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Events and People Who Made History on July 4

11th Century

1054 - Brightest known super-nova (Crab Nebula) starts shining (23 days)

12th Century

1187 - Battle of Hittin (Tiberias): Saladin defeats Reinoud of Chatillon

14th Century

1301 - Battle at Breukelen: Holland vs Lichtenberg

15th Century

1415 - Angelo Correr becomes Pope Gregory XII
1453 - 41 Jewish martyrs burned at stake at Breslau

17th Century

1610 - Battle at Klushino: King Sigismund II beats Russian and Sweden
1636 - City of Providence, Rhode Island form
1652 - Prince of Conde starts blood bath in Paris
1653 - British Barebones Parliament goes into session
1672 - States of Holland declares "Eternal Edict" void
1693 - Battle at Boussu-lez-Walcourt: French-English vs Dutch army

18th Century

1708 - Swedish King Karel XII beats Russians
1754 - George Washington gives Ft. Necessity to France
1776 - Declaration of Independence - U.S. gains independence from Britain
1779 - French fleet occupies Grenada
1789 - 1st U.S. tariff act
1796 - 1st Independence Day celebration is held

19th Century

1802 - U.S. Military Academy officially opens at West Point, New York
1810 - French troops occupy Amsterdam
1817 - Construction on Erie Canal begins
1819 - William Herschel makes last telescopic observation of 1819 comet
1827 - Slavery abolished in NY
1828 - Construction begins on B and O (Baltimore-Ohio) 1st U.S. passenger RR
1829 - Cornerstone laid for 1st U.S. mint (Chestnut and Juniper St, Philadelphia)
1832 - "America" 1st sung publicly in Boston
1836 - Wisconsin Territory forms
1845 - Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
1845 - Texas Congress votes for annexation to U.S.
1861 - In a special session of 27th Congress Lincoln requests 400,000 troops
1861 - Skirmish at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia
1862 - Battle at Green River Kentucky (Morgan's Ohio Raid)
1862 - Battle of Port Royal, South Carolina (Port Royal Ferry)
1862 - Lewis Carroll creates Alice in Wonderland for Alice P. Liddell
1863 - Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
1863 - Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)
1863 - General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg
1863 - Skirmish at Smithburg, Tennessee
1863 - Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
1864 - Battle at Chattahoochee River, Georgia
1865 - 1st edition of "Alice in Wonderland" is published
1866 - Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying of Portland, Me
1868 - Battle at Ueno: last Tokugawa armies defeated
1873 - Aquarium opens in Woodward Gardens
1874 - Social Democratic Workmen's Party of North America formed
1875 - White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
1876 - 1st public exhibition of electric light in San Francisco
1876 - Batholdi visits Bedloe Island, future home of his Statue of Liberty
1879 - Africaner Union forms by Reverend SJ du Toit at Cape colony
1879 - Battle at Rorkes Drift: Britain ends attack on Zulus
1881 - Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute in Alabama
1882 - Telegraph Hill Observatory opens in San Francisco
1883 - Buffalo Bill Cody presents 1st wild west show, North Platte, Nebr
1884 - 1st U.S. bullfight held (Dodge City Ks)
1884 - Statue of Liberty presented to U.S. in Paris
1886 - 1st scheduled transcontinental passenger train reaches Pt Moody, BC
1888 - 1st organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona
1889 - Washington state constitutional convention holds 1st meeting
1892 - James Keir Hardie chosen 1st socialist in British Lower house
1894 - Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st U.S. autos at 6 MPH
1894 - Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B. Dole as president
1895 - Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful"
1898 - French liner "La Bourgogne" collides with bark Cromartyshire, 560 die
1898 - U.S. flag hoisted over Wake Island (Spanish-American War)

20th Century

1903 - Pacific Cable (SF, Hawaii, Guam, Phil) opens, President TR sends message
1905 - Philadelphia A's beat Boston Red Sox 4-2 in 20 inning game
1906 - Great Britain, France and Italy grant Independence to Ethiopia
1907 - Tommy Burns KOs Bill Squires in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1908 - New York Giant George "Hooks" Witse no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 1-0 in 10 inn
1910 - Jack Johnson KOs James J Jeffries in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1911 - 105 degrees F (41 degrees C) at Vernon, Vermont (state record)
1911 - 106 degrees F (41 degrees C) at Nashua, New Hampshire (state record)
1911 - Ty Cobb goes 0 for 4 and ends a 40 game hit streak
1911 - White Sox Ed Walsh stops Ty Cobb's 40-game hitting streak
1912 - Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St. Louis Browns, 7-0
1912 - Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title
1913 - 37th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A F Wilding beats McLoughlin (86 63 10-8)
1914 - 1st U.S. motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks)
1918 - Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa
1919 - ADGB (Allgemeine Deutsche Gewerkschaftsbund) party forms
1919 - Cincinnati Reds are 10 games back in NL, and win World Series
1919 - Jack Dempsey KOs Jess Willard in Cuba for heavyweight championship
1923 - Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1925 - 44 die when Dreyfus Hotel in Boston collapses
1925 - 45th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Rene Lacoste beats J Borotra (63 63 46 86)
1925 - Yankees Lefty Grove beats A's Herb Pennock 1-0 in 15 innings
1926 - Baronie soccer team forms in Breda, Netherlands
1926 - NSDAP-party forms in Weimar
1927 - Ir Sukarno forms PNI (Perserikatan Nasional Indonesia) in Batavia
1929 - AM radio station WOWO, Indiana's transmitter burns down
1930 - 43rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Elizabeth Ryan (62 62)
1931 - 1st fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium
1931 - 1st trailside museum opens in Cleveland Metroparks
1932 - Bradman scores 260, a North American record, vs. Western Ontario
1933 - Work begins on Oakland Bay Bridge
1934 - Jordanians revolt in Amsterdam after reduction in employment
1936 - 49th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Hull Jacobs beats H Sperling (62 46 75)
1936 - League of Nations starts sanctions against Italy
1938 - 1st game at Shribe Park, Philadelphia; Braves beat Phillies 10-5
1938 - France-Turkish friendship treaty
1939 - Red Sox Jim Tabor hits 2 grand slams in 1 game
1939 - Yankees retire 1st uniform (Lou Gehrig #4), 1st Old Timers Day
1940 - British destroys French battle fleet at Oran, Algeria, 1267 die
1940 - German occupiers forbids anti-nazis speeches
1941 - Howard Florey and Norman Heatley meet for 1st time, 11 days later they successfully recreate penicillin
1941 - Latvia partisans shoot 416 Jews dead
1941 - Politburo of Yugoslav Communist Party reorganizes
1942 - 1st American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (WW II)
1942 - U.S. air offensive against nazi-Germany begins
1944 - 1,100 U.S. guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy
1944 - 1st Japanese kamikaze attack, U.S. fleet near Iwo Jima
1944 - Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen
1944 - Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber
1946 - Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die
1946 - Philippines gains independence from U.S.
1947 - 61st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Jack Kramer beats Tom P Brown (61 63 62)
1950 - Braves Sid Gordon ties season grand slam record with 4
1950 - Truman signs public law 600 (Puerto Ricans write own constitution)
1952 - 66th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Frank Sedgman beats J Drobny (46 62 63 62)
1952 - Canadain Currency, Mint and Exchange Fund Act allows gold coins of $5, $10, and $20 to be minted
1953 - 60th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maureen Connolly beats D Hart (86 75)
1953 - Imre Nagy succeeds Matyas Rakosi as premier of Hungary
1954 - West Germany beats Hungary 3-2 for soccer's 5th World Cup in Bern
1954 - WMSL (WYUR, now WAFF) TV channel 48 in Huntsville, AL (ABC) begins
1956 - Independence National Historical Park forms in Philadelphia
1956 - U.S. most intense rain fall (1.23" in 1 minute) at Unionville, Maryland
1957 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts temporary tax increase
1958 - 72nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: A Cooper beats N Fraser (36 63 64 13-11)
1959 - 66th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats Darlene Hard (64 63)
1959 - America's new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled
1959 - Cayman Islands separated from Jamaica, made a crown colony
1960 - 6th LPGA Championship won by Mickey Wright
1960 - America's new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled
1960 - Mickey Mantle is 18th to hit 300 home runs
1962 - Island Records begins
1962 - KIKU (now KHNL) TV channel 13 in Honolulu, HI (IND) 1st broadcast
1964 - 71st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Maria Fraser beats M Court (64 79 63)
1964 - Beachboy's "I Get Around" reaches #1
1965 - 20th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Carol Mann
1966 - Beatles attacked in Philippines after insulting Imelda Marcos
1966 - Lyndon Baines Johnson signs Freedom of Information Act
1967 - Opening ceremony of Tassajara Zen Mountain Center
1967 - Phillies Clay Dairymple ties NL record of 6 walks in doubleheader
1968 - Arthur Kopit's "Indians," premieres in London
1968 - Radio astronomy satellite Explorer 38 launched (o 450 m)
1969 - 140,000 attend Atlanta Pop Festival featuring Led Zep and Janis Joplin
1969 - 76th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Ann Jones beats Billie J King (36 63 62)
1969 - "Give Peace a Chance" by Plastic Ono Band is released in U.K.
1969 - Italian Rumor government resigns
1969 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1970 - 100 injured in race rioting in Asbury Park, New Jersey
1970 - 84th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Newcombe beats K Rosewall (57 63 62 36 61)
1970 - Casey Kasem's "American Top 40" debuts on LA radio
1970 - Chartered Dan-Air Comet crashes into mountains north of Barcelona, Spain killing 112 vacationing Britons
1971 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1973 - Alan Ayckbourne's "Absurd Person Singular," premieres in London
1973 - CARICOM - Caribbean Community and Common Market, forms
1973 - In audience with Italian cyclists, Pope Paul VI praises athletes who "offer the magnificent show of a healthy, strong, generous youth"
1974 - Mike Marshall goes 9-0 with 3 saves in 20 appearances in 30 days
1975 - 82nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie Jean King beats Goolagong (60 61)
1976 - Opening ceremony of the Dai Bosatsu monastery Catskill Mt., New York
1976 - Raid on Entebbe-Israel rescues 229 Air France passengers
1976 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Bloomington Golf Classic Bicentennial
1977 - Cubs use fielder Larry Bittner as a pitcher
1977 - Nigel Harrison replaces Gary Valentine as bassist of Blondie
1977 - Red Sox wallop a major league-record 8 home runs beating Toronto 9-6
1978 - Memphis fire fighters halt 3-day strike under a court order
1979 - Algerian ex-president Ben Bella freed
1980 - Nolan Ryan is 4th to strikeout 3,000
1981 - 95th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John McEnroe beats B Borg (46 76 76 64)
1981 - Clive Rice 105* out of 143 all out, Notts vs. Hants at Bournemouth
1982 - 10th du Maurier Golf Classic (Peter Jackson Classic): Sandra Haynie
1982 - 4th Space Shuttle Mission-Columbia 4 lands at Edwards AFB
1982 - 96th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Connors beats J McEnroe (36 63 67 76 64)
1982 - Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado elected president of Mexico
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1982 - Yankees bat out of order against Indians in 1st inning
1983 - New York Yankee Dave Righetti no-hits the Red Sox
1984 - Funeral for S Nakagawa and burial half his ashes next to N Senzaki
1984 - Kallicharran gets 206 and 6-32 in a NatWest Trophy game
1984 - New York Yankee Phil Niekro is 9th to strikeout 3,000
1984 - Yuri Sedykh of U.S.S.R. throws hammer a record 86.33 m
1985 - Tinker Bell's nightly flight begins
1987 - 94th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats Steffi Graf (75 63)
1987 - Discovery moves to Launch Pad 39B for STS-26 mission
1987 - Imran Khan takes 300th Test Cricket wicket, only Pakistani to do so
1987 - Nazi Klaus Barbie, "Butcher of Lyon" sentenced to life in France
1988 - 102nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Stefan Edberg beats Becker (46 76 64 62)
1988 - KC releases pitcher Dan Quisenberry, whose 238 saves are the 4th most
1988 - U.S. Navy shoots down Iranian civilian jetliner over Gulf, kills 290
1989 - 14 year old actress Drew Barrymore, attempts suicide
1989 - Red's Tom Browning is 3 outs away from his 2nd career perfect game when Phillie Dickie Thon doubles
1989 - Unmanned Russian Mig-23 crashes in Bellegem-Kooigem, Belgium (1 dies)
1990 - 2 Live Crew release "Banned in the USA" the lyrics quote Star Spangled Banner and Gettysburg Address
1990 - 400 New Kids on the Block fans treated for heat exhaustion in Minn
1990 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1990 - Wrestler Brutus Beefcake injured during para-sailing
1992 - 99th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Monica Seles (62 61)
1992 - John Phillips, rocker (Mamas and Papas), undergoes a liver transplant
1992 - U.S. actress Bobbie Eakes marries author David Stone
1993 - 107th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats Courier (76 76 36 63)
1993 - Brandie Burton wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1993 - Dave Winfield hits 442nd home run to move into 19th place
1993 - Pilar Fort, crowned 25th Miss Black America
1993 - Pizza Hut blimp deflates and lands safely on W 56th street in New York City
1994 - Russian manned space craft TM-18, lands
1994 - Rwandese Patriot Front occupies Kigali
1994 - U.S. loses to Brazil 1-0 in 1994 World Cup quarter finals
1995 - Birmingham Barracudas play 1st CFL game (vs Winnipeg)
1996 - HotMail, a free internet E-mail service begins
1997 - U.S. space probe Pathfinder lands on Ares Vallis Mars
1998 - Wimbledon Men's Doubles Finals, Jacco Eltingh and Paul Haarhuis beat Todd Woodbridge and Mark Woodforde
1998 - Wimbledon Women's Finals, Jana Novotna beat Nathalie Tauziat
1999 - Wimbledon Men's Doubles Finals, Mahesh Bhupathi and Leander Paes beat
1999 - Wimbledon Men's Finals, Pete Sampras beat Andre Agassi
1999 - Wimbledon Mixed Doubles Finals, Leander Paes and Lisa Raymond beat
1999 - Wimbledon Women's Doubles Finals, Lindsay Davenport and Corina Morariu beat Mariaan de Swardt and Elena Tatarkova
1999 - Wimbledon Women's Finals, Lindsay Davenport beat Steffi Graf

21st Century

2001 - Vladivostokavia flight 352 crashes near Burdakovka, killing 145
2004 - Wimbledon Men's Doubles Finals, Todd Woodbridge and Jonas Bjorkman beat Julian Knowles and Nenad Zimonjic
2004 - Wimbledon Men's Finals, Roger Federer beat Andy Roddick
2004 - Wimbledon Mixed Doubles Finals, Cara Black and her brother Wayne Black beat Todd Woodbridge and Alicia Molik
2004 - Wimbledon Women's Doubles Finals, Cara Black and Rennae Stubbs beat Ai Sugiyama and Liezel Huber
2007 - BBC journalist Alan Johnston is freed by Palestinian kidnappers


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