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Events and People Who Made History on March 14

16th Century

1558 - Ferdinand I appointed Holy Roman emperor
1559 - Storm floods ravage Gorinchem, Dordrecht and Woudrichem, Netherlands
1590 - Battle at Ivry: French King Henri IV beats Catholic League

17th Century

1644 - England grants patent for Providence Plantations (now Rhode Island)
1653 - Johan van Galen beats English fleet at Livorno
1689 - Scotland dismisses Willem III and Mary Stuart as king and queen

18th Century

1734 - Prince Willem KHF van Orange marries George II's daughter Mary Anne
1743 - 1st American town meeting (Boston's Faneuil Hall)
1794 - Eli Whitney patents cotton gin

19th Century

1800 - Luigi Chiaramonti crowned Pope Pius VII
1812 - Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
1821 - African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (New York)
1826 - General Congress of South American States assembles at Panama
1836 - HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin leaves Australia
1840 - Jose Zorilla's "El Zapatero y el Rey," premieres in Madrid
1843 - Boston conducts its 1st town meeting (Faneuil Hall)
1845 - -5.3 degrees F (-20.7 degrees C) in Groningen
1862 - Battle of New Bern NC: General Burnside conquers New Bern
1864 - Rossini's "Petite Messe Solennelle," premieres in Paris
1864 - Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana
1870 - California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
1875 - Smetana's "Vysehrad," premieres
1885 - Gilbert and Sullivan's "Mikado," premieres in London
1885 - "Mikado" opera premieres in London
1888 - 2nd largest snowfall in New York City history (21")
1889 - August Strindberg's "Froken Julie," premieres in Copenhagen
1896 - Sutro Baths (SF) opens by Cliff House (closed Sept 1, 1952)
1899 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 6-2

20th Century

1900 - Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics
1900 - U.S. currency goes on gold standard
1901 - 1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A
1903 - 1st national bird reservation established in Sebastian, Florida
1903 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Rat Portage Thisles in 2 games
1903 - WB Yeats and Lady Gregory's "Hour-glass," premieres in Dublin
1906 - Calgary City Rugby Foot-ball Club forms
1908 - Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers beat Toronto Trolley Leaguers, 6-4
1909 - Amsterdam Social-Democratic Party (SDP) forms
1912 - King Vittorio Emanuel III of Rome injured during assassination attempt
1914 - Serbia and Turkey sign peace treaty
1915 - German cruiser Dresden blows itself up near coast of Chile
1916 - Battle of Verdun - German attack on Mort-Homme ridge, West of Verdun
1918 - 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
1922 - KGU-AM in Honolulu Hawaii begins radio transmissions
1922 - KSD-AM in Saint Louis Missouri begins radio transmissions
1922 - WGR-AM in Buffalo New York begins radio transmissions
1923 - Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicie in Poland
1923 - German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP
1923 - President Warren G. Harding becomes 1st President to pay taxes
1931 - 1st theater built for rear movie projection (New York City)
1933 - Civilian Conservation Corp, begins tree conservation
1933 - Winston Churchill wants to boost air defense
1935 - 36-Folsom becomes 1st line to use 1-man streetcars
1936 - Federal Register, 1st magazine of the U.S. government, publishes 1st issue
1937 - Battle of the Century: Fred Allen and Jack Benny meet on radio
1937 - Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
1939 - England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day
1939 - Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia
1940 - 27 killed, 15 injured when truck full of migrant workers collides with a train outside McAllen, Texas
1941 - Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies
1941 - Xavier Cugat and Orchestra record "Babalu"
1945 - RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm
1946 - Belgian government of Spaak, forms
1948 - Freedom Train arrives in San Francisco
1950 - FBI's "10 Most Wanted Fugitives" program begins
1951 - During Korean War, U.S. / U.N. forces recapture Seoul
1951 - Earthquake at Euskirchen, Germany
1953 - KOLR TV channel 10 in Springfield, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Nikita Khrushchev succeeds Malenkov as secretary Communist Party
1954 - Braves Henry Aaron homers in his 1st exhibition game
1954 - KDAL (now KDLH) TV channel 3 in Duluth-Superior, MN (CBS) begins
1954 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1954 - NBA Baltimore Bullets end a 32 game road losing streak
1955 - Prince Mahemdra becomes king of Nepal
1957 - Indonesian government of Sastroamidjojo resigns
1958 - Recording Industry Association of American created
1958 - RIAA certifies 1st gold record (Perry Como's Catch A Falling Star)
1958 - South Africa government disallows ANC
1958 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - U.S.S.R. performs atmospheric nuclear test
1960 - 14 die in a train crash in Bakersfield California
1960 - Wilt Chamberlain (Philadelphia) sets NBA playoff record of 53 points
1961 - George Weiss becomes President of New York Mets
1962 - Disarmament conference opens in Geneva without France
1962 - Gordie Howe (Detroit Red Wings) is 2nd NHLer to score 500 goals
1963 - SF Guy Rogers ties NBA record with 28 assists
1964 - Dallas jury sentences Jack Ruby to death in Lee Harvey Oswald murder
1964 - "Girl Who Came to Supper" closes at Broadway New York City after 112 performances
1965 - Israeli cabinet approves diplomatic relations with West Germany
1967 - 1st NFL-AFL common draft, Baltimore Colts pick Bubba Smith
1967 - John F. Kennedy's body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial
1968 - CBS TV suspends Radio Free Europe free advertising because RFE doesn't make it clear it is sponsored by the CIA
1968 - POM performs atmospheric nuclear test at Maralinga Australia
1969 - Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st woman jockey to win at Aqueduct
1969 - Seymour Nurse scores 258 in his last Test Cricket innings, WI vs. New Zealand
1971 - Barbra Streisand appears on "The Burt Bacharach Special" on CBS TV
1971 - Rolling Stones left England for France to escape taxes
1971 - South Vietnamese troops flee Laos
1971 - The Rolling Stones leave England for France to escape taxes
1972 - NBA's Cincinnati Royals announce they are moving to KC
1973 - Liam Cosgrave appointed president of Ireland
1976 - Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 7,000th race
1976 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1978 - Marines terminate Molukse action in Province house (1 dead)
1978 - NFL permanently adds 7th official (side judge)
1980 - 3rd Emmy Sports Award presentation
1980 - Ice Dance Championship at Dortmund W Germany won by Regoczy and Sallay
1980 - Ice Pairs Championship at Dortmund won by Cherkasova and Shakhrai (U.S.S.R.)
1980 - Polish airliner crash kills all 87 aboard (22 are U.S. amateur boxers)
1980 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Dortmund won by Anett Potzsch
1982 - Sally Little wins LPGA Olympia Gold Golf Classic
1982 - Sidath Wettimuny scores Sri Lanka's 1st Test Cricket century
1983 - OPEC cut oil prices for 1st time in 23 years
1984 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS-41-C mission
1985 - 11th People's Choice Awards: Bill Cosby wins 4 awards
1985 - Michael Secrest (U.S.) completes 24-hour ride of 516 miles, 427 yards
1986 - European Space Agency's Giotto flies by Halley's Comet (605 km)
1987 - New York Met Darryl Strawberry charges Red Sox pitcher Al Nipper during spring training exhibition game, causes bench clearing brawl
1987 - Providence, with Billy Donovan's 25 points, beats Austin Peay 90-87
1987 - Skier Piotr Fijas jumps record 194m
1987 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Cincinnati won by Katarina Witt
1990 - 4th Soul Train Music Awards: Soul II Soul, Janet Jackson
1990 - Mikhail Gorbachev becomes president of the Soviet Congress
1991 - British Court of Appeal frees "Birmingham 6" who had been unjustly sentenced in August 1975 to life imprisonment
1991 - Emir of Kuwait returns to Kuwait City, after the Iraqis leave
1991 - Ice Dance Championship at Munich won by Isabel and Phil Duchesnay (FRA)
1991 - Ice Pairs Championship at Munich won by N Mishkutenok and A Dmitriev
1991 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Munich won by Kurt Browning (CAN)
1992 - Farm Aid V
1992 - Soviet newspaper "Pravda" suspends publication
1993 - 3,000th performance of "Nunsense"
1993 - "Conversations with My Father" closes at Royale New York City after 462 performances
1993 - "Face Value" closes at Cort Theater New York City after * performances
1993 - Johan Koss skates world record 5km (6:36.57)
1993 - Meg Mallon wins LPGA Ping/Welch's Golf Championship
1993 - Ricky Ponting hits twin tons for Tasmania aged 18 years 84 days
1993 - "Saint Joan" closes at Lyceum Theater New York City after 49 performances
1993 - Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Prague won by Oksana Baiul (UKR)
1994 - Mexican banker/billionaire Alfredo Harp Helu kidnapped
1994 - Soyuz TM-21 launches with V Dezyurov, G Strekalov and N Thagard
1995 - 1st time 13 people in space
1996 - Australia beat West Indies by 5 runs in amazing cricket World Cup semi
1996 - Crufts show at NEC Birmingham, (1995 winner, Joshua, an Irish setter)
1997 - 68 year old Gordie Howe signs AHL contract with Syracuse Crunch
1997 - Iranian military plane crashes, killing 80
1997 - Olympic gold medalist Michael Johnson wins 67th James E. Sullivan Award
1997 - President Clinton trips and tears up his knee requiring surgery


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