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Events and People Who Made History on July 31

5th Century

432 - St. Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

8th Century

768 - [Philip] begins and ends his reign as Catholic Pope

10th Century

904 - Saraceens hijacker Leo van Tripoli occupies and plunders Thessalonica

13th Century

1291 - Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine

15th Century

1498 - Christopher Columbus discovers island of Trinidad

16th Century

1588 - English fleet beats Spanish Armada

17th Century

1620 - Pilgrim Fathers depart (through England) to America
1653 - Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
1658 - Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol emperor
1664 - Pierre Corneille's "Othon," premieres in Paris
1667 - Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs New-Netherlands ends

18th Century

1718 - Battle at Cape Passaro: English fleet destroys Spanish
1737 - Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
1751 - Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses
1774 - Joseph Priestley discovers oxygen
1777 - Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
1790 - 1st U.S. patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
1792 - Cornerstone laid for 1st U.S. government building: U.S. Mint in Philadelphia
1794 - All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem

19th Century

1809 - 1st practical U.S. railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Philadelphia
1813 - British invade Plattsburgh, New York
1830 - Charles X of France resigns by force
1849 - Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
1852 - Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4 degrees F (20.2 degrees C) avg)
1855 - Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4 degrees C avg)
1861 - 9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record
1864 - Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers
1874 - Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as President of Georgetown U
1876 - U.S. Coast Guard officers' training school established New Bedford, Massachusetts
1893 - Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
1899 - Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's

20th Century

1900 - Boer Generals Prinsloo and Roux surrenders in Brandwater Basin
1901 - Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
1905 - Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
1909 - Bill Burns has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
1910 - Chicago Cub King Cole no-hits St. Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game
1910 - Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration
1911 - Hungarian education is only taught in German
1912 - RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
1912 - U.S. government prohibits movies and photos of prize fights
1914 - German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize
1914 - Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
1917 - 3rd battle of Ypres begins
1919 - Germany accepts Weimar Constitution
1922 - 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minn)
1922 - Italy's general strike against fascist violence
1923 - Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
1925 - Last allied occupying troops leave Ruhrgebied
1925 - Unemployment Insurance Act passed in England
1929 - Aristide Briand becomes premier of France
1930 - Lou Gehrig grand slams as Yankees beat Red Sox 14-13
1932 - 27th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2)
1932 - Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens-Philadelphia A's beat Indians 1-0
1932 - George Washington quarter goes into circulation
1932 - German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%)
1934 - 29th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats USA in Wimbledon (4-1)
1934 - St. Louis Cardinals defeat Cincinnati Reds 8-6 in 18 innings, pitchers Dizzy Dean and Tony Freitos go the distant
1935 - 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
1936 - Tokyo, Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics, later cancelled
1937 - Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
1938 - New York Yankees suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
1940 - 38 U boats sinks this month (196,000 ton)
1940 - Riech's commissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals
1941 - U boats sink 21 allied ships this month: 94,000 ton
1942 - German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
1942 - U boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton
1943 - Transport nr 58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany
1944 - Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
1944 - Transport nr 77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - U.S. troops occupy Sansapor New-Guinea
1948 - "Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater New York City after 581 performances
1948 - President Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (Kennedy Airport), New York
1949 - Lightning strikes a baseball field in Florida, kills SS and 3rd baseman
1953 - Department of Health, Education and Welfare created
1954 - Mil Braves' Joe Adcock sets record of 18 total bases (4 home runs, 1 double)
1955 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Battle Creek Golf Open
1955 - KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast
1955 - WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, WV (NBC) 1st broadcast
1956 - Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings, 19-90 for match
1958 - Anti-Chinese uprising in Tibet
1959 - 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
1960 - Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
1960 - KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast
1960 - Patty Berg wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
1961 - 31st All Star Baseball Game: 1-1 tie ends by rain at Fenway, Boston
1961 - Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant
1962 - Federation of Malaysia forms
1962 - Statham is Test crickets' leading wkt-taker (229), beating Lindwall
1963 - Arturo Illia elected president of Argentina
1963 - Cleveland ties record of 4 consecutive home runs (Held, Ramos, Francona, Brown)
1963 - Indians' Woodie Held, Pedro Ramos, Tito Francona, and Larry Brown hit consecutive home runs in one inning (vs California Angels)
1964 - Al Parker glides 644 miles without any motor
1964 - George Lascelles marries Patricia Tuckwell
1964 - Rolling Stone concert in Ireland halts after 12 minutes due to riot
1964 - U.S. Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on Moon
1965 - Cigarette Ads banned on British TV
1966 - Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon's anti-Jesus remark
1966 - Charles Whitman wounds 46 and kills 5 at University of Texas
1967 - Rolling Stone Mick Jagger and Keith Richards end 1 month jail sentence
1968 - Beatles close Apple Boutique, giving clothes away for free
1969 - KWIH TV channel 44 in Winona, MN (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 - Mariner 6 flies past Mars
1969 - National Guard mobilizes in racial disturbances in Baton Rouge, Louisiana
1970 - 37th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Kansas City 24, All Stars 3 (69,940)
1970 - Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ends "Huntley-Brinkley Report"
1971 - Apollo 15 astronauts take 6 hour electric car ride on Moon
1971 - Deventer Soccer team Go Ahead Eagles forms
1972 - Dick Allen is 7th to hit 2 inside-the-park homers in a game
1972 - Thomas Eagleton withdraws as Democratic Vice Presidential candidate
1973 - ABA Virginia Squires trade Julius Erving to New York Nets
1973 - Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later
1973 - Frank Hayes scores 106 on Test Cricket debut vs. WI as England lose
1976 - Seychelles Independence, Independence day
1976 - Waldemar Cierpinski runs Olympic marathon (2:09:55.0)
1977 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Pocono Northeast Golf Classic
1977 - E Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1977 - John F. Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA
1978 - Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
1978 - New York Yankees now 7 out of 1st, picked up 7 games in previous 2 weeks
1978 - Pete Rose ties NL record hitting streak at 44
1979 - "But Never Jam Today" opens at Longacre Theater New York City for 7 performances
1980 - John Phillips of Mamas and Papas is arrested on drug charges
1980 - Rangers snap Orioles pitcher Steve Stone's 14-game winning streak
1980 - Soyuz 37 crew returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 36
1980 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1981 - 42 day old, 2nd major league baseball strike ends
1981 - Arnette Hubbard installed as 1st woman president of National Bar Association
1982 - 46 kids and 7 adults die as 2 buses and several cars collide in France
1982 - Car/bus collision near Beaune, France, 53 die
1982 - Finland, Italy, Germany, Austria and France form American European Football Federation (AEFF)
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test
1983 - 38th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jan Stephenson
1983 - B Robinson, J Marichal, G Kell, and W Alston inducted into Hall of Fame
1983 - Dutch July avg temp is 20.1 degrees C; warmest July since 1852
1984 - Leeza Gibbon's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight
1984 - U.S. men's gymnastics team won team gold medal at LA Summer Olympics
1984 - Venz commandos terminate hijacking of an aircraft, 2 killed
1987 - Battle between Iranian pilgrims and Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed
1987 - Eddie Murray hits his 300th home run
1987 - Guns and Roses song "Appetite for Destruction" is released
1987 - "Living Daylights" premieres in U.S.
1987 - Oriole Eddie Murray hits his 299th and 300th career home runs
1987 - Rockwell International awarded contract to build a 5th shuttle
1988 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Greater Washington Golf Open
1988 - Jose Canseco is 1st to hit 30 home runs in 1st 3 years
1988 - Miami Dolphins beat San Francisco 49ers 27-21 in London
1988 - Willie Stargell became 200th man inducted in Baseball's Hall of Fame
1989 - Twins trade AL Cy Young Award winner Frank Viola to Mets
1990 - Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence
1990 - Nolan Ryan becomes 20th major league pitcher to win 300 games
1991 - Russia and U.S. sign long range nuclear weapons reduction pact
1991 - Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft
1992 - Jeff Rouse swims world record/OR 100m backstroke (53.86 sec)
1992 - Kieren John Perkins swims world record/OR 1500m free style (14:43.4)
1992 - Tamas Darnyi swims world record/Olympics 200m backstroke (1:59.36)
1992 - Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die
1992 - Yang Wenyi swims world record/OR 50m freestyle (24.79 sec)
1993 - A's trade Rickey Henderson to Blue Jays
1993 - Allman Bros guitarist Dickey Betts arrested for shoving 2 cops
1993 - Inkatha-arm forces killed 49 ANC-followers in Johannesburg
1993 - Prince Ronald "Ronnie" Mutebi crowned king of Uganda
1994 - 102.7 degrees F (39.3 degrees C) in Pleschen, East-Germany
1994 - 28th Curtis Cup: Draw, 9-9
1994 - Arcen Limburg averages 71.6 degrees F (22.0 degrees C) in July: record
1994 - Helen Alfredss wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship
1994 - Netherlands averages 21.4 degrees C; their warmest July since 1783
1994 - Phil Rizzuto (Yankees) and Steve Carlton enter the Hall of Fame
1994 - Sergei Bubka ploe vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m)
1994 - Stockholms avgs 21.5 degrees C; their warmest July since 1855
1994 - U.N. votes 12-0 (2 abstentions) to authorize use of force against Haiti
1997 - A's trade Mark McGwire to St. Louis Cardinals07940601


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