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Events and People Who Made History on June 26

7th Century

684 - St. Benedict II begins his reign as Catholic Pope

13th Century

1284 - Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away (actually happened)

15th Century

1409 - Council of Pisa selects Petros Philargi as 3rd Pope: Alexander V
1483 - Duke of Gloucester appoints himself English king Richard III
1483 - Richard III usurps English throne
1498 - Toothbrush invented

16th Century

1553 - Christ's Hospital in England granted a charter

17th Century

1630 - Swedish troops under Gustaf II Adolf lands at Peenemunde

18th Century

1714 - Spain and Netherlands sign peace/trade agreement
1721 - Dr. Zabdiel Boylston gives 1st smallpox inoculations in America
1794 - Battle of Colors: France under Jourdan beats Austrian army
1797 - Charles Newbold patents 1st cast-iron plow. He can't sell it to farmers, though, they fear effects of iron on soil!

19th Century

1807 - Lightning hits gunpowder warehouse in Luxembourg; 230 die
1843 - Hong Kong proclaimed a British Crown Colony
1844 - U.S. President John Tyler marries Julia Gardiner in New York City
1848 - 1st pure food law enacted in U.S.
1857 - 62 receive Victoria Cross
1857 - Cawnpore England massacre
1862 - Battle of Beaver Dam Creek-Union repulses Confederacy in Virginia
1862 - Day 2 of 7 Days-Battle of Mechanicsville Virginia (Meadow Bridge)
1862 - U.S. Army of Virginia established under General John Pope
1870 - 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
1870 - Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
1879 - Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
1894 - Karl Benz of Germany receives U.S. patent for gasoline-driven auto
1896 - 1st movie theater in U.S. opens, charging 10 cents for admission

20th Century

1900 - Dr. Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever
1902 - Order of Merit instituted by King Edward VII
1902 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 3 Garidebs"
1906 - Hongar Szisz wins 1st Grand-Prix (Le Mans, France)
1907 - Bolsheviks overthrows transport in Tiflis
1909 - 23rd U.S. Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss beats Maud Barger-Wallach (60 61)
1909 - Victoria and Albert Museum opens in London
1910 - 24th U.S. Womens Tennis: H Hotchkiss Wightman beats L Hammond (64 62)
1910 - Hazel Hotchkiss wins U.S. Lawn Tennis Association championship
1911 - Nieuport sets an aircraft speed record of 83 mph, 133 kph
1912 - Gustav Mahlers 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna
1915 - Germany suppresses its "Vorwarts" newspaper after it called for peace
1916 - Cleveland Indians experiment with #s on their jerseys (one game)
1917 - 1st U.S. Expeditionary Force arrive in France during WW I
1919 - N.Y. Daily News begins publishing
1924 - After 8 years of occupation, U.S. troops leave Dominican Republic
1924 - Ziegfeld Follies opens on Broadway
1927 - Comet 7P/Pons-Winnecke approaches within 0.0394 AUs of Earth
1929 - ENKA/Vereinigte Glanzstoff Factory merge AKU (Genl Kunstzijde Union)
1934 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions
1934 - Germany and Poland sign no-attack treaty
1934 - W. E. B. Du Bois resigns position at NAACP
1935 - Andrew Sandham's 100th FC hundred, 103 vs. Hants
1935 - Lloyd Waner sets record of 18 putouts in center in doubleheader
1935 - SDAP and CPH achieve majority in city council in Amsterdam
1935 - Work service for recent graduate obligatory in Germany
1936 - 1st flight of Fw61 helicopter
1936 - Everett Marshall beats Ali Baba in Columbus, to become wrestling champ
1937 - Test cricket debut of Len Hutton vs. New Zealand at Lord's, scores 0 and 1
1938 - Cincinnati Red Lonny Frey hits 8 doubles in a doubleheader
1940 - End of U.S.S.R. experimental calendar; Gregorian readopted 6/27
1941 - Finland enters WW II against Russia
1941 - Lithuanian fascist massacre 2,300 Jews in Kovno
1942 - German assault on British at Mersa Matruh
1944 - 2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line
1944 - Yankees, Dodgers and Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yankees-1 and Giants-0
1945 - England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs
1945 - U.N. Charter signed by 50 nations in SF
1946 - Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years
1946 - Fred Allen's last radio show, his guest is Jack Benny
1948 - U.S. denounces Soviet blockade of Berlin
1949 - 1st Belgian parliamentary election where women can vote (CVP gains)
1950 - President Gottwald of Czechoslovakia confirms Milada Horakova's death sentence
1952 - Dutch social democratic party wins elections (29%)
1952 - Nelson Mandela and 51 others infringe South Africa curfew
1953 - KCTV (now KLST) TV channel 8 in San Angelo, Texas (CBS) 1st broadcast
1953 - Russian vice-premier/interior minister Beria arrested
1954 - Jim Peters runs marathon in 2:17:39.4
1955 - Actor Geoffrey Holder marries Carmen de Lavallade
1955 - Freedom Charter signed in South Africa
1955 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1958 - Gaston Eyskens becomes premier of Belgium
1958 - Mackinac Straits Bridge, Michigan dedicated
1958 - Vanguard SLV-2 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1959 - Ingemar Johansson TKOs Floyd Patterson in 3 for heavywgt boxing title
1959 - Queen Elizabeth and President Eisenhower open St. Lawrence Seaway
1960 - British Somaliland (now Somalia) gains independence from Britain
1960 - Hall of Fame allows veteran committee to vote annually
1960 - Italian Somaliland declares independence from Italian-administration
1960 - Madagascar (formerly Malagasy Rep) declares independence from France
1962 - Blacks begin passive resistance in Cairo Ill
1962 - Boston Red Sox Earl Wilson no-hits LA Angels, 2-0
1962 - WSEC (now WLRN) TV channel 17 in Miami, Florida (PBS) begins broadcasting
1963 - Alfons Gorbach forms Austrian government
1963 - Dutch 2nd Chamber condemns commercial TV
1963 - Kennedy visits W Berlin "Ich bin ein Berliner" (I am a Berliner)
1964 - Beatles release "A Hard Day's Night" album
1964 - Blacks and Whites riot over racial segregation in St. Augustine
1964 - Moise Tsjombe forms government in Congo
1965 - Wallon party forms in Belgium
1966 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Waterloo Women's Golf Open Invitational
1966 - Kanton Bazel leads female suffrage in Switzerland
1966 - "Time for Singing" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 41 performances
1967 - Pope Paul VI names 27 new cardinals
1968 - Executive Council decides both AL and NL to divide into 2 divisions
1968 - Iwo Jima and Bonin Islands returned to Japan by US
1970 - Frank Robinson hits 2 grand slams as Orioles beat Senators 12-2
1971 - Angels suspend Alex Johnson (after 5 benchings and 29 fines)
1971 - "Man of La Mancha" closes at ANTA Washington Square Theater New York City after 2329 performances
1972 - Bob Massie takes 16 wickets (8-84 and 8-53) on Test cricket debut vs. Eng
1972 - IRA proclaims resistant in North-Ireland
1973 - London production of "Grease" premieres
1974 - Liz Taylor's 5th divorce (Richard Burton)
1975 - Cher divorces Sonny Bono
1975 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declares a state of emergency
1976 - WS shortstop Toby Harrah plays DH without touching a batted ball
1977 - 42 die in fire inmate causes at Maury County Jail in Columbia, Tennessee
1977 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Classic
1977 - Elvis Presley sings in Indianapolis, last performance of his career
1978 - Brittany separatists bomb Palace of Versailles in France
1978 - First dedicated oceanographic satellite, SEASAT 1, launched
1979 - Heavyweight Muhammad Ali confirms that his 3rd retirement is final
1979 - Rocker Nigel Olsson runs a stop sign, crashes and kills a driver
1981 - "For Your Eyes Only" premieres in U.S.
1982 - Carlos Lopes runs Europe record 10k (27:34.39)
1982 - Marie Osmond marries Steve Craig
1982 - U.S. vetos United Nations Security Council resolution for a limited withdrawal from Beirut of Israeli and Palestine Liberation Organization forces
1983 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Rochester Golf International
1983 - "Show Boat" closes at Uris Theater New York City after 73 performances
1984 - 1st flight of Shuttle Discovery (41-D) scrubbed at T -4
1984 - Barbra Streisand records "Here We Are at Last"
1986 - South African journalist Zwelakhe Sisulu arrested
1987 - Losing 9-0 to Red Sox, Yankees score 11 in 3rd and win 12-11 in 10 inn
1987 - Supreme Court Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr. announces his retirement
1988 - Kathy Postlewait wins LPGA McDonald's Golf Championship
1989 - Canada updates coins with a new potrait of the Queen
1989 - Melanie Griffith and Don Johnson marry for 2nd time
1990 - 122 degrees F in Phoenix, Arizona
1990 - 8 KS and OK radio stations boycott k d lang, due to her anti-meat ad
1990 - New Kid on the Block Donnie Wahlberg release from hospital after fall
1991 - Amy Elizabeth Goodman, of California, crowned America's Junior Miss
1991 - ANC leader Nelson Mandela addresses congress
1991 - Charlotte Hornets make Larry Johnson of UNLV, NBA's #1 draft pick
1991 - "Getting Married" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 70 performances
1992 - India leases Tin Bigha corridor to Bangladesh
1992 - New York City's Metropolitan Transportation Authority votes to ban cigarette ads on Jan 1, 1993
1992 - Supreme Court rules fund soliciting can be banned at airports
1993 - Actress Julia Roberts and country singer Lyle Lovett wed
1993 - Clinton orders cruise missle strike on Iraqi secret service in Baghdad
1993 - "Late Night with David Letterman" airs for last time on NBC-TV
1993 - New York Met Eddie Murray is 20th to get 1,600 RBIs
1993 - Rebecca Jones, of Georgia, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
1994 - 104 degrees F (40 degrees C) at Denver Colorado
1994 - 107 degrees F (41.6 degrees C) at Albuquerque New Mexico
1994 - 112 degrees F (44.4 degrees C) at El Paso Texas
1994 - 122 degrees F (50 degrees C) at Laughlin Nevada
1994 - 126 degrees F (52.2 degrees C) in Death Valley California
1994 - Actor Brandon Cruz (32) weds Elizabeth Finkelstein (26)
1994 - Air Ivory Fokker's-27 crashes at Abidjan (16 killed/1 lives)
1994 - "Broken Glass" closes at Booth Theater New York City after 73 performances
1994 - Donna Andrews wins ShopRite LPGA Golf Classic
1994 - Kirby Puckett pass Rod Carew with 2,088 hit as Twin's top hit leader
1994 - "Medea" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 82 performances
1994 - PLO-leader Yasser Arafat returns to Gaza after 27 years
1994 - U.S. loses to Romania 1-0 in 1994 soccer world cup
1995 - Gunmen ambush Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, escapes unharmed
1997 - Galileo, Ganymede Observations, Orbit 9
1997 - Supreme Court strikes down Internet indecency law
1997 - Supreme Court upholds doctor-assisted suicide ban


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