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Events and People Who Made History on June 30

3rd Century

296 - St. Marcellinus begins his reign as Catholic Pope

9th Century

833 - Louis, king of Austria, crowned

10th Century

949 - Otto I the Great gives away bishopdom of Utrecht

13th Century

1294 - Jews are expelled from Berne Switzerland

14th Century

1371 - Arnold II of Horne chosen bishop of Utrecht
1397 - Denmark, Norway and Sweden sign Union of Kalmar under Queen Margaretha

16th Century

1520 - Spanish conquerors under Cortes take gold from Aztecs
1528 - Burgundy army occupies Utrecht
1548 - Emperor Charles V orders Catholics to become Lutherans
1559 - Duke of Montgomery wounds king Henri II during tournament
1596 - English/Dutch fleet reach Cadiz
1598 - King Philip II moves to Escorial palace

17th Century

1607 - Annales Ecclesiastici (Scientific History of Catholicism) published
1643 - Battle at Atherton Moor: Royalists beat parliamentary armies
1648 - French premier cardinal Mazarin calls Saint Louis Chamber together
1688 - Whig-Lords questions prince Willem III van Orange on Protestantism
1690 - Battle at Beachy Head: French under Tourville beat Netherlands/English fleet

18th Century

1700 - Gelderland goes on Gregorian calendar (tomorrow is 12/7/1700)
1722 - Hungarian Parliament condemns emperor Karel VI's Pragmatic Sanctions
1734 - Russian army occupies Danzig
1741 - Pope Benedict XIV encyclical forbidding traffic in alms
1755 - Philippines close all non-catholic Chinese restaurants
1794 - Battle of Fort Recovery, Ohio

19th Century

1815 - U.S. naval hero Stephen Decatur ends attacks by Algerian pirates
1834 - Congress creates Indian Territory (now Oklahoma)
1859 - Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
1861 - CSS Sumter slips past USS Brooklyn blockade
1862 - Battle at Nelson's Farm, Virginia
1862 - Battle at Turkey Bridge Virginia: Confederate assault attack
1862 - Day 6 of 7 Days-Battle of White Oak Swamp Virginia (Frayser's Farm)
1862 - Gustave Flaubert completes "Salammbo"
1863 - Battles in Hanover Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
1863 - Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
1863 - Skirmish at Sporting Hill, Pennsylvania
1865 - 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
1870 - Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
1871 - Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
1876 - Serbia declares war on Turkey
1879 - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
1881 - Henry Highland Garnet, named minister to Liberia
1893 - Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered
1894 - Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid
1894 - London Tower Bridge opens
1896 - W. S. Hadaway patents electric stove
1899 - Jack Hearne takes a hat-trick England vs. Australia at Headingley

20th Century

1900 - 4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die
1902 - Cleveland is 1st AL team to hit 3 consecutive home runs in same inning
1906 - John Hope becomes 1st black president of Morehouse College
1906 - Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act adopted
1908 - Boston's Cy Young's 2nd no-hitter, beats New York Highlanders, 8-0
1908 - Giant fireball impacts in Siberia (Tunguska Event) (Enckes comet)
1909 - Jack Johnson fights Tony Ross to no decision in 6 for hw boxing title
1910 - Russia absorbs Finland
1911 - Adolphe Messimy appointed French minister of War
1911 - U.S. Assay Office in St. Louis, Missouri closes
1913 - 2nd Balkan War begins
1913 - New York Giants score 10 in 10th to beat Phillies 11-1
1914 - Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest, campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa
1916 - 22nd U.S. Golf Open: Chick Evans shoots a 286 at Minikahda Club MINN
1916 - General Douglas Haig reports "The men are in splendid spirits"
1923 - New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
1924 - England score 2-503 in day's play vs. South Africa at Lord's
1927 - Augusto Cesar Sandino issues his Manifesto Politico
1927 - U.S. Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota closes
1928 - Radio Service Bulletin lists radio stations call signs that are to be changed to conform with international standards
1929 - 33rd U.S. Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 294 at Winged Foot CC NY
1930 - 1st round-the-world radio broadcast Schenectady NY
1930 - Bradman scores 254 at Lord's vs. England, 320 minutes, 25 fours
1933 - 50,000 demonstrate in Antwerp against fascism/war
1933 - Card's Dizzy Dean strikes out 17 Cubs to win 8-2
1933 - U.S. Assay Offices in Helena Mon, Boise, Idaho and Salt Lake City, Utah closes
1934 - French Equatorial Africa constituted a single administrative unit
1934 - NFL's Portsmouth Spartans become Detroit Lions
1934 - "Night of Long Knives," Hitler stages bloody purge of Nazi party
1935 - Danno O'Mahoney beats Ed George in Boston, to become wrestling champ
1936 - 40 hour work week law approved
1936 - "Gone With the Wind" by Margaret Mitchell, published
1936 - Haile Selassie asks League of Nations for sanctions against Italy
1936 - Margaret Mitchell's novel "Gone with the Wind" published
1938 - Final game at Philadelphia's Baker Bowl, Giants beat Phillies 14-1
1939 - Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde
1940 - 58 U-boats (284,000 ton) sunk this month
1940 - "Brenda Starr" cartoon strip, by Dale Messick, 1st appears
1940 - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service forms
1941 - 61 U-boats (310,000 ton) sunk this month
1941 - Pro-nazi group declares Ukraine independence
1942 - 144 U boats (700,000 ton) sunk this month
1942 - Colonel General Von Paul' 6th Army enters Ukraine
1942 - U.S. bombs Celebes and Timor
1942 - U.S. Mint in New Orleans ceases operation
1943 - General MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel, island-hopping
1944 - Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea
1944 - French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands
1944 - Universal strike against nazi terror in Copenhagen
1945 - 17-day newspaper strike in New York begins
1948 - Cleveland Indian Bob Lemon no-hits Detroit Tigers, 2-0
1948 - Last British armies leave Israel
1948 - Transistor as a substitute for Radio tubes announced, Bell Labs
1949 - Dutch troops evacuate Djakarta
1950 - U.S. General MacArthur visits front in South Korea and asks for U.S. troops
1951 - NAACP begins attack on school segregation and discrimination
1951 - "Victor Borge Show," last airs on NBC-TV
1952 - "Guiding Light" soap opera moves from radio to TV
1952 - Hussein Sirri Pasha forms Egyptian government
1953 - 1st Corvette manufactured
1954 - Largest check: Internal U.S. Treasury check at $4,176,969,623.57
1954 - Yank pitcher Tom Morgan ties record by hitting 3 batters in 1 inning This was also Bobby Brown's last game; he retired to become a doctor
1955 - "Johnny Carson Show," debuts on CBS-TV
1956 - Lenins politics testament (1923) published in Moscow
1956 - "Pipe Dream" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 245 performances
1956 - "Shangri-La" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 21 performances
1956 - United DC-7 and TWA collide over Grand Canyon killing 128
1958 - Dutch Government of Drees ends obligatory dismissal of married teachers
1958 - "No Chemise, Please" by Gerry Grenahan peaks at #24
1959 - During a game in Wrigley Field, 2 balls were in play at same time
1960 - U.S. stops sugar import from Cuba
1960 - Zaire (formerly Belgian Congo) declares independence from Belgium
1961 - Buddy Rogers beats Pat O'Conner in Chicago, to become NWA champ
1961 - Explorer (12) fails to reach Earth orbit
1962 - 17th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Murle Lindstrom
1962 - French Foreign Legion leaves Algeria
1962 - Los Angeles Dodger Sandy Koufax no-hits New York Mets, 5-0
1962 - Premier Ben Khedda disbands Algerian Liberation Army fighters
1962 - Rwanda and Burundi become independent
1963 - Cardinal Montini elected Pope Paul VI, 262nd head of RC Church
1963 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Carvel Ladies Golf Open
1964 - Centaur 3 launch vehicle fails to make Earth orbit
1964 - Last United Nations troops leave Congo
1965 - NFL grants Atlanta Falcons a franchise
1966 - Beatles land in Tokyo for a concert tour
1966 - Leopoldville Congo is renamed Kinshasa
1966 - Richath Helms, promoted from deputy director to 8th director of CIA
1966 - Test cricket debut of Derek Underwood, vs. WI Trent Bridge, wicketless
1966 - Vice Admiral William F Raborn, Jr., USN, ends term as 7th director of CIA
1967 - Major Robert H Lawrence, Jr. named 1st black astronaut
1967 - Moise Tsjombe kidnapped to Algeria
1967 - Phillies Cookie Rojas pitches, plays 9th position since joining Phils
1968 - E German party leader Ulbricht receives "Order of October Revolution"
1968 - Gaullists win French parliamentary election, 358 of 458 chairs
1968 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open
1969 - Derek Clayton of Australia sets Marathon record at 2:08:34
1969 - Spain cedes Ifni to Morocco
1970 - Brazil beats Italy 4-1 in soccer's 9th World Cup at Mexico City
1970 - Cincinnati's Riverfront Stadium opens, Braves beat Reds 8-2
1971 - Biesheuvel government forms
1971 - Ohio becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, thus ratifying 26th amendment
1972 - 1st leap second day; also 1981, 1982, 1983, 1985
1972 - Cincinnati Reds are 11 games back in NL, and go on to win pennant
1973 - Biggest U.S. tanker "Brooklyn" christened (230,000 ton)
1973 - "Burns and Schreiber Comedy Hour," TV Variety; debut on ABC
1973 - Observers aboard Concorde jet observe 72-minute solar eclipse
1974 - 2nd du Maurier Golf Classic (Peter Jackson Classic): Carole Jo Skala
1974 - Petty thief Peter Leonard sets fire to cover burglary that torches "Gulliver's" nightclub killing 24 (Port Chester New York)
1974 - Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to west
1975 - Cher, just 4 days after divorcing Sonny Bono marries Gregg Allman
1975 - Heavyweight Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Bugner in Malaysia
1975 - University of California reports galaxy 3C123 at 8 billion light years distance
1976 - John Walker of New Zealand sets record for 2000 m, 4:51.4
1977 - Jimmy Carter cans B-1A bomber later "B-1's the B-52"
1977 - Marvel Comics publish "Kiss book" tributing rock group Kiss
1977 - U.S. Railway Post Office final train run, New York to Washington D.C.
1977 - Yankee DH Cliff Johnson hit 3 consecutive home runs in Toronto
1978 - English prince Michael marries baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz
1978 - Giants' Willie McCovey becomes 12th to hit 500 home runs
1978 - Larry Doby becomes manager of Chicago White Sox
1979 - "Got To Go Disco" closes at Minskoff Theater New York City after 8 performances
1979 - Johnny Rotten and Joan Collins appear together on BBC's Juke Box Jury
1980 - West German Chancellor Helmut Schmidt visits Moscow
1981 - China's Communist Party condemns late Mao Tse-tung's policy
1982 - Federal Equal Rights Amendment fails 3 states short of ratification
1982 - "Lena Horne: Lady, Music" closes at Nederlander New York City after 333 performances
1982 - New Jersey NHL franchise officially named Devils by fan balloting, runner-up names are Blades, Meadowlanders and Americans
1982 - Orbiter Challenger (OV-099) rolled out at Palmdale
1984 - Failed coup by cocaine growers in Bolivia
1984 - Last sixpence minted in Great Britain (in use since 1551)
1984 - Longest pro football game, Los Angeles Express beats Michigan Panthers 27-21 in USFL playoffs, games lasts 93 minutes 33 seconds
1985 - 39 remaining hostages from Flight 847 are freed in Beirut
1985 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1985 - "King and I" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 191 performances
1985 - Los Angeles Dodger Pedro Gonzalez sets NL record of 15 home runs in June
1986 - Georgia sodomy law upheld by Supreme Court (5-4)
1987 - Emmy 14th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 8th time
1987 - Patrik Sjoberg of Sweden set a new world record in high jump
1988 - Brooklyn dedicates a bus depot honoring Jackie Gleason
1988 - Chicago agrees to build a new stadium so White Sox won't move to Fla
1988 - "Sledge Hammer!" last aires on ABC-TV
1989 - Attorney General Thornburgh orders Joseph Doherty deported to UK
1989 - Congressman Lukins found guilty of having sex with a 16 year old girl
1989 - "Les Miserables," opens at Theatre Muzyczyny, Gdynia
1989 - N.Y. State Legislature passes Staten Island secession bill
1989 - NASA closes down tracking stations in Santiago, Chile and Guam
1989 - Sudan suspends interim constitution following coup
1990 - East and West Germany merge their economies
1991 - 37th Mazda LPGA Championship won by Meg Mallon
1992 - 1st pay bathrooms in U.S. open: 25 cents, New York City
1992 - Actress Cecil Hoffman (Zoe-LA Law) marries Paul Slye
1992 - Fidel Ramos installed as president of Philippines
1992 - Total solar eclipse in Uruguay (5m21s)
1993 - "Les Miserables," opens at Point Theatre, Dublin
1993 - Richard Jacobs announces Chief Wahoo will go to Jacobs Field
1994 - Airbus A330 crash at Toulouse France, 7 killed
1994 - Giants outfielder Darren Lewis errors after record 392 flawless games
1994 - Pre-trial hearings open in LA against OJ Simpson
1994 - U.S. Ice Skating Federation bars Tonya Harding for life
1995 - Indians' Eddie Murray, is 20th to reach 3,000 hits
1996 - "Buried Child" closes at Brook Atkinson Theater New York City after 77 performances
1996 - Caroline Frolic, Miss Ontario, crowned Miss Renaissance USA
1996 - Dottie Pepper wins ShopRite LPGA Golf Classic
1996 - "Moon Over Buffalo" closes at Martin Beck Theater New York City after 308 performances
1996 - "State Fair," closes at Music Box Theater New York City after 118 performances
1997 - Leap Second to synchronize atomic clocks
1998 - Linda Tripp begins to testify before a grand jury about the Lewinsky case
1998 - Sega Channel, cable's 1st on-demand video game service, closes down02930301

21st Century

2005 - Spain becomes the 3rd country to permit same-sex marriage
2009 - One person out of 183 passengers and crew survives the crash of Yemenia Flight 626 off the coast of Moroni, Comoros


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