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Events and People Who Made History on July 15

11th Century

1099 - 1st Crusaders capture and plunder Jerusalem

13th Century

1205 - Pope Innocent III states Jews are doomed to perpetual servitude and subjugation due to crucifixion of Jesus

14th Century

1307 - Duke Henrik van Karinthie chosen king of Bohemia

15th Century

1410 - Battle of Tannenburg-Teutonic Knights vs King Ladislas II of Poland

16th Century

1500 - "Blood Wedding" of Astorre Baglione and Lavinia Colonna in Perugia family Baglione massacre
1500 - Duke Albrecht of Saxon beats Friese rebellion
1501 - Explorer Pedro Cabral back in Lisbon
1524 - Emperor Karel I bans German national synode
1538 - Peace talks between Karel and King Francois I

17th Century

1662 - England's King Charles II charters Royal Society in London

18th Century

1755 - French ambassador recalled from London
1779 - U.S. troops under General A Wayne conquer Ft. Stony Point, New York
1783 - 1st steamboat, Pyroscaphe, 1st run in France
1787 - Parliament of Paris banished to Troyes
1795 - "Marseillaise" becomes French national anthem

19th Century

1806 - Zebulon Pike began his journey to explore the Southwest
1808 - French marshal Joachim Murat becomes king of Naples
1815 - Napoleon surrendered and is later exiled on St. Helena
1830 - 3 Indian tribes, Sioux, Sauk and Fox, signs a treaty giving the U.S. most of Minnesota, Iowa and Missouri
1840 - England, Russia, Austria and Prussia signs Quadruple Alliance
1850 - John Wisden bowls all 10 South batsmen, North vs. South at Lord's
1856 - Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
1862 - CSS Arkansas vs USS Cardondelet and Queen of the West engage at Yazoo R
1863 - President Davis orders service duty for confederate army
1864 - Troop train loaded with Confederate prisoners collided with a coal train killing 65 and injuring 109 of 955 aboard
1867 - San Francisco Merchant's Exchange opens
1869 - Margarine is patents by Hippolye Mega-Mouries for use by French Navy
1870 - Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to U.S.
1870 - Hudson's Bay and Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
1870 - Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province and NW Territories created
1876 - Baseball's 1st no-hitter, St. Louis' George W Bradley no-hits Hartford
1888 - Bandai volcano (Japan) erupts for 1st time in 1,000 years
1893 - Commodore Perry arrives in Japan

20th Century

1900 - President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin
1901 - New York Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St. Louis, 5-0
1902 - Ranjitsinhji scores 180 before lunch, for Sussex vs. Surrey
1904 - 1st Buddhist temple in U.S. forms, Los Angeles
1906 - Republic museum opens Rembrandt hall in Amsterdam
1909 - Ty Cobb hits 2 inside-the-park home runs
1911 - 46" of rain (begining 7/14) falls in Baguio, Philippines
1912 - British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect
1914 - Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe
1916 - 22.22" (56.4 cm) of rain falls in Altapass North Carolina (state record)
1916 - Boeing Co (Pacific Aero) formed by William Boeing in Seattle Wash
1918 - 2nd Battle of Marne began during WW I
1920 - Ruth ties his record of 29 home runs in a season
1922 - 1st duck-billed platypus publicly exhibited in U.S., at New York zoo
1922 - 26th U.S. Golf Open: Gene Sarazen shoots a 288 at Skokie CC in Ill
1923 - 27th U.S. Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 296 at Inwood CC in New York
1923 - Italian parliament accepts new constitution
1926 - VPRO (Free thinking Protestant Radio Broadcast) forms
1927 - 62nd British Golf Open: Bobby Jones shoots a 285 at St. Andrews
1929 - 1st airport hotel opens - Oakland, California
1932 - President Hoover cuts own salary 15%
1933 - Wiley Post began 1st solo flight around world
1936 - Dutch 2nd Chamber agree to temporarily increase defense budget
1937 - Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
1937 - Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
1938 - Arthur Fagg completes 244 and 202 in the same cricket game for Kent
1939 - Clara Adams, New York City, is 1st woman to complete round world flight
1940 - 1st betatron placed in operation, Urbana, Ilinois
1940 - Nazi occupiers seize library of IISG Amsterdam
1941 - Florey and Heatley present freeze dried mold cultures, Penicillin
1942 - 1st deportation camp at Westerbork, Jews sent to Auschwitz
1942 - Dutch Jews invoked for "Labor camps"
1944 - Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb
1945 - 27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton, Ohio
1946 - British North Borneo Co transfers rights to British crown
1948 - Alcoholic Anonymous founded in Britain
1948 - President Truman nominated for another term
1949 - Czechoslovakian tennis stars Jaroslav Drobny and Vladimir Cernik, defect to US
1949 - "Miss Liberty" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 308 performances
1949 - WBTV TV channel 3 in Charlotte, North Carolina (CBS) begins broadcasting
1952 - 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins
1952 - Gerald D. Lascelles (under English princess Mary) weds Angela Dowding
1954 - 110 degrees F (43 degrees C) at Balcony Falls, Virginia (state record)
1954 - 1st coml jet transport plane built in U.S. tested (Boeing 707)
1954 - KOCO TV channel 5 in Oklahoma City, OK (ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - WBOC TV channel 16 in Salisbury, MD (CBS/NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - WNDU TV channel 16 in South Bend, IN (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Beverly Hanson/Kathy Cornelius wins LPGA Hot Springs Golf Invitational
1956 - Iharos runs world record 10k (28:42.8)
1957 - Dutch Super Constellation crashes near New Guinea, 56 die
1957 - U.S. performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1958 - President Eisenhower sends U.S. troops to Lebanon; they stay 3 months
1960 - Baltimore Orioles' Brooks Robinson goes 5 for 5 including the cycle
1961 - 90th British Golf Open: Arnold Palmer shoots a 284 at Royal Birkdale
1961 - "Donnybrook!" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 68 performances
1961 - Spain accept equal rights for men and women
1962 - Algeria becomes member of Arab League
1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Milwaukee Golf Open
1962 - Netherlands and Indonesia accord over New-Guinea
1963 - KAIT TV channel 8 in Jonesboro, AR (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 - Barry M. Goldwater nominated for president by Republicans
1965 - Athanassiades Novas succeeds Papandreo as premier of Greece
1965 - "Mariner IV" sends back 1st pictures of Mars
1967 - L.A. Wolves beat Washington Whips 6-5 in OT to be United Soccer Association champs
1967 - Roberto DeVicenzo of Argentina wins golf's British Open
1967 - "Sweet Charity" closes at Palace Theater New York City after 608 performances
1967 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1968 - Commercial air travel begins between U.S. and U.S.S.R.
1968 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1968 - New Jersey Americans moved to Comack and become New York Nets (ABA)
1968 - "One Life to Live" premieres on TV
1968 - Soap opera "One Life To Live" premieres
1969 - Cincinnati Red Lee May hits 4 home runs in a doubleheader
1969 - Rod Carew ties record with his 7th steal of home in a season
1970 - Denmark beats Italy 2-0 in 1st world female soccer championship
1971 - President Nixon announces he would visit China
1972 - 101st British Golf Open: Lee Trevino shoots 278 at Muirfield Gullane
1972 - Sandra Palmer/Jane Blalock wins Angelo's Four-Ball Golf Championship
1973 - California Angel Nolan Ryan 2nd no-hitter beats Detroit Tigers, 6-0
1973 - Carole Jo Skala wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic
1973 - Paul Getty III kidnapped
1973 - Ray Davies, announces retirement from Kinks then attempts suicide
1973 - Willie McCovey becomes 15th to hit 400 home runs
1974 - Military coup on Cyprus: archbishop/president Makarios flees
1975 - 46th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-3 at County Stadium, Milwaukee
1975 - All star MVP: Bill Madlock (Pittsburgh Pirates) and John Matlock (New York Mets)
1975 - Apollo 18 launched (will rendezvous with Soyuz)
1975 - Soyuz 19 and Apollo 18 launched; rendezvous 2 days later
1976 - 36-hour kidnap of 26 school children and their bus driver in California
1978 - 107th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 281 at St. Andrews
1979 - 34th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jerilyn Britz
1979 - Morarji Desai resigns as premier of India
1980 - Johnny Bench hits his 314th home run as a catcher breaks Yogi Berra's record
1982 - Columbia flies to Kennedy Space Center via Dyess AFB, Texas
1982 - Senate confirms George Shultz as 60th sec of state by vote of 97-0
1983 - 8 killed, 54 wounded, by Armenian extremists bomb at Orly, France
1983 - Linda Ronstadt debuts as Mabel in "Pirates of Penzance"
1984 - 39th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy
1984 - John Lennon releases "I'm Stepping Out"
1985 - Deborah Carthy-Deu, of Puerto Rico, crowned 34th Miss Universe
1986 - 57th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-2 at Astrodome, Houston
1986 - All star MVP: Roger Clemens of the Boston Red Sox
1987 - Boy George barred from British TV show, he may be a bad influence
1987 - John Poindexter testifies at Iran-Contra hearings
1987 - State of siege ends in Taiwan
1990 - 45th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy King
1991 - France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island
1991 - Sandhi Ortiz-DelValle is 1st woman to officiate a men's pro basketball (USBL) game, game between New Haven Skyhawks and Philadelphia Spirit
1991 - U.S. troops leave northern Iraq
1992 - Pope John Paul II hospitalized for 3 weeks to have tumor removed
1994 - Gyula Horn sworn in as premier of Hungary
1994 - Israel and Jordan agree to talks in Washington D.C. on July 25th
1994 - Sonia O'Sullivan runs 3K (8:21.64)
1995 - Birmingham Barracudas 1st CFL home game (vs Hamilton)
1995 - Northern Virginia begins using new area code 540
1996 - After 2,216 consecutive games at shortstop, Cal Ripkin goes to 3rd
1996 - MSNBC begins Microsoft internet-NBC TV
1996 - Prince Charles and Princess Di sign divorce papers
1996 - Southern Mexico hit with 6.5 earthquake

21st Century

2009 - Caspian Airlines Flight 7908 crashes near Qazvin, Iran, all 168 on board are killed


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