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Events and People Who Made History on March 1

5th Century

492 - St. Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
492 - St. Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope

8th Century

705 - John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
743 - Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited

10th Century

918 - Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht

13th Century

1260 - Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus

14th Century

1382 - French Maillotin uprises against taxes

15th Century

1420 - Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten
1434 - Jacoba of Bavaria marries Frank van Borselen

16th Century

1562 - Blood bath at Vassy: General de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
1565 - Spanish occupier Estacio de Sa founds Rio de Janeiro
1587 - English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
1591 - Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French king Henri IV

17th Century

1634 - Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
1642 - Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
1692 - Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, and Tituba arrest for witchcraft (Salem, Massachusetts)

18th Century

1711 - "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
1780 - Pennsylvania becomes 1st U.S. state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
1781 - Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
1784 - E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
1785 - Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
1790 - 1st U.S. census authorized
1792 - U.S. Presidential Succession Act passed
1796 - 1st National Meeting in the Hague

19th Century

1803 - Ohio becomes 17th state
1809 - Embargo Act of 1807 repealed and Non-Intercourse Act signed
1811 - Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
1811 - French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
1815 - Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
1845 - President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
1847 - Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
1854 - SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor and is never seen again
1859 - Present seal of San Francisco adopted (its 2nd)
1864 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
1864 - Rebecca Lee (U.S.) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
1866 - Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
1867 - Howard University, Washington D.C., chartered
1867 - Most of Nebraska becomes 37th U.S. state (expanded later)
1869 - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
1871 - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
1872 - Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
1875 - Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Court, 1883
1876 - Guernsey Cattle Club forms in Farmington, Connecticut
1879 - Library of Hawaii founded
1880 - Pennsylvania is 1st American state to abolish slavery
1890 - 1st U.S. edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
1893 - Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the U.S. rank of ambassador
1896 - Battle of Adua: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians

20th Century

1904 - England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead vs. Australia
1909 - 1st U.S. university school of nursing established, University of Minnesota
1910 - 3 passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range. 118 die. Worst snow slide in U.S. history
1912 - Albert Berry makes 1st parachute jump from an airplane
1912 - Isabella Goodwin, 1st U.S. woman detective, appointed, New York City
1913 - 1st state law requiring bonding of officers and state employees, ND
1913 - Federal income tax takes effect, 16th amendment
1914 - Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
1916 - Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
1917 - 1st federal land bank chartered
1919 - Demonstrations for Korean independence from Japan begin
1920 - Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
1921 - Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England
1921 - Rwanda ceded to England
1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia
1923 - Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
1924 - Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
1927 - Bank of Italy becomes a National Bank
1928 - Paul Whiteman and orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records
1932 - Charles Lindbergh, Jr. (20 months), kidnapped in New Jersey
1933 - Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
1934 - Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
1934 - Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1937 - 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Connecticut)
1937 - Governer Wouters inaugurates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
1937 - U.S. Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
1940 - 12th Academy Awards - "Gone with the Wind," R Donat and V Leigh win
1940 - Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
1941 - 1st U.S. commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tennessee
1941 - "Captain America" appears in a comic book
1941 - Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
1941 - German troops invade Bulgaria
1941 - Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
1942 - 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, U.S. suffers a major naval defeat
1942 - Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
1942 - J. Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3," premieres in Chicago
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
1942 - Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
1942 - Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1943 - Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
1944 - Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns
1944 - U-358 sinks in Atlantic
1945 - British 43rd Division under General Essame occupies Xanten
1945 - Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
1945 - Field Marshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander
1945 - Franklin D. Roosevelt announces success of Yalta Conference
1945 - U.S. infantry regiment captures Monchengladbach
1946 - British Government takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years
1946 - Panama accepts its new constitution
1947 - International Monetary Fund begins operation
1949 - Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ
1949 - The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals
1950 - Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Formosa
1950 - Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
1950 - U.S.S.R. issues golden rubles
1952 - Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns
1952 - Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
1953 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1953 - KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
1953 - WJZ-AM in New York City becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
1953 - WTAJ TV channel 10 in Altoona, Pennsylvania (CBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in U.S. House of Representatives injuring 5 representatives
1954 - Rebellion during visit of President Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
1954 - Ted Williams fractures collarbone in 1st game of spring training after flying 39 combat missions without injury in Korean War
1954 - U.S. explodes 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll
1955 - Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
1955 - KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - Pakistan vs. India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
1957 - Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
1957 - KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden New York City for 123 performances
1958 - Gary Sobers 365* vs. Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara
1958 - Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260
1958 - West Indies cricket declare at stumps score of 3-790 decl vs. Pakistan
1959 - Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
1961 - Cellist Jacqueline du President debut in Wigmore Hall
1961 - President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp
1962 - American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay New York killing 95
1962 - K-Mart opens
1962 - U.S. / British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
1962 - Uganda became a self-governing country
1963 - 200,000 French mine workers strike
1965 - Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct
1965 - Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)
1965 - WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, Pennsylvania (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
1966 - Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
1967 - Dominica and St. Lucia gain independence from Britain
1967 - House of Representatives expels Rep. Adam Clayton Powell, Jr. (307 to 116)
1967 - Queen Elizabeth Hall (South Bank Center) opens in London
1967 - WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast
1968 - NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
1968 - Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
1968 - Singers Johnny Cash (36) and June Carter (38) wed
1968 - Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
1969 - After 88 weeks Sgt Pepper drops off the charts
1969 - Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium
1969 - New York Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires
1969 - "Red, White, and Maddox" closes at Cort Theater New York City after 41 performances
1970 - Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater
1970 - Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released
1970 - Kreisky's soc-democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
1970 - White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain
1971 - Bomb attack on the Capitol in Washington D.C.
1971 - Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
1972 - Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
1972 - David Rabe's "Sticks and Bones," premieres in New York City
1972 - KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting
1972 - Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points
1973 - Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens
1973 - Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race
1974 - George Harrison announces his concert tour of U.S. in November
1974 - Ian and Greg Chappell make 264 partnership vs. New Zealand cricket at Wellington
1974 - Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
1975 - 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
1975 - Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
1977 - Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards
1977 - U.S. extends territorial waters to 200 miles
1978 - Charlie Chaplin's coffin was stolen from a Swiss cemetery
1978 - "Timbuktu!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 243 performances
1979 - "Sweeney Todd" opens at Uris Theater New York City for 557 performances
1980 - CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established
1980 - Hilbert van der Duim becomes world champion all-round skater
1980 - Patti Smith and MC5 guitarist Fred Sonic Smith wed in Detroit
1980 - Snow falls in Florida
1981 - Bobby Sands, IRA member, begins 65-day hunger strike in Maze Prison
1981 - Sally Little wins LPGA Olympia Gold Golf Classic
1981 - "Sophisticated Ladies" opens at Lunt-Fontanne New York City for 767 performances
1982 - 5 dies as ski lift malfunctions a Luz-Ardiden in Pyrenees
1982 - 5th Emmy Sports Award presentation
1982 - New York Times raises it's price from 25 cents to 30 cents
1982 - Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus, sends back data
1983 - Tamara McKinney becomes 1st U.S. woman skier to win the World Cup
1983 - Tornado tears through LA, injuring 33 people
1984 - Landsat 5 and ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit
1984 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R. #3931 Batten, #4529 Webern, #4530 Smoluchowski, #4818 Elgar, #5502 Brashear and #5943 Lovi
1985 - Liza Minnelli enters Betty Ford Drug Center
1985 - Milwaukee businessman Herb Kohl purchases the Milwaukee Bucks
1985 - Pentagon accepts theory that atomic war would cause a nuclear winter
1987 - Jane Geddes wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1988 - Courtney Gibbs Eplin, 21, (Texas), crowned 37th Miss USA
1988 - Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran
1988 - Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile
1988 - Wayne Gretzky passes Gordie Howe with his record 1,050th NHL assist
1989 - Ben Johnson's coach testifies Johnson began using steroids in 1981
1989 - Comet du Toit at perihelion
1989 - Julianne Philips and Bruce Springsteen divorce
1990 - Benin nullifies its constitution
1990 - Luis Alberto Lacelle sworn in as president of Uruguay
1991 - U.S. Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens
1992 - Jenny Thompson swims 100m freestyle world record (1:01.40)
1992 - "Little Hotel on the Side" closes at Belasco New York City after 41 performances
1992 - Nelson Diebel swims 100m freestyle U.S. record (54.48 seconds)
1992 - "Visit" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 45 performances
1993 - George Steinbenner is reinstated as owner of New York Yankees
1993 - New expansion NHL team, owned by Disney, is named the Mighty Ducks
1994 - 36th Grammy Awards: I Will Always Love You, Toni Braxton wins
1994 - Martti Ahtisaari inaugurated as president of Finland
1994 - Senate rejectes a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution
1995 - 37th Grammy Awards: All I Want to Do, Streets of Philadelphia, Sheryl Crow
1995 - Belgium ends military conscript
1995 - Jozef Oleksy succeeds Waldemar Pawlak on as premier of Poland
1995 - Julio Maria Sanguinetti sworn in as president of Uruguay
1995 - Part of Houston begins using new area code 261
1995 - Ukraine premier Vitaly Massol, resigns
1996 - Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coaches his 1,000th victory
1996 - New toll-free 888 area code introduced
1997 - 5th annual ESPY Awards shown on TV
1997 - "Mandy Patinkin in Concert," opens at Lyceum Theater New York City
1998 - "Art," opens at Royale Theater New York City
1998 - Australian Ladies Masters Golf

21st Century

2005 - The Supreme Court rules the death penalty unconstitutional for people who committed crimes before age 18


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