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Events and People Who Made History on July 12

6th Century

526 - St. Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1109 - Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli
1191 - Richard Coeur de Lion and Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

13th Century

1290 - Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I

15th Century

1442 - King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples

16th Century

1542 - French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders
1543 - England's King Henry VIII weds Catherine Parr (6th and last wife)
1549 - English boer army occupies Norwich
1575 - Willem van Orange marries Charlotte de Bourbon

17th Century

1630 - New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island
1679 - Britain's King Charles II ratified Habeas Corpus Act
1689 - Orangeman's Day-Battle of Boyne, Protestant victory in Ireland
1690 - Battle of Boyne-King William III defeats catholic king James II
1691 - Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII
1691 - Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II

18th Century

1700 - Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700
1704 - Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland
1730 - Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII
1745 - Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlies frigate Doutelle
1771 - James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England
1774 - Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence
1774 - Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan
1776 - Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean
1785 - 1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands

19th Century

1801 - Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French and Spanish
1812 - U.S. forces led by General Hull invade Canada, War of 1812
1817 - 1st flower show held, Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland
1843 - Mormon leader Joseph Smith say God OKs polygamy
1850 - Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States
1859 - Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Massachusetts
1862 - Congress authorizes Medal of Honor
1862 - Federal troops occupy Helena, Arkansas
1874 - Ontario Agricultural College founded
1874 - Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure, "Gloria Scott"
1878 - Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500
1882 - 1st ocean pier in U.S. completed, Washington, D.C.
1898 - Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda, Sudan

20th Century

1900 - 114 degrees F (46 degrees C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)
1901 - Cy Young wins his 300th game
1902 - Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage
1906 - Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France
1909 - 16th Amendment approved, power to tax incomes
1912 - 1st foreign feature film exhibited in U.S. - "Queen Elizabeth" - New York City
1914 - Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for Red Sox
1918 - Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed
1920 - Lithuania and U.S.S.R. sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent rep
1921 - Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs
1921 - Indians (9) and Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles
1926 - Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu
1926 - Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)
1927 - Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 home runs
1928 - 1st televised tennis match
1930 - 34th U.S. Golf Open: Robert T "Bobby" Jones wins
1930 - Bradman out for 334 in Test Cricket at Headingley, 383 minutes, 46 fours
1930 - Hedley Verity takes 10 for 10 vs. Notts (19 4-16-10-10) at Leeds
1931 - 45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St. Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game and 21 in 2nd game for 32
1933 - Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)
1934 - U.S. Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned
1934 - Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0)
1935 - Belgium recognizes Soviet Union
1943 - Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula)
1943 - National Committee Freies Deutschland forms
1943 - Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker
1943 - Russian offensive at Orel
1943 - Tank battle at Prochorowka - Russians beat Nazis, about 12,000 die
1944 - Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased
1944 - U.S. government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle
1945 - Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games
1946 - Vance Dinges hits only Phillie pinch hit inside-the-park home run
1948 - 1st jets to fly across Atlantic, 6 RAF de Havilland Vampires
1949 - 16th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-7 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn
1949 - Baseball owners agree to erect warning paths before each fence
1949 - Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die
1949 - Los Angeles Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin
1950 - Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten and F Fischer to death
1950 - ILTF re-admit Germany and Japan in Davis Cup, Poland and Hungary withdraws
1951 - New York Yankees Allie Reynolds no-hits Cleveland Indians, 8-0
1951 - Underground Genius, ultra radical, majorly cool, super-talent Julian Laster is born.
1952 - East German SED decides to form East Germany army
1953 - KTVB TV channel 7 in Boise, Idaho (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting
1954 - Major League Baseball Players Association founded
1954 - President Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system
1955 - 22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw
1955 - Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina
1957 - 1st President to fly in helicopter - Dwight Eisenhower
1957 - U.S. Surgeon General Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer
1958 - "Li'l Abner" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 693 performances
1958 - U.S. performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
1959 - NBC uses cameras to show catchers signals during ankee-Red Sox game
1960 - Congo, Chad and Central African Republic declare independence
1960 - Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched
1960 - Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Hoosier Celebrity Golf Tournament
1960 - U.S.S.R.'s Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs
1960 - XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, California (IND) begins broadcasting
1962 - 1st time 2 manned crafts in space (U.S.S.R.)
1962 - Rolling Stones 1st performance, Marquee Club, London
1964 - 19th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1966 - 10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record)
1966 - 37th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 10 at Busch Stad, St. Louis
1966 - All star MVP: Brooks Robinson for the Baltimore Orioles
1966 - Race riot in Chicago
1966 - U.S. Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia and Denver mints
1967 - 23 die in Newark race riot
1967 - 5th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yankees 4-0
1967 - Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured and over 1000 arrested
1967 - Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship
1968 - Couve de Murville forms government in France
1968 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1969 - 98th British Golf Open: Tony Jacklin shoots a 280 at Royal Lytham
1970 - 99th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 283 at St. Andrews
1970 - Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky
1970 - Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway
1971 - Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders
1974 - John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights
1975 - 104th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 279 at Carnoustie
1975 - Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire vs. Yorkshire
1975 - Sao Tome e Principe gains independence from Portugal (National Day)
1976 - Ian Dury and Kilburns disband
1977 - 1st free flight test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 - John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey vs. Derbyshire at The Oval
1978 - Sun Bank Building opens
1978 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - "Disco Demolition Night" at Comiskey Park, causes fans to go wild and causes White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to Tigers
1979 - Ian Palce joins Whitesnake
1979 - Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from U.K.
1981 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic
1982 - Britain announces it is returning 593 Argentine POWs
1983 - Chad government troops reconquer Abeche
1984 - Geraldine Ferraro, New York becomes 1st woman major-party Vice Presidential candidate
1985 - Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon
1985 - "Singin' in the Rain" opens at Gershwin Theater New York City for 367 performances
1985 - STS-51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown
1987 - 15th du Maurier Golf Classic: Jody Rosenthal
1987 - 1st time in 20 years a delegation from U.S.S.R. lands in Israel
1987 - 50 white South Africans meets ANCers in Dakar
1987 - 8th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Gary Player
1987 - Phillies Kent Tekulve pitches his 900th game in relief
1988 - 59th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin
1988 - All star MVP: Terry Steinbach for the Oakland A's
1988 - Margo Adams alleges Red Sox Wade Bogg's had an affair with her
1988 - U.S.S.R. launches Phobos II for Martian orbit
1989 - New York Yankee pitching great Ron Guidry retires (170-91 .651, 3.29 ERA)
1990 - Boris Yeltsin quits Soviet Communist Party
1990 - Chicago White Sox Melido Perez no-hits Yankees 8-0 in a rain shortened 6 inning game at Yankee Stadium (7th no-hitter of 1990)
1990 - "Les Miserables," opens at National Theatre, Washington
1992 - 13th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Larry Laoretti
1992 - Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St. Louis of Jul 2, 1991 concert
1992 - Betsy King wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament
1993 - 7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed
1993 - Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Sunset Promenade" opens in London
1993 - Don Imus begins broadcasting to Boston on WEEI (590 AM)
1994 - 65th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-8 at 3 Rivers Stad, Pitts
1994 - All star MVP: Fred McGriff (Atlanta Braves)
1994 - Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins
1996 - Kirby Puckett, retires from Minnesota Twins
1996 - Michael Jordan signs a NBA contract for 1 year for $25 million
1996 - Start of 1st "Super 8's" tournament in Kuala Lumpur
1997 - Pirates Francisco Cordova and Ricardo Rincon no-hit Astros 3-0 in 10 inn
1998 - 16th Seniors Players Golf Championship:
1998 - Jamie Farr Kroger Golf Classic

21st Century

2006 - Israel invades Lebanon in response to Hezbollah's kidnapping of Israeli soldiers


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