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Events and People Who Made History on June 20

5th Century

451 - Germans and Romans beat Atiila the Hun at Catalarinische Fields

13th Century

1212 - French and Spanish crusaders unite against the Almohaden at Toledo

15th Century

1402 - Battle of Angora, Ankara-Tatars defeat Turkish Army

16th Century

1530 - German Parliament joins to Augsburg together
1547 - Count Philip van Hessen captured
1567 - Jews are expelled from Brazil by order of regent Don Henrique
1582 - Bishop Domingo de Salazar of Manila suppresses the Philippines
1591 - Mauritius and Willem van Nassau occupy Devente

17th Century

1624 - Netherlands and France sign Treaty of Compiegne
1632 - Britain grants 2nd Lord Baltimore rights to Chesapeake Bay area
1656 - Polish King Jan II Casimir recaptures Warsaw
1675 - Abenaki, Massachusetts, Mohegan and Wampanoag indians form anti-English front under Metacom

18th Century

1756 - 146 British soldiers imprisoned in India-Black Hole of Calcutta-most die
1756 - India rebels defeat Calcutta on British army
1779 - Battle of Stone Ferry
1782 - Congress approves Great Seal of U.S. and eagle as it's symbol
1789 - Oath of Tennis Court (for a new constitution) in France taken
1791 - King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
1793 - Eli Whitney patents his cotton gin

19th Century

1819 - 320 ton Savannah becomes 1st steamship to cross any ocean (Atlantic)
1825 - Coronation of French king Charles X the Bourbon
1826 - Siam/England sign trade/peace treaty
1837 - England issues its 1st stamp, 1P Queen Victoria
1837 - Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV Ruled for 63 years ending in 1901
1840 - Samuel Morse patents his telegraph
1855 - Commissioners appointed to lay out San Francisco streets west of Larkin
1863 - 1st bank chartered in U.S., National Bank of Davenport, Iowa
1863 - Skirmish at Greencastle Pennsylvania
1863 - West Virginia admitted as 35th U.S. state
1864 - Battle of Kinston North Carolina and Battle of Abingdon, Virginia
1864 - Battle of Petersburgs Virginia - in trenches
1864 - Skirmish at Lattermore's Mills/Powder Springs Georgia
1866 - Italy declares war on Austria
1867 - President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska
1874 - 1st U.S. Lifesaving Medal awarded (Lucian Clemons)
1888 - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Libertas
1893 - Lizzie Borden acquitted in murder of parents in New Bedford Mass
1895 - 1st female PhD (science) earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin)
1895 - Canal of Smock official opens
1895 - Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras form a short-lived confederation

20th Century

1901 - Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a U.S. college
1907 - 1st Portland Rose festival
1909 - 1st balloon honeymoon (Roger Burham and Eleanor Waring)
1910 - "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuts in New York Journal
1911 - NAACP incorporates in New York
1912 - New York Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd and 3rd twice)
1912 - New York Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12
1913 - 3 of 1st 4 Yankees hit-by-pitch en route to a record 6 hit batsman
1913 - Bert Daniels set AL mark, being hit-by-pitch 3 times in a doubleheader
1914 - 46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20
1915 - German offensive in Argonnes
1919 - German government of Scheideman resigns
1919 - Treaty of Versailles: Germany ends incorporation of Austria
1920 - Yankees win protest of 1-0 White Sox win and game is replayed
1921 - 11.5" (29.2 cm) of rainfall, Circle, Montana (state record)
1926 - Mordecai W. Johnson becomes president of Howard University
1930 - 65th British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 291 at Hoylake Hoylake
1931 - Karl Buresch becomes chancellor of Austrian
1932 - A's Roger Cramer gets 6 consecutive hits in a game (repeats in 1935)
1936 - Jesse Owens of U.S. sets 100 meter record at 10.2
1939 - Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants
1940 - Joe Louis TKOs Arturo Godoy in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - German U-203 fails on torpedo attack on U.S. battleship Texas
1942 - Adolf Eichmann proclaims deportation of Dutch Jews
1942 - German troops conquer Tobruk, North Africa
1943 - Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded
1943 - Detroit race riot kills 35
1943 - German round up Jews in Amsterdam
1943 - National Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) organizes
1943 - New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3 km dia)
1943 - Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track and field championship in NY
1944 - Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency
1944 - Heavy storm hits the Channel
1944 - Nazi begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz
1944 - Soviet forces conquer Wiborg
1944 - U.S. attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea
1944 - U.S. troops occupy Biak
1946 - New York City transit begins using Pennsylvania system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line
1947 - President Truman vetoes Taft-Hartley Act
1948 - 20 Jews killed when a bomb is thrown into Jewish quarter of Cairo
1948 - Cleveland draws then record 82,781 for doubleheader
1948 - Deutsche Mark introduced in West-Germany
1948 - "Toast of the Town" hosted by Ed Sullivan premieres on CBS-TV
1949 - Central Intelligence Agency Act, passes
1950 - Dutch Air Force base Tjililitan given to Indonesia
1950 - Joe Dimaggio's 2,000th hit, Yankees beat Indians 8-2
1951 - Cleveland Indian Bobby Avila hits 3 home runs, double and single vs Red Sox
1953 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1955 - "Almost Crazy" opens at Longacre Theater New York City for 16 performances
1956 - At Detroit's Briggs Stadium, Mickey Mantle hits 2 Billy Hoeft pitches into right center field bleachers (no else hits 1 there)
1956 - Venezuelan Super Constellation crashes in NJ, 74 killed
1958 - New Zealand all out 47 vs. England at Lord's Laker 4-13, Lock 5-17
1960 - 12nd Emmy Awards: Playhouse 90, Robert Stack and Jane Wyatt
1960 - Federation of Mali (& Senegal) becomes independent of France
1960 - Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johansson in 5 for heavywgt boxing title
1960 - Heavyweight Floyd Patterson KOs Ingemar Johnstown (New York City)
1963 - 1st Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yankees 6-2
1963 - Beatles form "Beatles Ltd" to handle their income
1963 - U.S. and U.S.S.R. agree to set up Hot Line
1964 - 64th U.S. Golf Open: Ken Venturi shoots a 278 at Congressional CC MD
1965 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
1966 - 66th U.S. Golf Open: Billy Casper shoots a 278 at Olympic CC in SF
1966 - Sheila Scott completes 1st round-the-world solo flight by a woman
1967 - Phillies Larry Jackson beats New York Mets for 18th straight time
1968 - Jim Hines becomes 1st person to run 100 meters in under 10 seconds
1969 - 150,000 attend Newport '69, Jimi Hendrix gets $120,000 to appear
1969 - Georges Pompidou sworn in as president of France
1969 - White Rhodesia agrees to race separation
1970 - British government of Edward Heath forms, with Margaret Thatcher
1970 - Oriole's Brooks Robinson get his 2,000 career hit, a 3 run home run
1970 - "Ray Stevens Show," debuts on NBC-TV
1971 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Heritage Golf Open
1973 - Chicago's Cy Acosta is 1st AL pitcher to bat since DH rule (strikeout)
1973 - Juan Peron returns to Argentina
1973 - San Francisco Giants Bobby Bonds sets NL record with 22 lead off home runs
1976 - 76th U.S. Golf Open: Jerry Pate shoots a 277 at Atlanta AC in Duluth Ga
1976 - Carl Fugate, Starkwether accomplice, paroled
1976 - Czechoslovakia becomes European soccer champ
1976 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Classic
1977 - Menahem Begin forms Israeli government
1977 - Oil enters Trans-Alaska pipeline exits 38 days later at Valdez
1978 - 1st 6 teams of Women's Pro Basketball League (WBL) granted-Iowa, NJ, Milwaukee, Chicago, Minnesota and Dayton
1980 - California Angels Freddie Patek, hits 3 home runs and double to beat Red Sox 20-2
1980 - Roberto Duran takes WBC welterweight title from Sugar Ray Leonard at Olympic Stadium in Montreal by unanimous decision
1981 - Guitarist Gerry Cott quits Boomtown Rats
1981 - Mudjahedin uprises against Iran regime
1981 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 55 days for infection
1982 - 82nd U.S. Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 282 at Pebble Beach GL California
1982 - Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin arrives in Washington
1982 - Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1982 - Pete Rose is 5th to appear in 3,000 games (Cobb, Musial, Aaron, Yaz)
1983 - 83rd U.S. Golf Open: Larry Nelson shoots a 280 at Oakmont CC PA
1983 - New York Yankee Bobby Murcer retires
1984 - A's Dave Kingman hits his 3rd grand slam and 14th lifetime
1984 - Amber Kvanli, of Minnesota, crowned America's Junior Miss
1986 - Doctors at Bethesda Naval remove 2 small benign polyps from Reagan's colon
1986 - Jim Fregosi replaces Tony LaRussa as White Sox manager
1987 - Chuti Tiu, 17, of Wisconsin, crowned America's Junior Miss
1987 - Johnny Carson marries 4th wife Alexis Mass
1988 - Curtis Strange wins U.S. Open golf tournament
1988 - Haiti's general assembly dissolves
1988 - New York City WABC-AM becomes flagship radio station of New Jersey Devils
1988 - "Price is Right" model Janice Pennington is knocked out by a TV camera
1988 - Supreme Court upholds a law that made it illegal for private clubs to discriminate against women and minorities
1988 - WABC officially becomes the New Jersey Devils new home radio
1990 - 50,000 die in a 7.6 earthquake in Iran
1990 - Nelson Mandela lands in New York City to begin a tour of U.S.
1992 - Kelly Saunders is 1st female baseball announcer for the Baltimore Orioles
1993 - 47th NBA Championship: Chicago Bulls beat Phoenix Suns, 4 games to 2
1993 - 93rd U.S. Golf Open: Lee Janzen shoots a 272 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
1993 - Tammie Green wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament
1994 - Bomb attack on Islamic temple in Mashad Iran, 70 killed
1994 - Ernie Els win's 1994 Golf U.S. Open
1994 - Howard Stern begins 30-minute (Radio) TV show on E! cable network
1994 - O. J. Simpson arraigned on murder of Nicole Simpson and Ronald Goldman
1995 - Space probe Ulysses begins 2nd passage behind the Sun
1996 - Space Shuttle STS-78, Columbia 20, launches into space
1997 - Negotiators announce agreement in principle with tobacco industry
1999 - 99th U.S. Golf Open: at Pinehurst CC New Jersey


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