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Events and People Who Made History on June 18

9th Century

860 - Swedish Vikings attack Constantinople

12th Century

1155 - Pope Adrian IV crowns Frederick I Barbarossa Roman-German Emperor
1178 - 5 Canterbury monks report explosion on moon (only known observation)
1178 - Proposed time of origin of lunar crater Giordano Bruno

14th Century

1316 - Peace of Fexhe: prince-bishop Adolf II of Mark and Luikse towns

16th Century

1529 - Blackfriars begin: Henry VIII and Catharina of Aragon
1538 - Treaty of Nice: ends war between Emperor Charles V and King French I
1541 - Irish parliament selects Henry VIII as king of Ireland
1574 - Polish King Hendrik of Anjou secretly leaves Poland
1580 - States of Utrecht forbid catholic worship
1583 - Richard Martin of London takes out 1st life insurance policy, on William Gibbons, premium was 383 pounds

17th Century

1629 - Sea battle at Dungeness: Piet Heyn vs Dunkerk Cape
1639 - Treaty of Berwick: End 1st Bishop war
1643 - Skirmish at Chalgrove Field: Prince Rupert parliamentary armies
1682 - William Penn founds Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

18th Century

1757 - Battle at Kolin Bohemia: Austrian army beats Prussia
1778 - British Redcoats evacuate Philadelphia
1779 - French fleet occupies St. Vincent

19th Century

1812 - War of 1812 begins as U.S. declares war against Britain
1815 - Battle of Waterloo; Napoleon defeated by Wellington and Blucher
1821 - Opera "Der Freischutz" is produced (Berlin)
1822 - Part of US-Canadian boundary determined
1837 - Spain gets new Constitution
1839 - Dutch prince Willem Alexander PFL weds niece Princess Sophia
1863 - After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
1864 - At Petersburg, Grant ends 4 days of assaults
1872 - Woman's Suffrage Convention held at Merchantile Liberty Hall
1873 - Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for attempting to vote for President
1879 - W. H. Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
1892 - Macademia nuts 1st planted in Hawaii
1894 - Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate
1898 - 1st amusement pier opens in Atlantic City, New Jersey
1898 - 4th U.S. Golf Open: Fred Herd shoots a 328 at Myopia Hunt Club Mass

20th Century

1900 - Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners
1900 - General Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy
1903 - 1st transcontinental auto trip begins in San Francisco; arrives New York 3-months later
1909 - Nannie Burroughs forms national training School for Women
1910 - 16th U.S. Golf Open: Alex Smith shoots a 298 at Philadelphia Cricket Club PA
1914 - Oscar Egg bicycles world record time (44,247 km)
1915 - 21st U.S. Golf Open: John Travers shoots a 297 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
1916 - Yankees score in every inning but 8th beat Indians 19-3
1924 - Pope Pius XI's encyclical Maximam gravissimamque
1926 - Theodor Lessing laid-off "because he is a Jew" in Hanover
1927 - Paavo Nurmi runs world record 2000 m: 5:24.6
1934 - U.S. Highway planning surveys nationwide authorized
1936 - 1st bicycle traffic court in America established, Racine, Wisconsin
1936 - Polish parliament gives President Ignacy Moscicki dictatorial power
1938 - Babe Ruth is signed as a Dodgers coach for the rest of the season
1940 - General Charles de Gaulle on BBC tells French to defy nazi occupiers
1940 - German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs and chickens
1940 - Winston Churchill urges perseverance so that future generations would remember that "this was their finest hour"
1941 - Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 13 for heavyweight boxing title
1941 - Turkey signs peace treaty with nazi-Germany
1942 - Eric Nessler of France stays aloft in a glider for 38h21m
1943 - SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau
1944 - Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris
1945 - William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) British radio traitor charged with treason
1947 - Cincinnati Red Ewell Blackwell no-hits Boston Braves, 6-0
1948 - American Library Association adopts Library Bill of Rights
1948 - National Security Council authorizes covert operations for 1st time
1948 - Phillies pitching great Robin Roberts debut, loses 2-0 to Pirates
1948 - U.N. Commission on Human Rights adopts International Declaration of Human Rights
1949 - "Along Fifth Avenue" closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 180 performances
1950 - Cleveland Indians score 14 runs in 1st inning, beat A's 21-2
1951 - De Gaulle wins French parliamentary election
1953 - Egypt proclaimed a republic, General Neguib becomes president
1953 - Eugene Stephens is 1st to get 3 hits and Red Sox score 17 runs in 1 Inning (7th) Red Sox beat Detroit 23-3
1953 - USAF C124 Globemaster crashes near Tokyo killing 129 servicemen
1954 - Pierre Mendes-France forms French government
1955 - "3 for Tonight" closes at Plymouth Theater New York City after 85 performances
1956 - Last of foreign troops leaves Egypt as Brits leave Suez Canal
1957 - John Diefenbacker (C) takes office as Prime Minister of Canada
1959 - 1st telecast transmitted from England to U.S.
1960 - 60th U.S. Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots 280 at Cherry Hills in Denver
1960 - "Destry Rides Again" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 472 performances
1960 - Giants hire Tom Sheehan as baseball's oldest debuting manager (66)
1960 - Real Madrid wins 5th Europe Cup 1
1961 - CBS radio cancels "Gunsmoke"
1961 - KBMT TV channel 12 in Beaumont, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
1961 - Mary Lena Faulk wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1963 - 3,000 blacks boycott Boston public school
1964 - African Groundnut Council forms in Dakar
1967 - 67th U.S. Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots 275 at Baltusrol Golf Club New Jersey
1967 - Houston Don Wilson no-hits Atlanta Braves, 2-0
1967 - Monterey International Pop Festival rocks Southern California
1967 - Susie Maxwell wins LPGA Milwaukee Jaycee Golf Open
1968 - Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale and rental of housing
1972 - 72nd U.S. Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 290 at Pebble Beach California
1972 - BEA Trident crashes after takeoff from Heathrow killing 118
1972 - U.S. Supreme Court, 5-3, confirms lower court rulings in Curt Flood case, upholding baseball's exemption from antitrust laws
1972 - West Germany wins soccer world championship
1973 - NCAA makes urine testing mandatory for participants
1974 - Gaston Thorn forms Luxembourg government
1975 - Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs in a Red Sox 15-1 victory over Tigers
1975 - Gary Gilmour takes 6-14 in Cricket World Cup semi vs. England
1975 - NBC News and Information Service, a 24 hour news service, premieres on radio
1976 - Bowie Kuhn voids A's sales, totaling $35 million, of Joe Rudi and Rollie Fingers to Red Sox, and Vida Blue to Yankees
1976 - Joseph William Turner watercolor auctioned for 340,000 pounds
1976 - St. Louis Cardinals Lou Brock and Hector Cruz hit inside-the-park home runs
1977 - Billy Martin and Reggie Jackson get into a dug out altercation
1977 - Sex Pistols Johnny Rotten and Paul Cook, beaten and robbed by London pub
1977 - Space Shuttle test model "Enterprise" carries a crew aloft for 1st time, It was fixed to a modified Boeing 747
1978 - 78th U.S. Golf Open: Andy North shoots a 285 at Cherry Hill CC in Denver
1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Bankers Trust Golf Classic
1978 - Victor de la Torre wins Peru election
1979 - Billy Martin becomes Yankee manager (2nd time), replacing Bob Lemon
1979 - President Carter and Leonid I Brezhnev sign SALT 2 treaty
1979 - Sri Lanka beat India by 47 runs in Cricket World Cup upset
1980 - "Blues Brothers" with Dan Akwoyd and John Belushi premieres
1980 - Dutch 2nd Chamber joins oil boycott of South Africa
1980 - Mrs. Shakuntala Devi mentally multiplies 2 13-digit #s in 28 sec
1981 - Kimberley Ann Smith, of NC, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
1981 - Supreme Court Justice Potter Stewart retires, replaced by Sandra Day O'Connor, 1st woman on high court
1981 - Test cricket debut of Terry Alderman, vs. England at Trent Bridge
1981 - Vaccine to prevent hoof and mouth disease announced
1982 - ABC's All Talk radio network expands to 22 stations
1982 - Voting Rights Act of 1965 extended by Senate by 85-8 vote
1983 - 7th Shuttle Mission-Challenger 2 launched-Sally Ride 1st U.S. woman
1983 - IRA's Joseph Doherty arrested in New York City
1983 - "Pump Boys and Dinettes" closes at Princess Theater New York City after 573 performances
1984 - 84th U.S. Golf Open: Fuzzy Zoeller shoots a 276 at Winged Foot Golf Club New York
1985 - Boston Red Sox Fred Lynn gets 10 RBIs
1986 - 52 die in plane and helicopter collision over Grand Canyon
1986 - De Havilland Twin Otter and Bell 206 helicopter collide, kills 25
1986 - Don Sutton becomes 19th pitcher to win 300 games
1986 - Heike Friedrich swims female world record 200m freestyle (1:57.55)
1986 - Papua New Guinea score 9-455 in 60 overs vs. Gibraltar, ICC Trophy
1987 - Charles Glass, ABC journalist, kidnapped in Lebanon
1988 - Jeff Hamilton, hits 8,000th Dodger home run
1989 - 89th U.S. Golf Open: Curtis Strange shoots a 278 at Oak Hill CC New York
1989 - Comet Churyunov-Gerasimenko at perihelion
1989 - John Wayne Bobitt marries Lorena L Gallo
1989 - Laura Davies wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1989 - "Starmites" closes at Criter Ctr SR Theater New York City after 60 performances
1990 - 1st ever loss for Cameroon in Soccer World Cup, U.S.S.R. - 4 Cameroon - 0
1990 - 1st sudden death U.S. Open Golf Championship is won by Hale Irwin
1991 - Boris Yeltsin, president of Russia, arrives in U.S.
1991 - Mud storm in Antofagasta Chile, kills 80
1991 - San Francisco Giant pitcher Dave Dravecky's cancerous left arm is amputated
1991 - Yankee pitchers pick-off 3 Toronto Blue Jays
1992 - Actor Jameson Parker weds actress Darleen Carr
1992 - Ottawa Senators make goalie Peter Sidorkiewicz their 1st draft
1992 - Tampa Bay Lightning make goalie Wendell Young their 1st draft
1993 - Expo's Dennis Martinez is 92nd to win 200 games
1993 - Toru Takemitsu's "Archipelago" premieres in Aldeburgh England
1994 - Aleksander Popov swims world record 100m free style (48.21 sec)
1994 - Gay Games open in New York City
1994 - U.S. ties Switzerland 1-1 in their 1st game of 1994 soccer World Cup
1995 - 95th U.S. Golf Open: Corey Pavin shoots a 280 at Shinnecock Hills NY
1995 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Rochester International Golf Tournament

21st Century

2000 - 100th U.S. Golf Open: at Pebble Beach Golf Links California
2009 - The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter/LCROSS is launched by NASA to probe the Moon


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