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Events and People Who Made History on July 2

4th Century

311 - St. Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1140 - Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht

13th Century

1214 - Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers)
1214 - English king John begins siege around Lille France
1298 - Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf and Albrecht I

16th Century

1576 - Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea

17th Century

1600 - Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army
1644 - Battle of Marston Moor: Parliamentary forces defeat royalists
1681 - Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high-treason
1687 - King James II disbands English parliament

18th Century

1776 - Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are and of right ought to be Free and Independent States"
1777 - Vermont becomes 1st American colony to abolish slavery
1787 - De Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered
1794 - 2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria

19th Century

1808 - Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam
1843 - An alligator falls from sky during a Charleston South Carolina thunderstorm
1847 - Envelope bearing 1st U.S. 10 cents stamps, still exists today
1849 - Garibaldi in Rome begins hunger strike
1850 - Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus
1858 - Partial emancipation of Russian serfs
1861 - Battle of Hoke's Run, West Virginia - small Union victory
1862 - Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
1864 - General Early and Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington D.C.
1864 - Statuary Hall in U.S. Capitol forms
1865 - William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)
1867 - 1st U.S. elevated railroad begins service, New York City
1881 - President Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker
1885 - Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear
1890 - Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act
1894 - Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers

20th Century

1900 - Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin 1st airship LZ-1, flies
1900 - Sibelius' "Finlandia," premieres in Helsinki
1901 - Butch Cassidy and Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner Montana
1902 - John McGraw becomes manager of New York Giants (stays for 30 years)
1903 - AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later
1903 - Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs
1906 - Yankees win by forfeit, for their 1st time
1916 - Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism
1916 - Russian offensive in Armenia
1917 - Riots in East St. Louis Mo
1921 - 41st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: B Tilden beats B Norton (46 26 61 60 75)
1921 - Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 1st million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier)
1927 - 40th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats L de Alvarez (62 64)
1927 - Earthquake hits Palestine
1928 - British parliament accept female sufferage
1932 - 52nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ellsworth Vines beats H Austin (64 62 60)
1932 - Franklin D. Roosevelt makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech
1933 - Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk
1934 - General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico
1935 - Great Britain boxers beat U.S. team in 1st International Golden Gloves
1937 - 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (63 64 62)
1937 - Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
1938 - 51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (64 60)
1940 - Dutch Prime Minister Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory)
1940 - Hitler orders invasion of England
1940 - Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated
1941 - DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56)
1941 - Earthquake hits Palestine
1941 - Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead)
1941 - Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit," premieres in London
1943 - Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126
1943 - Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning and beat Yankees 12-0
1943 - Lt Charles Hall, becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane
1944 - Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt
1946 - Dutch Beel government forms
1946 - Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam and Amsterdam
1947 - Military coup discovered in France
1948 - 62nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Falkenburg beats Bromwich (75 06 62 36 75)
1949 - 56th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: L Brough beats M duPont (10-8 16 10-8)
1949 - "High Button Shoes" closes at Century Theater New York City after 727 performances
1949 - "Red Barber's Clubhouse" sports show premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV
1950 - Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit
1951 - Bill Veeck buys St. Louis Browns from Bill and Charlie DeWitt
1951 - Bob and Ray show premieres on NBC radio
1951 - Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester vs. Scotland
1951 - Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system
1952 - Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam
1952 - Zulu-leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi marries Irene Mzila
1954 - 68th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Drobny beats K Rosewall (13-11 46 62 97)
1954 - Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes vs. Pakistan
1955 - 10th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Fay Crocker
1955 - 62nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Louise Brough beats B Fleitz (75 86)
1955 - "7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater New York City after 44 performances
1955 - "Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 16 performances
1955 - Desmond Tutu marries Leah Nomalizo Shinxani
1955 - "Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC
1956 - Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" and "Don't Be Cruel"
1956 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests)
1957 - 1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback
1957 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes
1958 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 - "Plan 9 From Outer Space," one of the worse films ever, premieres
1959 - Prince Albert marries Princess Paola in Brussels
1960 - "Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 460 performances
1961 - Maris hits 29th and 30th en route to 61 homers
1962 - Cubans minister of Foreign affairs Raul Castro arrives in Moscow
1962 - Fidel Castro visits Moscow
1963 - Giant Willie Mays' home run in 16th inning gives them a 1-0 win over Braves
1963 - Juan Marichal (Giants) beats Warren Spahn (Braves), 1-0 in 16 innings
1964 - Cilla Black records Beatle's "Its For You," McCartney plays piano
1964 - Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers
1964 - President Johnson signs Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act into law
1965 - 79th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (62 64 64)
1966 - 73rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Billie J King beats Frasier (63 36 61)
1966 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1967 - 22nd U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Catherine Lacoste
1967 - Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) and 1st amateur to U.S. Women's open golf tournament
1969 - Ireland bowl out WI for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts
1969 - Leslie West and Felix Pappalardi form rock group Mountain
1970 - 1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam and Brussels
1970 - New York Yankees Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for 3rd time in 28 days
1971 - 78th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Evonne Goolagong beats M Smith (64 61)
1971 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1972 - 27th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning
1972 - Bob Seagren pole vaults world record 5.63m
1972 - "Fiddler on the Roof" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 3242 performances
1972 - India and Pakistan sign peace accord
1973 - James R. Schlesinger, ends term as 9th director of CIA
1973 - Nation Black Network begins operation on radio
1974 - Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81)
1976 - 83rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Chris Evert beats E Goolagong (63 46 86)
1976 - Formal reunification of North and South Vietnam
1976 - Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual
1977 - 91st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Connors (36 62 61 57 64)
1978 - Pitcher Ron Guidry sets Yankee record of 13-0 start
1979 - Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued, 1st U.S. coin to honor a woman
1980 - Grateful Dead's Bob Weir and Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement
1980 - Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Year
1982 - Larry Walters using lawn chair and 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000'
1982 - Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth
1983 - 90th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats A Jaeger (60 63)
1985 - Andrei Gromyko appointed president of U.S.S.R.
1985 - European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby)
1986 - After 14 wins, Roger Clemens suffer his 1st loss of year
1986 - General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile
1986 - Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings
1987 - Jim Eisenreich, comeback after nervous disorder in 1984
1988 - 95th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Navratilova (57 62 61)
1989 - 10th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Orville Moody
1989 - 17th du Maurier Golf Classic: Tammie Green
1990 - Imelda Marcos and Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering
1990 - Panic in tunnel of Mecca, 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death
1991 - Riot at Guns N' Roses concert in St. Louis
1992 - Braniff Airlines goes out of business
1993 - Boat sinks at Bocaue Philippines, 325 die
1993 - F-28 crashes at Sorong Irian Barat, 41 die
1993 - Kansas Royals rename stadium Ewing Kaufman Stadium after founder
1993 - Moslem fundamentalists in Sivas Turkey, set hotel on fire, kill 36
1993 - New York Met Anthony Young loses a record 25th straight game (goes to 27)
1993 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test
1994 - 101st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: C Martinez beats Navratilova (64 36 63)
1994 - 37 dies in U.S. Air DC-9 crash in NC
1994 - John Wayne Bobbitt and Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery
1994 - Richard Johnson takes 10-45 for Middlesex against Derbyshire
1994 - U.S. Air DC-9 crash in North Carolina, 37 killed
1995 - 16th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf
1995 - Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1995 - "Rose Tattoo" closes at Circle in the Square New York City after 80 performances
1995 - Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election

21st Century

2008 - Ingrid Betancourt and other hostages are rescued from FARC by Colombia


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