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Events and People Who Made History on July 14

15th Century

1420 - Battle at Vitkov Zizka's hill (Prague): Taboriets beat Bohemia

16th Century

1520 - Battle of Otumba Mexico: Hernan Cortes and Tlascala's vs Aztecs
1535 - Emperor Charles V conquerors Tunis
1544 - English troops attack The Canal
1581 - English jesuit Edmund Campion arrested

17th Century

1682 - Henry Purcell appointed organist of Chapel Royal, London

18th Century

1714 - Battle of Aland, Russian fleet overpowers larger Swedish fleet
1771 - Mission San Antonio de Padua founded in California
1789 - Bastille Day-French Revolution begins with the fall of Bastille
1798 - 1st direct federal tax on states-on dwellings, land and slaves
1798 - Sedition Act prohibits "false, scandalous and malicious" writing against U.S. government

19th Century

1823 - Switzerland signs boundaries for fugitives
1832 - Opium exempted from federal tariff duty
1845 - 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, New York City
1845 - Fire in New York City destroys 1,000 homes and kills many
1850 - 1st public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration
1853 - 1st U.S. World's fair opens, Crystal Palace New York
1853 - Commodore Perry requests trade relations with Japan
1861 - General McDowell advances toward Fairfax Courthouse, Virginia with 40,000 troops
1861 - Naval Engagement at Wilmington North Carolina - USS Daylight establishes blockade
1863 - Battle of Falling Waters, MD (Beaver Creek)
1863 - Jews of Holstein Germany granted equality
1864 - Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana
1865 - 1st ascent of Matterhorn
1865 - Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas and Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
1868 - Alvin J. Fellows patents tape measure
1877 - General strike brings U.S. railroad to a stand still
1891 - John T. Smith patents corkboard

20th Century

1909 - Germany chancellor Bernhard von Bulow resigns
1911 - 46" of rain begins to fall in Baguio, Philippines
1912 - Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8)
1914 - 1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted, Dr. Robert Goddard
1914 - NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep
1916 - 33.6 cm rainfall at Effingham South Carolina (state record)
1916 - St. Louis Brown Ernie Koob pitches all 17 inns in a 0-0 tie vs Boston
1918 - Dutch government reclaims South seas
1921 - Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti convicted in Dedham Massachusetts, of killing their shoe company's paymaster
1927 - 1st commercial airplane flight in Hawaii
1932 - Belgian Chamber rules Dutch language for education of Flanders
1933 - Germany began mandatory sterilization of those with hereditary illness
1933 - NSDAP becomes only party in Germany
1933 - Verity bowls out Essex twice in a day, 8-47 and 9-44, at Leyton
1934 - 116 degrees F (47 degrees C), Orogrande New Mexico (state record, broken on June 27, 1994)
1934 - New York Times erroneously declares Ruth 700 home run record to stand for all time
1934 - Phillies score 11 runs in an inning, beats Cincinnati 18-0
1934 - Ruth hits 700th career home run
1936 - 1 million demonstrate to support French People's Front government
1936 - 116 degrees F (47 degrees C), Collegeville, Indiana (state record)
1938 - Mussolini publishes anti-Jewish/African manifest
1940 - Due to beanball wars, Spalding advertises batting helmet with earflaps
1940 - Lithuania becomes Lithuanian SSR
1941 - 6,000 Lithuanian Jews are exterminated at Viszalsyan Camp
1941 - Cease fire of Joan of Arc, ends combat in Lebanon and Syria
1941 - Jam rationed in Holland
1942 - 1st transport of Amsterdam Jews to Westerbork
1942 - Riots against Jews in Amsterdam
1944 - Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested
1944 - U.S. assault on Coutances, Cotentin
1945 - Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st U.S. ship to bombard Japan
1946 - Cleveland Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles and a home run but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 home runs with 8 RBIs
1946 - Dr. Ben Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care" published
1946 - Mass murder on Jews in Kielce Poland
1948 - Israel bombs Cairo
1949 - U.S.S.R. explodes their 1st atom bomb
1950 - RE Wayne awarded 1st Distinguished Flying Cross in Korea
1951 - 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)
1951 - Citation becomes 1st horse to win $1,000,000 in races
1951 - "Courtin' Time" closes at National Theater New York City after 37 performances
1951 - George Washington Carver monument unveiled
1951 - "Make a Wish" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 102 performances
1952 - SS United States crosses Atlantic in 84:12 (record westward)
1953 - 20th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Crosley Field, Cincinnati
1953 - Communist offensive in Korea
1954 - 117 degrees F (47 degrees C), East St. Louis, Illinois (state record)
1954 - 118 degrees F (48 degrees C), Warsaw and Union, Missouri (state record)
1955 - 2 killed, many dazed when lightning strikes Ascott racetrack, England
1956 - Boston Red Sox Mel Parnell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 4-0
1957 - Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sinks in Caspian Sea, drowning 270
1958 - General Abdul K Kassem forms a military government in Iraq
1958 - Pope Pius XII publishes his 39th and last encyclical Meminisse juvat
1958 - Saddam Hussein and Iraqi army overthrows the monarchy
1959 - 1st atomic powered cruiser, Long Beach, Quincy Massachusetts
1960 - Barbara Romack wins LPGA Leesburg Pro-Am Golf Tournament
1960 - Fire raging through a Guatemala City, Guatemala insane asylum kills 225, severly injuring 300
1961 - Astro's Eddie Matthews hits home run #500
1961 - Finland's Miettunen government forms
1961 - Pope John XXIII publishes encyclical Mater et magistrate
1962 - Borehole for Mont Blanc-tunnel finished
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Sight Golf Open
1964 - Jacques Anquetil wins his 5th Tour de France
1964 - Oriole Bob Johnson's 6th straight hit as a pinch hitter
1965 - Australian Ronald Clarke runs world record 10k (27:39.4)
1965 - Israeli/Jordanian border fights
1965 - U.S. Mariner IV, 1st Mars probe, passes at 6,100 miles (9,800 km)
1967 - Astro Eddie Matthews hits his 500th home run off San Francisco Giant Juan Marichal
1967 - Surveyor 4 launched to Moon; explodes just before landing
1967 - The Who, opening for Herman's Hermits begin a U.S. tour
1968 - Brave Hank Aaron hits his 500th home run off San Francisco Giant Mike McCormick
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Pabst Ladies' Golf Classic
1968 - Houston Astro Don Wilson strikes-out 18, beats Reds 6-1
1968 - WSWO TV channel 26 in Springfield, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1969 - "Futbol War" between El Salvador and Honduras begins
1969 - Soccer war - Salvador-Honduras (1000 dead)
1969 - WMUL (now WPBY) TV channel 33 in Huntington, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1970 - 41st All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-4 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1970 - All star MVP: Carl Yastremski (Boston Red Sox)
1972 - Jean Westwood is 1st woman chosen to head Democratic National Committee
1972 - Plate ump and catcher in a game are brothers. Bill Haller is ump and Tom Haller is Tigers catcher, Kansas City Royals win 1-0
1972 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear Test
1973 - 102nd British Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf shoots a 276 at Royal Troon
1973 - Phil Everly storms off stage declaring an end to Everly Brothers
1974 - Billy Martin is 1st AL manager ejected by ump from 2 games in 1 day
1974 - Sharon Miller wins LPGA Borden Golf Classic
1975 - Disney EPCOT Center, Florida, plans announced
1976 - Jimmy Carter wins Democratic President nomination in New York City
1976 - U.S.S.R. banishes dissident Andrei Amalrik to Netherlands
1977 - North Korea shoots down U.S. helicopter, killing 3
1977 - U.S. House establishes permanent Select Committee on Intelligence
1978 - Allen Ginsburg completes "Plutonian Ode," blocks trainload of fissile material headed for Rockwell's nuclear bomb trigger factory, Colorado
1978 - Anatoly Scharansky convicted of anti-Soviet agitation
1978 - Ump Doug Harvey ejects Don Sutton after discovering 3 scuffed balls
1979 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test
1981 - Kevin Wade's "Key Exchange," premieres in London
1984 - STS-41-D vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB for remanifest of payloads
1984 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear Test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1985 - 40th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Kathy Baker
1985 - Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Offutt AFB, Neb
1985 - Last USFL game-Baltimore Stars defeats Oakland Invaders, 28-24
1986 - 10 killed and 60 injured at ETA-bomb attack in Madrid
1986 - 2nd government of Lubbers sworn in
1986 - 41st U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jane Geddes
1986 - Motley Crue's Vince Neil begins 30 day sentence for vehicular homicide
1986 - NASA's plan to implement recommendations of Rogers commission
1986 - Paul McCartney releases "Press"
1986 - Richard W. Miller became 1st FBI agent convicted of espionage
1986 - Shalamar's Howard Hewett acquitted in Miami of drug charges
1987 - 58th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-0 in 13 at Oakland-Alameda Stad
1987 - All star MVP: Tim Raines (Montreal Expos)
1987 - Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million
1987 - Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North concludes 6 days of Congressional testimony
1987 - Rookie of the Year Award is renamed to honor Jackie Robinson
1987 - Steve Miller's star is unveiled on Hollywood's Walk of Fame
1987 - Taiwan ends 37 years of martial law
1988 - 200,000 demonstrate in Soviet Armenia for incorp of Nagorno-Karabak
1988 - Mike Schmidt passes Mickey Mantle with his 537th home run into 7th place
1988 - WYHY radio offers $1M to anyone who can prove Elvis is still alive
1989 - 16th James Bond movies "License to Kill" premieres
1990 - "Howard Stern's Summer Show" premieres on WWOR-TV in New York City
1990 - Sara Martin, of Illinois, crowned America's Junior Miss
1991 - 46th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Meg Mallon
1991 - Failed military coup in Mali
1992 - 63rd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 13-6 at Jack Murphy Stadium, SD
1992 - Actress Nell Carter undergoes brain surgery
1992 - All star MVP: Ken Griffey, Jr., Seattle Mariners
1993 - Aeroflot starts non-stop flights between Moscow and NY
1994 - Gas explosion at old age home in Milan, 27 killed
1995 - Los Angeles Dodger Ramon Martinez no-hits the Florida Marlins 7-0
1995 - Ramon Martinez pitches a 7-0 no-hitter against the Marlins
1996 - 14th Seniors Players Golf Championship: Raymond Floyd
1996 - "How To Succeed in Business..." closes at R Rodgers New York City after 548 perf
1996 - Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic
1996 - New York Yankee John Weteland sets record of 24 consecutive saves
1996 - New York Yankees sweep complete season series in Baltimore for 1st time
1996 - "Thousand Clowns" opens at Criterion Theater New York City for 32 performances
1997 - Bomb in Algiers kills 21 and wounds 40


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