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Events and People Who Made History on July 16

4th Century

390 - Brennus and Gauls defeat Romans at Allia

5th Century

463 - Start of Lunar Cycle of Hilarius

7th Century

622 - Moslem Era begins-Mahomet begins flight from Mecca to Medina (Hejira)
622 - Origin of Islamic Era (Muharram 1, 1 AH)

11th Century

1054 - Michael Caerularius excommunicated of Constantinople
1099 - Crusaders herd Jews of Jerusalem into a synagogue and set it afire

13th Century

1212 - Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa; end of Moslem power in Spain
1251 - The Virgin Mary gives Simon Stork a haircut (legend)

14th Century

1338 - German monarch signs Treaty of Rense

15th Century

1429 - Army entered Reims
1429 - Joan of Arc leads French army in Battle of Orleans
1439 - Kissing is banned in England (to stop germs from spreading)

16th Century

1519 - Public debate between Martin Luther and theologist John Eck
1548 - La Paz, Bolivia is founded
1573 - Alva demands submission of Zealand/Holland

17th Century

1618 - Captain John Gilbert patents 1st dredger in Britain
1659 - Princess Henriette C of Orange-Nassau weds monarch Johan George II
1661 - 1st banknotes in Europe were issued by Bank of Stockholm
1683 - Turkish troops under Kara Mustafa attain Vienna

18th Century

1769 - Father Junipero Serra founds Mission San Diego, 1st mission in California
1775 - John Adams graduates Harvard
1782 - Mozart's opera "Das Entfuhrung aus dem Serail," premieres in Vienna
1790 - Congress establishes District of Columbia
1798 - U.S. Public Health Service forms and U.S. Marine Hospital authorized

19th Century

1801 - Pope Pius VII and 1st consul Napoleon sign concord
1845 - New York Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
1856 - Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
1857 - Sir Henry Havelock arrives at Battle of Cawnpore
1861 - Battle of Bull Run, the 1st major battle of the Civil War, is fought
1862 - David G Farragut is 1st rear Admiral in U.S. Navy
1863 - Utrecht-Swells railway opens
1867 - Amstel Hotel, "the dignified old lady" opens in Amsterdam
1867 - D R Averill patents ready-mixed paint
1867 - Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete
1894 - Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan and England
1895 - Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs vs. Somerset at Taunton

20th Century

1902 - John McGraw named manager of New York Giants
1902 - Test Cricket debut of K S Ranjitsinhji vs. Australia, at Old Trafford
1904 - Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to U.S. by their chiefs
1909 - Detroit and Washington play longest scoreless game in AL history-18 innings
1912 - Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B. A. Fiske
1914 - Socialist conference in Brussel (Kautsky, Trotski and Rosa Luxemburg)
1920 - 15th Davis Cup: USA beats Australasia in Auckland (5-0)
1920 - China joins the League of Nations
1920 - General Amos Fries appointed 1st U.S. Army chemical warfare chief
1920 - Ruth sets season home run record with 30 en route to 54
1924 - Conference over German recovery payments begins in London
1924 - New York Giants George Kelly is 1st to hit home runs in 6 cons games
1926 - Jaspar government asks authority to save Belgian franc
1926 - National Geographic takes 1st natural-color undersea photos
1927 - Augusto Sandino begins 5 -year war against U.S. occupation of Nicaragua
1934 - Bradman scores 140 Australia vs. Yorkshire, 120 minutes, 22 fours 2 sixes
1935 - 1st automatic parking meter in U.S. installed, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
1936 - 1st x-ray photo of arterial circulation, Rochester, New York
1936 - New York Giants are 10 games back in NL, and go on to win pennant
1938 - 21st PGA Championship: Paul Runyan at Shawnee CC Shawnee-on-Del Pa
1940 - NSB'er Woudenberg appointed as NVV-trustee
1941 - 100 degrees F (38 degrees C) highest temperature ever recorded in Seattle Wash
1941 - Joe Dimaggio goes 3 for 4, hitting in his 56th straight game
1942 - French police arrest 13,152 Jews in Paris
1942 - Jews transported from Holland to extermination camp
1944 - Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 and break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row
1945 - 1st atomic bomb detonated, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico
1945 - Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets
1945 - Cruiser Indianapolis leaves San Francisco with atom bomb
1946 - Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in San Francisco history)
1946 - U.S. court martials 46 SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau
1947 - Bobo Newsom wins 200th game, 1st as a Yankee and Yankees 18th straight In nightcap Vic Rashi extends streak to 19
1948 - Eddie Sawyer replaces Ben Chapman in Philadelphia, New York Giants Leo Durocher replaces Mel Ott and Burt Shotton replaces Durocher as Dodger manager
1950 - Single day 16 team home run record set at 37 (NL-25, AL-12)
1950 - Uruguay beats Brazil 2-1 for soccer's 4th World Cup in Rio de Janeiro
1951 - 1st Dutchman to win Tour de France (Wim Van Est)
1951 - King Leopold III, of Belgium, abdicates
1951 - Len Hutton scores his 100th 100, Yorks vs. Surrey at The Oval
1951 - Novel "Catcher in Rye" by J. D. Salinger published
1953 - KROC (now KTTC) TV channel 10 in Rochester, MN (NBC) 1st broadcast
1955 - "Golden Horseshoe Revue" 1st of 50,000+ performances, Disneyland
1956 - Detroit Tigers and Briggs Stadium sold for then record $5.5 million
1956 - Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes part of Russian SFSR
1956 - King Faisal of Iraq begins visit to England
1956 - Last Ringling Bros, Barnum and Bailey Circus under a canvas tent
1957 - Marine Major John Glenn sets transcontinental speed record (03:28:08)
1960 - 205,000 (record sports attend) see Brazil-Uruguay World Cup soccer
1960 - George Crowe sets record of 12 pinch hit home runs with a runner on
1961 - Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Tippecanoe Golf Open
1961 - Ralph Boston of U.S., sets then long jump record at 27' 2"
1962 - NASA civilian Test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 32,600 m
1963 - Amazon carries 190,000 m3/sec (record)
1964 - Republicans convention selects Barry Goldwater as President candidate
1965 - Mount Blanc Road tunnel between France and Italy opens
1966 - "Half a Sixpence" closes at Broadhurst Theater New York City after 512 performances
1967 - Mickey Wright wins Lady Carling Golf Open
1967 - Prison brawl ignites barracks, killing 37 (Jay, Florida)
1969 - Apollo 11, carrying 1st men to land on Moon, launched
1970 - Iraq's constitution goes into effect
1970 - Reds spoil Pirates debut in Pittsburgh's Three Rivers Stadium, 3-2
1971 - Franco points prince Juan Carlos as deputy in Spain
1972 - Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes 269th patriarch of Constantinople
1972 - Smokey Robinson and Miracles final live performance
1973 - During Watergate hearings, Butterfield reveals existence of tapes
1975 - Commissioner Bowie Kuhn is reelected for a 7-year term
1976 - Rock duo Loggins and Messina break-up after 6 years
1977 - Janelle Commissiong, of Trinidad and Tobago, crowned 26th Miss Universe
1978 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1979 - Premier/president al-Bakr of Iraq is succeeded by Saddam Hussein
1980 - Polish railway workers block railway to Russia
1980 - Ronald Reagan nominated for President by Republicans in Detroit
1981 - India performs nuclear Test
1981 - Shukuni Sasaki spins 72 plates simultaneously
1982 - George P. Shultz sworn in as minister of Foreign affairs
1982 - NASA launches Landsat 4 to thematic map the Earth
1982 - Sun Myung Moon sentenced to 18 months for tax fraud
1983 - 20 killed in Britain's worst helicopter accident
1985 - 56th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-1 at Humphrey Metrodome, Minn
1985 - All star MVP: LaMarr Hoyt (San Diego Padres)
1985 - Bill to abolish Greater London Council receives royal assent
1987 - Don Mattingly hits his 4th grand slam of season and ties AL record of homers in 6 straight games (on way to tie major league record of 8)
1987 - Great Britain performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1987 - Said Aouita runs world record 2000m (4:50.81)
1988 - Carl Lewis runs a wind-assisted 100 m in 9.78 sec
1988 - Florence Joyner runs 100 m in women's world record 10.49 seconds
1988 - Jackie Joyner-Kersee sets women's heptathlete record of 7,215 pts
1988 - Michael J. Fox marries Tracy Pollan
1988 - San Antonio (Texas League) beats Jackson 1-0 in 26 innings
1988 - Wayne Gretzky (NHL) and Janet Jones (Police Academy 5) wed in Edmonton
1989 - 44th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1990 - 400 die in a, 7.7, earthquake in Philippines
1990 - Bridgette LeAnn Wilson, 17, of Oregon, 8th crowned Miss Teen USA
1990 - New York City's Empire State Building catches fire - no fatalities
1990 - Rick Dee's "Into the Night," premieres on ABC-TV
1990 - Ukraine declares independence
1993 - President Lissouba calls emergency rule in Congo-Brazzaville
1993 - S van Ruysdael's "Winter Landscape" sold for 705,500 pounds in London
1993 - San Francisco outfielder Darren Lewis sets record of 267 consec errorless games
1994 - 1st parts of Comet Shoemaker-Levy hits Jupiter (until July 22nd)
1994 - 3 tenors-Placid Domingo, Luciano Parvoti, Jose Carreras, perform in Los Angeles
1994 - Anna Nicole Smith (26) weds billionaire J. Howard Marshall II (89)
1994 - Baseball Night in America premieres, no Saturday day games
1994 - Comet Shoemaker-Levy collides with Jupiter
1994 - Shreveport Pirates 1st CFL home game (vs Toronto Argonauts)
1994 - "Sisters Rosensweig" closes at Barrymore Theater New York City after 556 performances
1994 - Spanish fishing boats sink a French fishing boat over fishing rights
1994 - Sweden shuts out Bulgaria 4-0, to finish 3rd in the World Cup
1995 - 13th Seniors Players Golf Championship: J. C. Snead
1995 - 50th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Annika Sorenstam
1995 - "Buttons on Broadway" closes at Ambassador Theater New York City after 40 performances
1995 - "Chronicles of a Death Foretold" closes at Plymouth New York City after 55 performances
1997 - Jerold Mackenzie awarded $266M for being fired from Miller Brewing for sexual harrassment for relaying a Seinfeld episode to a co worker

21st Century

2005 - 6th Harry Potter book by J. K. Rowling is released: Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince
2007 - Earthquake in Japan damages nuclear power plan releasing 300 gallons of radioactive water
2009 - The parliament of Iceland votes to pursue joining the European Union


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