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Events and People Who Made History on June 1

2nd Century

193 - Roman Emperor Didius Julianus is assassinated in his palace.

13th Century

1283 - Albrecht I van Habsburg becomes ruler of Austrian/Bull market

15th Century

1459 - Pope Pius II opens congress of Mantua
1495 - 1st written record of Scotch Whiskey appears in Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, Friar John Cor is the distiller

16th Century

1526 - Parliament of Spiers: Lutheran monarchy freed of their belief
1533 - Anna Boleyn crowned queen of England
1562 - Emperor Ferdinand and Sultan Suleiman signs treaty
1568 - Duke van Alva beheads 18 nobles in Brussels

17th Century

1608 - Valse Dimitri forms his 2nd Russian anti-govt
1638 - 1st earthquake recorded in U.S., at Plymouth, Mass
1641 - France and Portugal sign anti-Spanish covenant
1649 - Czar Aleksei throws out English merchants from Moscow
1657 - 1st Quakers arrives in New Amsterdam (New York)
1670 - English king Charles II and French king Louis XIV sign anti-Dutch treaty
1679 - Battle at Bothwell Bridge on Clyde: Duke of Monmouth beats Scottish

18th Century

1746 - French troops conquer Antwerp
1774 - Boston Port Bill, British government orders Port of Boston closed
1789 - 1st U.S. congressional act becomes law (on administering oaths)
1792 - Kentucky admitted as 15th U.S. state
1794 - English fleet under Richard Earl Howe defeats French
1796 - Last of Britain's troops withdraws from U.S.
1796 - Tennessee admitted as 16th U.S. state

19th Century

1808 - 1st U.S. land-grant university founded at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio
1809 - Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
1813 - Captain John Lawrence utters Navy motto "Don't give up the ship"
1834 - HMS Beagle for anchor in Port Famine, Magallanes Street
1835 - 6th national black convention in Philadelphia
1836 - Charles Darwin returns to Capetown
1843 - It snows in Buffalo and Rochester New York and Cleveland Ohio
1843 - Sojourner Truth leaves New York to begin her career as antislavery activist
1845 - Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
1855 - U.S. adventurer Wm Walker conquers Nicaragua, reestablishes slavery
1861 - 1st skirmish in Civil War, Fairfax Court House, Virginia
1861 - British territorial waters and ports off-limits during Civil War
1861 - Skirmish at Arlington Mills, Virginia
1861 - U.S. and Confederacy simultaneously stop mail interchange
1862 - 2nd/last day of battle at Fair Oaks/7 Pines Virginia (11,165 casualties)
1862 - General Lee assumes command after Joe Johnston is injured at 7 Pines
1862 - Slavery abolished in all U.S. possessions
1864 - Battle of Cold Harbor, Virginia (Gaines' Mill, Gaines' Farm)
1864 - Confederate cruiser The Georgia sold to The English
1866 - General Dutch Typographer Union forms
1866 - Renegade Irish Fenians invade Ft. Erie, Ontario from U.S.
1868 - Texas constitutional convention meets in Austin
1869 - Voting machine patented by Thomas A. Edison
1872 - 6th Belmont: James Roe aboard Joe Daniels wins in 2:58
1877 - Society of American Artists forms
1877 - U.S. troops authorized to pursue bandits into Mexico
1880 - 1st pay telephone installed
1880 - U.S. census at 50,155,783
1881 - Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
1888 - California gets its 1st seismograph
1890 - U.S. census at 62,622,250
1893 - Opera "Falstaff" is produced (Berlin)
1898 - Trans-Mississippi International Exposition opens in Omaha
1899 - Cricket test debut of Wilfred Rhodes and Victor Trumper in Grace's last

20th Century

1900 - British army occupiers Pretoria South Africa
1902 - Blue-White United soccer team of Amsterdam forms
1905 - Lewis and Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon
1907 - -27 degrees F (-33 degrees C), Sarmiento, Argentina (South American record)
1908 - John Krohn begins walk around perimeter of U.S., which took 357 days
1909 - Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition opens in Seattle
1910 - South Carolina Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
1911 - 1st U.S. group insurance policy written, Passaic, New Jersey
1912 - Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden
1914 - Oscar Egg bicycles world record time (44,247 km)
1915 - 1st Zeppelin air raid over England
1916 - German attack on Fort Vaux, Verdun
1917 - Hank Gowdy is 1st baseball player to enlist during WW I
1918 - Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
1918 - White Sox losing 5-4 against New York Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play
1919 - Rhineland Republic forms in Wiesbaden
1920 - RKSV Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam
1921 - Race riot in Tulsa, Oklahoma, 61 people killed
1923 - New York Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
1925 - Lou Gehrig replaces Wally Pipp (1st of record 2130 consec games)
1926 - Ignacy Mocicki elected president of Poland
1930 - 6th French Mens Tennis: Henri Cochet beats Bill Tilden (36 86 63 61)
1930 - 6th French Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (62 61)
1930 - Alphense Boys soccer team forms in Alphen on Rhine
1930 - Bradman scores cricket 191 Australia vs. Hampshire, 240 minutes, 26 fours
1931 - Rozenburg soccer team forms in Rozenburg
1932 - Lunteren soccer team forms in Lunteren
1933 - Century of Progress world's fair opens in Chicago
1933 - Charlie Chaplin weds Paulette Goddard
1934 - AFC '34 soccer team forms in Alkmaar
1935 - Yankees set solo home run record with 6 beat Boston 7-2
1936 - "Lux Radio Theater" moved from New York City to Hollywood
1936 - Queen Mary completes its maiden voyage, arriving in New York
1937 - Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St. Louis Browns, 8-0
1937 - Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
1938 - Protective baseball helmets 1st worn by batters
1938 - Superman 1st appears in DC Comics' Action Comics Series issue #1
1939 - 1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer
1939 - 1st night game at Phil's Shribe Park (Pirates 5, Phillies 2)
1939 - British sub "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard
1939 - Retired German Colonel General Gerd von Runstedt returns to service
1940 - Coffee and tea rationed in Holland
1940 - General-major Bernard Montgomery returns to London
1940 - Nazi occupiers kick Jews out of Dutch air guard
1941 - 12.59" (31.98 cm) rainfall, Burlington Kansas (state 24-hour record)
1941 - British troops occupy Bagdad Iraq
1941 - Germany bans all Catholic publications
1941 - Germany occupies Kreta
1941 - New York Giant Mel Ott hits his 400th home run and his 1,500th RBI
1943 - Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die
1943 - Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game
1944 - General Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth
1944 - Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots
1945 - WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minnesota changes call letters to KUOM
1946 - 78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8
1946 - Spijkenisse soccer team forms in Spijkenisse
1947 - OPA, which issued WW II rationing coupons, disbands
1947 - Photosensitive glass developed
1948 - Israel and Arabs agree to a cease fire
1949 - 1st magazine on microfilm offered to subscribers (Newsweek)
1949 - British government grants Cyrenaica (East-Libya) independence
1949 - KSL TV channel 5 in Salt Lake City, UT (CBS) begins broadcasting
1949 - Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz wed for the second time
1949 - Microfilm copies of "Newsweek" magazine 1st offered
1950 - WKZO (now WWMT) TV channel 3 in Kalamazoo, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast
1951 - 1st self-contained titanium plant opens (Henderson Nevada)
1951 - International Cheese treaty signed
1952 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cross Country Weathervane Golf Tournament
1952 - Catholic church puts Andre Gides "Labor" on the index
1953 - KMJ (now KSEE) TV channel 24 in Fresno, California (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - WDAY TV channel 6 in Fargo, ND (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Emile Zatopek runs record 6 mile: (27:59.2)/10,000m (28:54.2)
1955 - Habib Bourguiba ends exile from Tunisia
1957 - 1st U.S. runner breaks 4 minute mile (Don Bowden)
1958 - Belgian christian-democrats win parliamentary election
1958 - Charles de Gaulle elected premier of France
1958 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Gatlinburg Golf Open
1959 - 2-time champ Monterrey Mexico barred from 1959 Little League competition for using players outside predetermined geographical area
1959 - Constitution of Tunisia promulgated (National Day)
1960 - "Finian's Rainbow" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 12 performances
1960 - WDTV TV channel 5 in Clarksburg-Weston, WV (CBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - FM multiplex stereo broadcasting 1st heard
1962 - Oscar 2 (ham radio satellite) launched into Earth orbit
1962 - Roda JC soccer team reforms in Kerkrade
1962 - USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to 40,420 m
1963 - "El Watusi" by Ray Barreto hits #17
1963 - Jomo Kenyatta becomes 1st premier of Kenya
1963 - King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy, becomes Emperor of Ethiopia
1965 - A Penzias and R Wilson detect 3 degrees K primordial background radiation
1965 - coal mine explosion in Fukuoka Japan kills 236
1966 - 2,400 persons attend White House Conference on Civil Rights
1966 - George Harrison is impressed by Ravi Shankar's concert in London
1966 - Joaquin Balaguer elected president of Dominican Republic
1966 - Shortwave station Radio New York Worldwide changes calls from WRUL to WNYW
1967 - Beatles release Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band in U.S. and goes gold
1967 - Mayor-council form of government instituted for Washington, D.C.
1968 - 100th Belmont: Gus Gustines aboard Stage Door Johnny wins in 2:27.2
1968 - Simon and Garfunkel's "Mrs Robinson" hits #1
1969 - Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio and TV
1970 - Com Bowie Kuhn reprimands Astro Jim Bouton for writing "Ball Four"
1970 - "Everything Is Beautiful" by Ray Stevens hits #1
1970 - Soyuz 9 launched into Earth orbit for 18 days
1970 - Tigers Al Kaline collides with another player and swallows his tongue
1971 - Ed Sullivan's final TV show on CBS
1971 - "You're a Good Man Charlie Brown" opens at Golden New York City for 31 performances
1972 - Dmitri Shostakovich's 15th Symphony, Dutch premieres in West Berlin
1972 - Tswanaland becomes Bophuthatswana in South Africa
1972 - West German police arrest RAF-leader Andreas Baader
1973 - George Harrison's "Living in the Material World" goes gold
1973 - Greek President Papadopoulos asks for "parliamentary presidential republic"
1973 - Paul McCartney and Wings release "Live and Let Die"
1974 - Chemical plant explodes in Flixborough Lincs kills 29 in UK
1974 - "My Girl Bill" by Jim Stafford hits #12
1975 - 21st LPGA Championship won by Kathy Whitworth
1975 - California Angel Nolan Ryan 4th no-hitter beats Baltimore Orioles, 1-0
1975 - Cars in Netherlands must have seatbelts
1975 - "Chicago" opens at 46th St. Theater New York City for 947 performances
1975 - Ron Woods replaces Mick Taylor as Rolling Stone guitarist
1977 - British Virgin Islands adopts constitution
1977 - Russia charges Jewish rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason
1977 - South Carolina Heerenveen soccer team forms in Heerenveen
1978 - Cricket Test debut of David Gower, vs. Pakistan, Edgbaston, scores 58
1978 - High Council destroys judgment against war criminal Pieter Menten
1979 - 33rd NBA Championship: Sea Supersonics beat Washington Bullets, 4 games to 1
1979 - Rhodesian bishop Able Muzorewa becomes premier
1979 - Ted Coombs began a 5,193 mile roller skate from LA to New York City
1979 - Wings release "Old Siam, Sir"
1980 - 1st transmission of CNN, Cable News Network
1980 - ANC sets fire to Sasol oil installations in South Africa
1980 - Barbra Streisand appears at an ACLU Benefit in California
1980 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championshipship
1980 - Steve Garvey, hits the 7,000th Dodger home run
1980 - Ted Turner's Cable News Network begins broadcasting
1982 - Rickey Henderson is fastest to reach 50 stolen bases in a year
1984 - Douglas H Mitchell, QC of Calgary becomes 6th CFL Commissioner
1984 - KWK-AM in St. Louis MO changes call letters to KGLD
1984 - Netherlands' Lubbers government gives 48 sites for cruise missiles
1984 - Weightlifter Alexander Gunyashev of U.S.S.R. snatches a record 211 kg
1985 - "Just A Gigolo/I Ain't Got Nobody" by David Lee Roth hits #12
1985 - Viv Richards scores 300 in a day on the way to 322 vs. Warwicks cricket
1985 - Weird Al Yankovic released his Dare To Be Stupid LP
1986 - 32nd LPGA Championship won by Pat Bradley
1986 - 40th Tony Awards: I'm Not Rappaport and Mystery of Edwin Drood win
1987 - Phil Niekro 314th combines with Joe to have most wins by bros (530)
1988 - "Les Miserables," opens at Shubert Theatre, Los Angeles
1988 - "Morton Downey, Jr. Show," debuts in TV syndication
1988 - Train crash in Zeeland, Netherlands, kills 2
1989 - 62nd National Spelling Bee: Scott Isaacs wins spelling spoliator
1989 - Margaret Ray pleads guilty to breaking into David Letterman's house
1989 - Robin Givens and Mike Tyson granted final divorce in New Jersey
1990 - "Cemetery Club" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater New York City after 56 performances
1990 - Cowboy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting
1990 - Detroit Pistons beat Trailblazers in Portland for 1st time since 1974
1990 - Dow Jones Avg hits a record high of 2,900.97
1991 - Mount Pinatubo (Philippines) erupts for 1st time in 600 years
1991 - Roseanne Arnold and Tom Arnold wed again, they divorced later
1992 - America West Arena opens in Phoenix
1992 - Stanley Cup: Pittsburgh Penguins sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games
1993 - Connie Chung joins Dan Rather as anchors of CBS Evening News
1993 - Guatemala president Jorge Serrano overthrown by army
1993 - Melchior Ndadaye elected President of Burundi
1994 - FX Channel, Cable Network, debuts
1994 - General H Norman Schwarzkopf released from hospital after prostate surgery
1994 - Guns n Roses drummer Matthew Sorum files to divorce Kai
1995 - 68th National Spell Bee: Justin Tyler Carroll wins spelling xanthosis
1995 - Rangers' Kenny Rogers scoreless inning streak ends after 39
1996 - MTV Movie Awards
1996 - Sony does not renew lease on megatron in Times Square
1997 - 10th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $5,400,186
1997 - 1st New York Women Film Festival opens
1997 - 51st Tony Awards: Titanic and Last Night of Ballyhoo win
1997 - Ameritech Senior Golf Open
1997 - Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Michelob Light Classic
1997 - Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race
1997 - Heartland LPGA Classic
1997 - Los Angeles Dodger Wilton Guerrero's bat breaks, revealing it is corked
1997 - Vijay Singh wins Golf Memorial at Muirfield Village CC, 14 under par

21st Century

2001 - The heir to the Nepalese throne killed his parents and eight other family members before shooting himself, after an argument over his choice of a bride
2005 - Dutch reject a referendum on the E.U. constitution
2009 - En route from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Paris, Air France Flight 447 crashes into the Atlantic ocean, killing all 228 on board


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