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Events and People Who Made History on July 7

12th Century

1124 - Tyrus surrenders to Crusaders

15th Century

1438 - French church/King Charles VII release Pragmatieke Sanctie of Bourges
1456 - Though she had already been executed, Joan of Arc is acquitted
1495 - King Ferdinand II returns to Naples
1498 - Emperor Maximilian I establishes choir of Imperial Chapel

16th Century

1543 - French troops invade Luxembourg
1550 - Chocolate introduced
1585 - King Henri III and Duke De Guise signs Treaty of Nemours: French Huguenots loose all freedoms

17th Century

1607 - "God Save the King" is 1st sung
1647 - People's uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples
1668 - Isaac Newton receives MA from Trinity College, Cambridge

18th Century

1713 - 1st performance of Georg F Handel's "To Deum" and "Jubilate"
1753 - English parliament grants Jewish English citizenship
1754 - Kings College in New York City opens (renamed Columbia College)
1768 - Firm of Johann Buddenbrook founded, in Thomas Mann's novel

19th Century

1801 - Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haitian independence
1802 - 1st comic book "The Wasp," is published
1807 - France, Russia and Prussia sign Peace of Tilsit
1814 - Walter Scott's "Waverley" published
1829 - Royal Military Chapel forms
1838 - Central American federation is dissolved
1846 - U.S. annexs California
1850 - Scottish explorer Edward Eyre reaches Albany, W-Australia
1861 - Battle of Laurel Hill, Virginia
1862 - Land Grant Act endows state colleges with federal land
1863 - 1st military draft by U.S., exemptions cost $100
1863 - Orders barring Jews from serving under U.S. Grant are revoked
1864 - S Middleton, MD -Early's Washington Raid-
1868 - Ed Pooley takes 12 dismissals as keeper in match Surrey vs. Sussex
1874 - 27th Postmaster General: James W. Marshall of New Jersey takes office
1875 - Jesse James robs train in Otterville, Missouri
1878 - Social-Democratic United forms in Amsterdam
1891 - Travelers checks patents
1898 - U.S. annexes Hawaii

20th Century

1900 - Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory
1905 - 127 degrees F (53 degrees C), Parker Ariz (state record)
1908 - Great White Fleet leaves San Francisco Bay
1911 - 28th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: D Chambers beats D Boothby (60 60)
1911 - Dorothea Lambert Chambers beats Dora Boothby 6-0, 6-0 in a record
1913 - British House of Commons accepts Home-Rule Law
1914 - Baltimore Orioles' (IL) owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore and Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, who refuses, pleading poverty
1919 - Phillies tie major league record of 8 steals in 9 inn game
1923 - 43rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: William Johnston beats F Hunter (60 63 61)
1923 - Cleveland Indians beat Boston Red Sox 27-3 with 13 runs in 6th inning
1923 - University of Delaware invents "junior year abroad" (at Sorbonne)
1924 - Robert LeGendre of U.S., sets then long jump record at 25' 5 "
1928 - 41st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats L de Alvarez (62 63)
1928 - Edward Hamm of U.S., sets then long jump record at 25' 11"
1929 - Romania and Vatican sign concord
1930 - Construction begins on Boulder Dam
1932 - Bradman scores a cricket double century in Montreal
1934 - Elizabeth Ryan wins her 12th Wimbledon doubles championship
1936 - 4th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-3 at Braves Field, Boston
1937 - 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
1937 - Japanese and Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), becomes WW II
1939 - 52nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Kay Stammers (62 60)
1941 - Nazis executed 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania
1941 - U.S. forces land in Iceland to forestall Nazi invasion
1942 - Germany troop march into Woronezj
1942 - military all star team (including Bob Feller) losts to AL all stars 5-0
1943 - 3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova
1943 - Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk
1943 - Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java
1943 - Liberator bombers sinks U-517
1944 - Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France
1944 - Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan
1946 - Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint
1948 - 6 female reservists become 1st women sworn into regular U.S. Navy
1948 - Cleveland Indians sign Leroy "Satchel" Paige at 42
1949 - "Cabatgata (A Night in Spain)" opens at Broadway New York City for 76 performances
1949 - "Dragnet" premieres on NBC radio; also a TV series in 1951 and 1967
1950 - 1st Farnborough airshow held
1950 - 64th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Budge Patty beats Sedgman (61 8-10 62 63)
1950 - 79th British Golf Open: Bobby Locke shoots a 279 at Royal Troon
1951 - 58th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Doris Hart beats Shirley Fry (61 60)
1952 - SS United States cross Atlantic in record 82:40
1953 - 35th PGA Championship: Walter Burkemo at Birmingham CC Michigan
1954 - T.A.N.U. party forms in Tanzania
1955 - 1st LPGA Championship won by Beverly Hanson
1956 - 63rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Shirley Fry beats Angela Buxton (63 61)
1956 - 7 Army trucks loaded with dynamite explode in middle of Cali, Columbia killing 1,100-1,200, destroying 2,000 buildings
1956 - Douglas Moore/John Latouche' opera "Ballad of Baby Doe," premieres
1957 - Heavy storm ravages Belgian coast
1958 - C A Milton scores 104* on Test Cricket debut, England vs. New Zealand Headingley
1958 - President Eisenhower signed a bill approving Alaskan statehood
1958 - William Shea outlines plans for a $12M stadium at Flushing Meadows New York
1959 - 26th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh
1960 - Netherlands - U.S. cemetery Margraten official opens
1960 - U.S.S.R. shoots down a U.S. aircraft over Barents sea
1961 - 75th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Rod Laver beats Chuck McKinley (63 61 64)
1961 - James R. Hoffa elected chairman of Teamsters
1962 - 69th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Karen Susman beats Vera Sukova (64 64)
1962 - Bill Hartack becomes 8th jockey to win 3,000 horse races
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Lady Carling Eastern Golf Open
1964 - 35th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-4 at Shea Stadium, New York
1964 - All star MVP: John Callison, Philadelphia Phillies
1965 - Otis Redding records "Respect"
1967 - 81st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Newcombe beats W Bungert (63 61 61)
1967 - Beatles' "All You Need is Love" is released
1967 - Doors' "Light My Fire" hits #1
1968 - 23rd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
1968 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1968 - Rock group "Yardbirds" disband
1969 - Canada's House of Commons approves equality of French-English lang
1969 - Der Spiegel reveals Munich's Bishop Defregger is a war criminal
1972 - 1st women FBI members sworn in (Susan Lynn Roley and Joanne E Pierce)
1972 - 79th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Goolagong (63 63)
1972 - Dutch Minister of Agt decides to ignore soft drug usage
1973 - 1st all - U.S. women's Wimbledon, Billie Jean King beats Chris Evert
1973 - 78 drown as flash flood sweeps a bus into a river, India
1973 - 80th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats C Evert, 60 75
1973 - 87th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jan Kodes beats Alex Metreveli, 61 98 63
1973 - All women board of directors takes control of ABA's Kentucky Colonels
1973 - Baltimore Orioles pull their 4th triple play, 5-4-3 vs Oakland
1973 - Glenda Reiser, Canada, sets record women's mile, 4:34.9
1973 - Shoelace Park in the Bronx named
1974 - Brewer Don Money sets record of consec errorless games at 3rd, 78
1974 - Sue Roberts wins LPGA Niagara Frontier Golf Classic
1974 - West Germany beats Netherlands 2-1 for soccer's 10th World Cup in Munich
1975 - TV soap opera "Ryan's Hope" premieres
1976 - E. Henry Knoche, becomes deputy director of CIA
1976 - Vernon A. Walters, USA, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1976 - Viking 2 goes into orbit around Mars
1977 - 12,000 police occupy university in Mexico City
1978 - 85th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats C Evert (26 64 75)
1978 - Solomon Islands declares independence from U.K.
1979 - 93rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats R Tanner (67 61 36 63 64)
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1980 - Jim King completes riding Miracle Strip Roller coaster 368 hours
1980 - Jineane Ford, (AZ) replaces S Weatherly (Miss Universe) as 29th Miss USA
1980 - Larry Holmes TKOs Scott LeDoux in 7 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 - Shawn Weatherly, of USA, crowned 29th Miss Universe
1981 - 1st solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, crosses English Channel
1981 - Sandra Day O'Connor nominated for the Supreme Court
1982 - David Moorcroft of U.K. sets record for 5000 m, 13:00.41
1982 - Steve Scott of U.S. runs mile in a record 3:47.69
1983 - 11 year old Samantha Smith of Manchester, Maine, leaves for U.S.S.R.
1984 - 5 die in a train crash in Williston, Vermont
1984 - 91st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats Chris Evert (76 62)
1984 - Frankie Valli marries Randy Clohessy
1985 - 92nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats C Evert (46 63 62)
1985 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Mazda Hall of Fame Golf Championship
1986 - IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 (updated) released
1986 - It is reported Boy George is being treated for heroin addiction
1986 - Jordan government shuts al-Fatah offices
1986 - Supreme Court struck down Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law
1986 - U.S. actress Deborah Hunter marries actor Michael Tylo
1987 - Alan and Colin Wells make 303* partnership for Sussex vs. Kent
1987 - Kiwanis Clubs end men-only tradition, vote to admit women
1987 - Oliver North began public testimony at Iran-Contra hearing
1987 - Yankees trailing by 7 score 7 in 7th on 7/7 and 5 in 8th-Beat Twins 12-7
1988 - Soviet Union launches Phobos 1 to probe Martian moon (unsuccessful)
1988 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 - 97th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Martina Navratilova beats Zina Garrison (64 61)
1990 - New Jersey Devils sign Russians Viacheslav Fetisov and Sergei Starikov
1991 - 105th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Michael Stich beats B Becker (64 76 64)
1991 - Alice Miller wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1991 - Nolan Ryan possible 8th no-hitter ends in the 8th inning
1993 - Guntis Ulmanis elected president of Latvia
1993 - New York Met Anthony Young, loses his 26th straight game, goes to 27
1993 - Philadelphia Phillies beat San Francisco Giants 7-6 in 20 innings
1993 - Prodigy announces it will offer Cox newspapers
1993 - Red Tom Browning decides to watch his team play at Wrigley Field from the roof of a building across Sheffield Ave, he is fined $500
1994 - Actress Diane Lane files for divorce from Christopher Lambert
1994 - "Les Miserables," opens at Imperial Theatre, Tokyo
1994 - North Yemenite troops occupy Aden
1995 - Memphis Mad Dogs 1st CFL home game vs, BC Lions
1995 - Space shuttle STS-71, Atlantis 14, lands
1996 - 110th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: R Krajicek beats M Washington (63 64 63)
1996 - 17th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Dave Stockton
1996 - Joan Pitcock wins LPGA Jamie Farr Kroger Golf Classic
1996 - Space Shuttle STS-78, Columbia 20, lands
1997 - Tiger Woods wins golf's Western Open
1997 - Tower Minnesota temps dip to 24 degrees F
1998 - 69th All Star Baseball Game: at Coors Field, Denver

21st Century

2001 - Wimbledon Women's Finals, Venus Williams beat Justine Henin
2002 - Wimbledon Men's Doubles Finals, Todd Woodbridge and Jonas Bjorkman beat Mark Knowles and Daniel Nestor,
2002 - Wimbledon Men's Finals, Lleyton Hewitt beat David Nalbandian
2002 - Wimbledon Mixed Doubles Finals, Mahesh Bhupathi and Elena Likhovtseva beat Kevin Ullyett and Daniela Hantuchova
2002 - Wimbledon Women's Doubles Finals, Venus Williams and her sister Serena Williams Paola Suarez and Virginia Ruano
2005 - London's transit system is bombed by terrorists, 56 deaths, 700 injured


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