orange

17th Century

1672 - King Charles II enacts Declaration of Indulgence

18th Century

1729 - Sister St. Stanislas Hachard, 1st U.S. nun, takes her vows, N Orleans
1744 - French King Louis XV declares war on England
1778 - Nootka Sound, Vancouver Is discovered by Captain Cook
1781 - Battle of Guilford Court House, North Carolina (British suffer heavy losses)

19th Century

1812 - 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
1820 - Maine admitted as 23rd state
1827 - Freedom's Journal, 1st Black newspaper, publishes
1827 - University of Toronto is chartered
1855 - Louisiana establishes 1st health board to regulate quarantine
1862 - General John Hunt Morgan begins 4 days of raids near Gallatin, Tennessee
1864 - Red River Campaign-Union forces reach Alexandria, Louisiana
1867 - Michigan becomes 1st state to tax property to support a university
1869 - Cincinnati Red Stockings beat Antioch 41-7
1869 - Cincinnati Red Stockings become the 1st pro baseball team
1875 - 1st U.S. cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
1877 - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket, Australia vs. England at MCG
1885 - 1st performance of Cesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns"
1887 - 1st salaried fish and game warden (William Alden Smith in Michigan)
1889 - 6 U.S. and German warships perish in harbor of Apia Samoa, 200 die
1892 - 1st escalator patented by inventor Jesse W. Reno (New York City)
1892 - New York State unveils automatic ballot booth (voting machine)
1897 - 1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden

20th Century

1901 - Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th
1903 - Frederick Lugard occupies Sokoto West Africa
1906 - Brits Rolls, Royce and Johnson form Rolls Royce Ltd.
1907 - Finland is 1st European country to give women the right to vote
1908 - 1st performance of Maurice Ravel's "Rapsodie Espagnole"
1912 - Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins
1913 - 1st presidential press conference (Woodrow Wilson)
1913 - Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court
1915 - Netherlands merchant ship Tubantia torpedoed and sinks in North Sea
1916 - General Pershing, 15,000 troops chasing Villa into Mexico, stays 10-mos
1916 - University of Gent goes under Dutch control
1917 - Nicholas II, last Russian tsar, says he will abdicate
1919 - American Legion forms (Paris)
1922 - 1st southern radio station begins (WSB, Atlanta Georgia)
1923 - Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
1926 - Belgium's "black monday," franc falls
1928 - Mussolini modifies Italy electoral system (abolishes right to choose)
1930 - 1st seaplane glider flown, Port Washington, New York
1930 - 1st streamlined submarine of U.S. navy, USS Nautilus, launched
1933 - NAACP begins coordinated attack on segregation and discrimination
1934 - U.S. Information Service opens
1935 - George Headley completes 270 in cricket vs. England at Kingston
1937 - 1st blood bank forms (Chicago, Illinois)
1937 - 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh North Carolina)
1939 - Hitler occupies Bohemia and Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independ
1940 - Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest
1941 - Blizzard in North Dakota kills 151
1943 - Allied reconnaissance flight over Java
1943 - Red Army evacuates Kharkov
1944 - Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing
1945 - 17th Academy Awards - "Going my Way," Bing Cosby and Ingrid Bergman win
1945 - Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators
1945 - Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1)
1945 - Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens
1945 - Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain, New York
1946 - British premier Attlee agrees with India's right to independence
1947 - John Lee appointed 1st black commissioned officer in U.S. Navy
1948 - Bradman scores 115 for the Australian cricket team vs. Western Australia
1948 - Sir Laurence Olivier on the cover of LIFE magazine
1948 - WCAU TV channel 10 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (CBS) begins broadcasting
1949 - WICU TV channel 12 in Erie, Pennsylvania (NBC) begins broadcasting
1949 - WLWD (now WDTN) TV channel 2 in Dayton, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting
1950 - "Consul" opens at Barrymore Theater New York City for 269 performances
1950 - Gian Carlo Menotti's opera "Consul," premieres in New York City
1950 - New York City hires Dr. Wallace E Howell as its official "rainmaker"
1951 - Persia nationalizes Anglo-Iranian Oil Company
1952 - "2 in the Aisle" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 276 performances
1952 - Greatest 24-hour rainfall begins: 187 cm at La Reunion, Indian Ocean
1953 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1953 - West Germany loses in soccer to Netherlands, 2-1
1954 - "CBS Morning Show" premieres with Walter Cronkite and Jack Paar
1954 - WSJV TV channel 28 in Elkhart-South Bend, IN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Dutch 2nd Chamber requires TV licenses
1955 - U.S. Air Force unveils self-guided missile
1955 - WLEX TV channel 18 in Lexington, Kentucky (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - "My Fair Lady" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 2,715 performances
1956 - Whipper Billy Watson beats Lou Thesz in Toronto, to become NWA champ
1957 - Britain becomes the 3rd nation to explode a nuclear bomb
1958 - "Body Beautiful" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 60 performances
1958 - KULR TV channel 8 in Billings, Montana (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1958 - Oscar Robertson of Cincinnati scores a NCAA midwest region-record 56 pts
1958 - Royals basketball star Maurice Stokes collapsed during a playoff game with encephalitis; He goes into a coma and is permanently disabled
1958 - U.S.S.R. performs atmospheric nuclear test
1959 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1959 - Richard Rogers' "No Strings" opens on Broadway
1959 - Robert Foster sets record by staying underwater 13 m 42.5 s
1959 - WILX TV channel 10 in Lansing, MI (NBC) begins broadcasting
1960 - Key Largo Coral Reef Preserve established, 1st underwater park
1960 - National Observatory at Kitt Peak, Arizona dedicated
1961 - South Africa withdraws from British Commonwealth
1962 - 5 research groups announce simultaneously discovery of anti-matter
1962 - Donald Jackson of Canada, is 1st to land a triple lutz ice skate jump
1962 - KATU TV channel 2 in Portland, OR (ABC) begins broadcasting
1962 - "No Strings" opens at 84th St. Theater New York City for 580 performances
1962 - Richard Rodger's musical "No Strings," premieres in New York City
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain is 1st to score 4,000 pts in an NBA season
1963 - WFAN TV channel 14 in Washington, D.C. (IND) begins broadcasting
1964 - Liz Taylor's 5th marriage (Richard Burton)
1964 - Lyndon Baines Johnson asks for a War on Poverty
1964 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1965 - Lyndon Baines Johnson asks congress to ensure everybody's right to vote
1965 - T.G.I. Friday's 1st restaurant opens in New York City
1965 - WMFE TV channel 24 in Orlando, Florida (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - 8th Grammy Awards: Taste of Honey, Tom Jones, Sintra and Striesand
1966 - Racial riots erupt in the Watts section of Los Angeles
1967 - AFCENT-headquarter moves to Brunssum
1967 - Marshal Arturo da Costa e Silva sworn in as President of Brazil
1967 - WSJK TV channel 2 in Sneedville/Knoxville, Tennessee (PBS) 1st broadcast
1968 - Bob Beamon sets indoor long jump record (27' 2.75")
1968 - British minister of Foreign affairs George Brown resigns
1968 - Diocese of Rome announces that it "deplored the concept," but wouldn't prohibit rock and roll masses at Church of San Lessio Falconieri
1968 - LIFE mag calls Jimi Hendrix "most spectacular guitarist in the world"
1968 - U.S. Mint stops buying and selling gold
1968 - Uprising in South Yemen
1969 - U.S. Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigns
1969 - Violent Chinese-Russian border dispute
1970 - Expo '70 opens in Osaka, Japan
1970 - Gary Geld and Peter Udell's "Purlie," premieres in New York City
1970 - "Purlie" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 689 performances
1971 - CBS TV announces it is dropping "Ed Sullivan Show"
1971 - Chatrooms make their debut on the Internet
1972 - Danish airliner hit mountain in Sheikdom of Oman killing 112
1972 - NASA selects 3 part configuration for Space Shuttle
1974 - Brazilian president Garastazu Medici resigns
1975 - Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 500m (37.99 sec)
1976 - Failed coup in Niger
1977 - "Eight is Enough" premiers on ABC-TV
1977 - U.S. House of Representatives begin 90 day test of televising its sessions
1978 - A's trade Vida Blue to Giants for 7 players and $390,000
1978 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1978 - Operation Litani: Israeli offensive in South Lebanon
1979 - Apparat releases Newdos + 2.1 for Radio Shack's TRS-80
1979 - Isle's Bryan Trottier's 5th career hat trick
1979 - Sarfraz takes 9-86 at MCG as Australia lose 7-5 to lose the Test
1981 - "Broadway Follies" opens/closes at Nederlander Theater New York City
1981 - Suriname failed coup under Sergeant-Major Wilfred Hawker
1982 - Actress Theresa Saladana, stabbed repeatedly by obsessed fan
1982 - KGB-AM in San Diego, California changes call letters to KCNN (now KPOP)
1982 - Nicaragua suspends their citizens rights for 30 days
1983 - Karnataka beat Bombay on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1984 - 10th People's Choice Awards: Brooke Shields
1984 - Tanzania adopts constitution
1985 - Larry Holmes TKOs David Bey in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1985 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - Funeral services held for Swedish Prime Minister Olaf Palme
1987 - 13th People's Choice Awards: Bill Cosby
1987 - Last day in Test cricket for Larry Gomes and Joel Garner
1987 - New Zealand beat WI by 5 wickets in Jeremy Coney's last Test Cricket
1987 - "Starlight Express" opens at Gershwin Theater New York City for 761 performances
1987 - "Sweet Charity" closes at Minskoff Theater New York City after 368 performances
1987 - U.S. Davis Cup team loses to Paraguay
1988 - Eugene Marino of Atlanta, appointed 1st African American archbishop
1988 - NASA reports accelerated breakdown of ozone layer by CFK
1988 - NFL's St. Louis Cardinals officially move to Phoenix
1989 - Department of Veterans Affairs officially established as a Cabinet position
1989 - "Les Miserables," opens at Royal Alexandra Theatre Toronto
1989 - New York Rangers retire goalie Eddie Giacomin's #1 uniform
1990 - Fernando Collor de Mello sworn in as President of Brazil
1991 - 4 LA police are charged with beating Rodney King
1991 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults record 20'
1991 - Territories of Amapa and Roraima become states in Brazil
1992 - Brandie Burton wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship
1992 - U.N. officially embarks on its largest peacekeeping operation
1993 - Vinod Kambli scores 227 vs. Zimbabwe, his 2nd consecutive Test 200
1994 - 8th Soul Train Music Awards: Toni Braxton, Whitney Houston win
1994 - Experts from AL certify Indian's Jacobs Field is properly lit
1997 - Pitts Penguins' Joe Mullen, is 1st American to score 500 NHL goals
1998 - "Cabaret," opens at Club Expo Theater New York City
1998 - Welch's/Circle K Golf Championship
1999 - Pluto again becomes outermost planet


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