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Events and People Who Made History on June 22

5th Century

431 - Council of Ephesus (3rd ecumenical council) opens

9th Century

816 - Pope Stephen IV, V, elected to succeed Leo III

14th Century

1342 - Bilbo Baggins returns to his home at Bag End, (Shire Reconning)
1377 - Richard II succeeds Edward III as king of England

15th Century

1476 - Battle at Morat/Murten: Charles the Stout invades Switzerland
1497 - Antitax insurrection in Cornwall suppressed at Blackheath

16th Century

1533 - Ferdinand of Austria and Sultan Suleiman sign peace treaty
1559 - Jewish quarter of Prague burned and looted
1596 - Cornelis de Houtmans fleet reaches Banten Java

17th Century

1611 - Henry Hudson and son set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers
1633 - Galileo Galilei forced to recant Earth orbits Sun by Pope (but on Oct 31, 1992, Vatican admits it was wrong)
1675 - Royal Greenwich Observatory established in England by Charles II

18th Century

1740 - King Frederik II of Prussia ends torture and guarantees religion and freedom of the press
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charles sails to Scotland
1772 - Slavery outlawed in England
1774 - English parliament accepts Quebec Act
1775 - 1st Continental currency issued ($3,000,000)
1799 - England and Russia decide to invade Bataafse Republic

19th Century

1807 - British board USS Chesapeake, a provocation leading to War of 1812
1808 - Zebulon Pike reaches his peak
1812 - Napoleon's Grand Army invades Russia
1814 - 1st match at the present Lord's, MCC vs. Herefordshire
1815 - 2nd abdication of Napoleon (after Waterloo)
1832 - John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine
1847 - Doughnut created
1848 - Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for president
1849 - Stephen C. Massett opens courthouse using only piano in California
1851 - Fire destroys part of San Francisco
1864 - Battle of Ream's Station, Virginia, Wilson's Raid
1864 - Skirmish at Culp's (Kulp's) House, Georgia
1865 - 1st class cricket debut of Dr. W. G. Grace
1868 - Arkansas re-enters U.S.
1870 - 1st Boardwalk in America invented
1870 - Congress creates Department of Justice
1873 - Prince Edward Island joins Canada
1874 - Dr. Andrew T Sill, of Macon Missouri, finds science of osteopathy
1874 - Game of lawn tennis introduced
1875 - Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun and Toulouse, kills about 1,000
1889 - Louisville Colonels set ML baseball record with 26th consecutive loss
1893 - British fleet under Vice-Admiral George Tryon leaves Beirut
1894 - Harry Houdini marries Bessie Rahner

20th Century

1906 - Hakon VII crowned king of Norway
1910 - 1st Zeppelin with passengers sets afloat
1911 - King George V of England crowned
1915 - BMT, then Brooklyn Rapid Transit, begins subway service
1918 - 32nd U.S. Womens Tennis: Molla Bjurstedt Mallory beats E E Goss (64 63)
1918 - Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68, Ivanhoe, Illinois
1921 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:40.2)
1925 - Spain and France fight Morocco
1926 - Cardinals pick up 39-year-old Grover Alexander on waivers from Cubs
1929 - Mel Ott (Giants) homers off Leo Sweetland (Phillies) in doubleheader
1930 - Lou Gehrig hits 3 home runs in a game, Ruth hits 3 in doubleheader
1931 - RVU, Radio-Volks-University, forms
1932 - NL, finally approves players wearing numbers
1933 - German social-democratic party, SPD, forbidden
1936 - Harry Froboess dives 110 m from airship into Bodensee and survives
1936 - Virgin Islands receives a constitution from U.S., Organic Act
1937 - Joe Louis KOs James J. Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Max Schmeling at 2:04 of 1st round at Yankee Stadium
1939 - Future Queen Elizabeth of England meets future husband Philip
1940 - France falls to Nazi Germany; armistice signed, France disarms
1940 - SS rounds up 31 German/Polish/Dutch Jews in Roermond, Netherlands
1941 - Estonians starts armed resistance against Soviet occupation
1941 - Germany attacks the Soviet Union and occupies the Baltic states
1941 - Germany, Italy and Romania declares war on Soviet Union during WW II
1941 - Michael Gerasimov opens grave of Tamerlan "Lenk"
1942 - Japanese submarine in mouth of Columbia River, Oregon
1942 - Jewish Brigade attached by British Army in WW II, forms
1943 - WEB DuBois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters
1944 - Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn
1944 - British 14th army frees Imphal Assam
1944 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights", Servicemen's Readjustment Act
1944 - Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn
1946 - Alec Bedser takes 7-49 vs. India on 1st day of his 1st Test cricket
1947 - Ewell Blackwell just misses pitching back-to-back no-hitters (9th inn)
1949 - Ezzard Charles beats Jersey Joe Walcott in 15 for hw boxing title
1951 - Gene Rayburn and Dee Finch show premieres on NBC radio
1954 - Congress passes revised organic act for Virgin Islands
1955 - Antonio Segni forms government in Italy
1955 - U.S. air patrol plane shot down above Bering sea
1958 - Game in Kansas City between A's and Red Sox delayed 29 minutes due to tornado
1958 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1959 - "Along Came Jones" by Coasters peaks at #9
1959 - "Class" by Chubby Checker peaks at #38
1959 - Eddie Lubanski bowls 2 consecutive perfect games
1959 - Most Phillies strike out in a game (16 by Sandy Koufax)
1959 - Shunryu Suzuki completes his historical Japan to San Francisco voyage
1961 - Beatles record Aint She Sweet, Cry for a Shadow, When the Saints Go Marching In, Why, Nobody's Child and My Bonnie, in Hamburg
1961 - Moise Tsjombe freed from prison in Congo
1962 - 1st test flight of Hoovercraft
1962 - French Boeing 707 crashes at Guadeloupe, 113 killed
1963 - "Little" Stevie Wonder (13) releases "Fingertips"
1965 - Freddie Trueman ends his Test cricket career, vs. New Zealand at Lord's
1966 - "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" opens
1968 - "Here Come Da Judge" by The Buena Vistas peaks at #88
1969 - Cleveland's Cuyahgo River catches fire
1969 - Susie Berning wins LPGA Pabst Ladies' Golf Classic
1970 - President Nixon signs 26th amendment, voting age lowered to 18
1970 - Supreme Court ruled juries of less than 12 are constitutional
1970 - WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) suspends broadcasting
1972 - "Man of La Mancha" opens at Beaumont Theater New York City for 140 performances
1973 - Dutch High Council stops fluorine addition to drink water
1973 - George Harrison releases "Living in the Material World"
1973 - Skylab 2's astronauts land
1975 - Betsy Cullen wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Classic
1976 - "Godspell" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 527 performances
1976 - San Diego Padre pitcher Randy Jones ties record of 68 innings without a walk
1977 - Former AG John Mitchell starts 19 months in Alabama prison
1977 - Walt Disney's "Rescuers" released
1978 - James Christy's discovery of Pluto's moon Charon announced
1978 - Neo-Nazis call off plans to march in Jewish community of Skokie, Illinois
1979 - Larry Holmes TKOs Mike Weaver in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1979 - Little Richard quits rock and roll for religious pursuit
1979 - Pro Football Researchers Association forms, Canton, Ohio
1980 - Jim King begins riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
1980 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1981 - 2 Habash terrorists attack a travel agency in Greece killing 2
1981 - Iran president Bani Sadr deposed
1981 - John McEnroe exhibits a disgraceful act of misbehavior at Wimbledon
1981 - Mark David Chapman pleads guilty to killing John Lennon
1982 - Manhattan institutes bus-only lanes
1982 - Pete Rose gets his 3,772nd hit, moves past Aaron into 2nd place
1982 - Prince Chuck and Lady Di take Prince William home from hospital
1982 - Susan Lea Hammett, of Miss, 18, crowned 25th America's Junior Miss
1983 - 1st time a satellite is retrieved from orbit, by Space Shuttle
1983 - "Monty Python's The Meaning of Life," released in France
1983 - NHL institutes a 5 minute sudden death overtime period
1984 - Calvin Griffith signs letter of intent to sell ownership of Twins
1984 - Carl Pohlad becomes CEO of Minnesota Twins
1984 - Jolande van de Meer swims Dutch record 800 m freestyle (8:39.30)
1984 - Joseph Luns resigns as Secretary-General of NATO
1985 - "Grind" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City after 79 performances
1985 - "Smuggler's Blues" by Glenn Frey peaks at #12
1986 - Judy Dickinson wins LPGA Rochester Golf International
1986 - Spain's premier Gonzalez' Socialist Party wins elections
1987 - Tom Seaver retires after 3rd try with New York Mets
1990 - Billy Joel performs a concert at Yankee Stadium
1990 - Braves replace manager Russ Nixon with General Manager Bobby Cox
1990 - Florida passes a law prohibits wearing a throng bathing suit
1990 - Longest game in Toronto, Yankees beat Blue Jays 8-7 in 15 inns
1991 - "I Hate Hamlet" closes at Walter Kerr Theater New York City after 88 performances
1991 - Quebec Nordiques pick Eric Lindros #1 at NHL entry draft
1991 - Underwater volcano, Mount Didicas, erupts in Philippines
1992 - 2 skeletons excavated in Yekaterinburg ID'ed as Czar Nicholas II and wife
1992 - Supreme Court rules hate crime laws violated free-speech rights
1993 - New York Met Anthony Young ties record of 23rd straight lose
1994 - 48th NBA Championship: Houston Rockets beat New York Knicks, 4 games to 3
1994 - Ken Griffey, Jr. breaks Ruth's record for most home runs by end of June (31)
1994 - Mets reliever John Franco sets lefty save mark at 253
1994 - U.S. beats Colombia 2-1 in 1994 soccer world cup (1st win since 1950)
1996 - 29th Curtis Cup: Great Britain and Ireland, 11 - 6
1996 - Michael Moorer beats Axel Shultz in 11 for IBF heavywgt boxing title
1996 - Saurav Ganguly scores 131 at Lord's on Test cricket debut
1997 - Ernie Els wins golf's Buick Classic
1997 - Nationwide Senior Golf Championship
1997 - Penny Hammel wins LPGA Rochester International
1997 - World Bowl: Barcelona Dragon beat Rhein Fire, 38-24

21st Century

2002 - Earthquake kills at least 260 in western Iran


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