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Events and People Who Made History on July 30

6th Century

579 - Benedict I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

7th Century

657 - St. Vitalian begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Eugene I

12th Century

1178 - Frederick I (Barbarossa), Holy Roman Emperor, crowned King of Burgundy

15th Century

1419 - Anti-Catholic Hussites, followers of executed reformer Jan Hus, stormtown hall in Prague and throw Catholic councillors out the windows

16th Century

1537 - Resistant of Bomy: French/Dutch cease fire

17th Century

1601 - Spanish garrison of Rhine birch surrenders to Earl Mauritius
1618 - Prince Maurits' troops pull into Utrecht
1619 - House of Burgesses Virginia forms, 1st elective U.S. governing body
1626 - Earthquake hits Naples; 10,000 die
1646 - English parliament sets king Charles I Newcastle Propositions
1650 - Prince Willem II occupies Amsterdam
1653 - Johan de Witt sworn in as pension advisor of Holland
1655 - Dutch troops occupy Fort Assahudi Seram
1678 - English troops lands in Flanders

18th Century

1715 - Spanish gold and silver fleet disappears off St. Lucie, Florida
1729 - City of Baltimore founded
1733 - Society of Freemasons opens 1st American lodge in Boston
1739 - Caspar Wistar begins glass manufacturing in Allowaystown, New Jersey
1775 - Captain Cook with Resolution returns to England
1792 - 500 Marseillaisian men sing France's national anthem for 1st time

19th Century

1809 - English invasion army lands in Walcheren
1822 - James Varick becomes 1st bishop of Afr Meth Episcopal Zion Church
1824 - Gioacchino Rossini becomes manager of Theatre Italian, Paris
1826 - Java prince Dipo Negoro surprise attacks Dutch colony, 82 killed
1836 - 1st English newspaper published in Hawaii
1839 - Slave rebels, take over slaver Amistad
1844 - 1st U.S. yacht club organized, New York Yacht Club
1863 - President Lincoln issues "eye-for-eye" order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot
1864 - Battle of the Crater: General Burnsides fails on attack of Petersburg
1864 - Confederate troops attack Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, in fire
1865 - Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
1866 - Race riot in New Orleans
1870 - Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
1874 - 1st baseball teams to play outside U.S., Boston-Philadelphia in British Isles
1878 - German anti-semitism begins during the Reichstag election
1878 - Russian assault on Plevna Turkey, 7,300 Russian casualties
1889 - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Naval Treaty"
1898 - Will Kieth Kellogg invents Corn Flakes

20th Century

1902 - Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph (New York City)
1905 - Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms
1908 - Around the World Automobile Race ends in Paris
1909 - John A. Heyder becomes president of baseball's National League
1909 - Wright Brothers deliver 1st military plane to the army
1913 - Conclusion of 2nd Balkan War
1914 - Austrian-Hungary and Russia proclaim general mobilization
1914 - French troops withdraw 10 km from German border
1914 - John French appointed British supreme commander
1916 - German saboteurs blow up a munitions plant on Black Tom Island, New Jersey
1917 - Board of Commissioners of Cleveland Metroparks has its 1st meeting
1923 - New Zealand claims Ross Dependency
1926 - Albanian boundaries deduced
1928 - George Eastman shows 1st color motion pictures
1930 - 1st broadcast of "Death Valley Days" on NBC-radio
1930 - Uruguay beats Argentina 4-2 for soccer's 1st World Cup in Montevideo
1932 - 10th modern Olympic games opens in Los Angeles
1933 - 28th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats France in Paris (3-2)
1935 - 1st Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution
1937 - Phillies Dolph Camilli, plays 1st base and registers no put outs
1938 - General Metaxas names himself premier of Greece
1939 - Belgium Sylvere Maes wins 33rd Tour de France
1941 - German occupiers forbid SDAP, VDB, ARP, RKSP, CHU and SGP in Netherlands
1942 - Franklin D. Roosevelt signs bill creating women's Navy auxiliary agency (WAVES)
1942 - German occupiers set night curfew on Jews in Netherlands
1942 - German SS kills 25,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
1943 - Last Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movie released (Girl Crazy)
1943 - U.S. 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano
1944 - Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire and Villebaudon Normandy
1944 - U.S. 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy
1945 - Philippines Sea: U.S. cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die
1946 - 1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, New Mexico
1947 - Cincinnati Reds 16 game win streak ends, losing to New York Giants 5-4
1948 - Emile Zatopek runs Olympic record (10K - 29:59.6)
1948 - Professional wrestling premieres on prime-time network TV (DuMont)
1949 - British warship HMS Amethyst escape down Yangtze River, having been refused a safe passage by Chinese Communists after 3-month standoff
1951 - Ty Cobb testifies before the Emanuel Celler committee, denying that the reserve clause makes peons of baseball players
1952 - Ford Frick sets waiver rule to bar inter-league deals until all clubs in same league get right to bid
1954 - Bob Kennedy hits the 1st grand slam for the new Baltimore Orioles
1954 - Elvis Presley joins Memphis Federation of Musicians, Local 71
1955 - Louison Bobet wins his 3rd Tour de France
1956 - U.S. motto, In God We Trust, authorized
1959 - In his major league debut, San Francisco Giant Willie McCovey goes 4-for-4
1960 - 1st AFL preseason game Boston Patriots defeat Bills in Buffalo (28-7)
1961 - 43rd PGA Championship: Jerry Barber shoots a 277 at Olympia Fields IL
1961 - Judy Kimball wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
1962 - 33rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 9-4 at Wrigley Field, Chicago
1962 - All star MVP: Leon Wagner (LA Angels)
1963 - British spy Kim Philby found in Moscow
1964 - U.S. naval fire on Hon Ngu/Hon Mo, North Vietnam
1965 - Charles Ives' "From the Steeples and the Mountains," premieres
1965 - Duke Ellington's "Golden Brown and the Green Apple," premieres
1965 - Lyndon Baines Johnson signs Medicare bill, which goes into effect in 1966
1965 - Milwaukee manager Bobby Bragan says his pitchers threw 75 to 80 spitballs in a 9-2 loss to the Giants
1966 - Beatles' "Yesterday... and Today," album goes #1 and stays #1 for 5 weeks
1966 - England beats West Germany 4-2 for soccer's 8th World Cup in London
1966 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Supertest Ladies Golf Open
1966 - U.S. airplanes bombs demilitarized zone in Vietnam
1967 - Clifford Ann Creed/Margie Masters wins Yankee Ladies' Team Golf Champ
1967 - Race riot in Milwaukee (4 killed)
1968 - Beatles' Apple Boutique closes, entire inventory is given away
1968 - Washington Senator Ron Hansen makes 1st unassisted triple-play in 41 years
1969 - Astros Denis Menke and Jim Wynn hit grandslams in 9th inn vs Mets
1969 - Barbra Streisand opens for Liberace at International Hotel, Las Vegas
1969 - KAEC TV channel 19 in Lufkin, Texas (ABC) begins broadcasting
1969 - Mariner 6 passes Venus on 3410 km (74 photos)
1970 - 30,000 attend Powder Ridge Rock Festival, Middlefield, Connecticut
1971 - 38th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Baltimore 24, All Stars 17 (52,289)
1971 - George Harrison releases "Bangladesh"
1971 - Japanese Boeing 727 collides with an F-86 fighter killing 162
1971 - U.S. Apollo 15 (Scott and Irwin) lands on Mare Imbrium on the Moon
1972 - "Ain't Supposed to Die Death" closes at Barrymore New York City after 325 performances
1972 - Jan Ferraris wins LPGA Lady Pepsi Golf Open
1973 - Texas Rangers Jim Bibby no-hits 1st-place Oakland, 6-0
1974 - House Judiciary Committee votes on 3rd and last charge of "high crimes and misdemeanors" to impeach President Nixon in the Watergate cover-up
1975 - Simon Gray's "Otherwise Engaged," premieres in London
1975 - Teamsters President Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit
1976 - Giulio Andreotti sworn in as premier of Italy
1976 - Japanese beat Russian for Olympic gold in woman's volleyball
1978 - Expos crush Braves, 19-0, collecting 28 hits and NL-record-tying 8 home runs
1978 - Pat Bradley wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Classic
1980 - Houston Astro pitcher J R Richard suffers a stroke
1980 - Vanuatu (New Hebrides) gains independence from Britain and France
1981 - Belgian Senate accept laws against racism
1981 - Simon Gray's "Quartermaine's Terms," premieres in London
1982 - Atlanta Braves remove Chief Noc-A-Homa to make room for more seats
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear Test
1983 - Official speed record for a piston-driven aircraft, 832 kph, California
1983 - Weight lifter Sergei Didyk of U.S.S.R. jerks a record 261 kg
1984 - Alvenus tanker at Cameron La, spills 2.8 million gallons of oil
1984 - Holly Roffey (11 days) gets heart transplant
1984 - Soap Opera "Santa Barbara" premieres on NBC TV
1985 - Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS-51-I mission
1985 - Valerie Lowrance, of Texas, 18, crowned America's Junior Miss
1988 - Cincinnati Red pitcher John Franco sets a record of 13 saves in 1 month
1988 - Harry Drake shoots arrow record 1873m
1988 - James Ogilvy, under English princess Alexandra, marries Julia Rawlinson
1988 - John Franco saves record 13th game of July
1988 - Jordanian King Hussein renounces sovereignity over West Bank to PLO
1988 - King Hussein dissolves Jordan's House of Representatives
1988 - Ronald J Dossenbach begins world record ride, pedaling across Canada from Vancouver BC, to Halifax, NS (13 days, 15 hours, 4 minutes)
1989 - Chile amends its constitution
1989 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Atlantic City Golf Classic
1990 - 5 Bank of Credit and Commerce members found guilty of money
1990 - George Steinbrenner is forced by Commissioner Fay Vincent to resign as prinicipal partner of New York Yankees
1990 - Graham Gooch scores 123 vs. India to follow up 1st innings 333
1990 - Soldiers opens fire on worshippers in Monrovian church, 200-600 die
1991 - MTV announces it will split into 3 channels in 1993
1991 - Red Sox Carlos Quintana is 11th to get 6 RBIs in an inning (3rd)
1992 - Lin Li swims female world record/OR 200m medley (2:11.65)
1994 - Record 103.8 degrees F (39.9 degrees C) in Preschen Lausitz Germany
1995 - Becky Iverson wins LPGA Friendly's Golf Classic
1995 - Dominic Cork takes hat-trick in England Test Cricket win vs. WI
1995 - Lara completes 5th Test Cricket century, 145 at Old Trafford
1995 - Richie Ashburn and Mike Schmidt enter basaeball's Hall of Fame
1996 - Tommy Lasoda retires as Los Angeles Dodger manager
1997 - Terrorist double suicide bombing in Jerusalem, kills 14


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