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Events and People Who Made History on July 19

1st Century

64 - Circus Maximus in Rome catches fire

6th Century

532 - Start of Dionysian Pascal Cycle

12th Century

1195 - Battle at Alarcos: Almohaden beats Alfons VIII of Castilia

14th Century

1380 - Thomas of Buckingham's invasion army lands on Calais

15th Century

1425 - Duke John VI van Brabant pledges Holland/Zealand to Philip the Good

16th Century

1510 - 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin Prussia
1524 - Boer War begins in Germany's Black Forest
1525 - Catholic German monarchy form Union of Dessau
1545 - King Henry VIII's flagship Mary Rose sinks at Portsmouth; 73 die
1551 - Treaty of Karlsburg: arch duke Ferdinand of Austria recognized as king of Hungary/Transsylvania
1553 - 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey deposed as England's Queen after 9 days
1572 - Battle at Saint-Ghislain: Spanish army beats The Genlis' mercenaries
1575 - Spanish viceroy Gilles of Hierges attacks Oudewater
1590 - King Philip Ii's secretary Antonio Perez escapes jail
1599 - Jacob van Necks merchant fleet leaves Java

17th Century

1639 - French troops occupy Salses, at Perpignan
1674 - Court of Holland bans books of Hobbes/Spinoza/Meyer
1688 - Soldiers killed governor of Aerssen in Paramaribo

18th Century

1702 - Swedish troops under King Charles XII occupy Crackow

19th Century

1816 - Survivors of French frigate Medusa rescued off Senegal after 17 days
1836 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reache Ascension
1848 - 1st U.S. women's rights convention (Seneca Falls New York)
1848 - German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
1850 - Airship Elizabeth leaves in storm for Fire Island, crashes (42 die)
1860 - 1st railroad reaches Kansas
1862 - Forrest's 1st raid
1863 - Battle of Buffington's Island (St. George Creek), Ohio
1866 - Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment, guaranteeing civil rights
1867 - Congress passed 3rd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto
1867 - Dutch Red Cross forms
1867 - Reconstruction enacted
1870 - France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
1875 - Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, New York City
1877 - 1st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Spencer W Gore beats Marshall (61 62 64)
1880 - SF Public Library starts lending books
1899 - National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, forms

20th Century

1900 - Michel Theato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k)
1902 - New York Giants lose their 1st game under new manager John McGraw
1904 - Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber
1908 - Feyenoord soccer team forms in Rotterdam
1909 - Cleveland shortstop Neal Ball executes an unassisted triple play
1910 - Cy Young registers his 500th career victory
1913 - Billboard publishes earliest known "Last Week's 10 Best Sellers among Popular Songs" Malinda's Wedding Day is #1
1914 - Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL
1915 - Dutch accidents at sea law enforced
1915 - Washington Nationals steal record 8 bases vs. Cleveland Indians in the 1st inning
1918 - German armies retreat across Marne River in France (WW I)
1918 - Washington catcher Eddie Ainsmith applies for deferment from the draft Secretary of War Newton D. Baker rules baseball players are not draft exempt
1923 - WRC-AM in Washington D.C. begins radio transmissions
1926 - 2nd French government of Herriot, forms
1928 - King Fuad of Egypt grabs power/disbands parliament
1933 - 1st time, brothers on opposite teams homer in the same game. Red Sox
1936 - Indians' Bob Feller makes his major league debut in relief
1936 - Spanish premier Casares Quiroga succeeded by Jose Giral
1937 - Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich
1937 - Joris Ivens' "Spanish Earth" premieres in Hollywood
1939 - 1st use of fiberglass sutures, R P Scholz, St. Louis, Missouri
1939 - Dr. Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures
1940 - Hitler orders Great Britain to surrenders
1940 - Nazi occupiers imprison 231 prominent Dutch citizens in Buchenwald
1940 - Nazi occupiers in Netherlands forbid anti-nazi films
1941 - 1st U.S. Army flying school for black cadets dedicated
1941 - BBC World Service begins playing V(ictory) (...-) 5th of Beethoven
1941 - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launched his "V for Victory" campaign
1941 - President Roosevelt appointed FEP Committee
1942 - Dmitri Shostakovich' 7th Symphony, premieres in US
1942 - German occupiers confiscate bicycles in Rotterdam and Hague
1943 - 500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II
1944 - 1,200+ 8th Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany
1944 - 500 15th Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity
1944 - Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen
1944 - Danish resistance fails on assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen
1944 - Democratic convention opens in Chicago
1944 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem
1944 - General Bradley flies to England
1944 - Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho/Shokaku sinks in Marianas
1944 - New York archbishop Spellman flies to Europe
1944 - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Eichmann
1945 - Edwin Schlossberg, husband of Carolyn Kennedy
1945 - USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue
1948 - French government of Schuman, resigns
1949 - Laos becomes associated state within French Union
1950 - French/Vietnamese offensive against Viet Minh
1950 - New York Yankees obtain their 1st black players, Elston Howard and Frank Barnes
1950 - Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Summi maeroris
1951 - "2 in the Aisle" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 276 performances
1952 - 15th modern Olympic games opens in Helsinki, Finland
1952 - Freddie Trueman takes 8-31, India all out 58 at Old Trafford
1952 - India all out 82 in 2nd innings after making 52 earlier in the day
1952 - "Paint Your Wagon" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 289 performances
1953 - KIMA TV channel 29 in Yakima, WA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - WAKR (now WAKC) TV channel 23 in Akron, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Balclutha ties up at Pier 43 and becomes a floating museum
1955 - Yarkon Water Project opens to supply water to Negev desert in Israel
1956 - U.S. refuse to lend Egypt money to build Aswan Dam
1957 - 1st rocket with nuclear warhead fired, Yucca Flat, Nevada
1957 - Don Bowden becomes 1st American to break 4 minute mile (3m58s7)
1957 - U.S. performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - Charly Gaul wins Tour de France
1958 - "Oh, Captain!" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 192 performances
1959 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Machine International Golf Open Alliance
1960 - Italian Government Tambroni, resigns
1960 - San Francisco Giants Juan Marichal debuts, with a 1 hitter against Phillies
1961 - 1st in-flight movie shown, TWA
1962 - Hungarian Communist Party expels Rakosi and Gero
1963 - NASA civilian Test pilot Joe Walker in X-15 reaches 105 km
1963 - Philadelphia Phillies Roy Siever hits home run # 300
1964 - 46th PGA Championship: Bobby Nichols shoots a 271 at Columbus CC Ohio
1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Yankee Women's Golf Open
1964 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1965 - Shooting begins on Star Trek 2nd pilot "Where No Man Has Gone Before"
1966 - 50 year old Frank Sinatra marries 21 year old Mia Farrow in Las Vegas
1966 - France performs nuclear Test at Fangataufa Island
1966 - Governor James Rhodes declares state of emergency in Cleveland, race riot
1967 - 1st air conditioned New York City subway car (R-38 on the F line)
1967 - Race riots in Durham, North Carolina
1967 - U.S. launches Explorer 35 for lunar orbit (800/7400 km)
1969 - Apollo 11 goes into Moon orbit
1970 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Springfield Jaycee Golf Open
1971 - Sudan military coup under Major Hashem al-Atta, Numeiry flees
1973 - Willie Mays named to NL all star team for 24th time (ties Musial)
1974 - Cleveland Indian Dick Bosman no-hits Oakland A's, 4-0
1974 - David Bowie's 'Diamond Dog' tour ends in New York City
1974 - Soyuz 14 lands
1975 - Apollo and Soyuz linked in orbit for 2 days, separate
1975 - New York Yankees catcher Thurman Munson's 1st-inning single and RBI are
1976 - Allman Brother's roadie Scooter Herring sentenced to 75 years for providing drugs for the group, based on Gregg Allman's testimony
1976 - Rock group Deep Purple disbands
1977 - 48th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-5 at Yankee Stadium, New York
1977 - All star MVP: Don Sutton (Los Angeles Dodgers)
1977 - Floods in Johnstown, Pennsylvania, kills 76
1978 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1978 - Yankees start 14 game comeback with 2-0 win
1979 - 2 supertankers collide off Tobago - 260,000 TONS of oil spill
1979 - Maritza Sayalero, 18, of Venezuela, crowned 28th Miss Universe
1979 - Nicaragua Liberation Day; Sandinistas take over from Somoza
1980 - 22nd modern Olympic games opens in Moscow; U.S. and others boycott
1980 - David Bowie appears in role of 'Elephant Man' in Denver
1981 - 110th British Golf Open: Bill Rogers shoots a 276 at Royal St. George
1981 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic
1982 - 1st annual Cracker Jack Oldtimers Classic 75-year-old Luke Appling hits a 250-foot home run off Warren Spahn, AL beats NL 7-2
1982 - 1st Old Timer's All star classic - AL wins 7-2 in Washington D.C.
1982 - Bolivian government resigns
1982 - David S. Dodge becomes 1st American hostage in Lebanon
1984 - 1st female to captain a 747 across Atlantic (Lynn Rippelmeyer)
1984 - Geraldine Ferraro, Representative-D-New York 1979 - 1985, wins Democratic Vice Presidential nomination
1985 - Christa McAuliffe chosen 1st school teacher to fly space shuttle
1985 - Dam in Fiemme Valley Italy bursts; 200-300 die
1986 - Caroline Kennedy (28) marries Edwin Schlossberg (41)
1986 - Indian pitcher Phil Niekro wins his 307th game tying him with
1986 - Tim Witherspoon KOs Frank Bruno in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1987 - 116th British Golf Open: Nick Faldo shoots a 279 at Muirfield Gullane
1987 - Don Mattingly sets AL record of extra base hits in 10 cons games
1987 - Jane Geddes wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic
1989 - Cleveland Indian Joe Carter has his 4th 3 home run game
1989 - United Airlines DC-10 crashes at Sioux City Iowa, kills 112
1990 - BASF plant in Cincinnati explodes in flames, 1 person dies
1990 - Cincinnati Red Pete Rose is sentence to 5 months for tax evasion
1990 - Dave Raghetti pitches in his 499th game as a New York Yankee, passing Whitey Ford in most appearances as a New York Yankee
1990 - Richard Nixon library opens in Yorba Linda, California
1991 - Cal Ripken plays in his 1,500th consecutive game
1991 - With New York Yankee victory, 10 of 14 AL teams are at .500 or better
1992 - 30th Tennis Fed Cup: Germany beats Spain in Frankfurt Germany (2-1)
1992 - Ballet dancer Peter Martins charged with beating his wife
1992 - Ebony P. Warren, crowned 24th Miss Black America
1992 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1992 - New York City Ballet star Peter Martins, arrested for beating his wife
1992 - "Price" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 47 performances
1993 - Glen Chapple (Lancs) scores fastest F-C century, 21 minutes
1993 - Last day of 1st-class cricket for Ian Botham
1993 - President Clinton fires FBI director William Sessions
1994 - 1st game ever cancelled at Seattle Kingdome (falling tiles)
1994 - Bomb explosion in Alas Airlines at Colon, Panama, 21 killed
1994 - Leonid Kvetjsma sworn in as Ukraine president
1996 - Ireland beats Netherlands in 1st European Championship Final
1996 - Jason Gallian scores 312 in 683 minutes for Lancashire vs. Derbyshire
1996 - XXVI Olympic games open in Atlanta, Georgia
1998 - 127th British Golf Open: at Royal Birkdale
1998 - JAL Big Apple Golf Classic

21st Century

2005 - John G. Roberts, Jr. is nominated to the United States Supreme Court


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