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Events and People Who Made History on July 23

7th Century

636 - Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire
685 - John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1148 - Crusaders attack Damascus

13th Century

1215 - Frederik II crowns himself Roman Catholic king
1253 - Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent III
1298 - Jews are massacred at Wurzburg Germany
1298 - Rindfleish Persecutions-Jewish community Wurzburg Germany annihilated

15th Century

1403 - Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV
1431 - Council of Basel opens
1431 - G Cesarini opens Counsel of Basel (Ferrara/Florence)
1453 - Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion

16th Century

1532 - Karel I and evangelical monarchy signs Peace of Neurenberg
1540 - Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary
1558 - Battle at Grevelingen: Gen/earl Lamoraal van Egmont beat France
1572 - Willem van Oranges troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden
1594 - Groningen surrenders to earl Mauritius/Willem Louis
1599 - Caravaggio's 1st public commission for paintings

17th Century

1645 - Aleksei Mihailovitch Romanov succeeds his father Michael as czar
1664 - 4 British ships to drive Dutch out of New York, arrive in Boston

18th Century

1726 - Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia
1745 - Charles Stuart, the Younger, lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides
1764 - James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation
1798 - Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

19th Century

1803 - Robert Emmett's insurrected in Dublin
1812 - Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napolean fights Czar Alexander I
1827 - 1st U.S. swim school opens (Boston Mass)
1829 - William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter)
1834 - HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso
1840 - Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper and Lower Canada
1848 - Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
1850 - 17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of New York takes office
1851 - Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians and U.S.
1852 - 1st interment in U.S. National Cemetery at Presidio
1858 - Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament
1863 - Alexandra Park opens in North London
1864 - Battle of Woodstock, Virginia
1866 - Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
1870 - Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
1877 - 1st telephone and telegraph line in Hawaii completed
1877 - 1st U.S. municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations
1880 - 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan
1886 - Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge
1888 - John Boyd Dunlop, applies to patent pneumatic tire
1890 - Jack Barrett carries his cricket bat for Australia at Lord's (67)

20th Century

1900 - Pan-African Congress meets in London
1903 - Ford Motor sells 1st Model A car
1904 - Ice cream cone created by Charles E Menches during La Purchase Expo
1906 - Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa
1907 - 7th Davis Cup: Australasia beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2)
1913 - Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot Palestine
1914 - Austria-Hungary issues ultimatum to Serbia leading to WW I
1917 - Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes
1920 - British East Africa renamed Kenya and becomes a British crown colony
1921 - Chinese Communist Party forms under Henk Sneevliet
1921 - Edward Gourdin of U.S., sets then long jump record at 25' 2 3/4"
1925 - New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hits his 1st of 23 career grand slammers
1926 - Belgian NMBS/SNCFB forms
1926 - France government of Poincare, forms
1930 - Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed
1930 - Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with home runs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th)
1931 - Ashmore and Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia
1931 - France announces they can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics
1934 - Bradman completes 304 at Headingley, 430 minutes, 43 fours 2 sixes
1937 - Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University)
1938 - Bradman scores 103 in 178 minutes on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test
1940 - "Blitz" all-night air raid by German bombers on London begins
1942 - German troops conquer Rostow
1942 - Hitler's Directive #45: order to occupy Stalingrad
1943 - Battle of Koersk, U.S.S.R. ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks)
1943 - U.S. 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini
1944 - Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 home runs in a doubleheader
1944 - Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin
1944 - Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland
1944 - U.S. forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II
1944 - U.S. troops occupy Pisa, Italy
1945 - Marshal Henri Petain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial
1946 - Menachem Begins opposition group bombs King David Hotel
1947 - 1st (U.S. Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, Rhode Island
1948 - Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President
1949 - Test Cricket debut of Brian Close aged 18 years 149 days
1952 - General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (National Day)
1955 - New York Yankees Bob Cerv and E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch home runs
1956 - Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph
1956 - Joe Cronin and Hank Greenberg inducted into Hall of Fame
1958 - 1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords
1959 - Vice President Richard Nixon begins visit on U.S.S.R.
1960 - 15th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy Rawls
1961 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open
1961 - Bricusse and Newley's musical "Stop the world I want to ...," premieres
1964 - A's Bert Campaneris home runs on 1st pitch, hits a 2nd home run on 2nd at bat
1964 - Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage
1965 - Beatles "Help" is released in UK
1965 - Dick Stuart homers in a major league-record 23rd different park
1966 - Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens
1966 - John Pennel pole vaults record (5.34 m)
1966 - Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!"
1967 - 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires)
1968 - Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt
1968 - PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane
1968 - Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 cops killed
1969 - 40th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 9-3 at RFK Memorial, Washington D.C.
1969 - All star MVP: Willie McCovey for the San Francisco Giants
1969 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1972 - 1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched
1972 - Eddy Merckx (Belgium) wins his 4th consecutive Tour de France
1972 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic
1973 - Ozark AL plane knocked out of air by lightning, St. Louis-36 die
1973 - President Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation
1973 - Qaboos bin Said Al Said, becomes Sultan and Prime Minister of Oman
1973 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1974 - 45th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-2 at 3 Rivers Stadium, Pitts
1974 - Greek military dictatorship collapses
1975 - Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends," premieres in London
1975 - Los Angeles Dodgers W Crawford and Lee Lacy are 5th to hit consecutive pinch home runs
1976 - 42nd NFL Chicago All Star Game: Pittsburgh 24, All Stars 0 (52,895)
1976 - Baltimore Oriole Reggie Jackson homers in 6th straight game
1976 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1976 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1976 - Wings release "Let 'em In"
1977 - Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Moslems on hostage charges
1978 - 33rd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy
1978 - Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas
1978 - Phillies Steve Carlton becomes 78th pitcher to win 200
1978 - Reggie Jackson returns and helps Yankees win their 5th straight
1979 - George Brett gets his 1,000th hit
1980 - Billy Carter admits to being paid by Libya
1980 - River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter
1980 - Soyuz 37 ferries 2 cosmonauts (1 Vietnamese) to Salyut 6
1982 - FCC approves AM stereo radio, KTSA San Antonio goes stereo
1982 - International Whaling Comn votes for total ban on coml whaling (starting 1985)
1984 - Kansas City Royals Dan Quisenberry gets his 200th career save
1984 - Suzette Charles (NJ), 21, replaces Williams as 57th Miss America 1984
1984 - Vanessa Williams, 1st black Miss America, resigns due to posing nude
1986 - Britain's Prince Andrew marries Sarah Ferguson
1986 - King Hassan II meets with Israeli premier Simon Peres
1987 - Petra Felke (E Ger) throws javelin 78.89 m (women's record)
1987 - Red Sox waive Bill Buckner, the goat of last years World Series
1987 - Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39)
1988 - Saskatchewan's Dave Ridgway kicks record 8 field goals vs Edmonton
1989 - 118th British Golf Open: Mark Calcavecchia shoots a 275 at Royal Troon
1989 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
1989 - FOX-TV tops ABC, NBC and CBS for 1st time, America's Most Wanted
1989 - Winds gust to 85 MPH at Fort Smith Arkansas
1990 - Rosie Jones, (St. Louis), 26, crowned 22nd Miss Black America
1990 - South Africa worker's union leader Billy Nair arrested
1991 - James Farentino of Dynasty arrested in Canada for cocaine possession
1991 - Rob Dibble back from 3-game suspension, is ejected for throwing at and hitting Cubs baserunner Doug Dascenzo Cubs win, 8-5
1992 - Emperor Haile Selassie, Ras Tafari Makonnen, of Ethiopia's, funeral
1993 - Boon completes 17th Test Cricket century, 107 at Headingley
1993 - British Aerospace 147 crash at Yinchuan, 55 killed
1993 - Chinese B737 crash at Yinchuan, at least 66 killed
1993 - New York Yankee Mark Hutton is 1st Australian to be a starting pitcher, He beats Angels 5-2; Yankees, Red Sox, Blue Jays 3 way tie for 1st
1994 - All 40,000 ceiling tiles in Kingdome must be replaced
1994 - Amy Osmond, of Utah, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss
1994 - Dancer Gene Kelly suffers a mild stroke
1994 - Don Mattingly becomes 6th New York Yankee to get 2,000 hits
1994 - Goodwill Games open in St. Petersburg
1994 - Longest baseball rain delay (3:39) as Giants beat Mets 4-2 in New York City
1994 - Space shuttle STS-65: Columbia 17, lands after record 14 days 55 minutes
1995 - 124th British Golf Open: John Daly shoots a 282 at St. Andrews Scotland
1995 - "Hamlet" closes at Belasco Theater New York City after 121 performances
1995 - Miguel Indurains wins his 5th Tour de France
1995 - Tracy Kerdyk wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1997 - Dallas TV Station KXAS settle with Dallas Cowboys Michael Irvin and Erik Williams for reporting false sex assault allegations against them

21st Century

2000 - 129th British Golf Open: at Royal Lytham
2000 - 55th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship


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