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Events and People Who Made History on July 28

4th Century

388 - Battle at Aquileja: Emperor Theodosius beats emperor Magnus Maximis

8th Century

754 - Pope Stephen II, III, makes Pippin de Korte, King of France

12th Century

1148 - Crusaders attack Damascus

15th Century

1402 - Battle at Ancyra/Angora/Ankara: Timur Lenk beats sultan Bajezid I
1434 - Navigator Gil Eanes leaves Cape Bojador for Lisbon

16th Century

1540 - English King Henry VIII marries Catharine Howard, his 5th wife
1579 - Cardinal Granvelle returns to Madrid
1586 - Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe
1588 - Spanish Armada sails to overthrow England's Queen Elizabeth I

17th Century

1609 - Admiral George Somers settles in Bermuda
1635 - Spanish marshal Piccolomini conquerors Schenkenschans
1683 - Anne Stuart marries prince Georges of Denmark
1696 - De Croissy succeeds Le Plectia as French minister of Finance

18th Century

1708 - Monarch Amengkurat II [Sunan Mas] of Mataram gives himself up to VOC
1717 - Prussian king Frederik Willem I gives compulsory education to 5-12 yrs
1741 - Captain Bering discovers Mount St. Elias, Alaska
1742 - Prussia and Austria sign peace treaty

19th Century

1808 - Mahmud II succeeds Mustafa IV as sultan of Turkey
1821 - Peru declares independence from Spain (National Day)
1830 - Revolution in France replaces Charles X with Louis Philippe
1849 - Memmon is 1st clipper to reach San Francisco, 120 days out of New York
1851 - Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph
1858 - Nadar takes 1st airborne photo, in a balloon
1858 - William Herschel of the Indian Civil Service in India
1862 - Confederate forces defeated at More's Hill, Mo
1864 - 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia
1864 - Battle of Atlanta Georgia (Ezra Church)-second sortie US700 CS4642
1866 - Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in U.S.
1868 - 14th Amendment ratified, grants citizenship to ex-slaves
1882 - Opera "Parsifal" is produced (Beirut)
1883 - Shocks triggered by volcano Epomeo (Isle of Ischia, Italy) destroyed 1,200 houses at Casamicciola killing 2,000
1886 - English Salisbury government forms
1896 - City of Miami incorporated
1898 - Spanish troops in Ponce, Puerto Rico, surrender
1898 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Retired Colourman"

20th Century

1900 - Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut
1906 - Yankees turn triple-play, beat Cleveland 6-4
1911 - 96 degrees F (35.6 degrees C) in De Bilt Netherlands
1913 - 12th Davis Cup: USA beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
1914 - Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox)
1914 - Minister of Navy W Churchill routes British fleet to Scapa Flow
1914 - World War I began when Austria-Hungary declares war on Serbia
1915 - 10,000 blacks march on 5th Ave (New York City) protesting lynchings
1915 - U.S. forces invade Haiti, stays until 1924
1917 - Silent Parade in New York City to protest murders of blacks in race riots
1919 - Vrije Vakbewegings Internationale (VVI) forms in Amsterdam
1926 - U.S. and Panamanian pact about safeguard of Panama Canal
1928 - 9th Olympic Games open in Amsterdam
1929 - Chicago Cardinals become 1st NFL team to train out of state (Michigan)
1930 - 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Greensburg, Kentucky (state record)
1931 - Congress makes "Star-Spangled Banner" our 2nd national anthem
1931 - White Sox score 11 in 8th to beat Yankees 14-12
1932 - Battle between unemployed war veterans and federal troops, 4 die
1932 - President Hoover evicts bonus marchers from their encampment
1933 - 1st singing telegram delivered (to Rudy Vallee), New York City
1933 - NFL divides into (2) 5 team divisions
1933 - Spain recognizes the U.S.S.R.
1934 - 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Orofino, Idaho (state record)
1935 - Belgium's Romain Maes, wins Tour de France
1937 - Eddie Paynter scores 322 for Lancashire against Sussex
1937 - Richard Moore scores 316 for Hampshire against Warwickshire
1938 - 34,000-ton Cunard-White Star liner Mauretania launched at Birkenhead
1938 - Bradman scores 202 Australia vs. Somerset, 225 minutes, 32 fours
1939 - 5th Dutch government of Colijn falls
1940 - Radio Orange, London begins
1940 - Yankee Charlie Keller hits 3 home runs to beat White Sox 10-9
1942 - Nazis liquidate 10,000 Jews in Minsk Belorussia Ghetto
1942 - Zionists partisans ZOB forms in Poland
1943 - Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns
1943 - President Franklin D. Roosevelt announces end of coffee rationing in U.S.
1944 - Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy
1944 - U.S. 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France
1945 - Airplane crashes into the Empire State Building
1945 - Japanese premier Suzuki disregards U.S. ultimatum to surrender
1945 - U.S. Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Building, 14 die
1945 - U.S. Senate ratifies United Nations charter 89-2
1947 - Iuliu Maniu's Boer party becomes forbidden in Romania
1948 - I G Farben chemical plant explodes in Ludwigshafen, Germany, 182 die
1951 - "Kiss Me, Kate" closes at New Century Theater New York City after 1077 performances
1951 - Walt Disney's "Alice In Wonderland" released
1952 - Rogers Hornsby replaces Luke Sewell, as Cincinnati Reds manager
1954 - Ernest Blochs 4th string quartet, premieres
1957 - Jerry Lee Lewis makes his 1st TV appearance, Steve Allen Show
1957 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Wolverine Golf Open
1957 - White Sox' James Landis struck out 5 times in a game
1958 - Baltimore Colts wins NFL-championship
1959 - Great Britain starts using postal codes
1959 - Hawaii's 1st U.S. election sends 1st Asian-Americans to Congress
1960 - Republican National convention selects Richard Nixon as candidate
1962 - 19 die in a train crash in Steelton, Pennsylvania
1962 - Mariner I launched to Mars falls into Atlantic Ocean
1963 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Wolverine Golf Open
1964 - England all out 611 in reply to Australia's 8-656 Match a draw
1964 - Ranger 7 launched toward the Moon; sent back 4308 TV pictures
1965 - Lyndon Baines Johnson sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam
1971 - 16 time gold glover Brook Robinson commits 3 errors in 6th inning
1971 - Dutch ends censorship of "Blue Movie"
1972 - 39th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Dallas 20, All Stars 7 (54,162)
1973 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1973 - Jane Blalock/Sandra Palmer wins Lady Angelo's 4-Ball Golf Tournament
1973 - Skylab 3's astronauts, Bean, Garriott and Lousma, launched
1974 - 69 die when packed bus strikes heavy truck, Belem, Brazil
1974 - Carole Jo Skala wins LPGA Wheeling Ladies Golf Classic
1976 - 242,000 die in Tientsin-Tangshan (China) 8.2 earthquake
1976 - 8.2 and 7.4 earthquake devastate Tangsha, China (240-750,000 die)
1976 - Eldon Joersz and Geo Morgan set world air speed record of 3,530 kph
1976 - White Sox John Odom (5 inn) and Francisco Barrios (4 inn) no-hits A's
1977 - 1st oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System reach Valdez, Alaska
1977 - Roy Wilkins turn over NAACP leadership to Benjamin L Hooks
1977 - Test Cricket debut of Ian Botham vs. Australia Trent Bridge, 5-74 1st innings
1978 - 600,000 attend Watkins Glen Summer Jam in New York
1978 - At Old Timer's Game it's announced Martin will again manage Yankees
1978 - Price of gold tops $200-an-oz level for 1st time
1978 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1979 - Dave Kingman becomes 6th to have a 2nd 3 home run game
1979 - France performs nuclear Test
1980 - Peru adopts constitution, Fernando Belaunde Terry becomes president
1983 - AL President Lee MacPhail threw out umpire's decision and allows
1983 - George Brett's 2 run home run against Yankees on July 24 (pine tar game)
1983 - NASA launches Telstar-3A
1983 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1984 - 23rd modern Olympic games opens in Los Angeles
1985 - 13th du Maurier Golf Classic: Pat Bradley
1985 - Alan Garcia sworn in as president of Peru
1985 - L Brock, Slaughter, A Vaughan, and H Wilhelm inducted into Hall of Fame
1986 - Bomb attack in East Beirut, 25 killed
1986 - NASA releases transcript from doomed Challenger, pilot Michael Smith could be heard saying, "Uh-oh!" as spacecraft disintegrated
1987 - 42nd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Laura Davies
1987 - Angel Cordero, Jr. becomes 4th jockey to win 6,000 races
1988 - IBM announces price hike on older models
1988 - Israeli diplomats arrive in Moscow for 1st visit in 21 years
1988 - Jordan cancels $1.3 billion development plan in West Bank
1988 - Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa destroyed by arson
1988 - Yankees' Tommy John makes 3 errors on 1 play yet beats Brewers 16-3
1989 - Braves Dale Murphy, hits 2 3-run home runs in an inning, 14th man to hit 2 home runs in an inning. Also ties record of 6 RBIs in an inning
1989 - Cards' Vince Coleman is caught stealing ends record streak at 50
1989 - NASA's Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, announce new high-temperature superconductors able to operate at 33 to 37 Gigahertz
1990 - Alberto Fujimoro installed as president of Peru
1991 - 12th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus
1991 - 29th Tennis Fed Cup: Spain beats USA in Nottingham England (2-1)
1991 - Buffalo Bills beat Philadelphia Eagles, 17-13 in American Bowl in Wembley
1991 - Dennis Martinez pitches the 15th perfect game in baseball history
1991 - "Gypsy" closes at Marquis Theater New York City after 105 performances
1991 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Bay State Golf Classic
1991 - Miguel Indurain of Spain wins Tour de France bicycle race
1992 - Ground breaking of Florida Marlins 7,500 seat spring training stadium
1993 - Mariner Ken Griffey, Jr. is 3rd to hit home runs in 8 straight games
1994 - Baseball players decide to strike on Aug 12, 1994
1994 - Last steel beam is placed on Cleveland's Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
1994 - Texas Ranger Kenny Rogers pitches baseball's 12th perfect game
1995 - Art Modell's rep begins secrets talks to move team to Baltimore
1996 - New York Yankee Darryl Strawberry hits his 300th home run
1996 - Vicki Fergon wins LPGA Micelob Light Heartland Golf Classic
1997 - Mark Messier signs with Vancouver Canucks
1997 - Peter Graf, father of Steffi, enters German jail for tax evasion
1998 - After months of wrangling, Lewinsky and Starr announce a full immunity agreement for Lewinsky and her parents

21st Century

2004 - Democrats nominate John Kerry as their Presidential candidate
2005 - IRA issues a statement ordering the end to the armed campaign against the British


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