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Events and People Who Made History on July 18

1st Century

64 - The Great fire of Rome begins in the merchant area of Rome and soon burns completely out of control, while Emperor Nero allegedly plays his lyre and sings as he watches the blaze from a safe distance. There is no hard evidence to support this claim: fires were very common in Rome at the time. The fire destroys close to one-half of the city and it is officially blamed on the Christians, a small but growing religious movement. Nero is accused of being the arsonist by popular rumor.

13th Century

1290 - King Edward I of England orders expulsion of Jews

14th Century

1330 - Battle of Velbuzd

16th Century

1536 - Pope's authority declared void in England
1572 - Willem van Orange recognized as viceroy of Holland/Friesland/Utrecht
1588 - Admiral Howard beats Spanish Armada

17th Century

1630 - Spanish troops occupy Mantua
1656 - Battle at Warsaw: Swedish king Karel X Gustaafbeats Johan II Kasimir and occupies Warsaw
1696 - Czar Peter I's fleet occupies Azov at mouth of Don River

18th Century

1716 - Decree orders all Jews expelled from Brussels
1737 - Battle at Banja Luka: Turkish army beats Austrians
1743 - 1st half-page newspaper ad is published (New York Weekly Journal)
1753 - Lemuel Haynes, escapes from slave holder in Framingham Mass
1766 - Society of the Dutch Literary forms
1768 - Boston Gazette publishes "Liberty Song," America's 1st patriotic song

19th Century

1814 - British capture Prairie du Chien (Wisc)
1853 - Completion of Grand Trunk Line, trains begin running over 1st North American railroad between Portland, Maine and Montreal
1861 - Battle of Blackburn's Ford, Virginia US57 CS68 - Manassas -
1862 - Battle of Newburgh, IN - captured by Union forces
1863 - Battle of Fort Wagner, South Carolina - Second assault US1500 CS174
1864 - President Lincoln asks for 500,000 volunteers for military service
1870 - Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
1872 - Britain introduces secret ballot voting
1882 - Louisville Tony Mullane is 1st to pitch righty then lefty
1893 - Harry Graham scores 107 on cricket debut Australia vs. England, Lord's
1896 - 2nd U.S. Golf Open: James Foulis shoots a 152 at Shinnecock Hills NY
1896 - George Giffen is 1st to complete 1000/100 double, in 30th Test Cricket
1896 - Ranjitsinhji completes 154* on Test Cricket debut vs. Australia, Old Trafford
1897 - 3rd U.S. Golf Open: James Foulis wins
1897 - Cap Anson, is 1st to get 3,000 hits

20th Century

1907 - Florenz Ziegfeld's "Follies of 1907," premieres in New York City
1907 - French troops occupy Casablanca
1912 - Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings
1913 - After 68 straight innings Christy Mathewson gives up a walk
1914 - U.S. Army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps
1915 - 2nd Battle of Isonzo begins and ends with loss of 280,000 men
1915 - Boston Braves start move from last place to become world series champs
1918 - U.S. and French forces launch Aisne-Marne offensive in WW I
1921 - Black Sox trial begins in Chicago
1923 - England's House of Lords accepts new divorce law
1924 - KPD points out Rote Frontkampferbund against Nazi
1925 - Hitler publishes Mein Kampf
1927 - Ty Cobb's 4,000th career hit
1930 - SHO soccer team forms in Old Beijerland
1931 - 1st air-conditioned ship (Mariposa) launched
1932 - Belgium, Luxembourg and Netherlands sign Unity treaty
1932 - U.S. and Canada sign a treaty to develop St. Lawrence Seaway
1935 - Amsterdam city council accept city growth plan through the year 2000
1936 - Spanish Civil War begins, General Francisco Franco led uprising
1938 - Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan arrives in Ireland-left New York for California
1940 - 1st successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Connecticut
1940 - British government signs Bruma law under Japanese pressure
1940 - Democratic Convention nominates Franklin D. Roosevelt for a 3rd term
1941 - SS drowns 40 Jews in Dvina River, Belorussia
1942 - 1st legal New Jersey horse race in 50 years; Garden State Park track opens
1942 - Messerschmitt Me 262 Schwalbe, 1st jet fighter, takes 1st flight
1943 - British assault on Catania Sicily
1943 - Giants and Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, New York wins, 10-6
1944 - Allies air raid railways at Vaires Paris
1944 - Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6)
1944 - British air raid on German convoy SW of Helgoland
1944 - British Mosquito's attack Cologne and Berlin
1944 - British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range Normandy
1944 - Polish troops under General Anders occupy Ancona Italy
1947 - British seize "Exodus 1947" ship of Jewish immigrants to Palestine
1947 - King George VI signs Indian Independence Bill
1947 - President Truman signs Presidential Succession Act
1947 - Tigers shut out Yankees 2-0, end 19 game win streak
1947 - U.S. begins administering Trust Territory of Pacific Islands
1948 - "Marinka" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 168 performances
1948 - Pat Seerey of Chicago White Sox hits 4 home runs in a game
1951 - Jersey Joe Walcott at 37 becomes oldest to win heavyweight champion
1951 - Uruguay accepts its constitution
1952 - KWGN TV channel 2 in Denver, CO (IND) begins broadcasting
1954 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Inverness Four-Ball Golf Tournament
1954 - Cards losing 8-1 to Phillies begin stalling in 5th, they forfeit game
1955 - 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially
1955 - 280 mm rain in Martinstown, Dorset, UK-record
1956 - Erno Gero succeeds Matyas Rakosi as party leader of Hungary
1959 - 1st black to win a major golf tournament, William Wright
1960 - 1st United Nations troops reach Congo
1960 - Baseball's NL votes to add Houston and New York franchises
1960 - Premier Kishi of Japan, resigns
1961 - Commissioner Ford Frick rules Babe Ruth's record of 60 home runs in 154-game sched in 1927, must be broken in 1st 154 of 162 games
1962 - Minn Twins Bob Allison and Harmon Killebrew hit grand slams in 1st inn and Harmon Killebrew connect in a club-record, 11-run 1st inning
1963 - Failed military coup in Syria
1965 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Yankee Golf Open
1965 - Zond 3 launched to fly by Moon, enters solar orbit
1966 - Gemini 10 launched (John Young and Michael Collins)
1967 - Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in New York
1968 - Intel incorporates
1969 - Joe Namath agrees to sell interest in Bachelors 3, to stay in NFL
1970 - Arthur Brown arrested for stripping on stage in Palemo Sicily
1970 - "Boy Friend" closes at Ambassador Theater New York City after 119 performances
1970 - Ron Hunt gets hit by a pitch for a record 119th time
1970 - WJCL TV channel 22 in Savannah, Georgia (ABC) begins broadcasting
1971 - Eddy Merckx wins his 3rd Tour de France
1972 - 200,000 attend Mount Pocono rock festival in Pennsylvania
1972 - Egypt president Sadat throws 20,000 Russian military aids out
1972 - Mike Procter 8-73 with hat-trick, plus 51 and 102, Gloucs vs. Essex
1974 - U.S. performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - World's tallest structure, 646-m Polish radio mast, completed
1975 - Jury can't decide on trial of Dave Forbes of Boston Bruins (1st athlete indicted for excessive violence during play)
1976 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1976 - Lucien van Impe wins Tour de France
1976 - "Something's Afoot" closes at Lyceum Theater New York City after 61 performances
1976 - Stockhausens "Sirius," premieres in New York City
1976 - Thiokol conducts 2-minute firing of space shuttle's SRB at Brigham, Utah
1977 - Hugh Leonard's "Da," premieres in London
1977 - Vietnam becomes member of U.N.
1978 - Egyptian and Israeli officials begin 2 days of talks
1979 - Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1980 - Billy Joel's Glass Houses album tops charts
1980 - Failed attack on Iran ex-premier Bakhtiar in Neuilly, France
1980 - Federal court voids Selective Service Act as it doesn't include women
1980 - Quett Masire installed as president of Botswana
1980 - Rohini 1, 1st Indian satellite, launches into orbit
1981 - Part of Hyatt Regency Hotel Kansas City caves in (113 killed)
1981 - Poland Communist Party selects ex-party leader Edward Gierek
1982 - 111th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 284 at Royal Troon
1982 - "Blues in the Night" closes at Rialto Theater New York City after 53 performances
1982 - Sally Little wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1983 - Despite being in 1st place in NL East, Phils fire manager Pat Corrales
1984 - James Huberty kills 21 McDonald's patrons in San Ysidro California
1984 - Walter F. Mondale wins Democratic presidential nomination in San Francisco
1985 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear Test
1986 - 115th British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 280 at Turnberry Scotld
1986 - Royals announce manager Dick Howser, 50, has a brain tumor
1986 - Videotapes released showing Titanic's sunken remains
1987 - Molly Yard elected new President of National Org for Women
1987 - New York Yankees Don Mattingly ties record of home runs in 8 cons games
1988 - Abu Nidal terrorists kill 9 on City of Poros cruise ship
1988 - Shooting begins on "License to Kill"
1989 - 48 cm rainfall at Rockport, West Virginia, state record
1991 - Florida Marlins' logo unveiled
1991 - Mike Tyson meets Miss Black America contestants
1992 - Film critic Roger Ebert marries Chaz Hammel-Smith
1992 - Helen Windsor (daughter of English prince Edward) weds Timothy Taylor
1992 - Sharon Belden, of Fla, 25, crowned Miss World USA
1992 - Singers Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown marry
1993 - 122nd British Golf Open: Greg Norman shoots a 267 at Royal St. George
1993 - Afghanistan president Ishaq Khan and premier Nawaz Sharif resign
1993 - Graeme Obree bicycles world record time (51,596 K)
1993 - Hiromi Kobayash wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic
1993 - Liberal-Democratic Party loses Japan's parliamentary election
1994 - Bomb attack on Jewish center AMIA in Buenos Aires, 86 killed
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy collides with Jupiter
1994 - Court upholds NBA salary cap and draft rights
1994 - Cranberries' Dolores O'Riordan, 22, weds Don Burton, 32
1994 - Crayola announces introduction of scented crayons
1994 - Houston Astros tie NL comeback record, trailing 10-0, beat Cards 15-12
1994 - New York Jets sign USA soccer goalkeeper Tony Miola as a place kicker
1995 - DC3 crashes at Antananarivo Madagaskar, 34 die
1999 - 128th British Golf Open: at Camoustie Scot


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