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Events and People Who Made History on June 23

1st Century

79 - Titus succeeds his father Vespasian as Roman emperor.

10th Century

930 - World's oldest parliament, the Iceland Parliament, established

13th Century

1295 - Pope Boniface VIII enters Rome
1298 - Duke Albrecht von Habsburg chosen Roman Catholic German king

14th Century

1305 - French-Flemish peace treaty signed at Athis-sur-Orge

16th Century

1532 - Henry VIII and Francois I signs secret treaty against emperor Karel V
1585 - Spanish army under Tassis beats Amerongen Staatse troops

17th Century

1611 - Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery and never seen again
1658 - Dutch troops occupy last Portugese Fort Jafnapatnam Ceylon
1661 - Marriage contract for Charles II of England and Catharina of Portugal
1683 - William Penn signs friendship treaty with Lenni Lenape indians in Pennsylvania; only treaty "not sworn to, nor broken"

18th Century

1724 - Russia and Turkey sign Treaty of Constantinople
1757 - Robert Clive defeats Indians at Plassey, wins control of Bengal
1760 - Battle of Landshut Silesia: Austria beats Prussia
1775 - 1st regatta held on Thames, England
1776 - Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to U.S. Congress
1784 - 1st U.S. balloon flight, 13 year old Edward Warren
1794 - Empress Catherine II grants Jews permission to settle in Kiev

19th Century

1810 - John Jacob Astor organizes Pacific Fur Co (Astoria, Oregon)
1821 - Dutch troops conquer Palembang
1848 - Antoine Joseph Sax patents Saxophone
1848 - Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
1854 - Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
1860 - Congress establishes Government Printing Office
1860 - U.S. Secret Service created
1863 - Tullahoma campaign, Tennessee
1865 - At Ft. Towson, General Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable Confederate army
1868 - Christopher Latham Sholes patents "Type-writer"
1888 - Frederick Douglass is 1st African-American nominated for president

20th Century

1902 - Gioacchino Rossini's unveils monument to Santa-Croce
1909 - Confessional parties win Dutch parliamentary elections
1915 - Yankees get record 16 walks and 3 wild pitches beat A's Bruno Hass, 15-0
1915 - Zeb Turner, country-rock performer (Chew Tobacco Rag)
1917 - 31st U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beat Marion Vanderhoef (46 60 62)
1917 - Ammunition factory in Boleweg Bohemia explodes, killing 1,000
1917 - Ernie Shore replaces Red Sox pitcher Babe Ruth with a runner on, he throws him out and retires all 26 he faces for a perfect game
1918 - Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
1919 - Nitti government forms in Italy
1922 - 57th British Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 300 at Royal St. George
1924 - 8 month Twenste textile strike ends
1925 - British warship fires on Hong Kong harbor strikers
1925 - Landslides create 3-mile long "Slide Lake" (Gros Ventre Wyoming)
1926 - 8th government of Briand van France forms
1926 - Commencement of the West Indies' 1st Test cricket match, at Lord's
1927 - Lou Gehrig hits 3 home runs in 11-4 victory over Red Sox
1930 - Chicago Cubs beat Philadelphia Phillies 21-8
1931 - Wiley Post and Harold Catty took off for flight around world
1932 - Lou Gehrig plays 1,103rd successive game in a New York uniform, equaling Joe Sewell's record with one team (Cleveland)
1933 - Don McNeill's Pepper Pot (Breakfast Club) begins 35 year run on NBC
1935 - Anthony Eden offers Mussolini, Somalian harbor
1938 - Civil Aeronautics Authority (U.S.) established
1938 - Marineland opens in Florida-1st aquarium
1938 - New York City Mayor LaGuardia assigns 21 cops to patrol subway
1939 - Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to become wrestling champ
1939 - France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey
1940 - Marcel Louette seeks opposition group "White Brigade" on Antwerp
1941 - Germany occupies Telz Lithuana
1943 - Dutch artsens protest against nazis
1943 - RAF discovers Werner von Brauns V1/V2-base in Peenemunde
1944 - 4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153
1944 - Russian offensive in central front sector
1944 - Thomas Mann becomes a U.S. citizen
1945 - 77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2
1945 - Last organized Japanese defiance broken, Tarakan
1947 - Compton and Bill Edrich make 370 stand for 3rd wkt vs. South Africa
1947 - Truman's veto of Taft-Hartley Act overridden by congress
1949 - 1st 12 women graduate from Harvard Medical School
1949 - Dutch Constellation plunge at Bari in sea, 33 die
1950 - Indians' Luke Easter hits longest ball in Cleveland Stadium history, 477 feet, into upper deck, Section 4
1950 - Swiss parliament refuses voting right for women
1950 - Yankees and Tigers hit record 11 home runs, Tigers win 10-9
1951 - British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean flee to U.S.S.R.
1951 - Most expensive U.S. hailstorm ($1.5M crop damage and $14M property-Kansas)
1952 - U.S. airplanes bomb energy centers at Yalu, Korea
1953 - Patty Berg wins LPGA All-American Women Golf Tournament
1954 - 122 degrees F (50 degrees C), Overton, Nevada (state record until June 29, 1994)
1955 - Walt Disney's "Lady and the Tramp" released
1956 - Gamal Abdel Nasser elected president of Egypt
1956 - "Jimmy Durante Show," last airs on NBC-TV
1956 - "Transfusion" by Nervous Norvous peaks at #8
1958 - Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers
1958 - Federal judge rules race separation must end in 2 years in Little Rock
1958 - Foundation Praemium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) established
1960 - Japan signs security treaty with the U.S.
1960 - "Pat Boone Show," last airs on ABC-TV
1961 - Antarctic Treaty goes into effect
1961 - Cubs Ernie Banks ends his 717 consecutive-games-played streak
1961 - Phillies overcome 9-0, losing 11-2 they score 4 in 8th and 6 in 9th
1961 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,830 m
1962 - Laos Suvanna Phuma forms government
1962 - Larry Doby, retires from Cleveland Indians to play in Japan
1962 - "Subways Are after Sleeping" closes at St. James New York City after 205 performances
1963 - 63rd U.S. Golf Open: Julius Boros shoots a 293 at The Country Club Mass
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Women's Western Golf Open
1963 - New York Mets Jimmy Piersall, hits his 100th home run, he circles bases backwards
1963 - President Kennedy tours West-Europe
1964 - General Maxwell Taylor appointed U.S. ambassador in South Vietnam
1967 - Jim Ryun sets mile record (3:51.1, Bakersfield CA)
1967 - John Entwistle of rock group Who weds Alison Wise
1967 - Lyndon Baines Johnson and Alexei Kosygin hold 1st of 2 summit meetings in Glassboro, New Jersey
1967 - U.S. Senate censures Thomas J Dodd (D-Ct) for misusing campaign funds
1969 - French government of Couve de Murville resigns
1969 - Joe Frazier TKOs Jerry Quarry in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1969 - Warren E. Burger sworn in as Supreme Court Chief Justice
1970 - Charles Rangel defeats Adam Clayton Powell in Democratic primary
1970 - "Red Skelton Show," last airs on CBS-TV, moved to NBC-TV
1970 - Rocker Chubby Checker arrested for marijuana possession
1971 - Phillies Rick Wise no-hits Cincinnati Reds, 4-0
1971 - WTVP TV channel 47 in Peoria, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - Hurricane Agnes is costliest natural disaster in American history
1972 - Nixon and Haldeman agree to use CIA to cover up Watergate
1972 - President Nixon signs act barring sex discrimination in college sports
1973 - "Cyrano" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 49 performances
1973 - Phillies Ken Brett 4th consecutive game home run in which he pitched
1973 - "Sugar" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 506 performances
1974 - 1st extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space
1974 - 20th LPGA Championship won by Sandra Haynie
1975 - 75th U.S. Golf Open: Lou Graham shoots a 287 at Medinah CC ILL
1975 - Rocker Alice Cooper falls off stage in Vancouver, breaks 6 ribs
1976 - CCN Tower in Toronto, tallest free-standing structure, 555 m, opens
1977 - 13th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yankees 6-4
1978 - 33rd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy
1979 - Charlie Daniels Band releases "Devil Went Down to Georgia"
1979 - Rock group, the Knack releases "My Sharona"
1979 - West Indies beat England by 92 runs to win Cricket World Cup
1980 - 1st solar-powered coast-to-coast two-way radio conversation
1980 - "David Letterman Show," debuts on NBC-TV daytime
1980 - West German wins European soccer title (2-1 against Belgium)
1981 - 33 inning game ends, Pawtucket 3, Rochester 2
1981 - Amanda Maccaro becomes 1st American to win Russian Ballet Competition
1981 - Dave Koza scores Marty Barrett with bases-loaded single in bottom of 33rd inning, Pawtucket beats Rochester 3-2
1981 - French government of Mauroy forms, with 4 communists
1981 - New York City mayor Koch turns down a $7,500 offer to perform comedy
1981 - "This Was Burlesque" opens at Princess Theater New York City for 28 performances
1982 - -117 degrees F; All time low at South Pole
1982 - "Cleavage" opens and closes at Playhouse Theater New York City
1982 - Himmy, of Australia, weighs in at domestic cat record 20.7 kg (45 lb)
1982 - Intelligence Identities Protection Act (Public Law 97-200)
1982 - Mary Hart joins Entertainment Tonight
1983 - Syria throws out PLO leader Arafat
1983 - U.S. Supreme Court ruled Congress could not veto presidential decisions
1985 - Alice Miller wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1985 - Bomb destroys Air India Boeing 747 in air near Ireland, 329 die
1985 - Laffit Pincay, Jr. becomes 2nd jockey to win $100 million
1986 - Pedro Morales swims world record 100m butterfly (52.84)
1986 - Tip O'Neill, Representative-D-Massachusetts, refuses to let Reagan address House
1988 - Charlotte Hornets and Miami Heat begin their NBA expansion draft
1988 - Yank manager Billy Martin's 5th term ends, Lou Pinella named manager
1989 - Movie "Batman" premieres
1990 - A rally to save Alien Nation from cancellation held at Statue of Liberty
1990 - Moldavia declares independence
1990 - Police find marijuana at Chuck Berry's home
1990 - TV Guide selects Arsenio Hall as TV personality of year
1990 - Zimbabwe beat the Netherlands by 6 wickets to win ICC Trophy
1991 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA McDonald's Golf Championship
1991 - Mazda becomes 1st Japanese car to capture Le Mans 24 hour race
1991 - "Odd Couple" opens and closes at Belasco Theater New York City
1991 - "Weird Al" Yankovic records "Babalu Music"
1992 - Emmy 19th Daytime Award presentation - Susan Lucci loses for 13th time
1992 - Rabin wins Israeli parliamentary election
1992 - "Tin Bigha Day" protest in India of corridor opening to Bangladesh
1993 - Lindsay Wagner (Bionic Woman) files for divorce from Lawrence Mortorff
1993 - U.N. authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti
1994 - Replay shows A's Bobby Witt beat KC's Gagne to 1st in 6th but ump Gary Cedarstrom calls him safe, runing Witt's perfect game
1994 - South Africa reclaims its seat in U.N.
1996 - Dottie Pepper wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament
1996 - Nintendo 64 goes on sale in Japan
1996 - "Tartuffe: Born Again" closes at Circle in Sq New York City after 29 performances
1997 - Dow Jones drops 192.25 pts


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