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Events and People Who Made History on July 22

3rd Century

259 - Dionysius elected as bishop of Rome, succeeding Sixtus II
260 - St. Dionysius begins his reign as Catholic Pope

13th Century

1298 - English defeat Scots at Battle of Falkirk

14th Century

1306 - King Phillip the Fair, orders expulsion of Jews out of France

15th Century

1456 - Battle at Nandorfehervar (Belgrade): Hungarian army under Janos Hunyadi beats sultan Murad II
1489 - "Tractate Niddah" a talmudic edition, 1st printed
1489 - Treaty of Frankfurt

16th Century

1515 - Anna of Bohemia (12) marries Karel van Ferdinand of Austria
1515 - Congress of Vienna settles issues between Poland and Holy Roman Empire
1515 - Louis of Hungary (9) marries Maria of Bohemia and succession to Hungarian throne
1535 - Christians captured in Tunis in uprising against Admiral Barbarossa
1582 - Willem van Orange moves from Antwerp to Delft
1587 - 2nd English colony forms on Roanoke Island off NC

17th Century

1632 - Foundation laid in Madrid for Buen Retiro-palace for king Philip IV
1648 - 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre
1686 - City of Albany, New York chartered
1691 - Battle at Aghrim: English/Dutch army beats France

18th Century

1729 - Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil
1731 - Spain signs Treaty of Vienna
1739 - Turks defeats Holy Roman Emp at Crocyka Yugoslavia and threaten Belgrade
1775 - George Washington takes command of U.S. troops
1796 - Cleveland, Ohio, founded by General Moses Cleaveland

19th Century

1812 - Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
1859 - V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England vs. Surrey
1864 - Battle of Atlanta-Hood attacks Sherman, 8449 Confederate, 3641 U.S. die
1865 - V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex vs. Lancs
1893 - Katharine Lee Bates writes "America the Beautiful," in Colorado
1898 - Belgica crew see 1st sunrise in 1600 hours, 1st to endure Antarct winter

20th Century

1901 - Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro
1905 - Philadelphia Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St. Louis Browns, 6-0
1912 - 5th Olympic games in Stockholm closes
1916 - A bomb went off during a Preparedness Day parade in San Francisco killing 10
1917 - Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian PM
1917 - British bomb German lines at Ypres, 4,250,000 grenades
1918 - Lightning kills 504 sheep in Utah's Wasatch National Park
1919 - De Falla and Massine's "Three-cornered Hat," premieres in London
1921 - 25th U.S. Golf Open: Jim Barnes shoots a 289 at Columbia CC in MD
1922 - Cards enter 1st place, marks 1st time both St. Louis teams are on top
1923 - Walter Johnson becomes 1st to strikeout 3,000 (en route to 3,508)
1925 - Yankees purchase infielder Leo Durocher
1926 - 105 degrees F (41 degrees C), Waterbury, Connecticut (state record)
1926 - 108 degrees F (42 degrees C), Troy, New York (state record)
1926 - Cincinnati Red Curt Walker ties record of 2 triples in an inning
1933 - Wiley Post completes 1st round-the-world solo flight
1935 - Lester Walton appointed minister to Liberia
1936 - Phillies John Moore hits 3 consecutive home runs
1937 - Irish premier Eamon de Valera wins elections
1937 - Senate rejects Franklin D.. Roosevelt proposal to enlarge Supreme Court
1939 - 1st black woman judge, Jane Matilda Bolin, New York City
1940 - Dutch prime minister De Geer meets Hitler seeking peace talks
1942 - 4th Russian Pantser army forms with 80 tanks
1942 - Gasoline rationing using coupons begins
1942 - Warsaw Ghetto Jews (300,000) are sent to Treblinka extermination Camp
1943 - U.S. forces led by General George Patton liberate Palermo, Sicily
1944 - Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation
1946 - Estelle Bennett, rocker (Ronettes)
1946 - Menachen Begin's opposition group surprise attack on King David hotel
1947 - -8 degrees F (-13 degrees C), Charlotte Pass, NSW (Australian record)
1950 - Frank Worrell completes 261 vs. England at Trent Bridge
1950 - King Leopold, after 6 years in exile, returns to Belgium
1951 - General Francisco Craveiro Lopes appointed President of Portugal
1952 - Poland adopts Communist-imposed Constitution
1954 - Virgin Islands (U.S.) adopts constitution (Revised Organic Act)
1954 - WTHI TV channel 10 in Terre Haute, IN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - 1st Vice President to preside over cabinet meeting-R Nixon
1955 - Phillies longest win streak since 1892 hits 11
1958 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island
1959 - Benjamin Britten's "Missa Brevis" in D, premieres
1960 - Cuba nationalizes all U.S. owned sugar factories
1961 - WBNB TV channel 10 in Charlotte Amaile, VI (CBS) begins broadcasting
1962 - 1st U.S. Venus probe, Mariner 1, fails at lift-off
1962 - 44th PGA Championship: Gary Player shoots a 278 at Aronimink Golf Club Pennsylvania
1962 - Chicago White Sox Floyd Robinson goes 6 for 6 (all singles)
1962 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Tournament
1963 - Beatles release "Introducing the Beatles"
1963 - Sonny Liston KOs Floyd Patterson in 1 for heavyweight boxing title
1964 - Steve Ballesteros wins British Golf Open
1965 - Edward Heath succeeds Alec Douglas-Hume as leader of British Cons party
1967 - Atlanta Braves use a record 5 pitchers in 9th inning
1967 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Supertest Ladies' Golf Open
1967 - Jimi Hendrix quits as opening act of the Monkees' tour
1969 - Aretha Franklin arrested for disturbing peace in Detroit
1969 - U.S.S.R. launches Sputnik 50 and Molniya 1-12 communications satellite
1971 - Sudan military counter coup under premier Numeiry
1972 - 10.84" (27.53 cm) of rainfall, Fort Ripley, Mn (state 24-hour record)
1972 - Venera 8 makes soft landing on Venus
1973 - 28th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
1975 - House of Representatives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee
1976 - "Let My People Come" opens at Morosco Theater New York City for 106 performances
1979 - Pat Meyers wins LPGA Greater Baltimore Golf Classic
1981 - Turkish terrorist Mehmet Ali Agca sentenced in a Rome to life
1982 - Academic Text Processing Service forms in Seattle
1982 - Biggest mass wedding, Reverend Sun Myung Moon weds 2,200 couples in New York City
1983 - -128.6 degrees F (-89.2 degrees C) recorded, Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
1983 - Angels OF Brian Downing error ends his record streak at 244 games
1983 - Dick Smith makes 1st solo helicopter flight around the world
1983 - Poland's Prime Minister Januzelski lifts martial law
1984 - 113th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 276 at St. Andrews
1984 - 22nd Tennis Fed Cup: Czechoslovakia beats Australia in Sao Paulo Brazil (2-1)
1984 - Kathy Whitworth wins Rochester Golf International (her 85th win)
1984 - Laurent Fignon wins Tour de France
1986 - House of Representatives impeaches Judge Harry E. Claiborne on tax evasion
1987 - Said Aouita of Morocco sets 5k record (12:58.39) in Rome
1987 - Soyuz TM-3 launched with 3 cosmonauts (1 Syrian)
1987 - U.S. began escorting re-flagged Kuwaiti tankers in Persian Gulf
1988 - 500 U.S. scientists pledge to boycott Pentagon germ-warfare research
1989 - Kristin Huxhold, 18, of Missouri, crowned America's Junior Miss
1990 - 119th British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots 270 at St. Andrews Scotland
1990 - 90th U.S. Golf Amateur Championship won by Phil Mickelson
1990 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament
1990 - Greg LeMond of U.S. wins his 3rd Tour de France
1991 - Jeffrey Dahmer confesses to killing 17 males in 1978
1992 - Colombia drug baron Pablo Escobar escapes prison
1992 - Soyuz TM-15 launches
1993 - New York Yankee Don Mattingly hits his 200th home run
1993 - Soyuz TM-17 lands
1994 - 23rd and last part of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hit Jupiter, since July 16th
1994 - Doc Gooden admitted to Betty Ford Center
1994 - Mariners play Red Sox as home team at Fenway, as Kingdome is repaired
1994 - Military coup in Gambia: President Dawda Jawara flees
1994 - O. J. Simpson pleads "Absolutely 100% Not Guilty" of murder
1994 - William Sigei runs world record 10k (26:52.53)
1995 - Space shuttle STS-70, Discovery 20, lands
1995 - Susan Smith found guilty of drowning her 2 children in South Carolina
1997 - Fire breaks out at Palais de Chaillot in Paris

21st Century

2009 - A solar eclipse, the longest in history, lasts up to 6 minutes and 38.8 seconds, over parts of Asia and the Pacific Ocean


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