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Events and People Who Made History on July 1

1st Century

70 - Titus sets up batterig rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem

7th Century

649 - Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I

11th Century

1097 - 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea

13th Century

1200 - In China, sunglasses are invented
1233 - Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
1252 - King Alfonso X "el Sabio" of Castilie/Leon crowned
1253 - Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre

14th Century

1347 - Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha to daughter of Jan III
1390 - French and Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates

16th Century

1517 - 1st burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands
1517 - Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
1535 - Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
1543 - England and Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
1569 - Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland

17th Century

1600 - Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders, Netherlands
1656 - 1st Quakers (Mary Fisher/Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
1674 - Spain, France and Netherlands form Triple Alliance
1689 - Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
1690 - Army of England's Protestant King William III defeats Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
1690 - Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish/Dutch army

18th Century

1745 - Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlies frigate Doutelle
1747 - Battle at Lafeld: France beat English/Dutch army
1776 - 1st vote on Declaration of Independence
1795 - John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of Supreme Court
1798 - Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt

19th Century

1810 - Louis Napoleon resigns as king of the Netherlands
1816 - French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Gericault's "Raft of the Medusa"
1820 - 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published"
1823 - 9th Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
1823 - United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
1831 - Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
1839 - Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
1847 - 1st U.S. postage stamps go on sale, 5 cents Franklin and 10 cents Washington, New York City
1850 - At least 626 ships lie at anchor around San Francisco Bay
1859 - 1st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
1859 - Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St. Louis
1861 - 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington and Mason St, SF
1861 - War Department decrees the KA and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
1862 - Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
1862 - Battle of Holly Spring, MS
1862 - Battle of Malvern Hill, Virginia (Harrison's Landing, Crew's Farm)
1862 - Congress outlaws polygamy (1st time); bad news for Utah
1862 - Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Day 7 of Seven Days US15,249 CS17,583
1862 - Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
1862 - Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco and on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
1863 - Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Lee's northward advance halted
1863 - Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 U.S. cities; postage 3 cents per oz
1863 - Slavery abolished in Suriname and Netherlands Antilles
1867 - Dominion of Canada forms (New Bruns, Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec)
1869 - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
1869 - U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
1870 - James W Smith of South Carolina is 1st black to enter West Point
1871 - The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
1873 - Henry Flipper of Georgia is 2nd black to enter West Point
1873 - Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
1874 - 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
1874 - 1st U.S. kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
1874 - 1st U.S. zoo opens in Philadelphia
1875 - Universal Postal Union established
1877 - 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
1878 - Treaty of Berlin divide Africa up for colonization
1879 - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
1881 - 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St. Stephen, NB
1881 - U.S. Assay Office in St. Louis, Missouri opens
1883 - ANWB forms in Utrecht
1889 - Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti
1889 - U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
1890 - Great Britain and Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
1893 - San Francisco Bay City Club opens 1st U.S. bicycle race track, made of wood
1896 - Harbor of Ymuiden opens
1896 - Wilfrid Laurier sworn in as 1st French speaking Prime Minister
1897 - Bronx acquires Hutton Square
1898 - Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
1899 - Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
1899 - San Francisco City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building

20th Century

1902 - Ranji (230) and Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex vs. Essex
1902 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax"
1903 - 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
1904 - 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St. Louis
1907 - World's 1st air force established in the U.S. Army
1910 - Chicago's Comiskey Park opens - St. Louis Browns beat White Sox 2-0
1910 - Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
1910 - White Sox Park (Comiskey Park) opens with 2-0 loss to Browns
1911 - German boat Panther nears for Agadir Morocco
1911 - Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins
1913 - Serbia and Greece declare war on Bulgaria
1915 - Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
1915 - Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
1916 - Battle on the Somme: British 4th Army walks to German lines
1916 - British court martial (Easter uprising)
1916 - Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
1916 - Dwight Eisenhower marries Mary 'Mamie' Geneva Doud in Denver. Colorado
1916 - Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park home run
1917 - 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
1917 - Race riots in East St. Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
1917 - Reds Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
1917 - Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
1919 - 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
1919 - Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
1920 - Washington Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
1923 - 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF New York and WMAF Mass)
1924 - Light Brigade forms
1924 - Through regular transcontinental airmail service forms, New York City-SF
1925 - New York Giant Hack Wilson hits 2 home runs in 3rd inning beating Phillies, 16-7
1925 - SDAP wins 4 chairs in Second-Parliamentary election
1925 - Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in U.K.
1926 - Canada restores gold standard
1929 - U.S. cartoonist Elzie Segar creates "Popeye"
1929 - U.S. Immigration law of 1924 in effect
1930 - Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
1931 - Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
1931 - Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
1931 - Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs. Chicago Cubs
1931 - Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
1932 - 45th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (63 61)
1932 - New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt nominated for president at Dem Convention in Chicago
1932 - New York newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
1933 - German nazi regime decides married women shouldn't work
1933 - Strauss and von Hofmannsthal's opera "Arabella," premieres in Dresden
1934 - 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, New York
1935 - General Netherlands Persbureau (ANP) forms in Amsterdam
1936 - AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
1936 - Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
1937 - Britian begins using an emergency phone number (999)
1937 - Reverend Martin Niemoller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
1937 - Spanish bishops support Franco and fascists
1938 - 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
1940 - Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
1941 - 1st coml TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) and WCBW (CBS), New York City
1941 - Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
1941 - Joe Dimaggio on way to 56, ties Willie Keeler's 44 game hit streak
1941 - WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, New York (CBS) begins broadcasting
1941 - WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in New York City (NBC) begins broadcasting
1942 - German troops conquer Sebastopol
1943 - "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
1944 - 2500+ killed in London and South East England by German flying bombs
1944 - Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF and World Bank
1944 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
1944 - General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
1944 - Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Signs peace, idiots!"
1945 - 1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers
1945 - 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
1945 - Allies troop land on Balikpapan
1946 - Rajah cedes Sarawak to British crown
1946 - U.S. drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
1947 - 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
1947 - British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
1948 - Bradman scores 128 Australia vs. Surrey, 141 minutes, 15 fours
1948 - Brooklyn's Roy Campanella debuts as catcher
1948 - New York City subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
1949 - 63rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ted Schroeder beat Drobny (36 60 63 46 64)
1949 - Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France
1949 - WBRC TV channel 6 in Birmingham, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - WCCO TV channel 4 in Minneapolis-St. Paul, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - 1st 407 U.S. soldiers flown to South Korea
1950 - "Lost in the Stars" closes at Music Box Theater New York City after 281 performances
1950 - New York City bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15 cents
1950 - WHBF TV channel 4 in Rock Island, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1951 - Cleveland Indian Bob Feller, 3rd no-hitter beats Detroit Tigers, 2-1
1953 - KLAS TV channel 8 in Las Vegas, NV (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTVH (now KWCH) TV channel 12 in Hutchinson-Wichita, KS (CBS) begins
1954 - Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 home runs for record 3 home runs in his 1st 2 days
1954 - Test Cricket debut of Khalid Hassan, 16 years 352, then world record
1954 - WDBO (now WCPX) TV channel 6 in Orlando, Florida (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - 69th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen (63 75 61)
1955 - KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1956 - Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show
1956 - Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
1957 - International Geophysical Year begins, ends December 31, 1958
1957 - WRLP TV channel 32 in Greenfield/Keene/Brat, MA (IND) 1st broadcast
1959 - Heinrich Lubke elected President of West-Germany
1959 - Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West-Germany
1959 - World Refugee Year begins
1959 - WVTV TV channel 18 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 - Benjamin Britten's cantate "Carmen Baseliense," premieres in Basel
1960 - British Somaliland becomes Somalia
1960 - Fidel Castro nationalizes Esso, Shell and Texaco in Cuba
1960 - Ghana becomes a republic
1960 - Italian Somaliland gains independence, unites with Somali Republic
1960 - No passports needed inside Benelux
1960 - U.S.S.R. shoots down U.S. RB-47 reconnaissance plane
1961 - 16th U.S. Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright
1961 - Haleakala National Park forms in Hawaii
1961 - KNDU TV channel 25 in Richland-Pasco-Kennew, WA (NBC) 1st broadcast
1962 - Algeria votes for independence
1962 - Burundi and Rwanda gain independence from Belgium (National Days)
1963 - Beatles record "She Loves You" and "I'll Get You"
1963 - President Kennedy arrives in Rome
1963 - U.S. postal service institutes zip code system, Zone Improvement Plan
1965 - FC Twente '65 Enschede soccer team forms in Enschede
1965 - Kinderstraf trial starts
1965 - KUID TV channel 12 in Moscow, Idaho (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - 80th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: M Santana beats D Ralston (64 11-9 64)
1966 - Construction crews begin tearing up Market St. to build BART
1966 - Explorer 33 launched
1966 - Medicare goes into effect
1966 - VVV soccer team forms in Venlo
1967 - 1st British color TV broadcast, on BBC 2
1967 - BBC starts their World Radio Club
1967 - Beatles' "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band," goes #1 for 15 weeks
1967 - "Funny Girl" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 1348 performances
1968 - Bob Gibson's streak of 47 2/3 inn scoreless streak ends on wild pitch
1968 - Fortuna Sittard soccer team forms in Sittard
1968 - John Lennon's 1st full art exhibition (You are Here)
1968 - U.S., Britain, U.S.S.R. and 58 nations sign Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
1968 - U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test
1969 - Charles Philip Arthur George invested as Prince of Wales
1969 - John and Yoko are hospitalized after a car crash
1969 - Shelby Singleton buys Sun Records from Sam Phillips
1970 - Denny McLain returns, (leaves trailiing) Tigers beat Yankees in 11
1970 - FC Utrecht soccer team forms in Utrecht
1970 - Jimi Hendrix 1st recording session (New York City)
1971 - British and Argentina sign accord about Falkland Islands
1971 - Golden Gate Bridge paid for
1971 - State of Washington becomes 1st state to ban sex discrimination
1972 - "Follies" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 524 performances
1972 - "Hair" closes at Biltmore Theater New York City after 1750 performances
1972 - Ms. magazine begins publishing
1973 - 1st U.S. - China basketball game, U.S. collegiates beats Shanghai 96-61
1973 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" closes at Mark Hellinger New York City after 711 performances
1973 - Mary Mills wins LPGA Lady Tara Golf Classic
1974 - 1st Laura Ashley-store in U.S. opens in San Francisco
1974 - General Pinochet becomes president of Chile
1974 - Isabel Peron succeeds husband Juan as President of Argentina
1974 - Monmouthshire renamed Gwent and becomes part of Wales
1975 - Muhammad Ali beats Joe Bugner in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1975 - Ringo Starr and Maureen, divorce
1975 - WEDway People Mover inaugurated
1976 - Kenneth Gibson, is 1st black president of U.S. Conference of Mayors
1977 - 84th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Virginia Wade beats B Stove (46 63 61)
1977 - FC Volendam soccer team forms in Volendam, Netherlands
1977 - Marlies Gohr runs Europen record 100m (10.88 sec)
1978 - "Act" closes at Majestic Theater New York City after 233 performances
1978 - Former President Nixon makes 1st public speech since resigning in 1974
1978 - Northern Territory of Australia becomes self-governing
1979 - Stampede Pass, Washington is covered with 6" of snow
1979 - Vicki Fergon wins LPGA Lady Stroh's Golf Open
1980 - Steve Overt runs world record 3:48.8 mile in Oslo
1981 - Laurel Canyon California murders (4 die, 1 wounded)
1981 - NEC soccer team forms in Nijmegen
1981 - Nell Dunn's "Steaming," premieres in London
1981 - Prince Willem Alexander opens Willems Bridge in Rotterdam
1981 - Radio Shack 3rd release of Model III TRSDOS 1.3
1982 - 2,100 Unification church couples wed in New York City
1982 - ABC national music radio network scheduled premiere (never happened)
1982 - Cal Ripken's 1st game
1982 - Challenger moves overland to Dryden
1982 - General Reynaldo Bignone sworn in as president of Argentina
1982 - Kosmos 1383, 1st search and rescue satellite, launched
1982 - Over 2000 Unification Church couples marry at New York MSG
1982 - PEC Swells '82 soccer team forms in Swells
1983 - Arbitrator Raymond Goetz rules 43 players who are on Disabled List during 1981 players' strike not entitled to salaries for that period
1984 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Lady Keystone Golf Open
1984 - "Baby" closes at Barrymore Theater New York City after 241 performances
1984 - Royals pitcher Paul Splittorff, retires
1987 - Bork nominated to Supreme Court, rejected in October by senate
1987 - New York City radio station WFAN-AM becomes 1st 24 hour all sports radio
1987 - WHN-AM in New York City changes call letters to WFAN (now WEVD) replacing WHN's country music, WYNY-FM adopts country music format
1989 - Hugh Hefner (Playboy editor) weds playmate Kimberly Conrad
1989 - NFL owners vote unanimously to form WLAF
1989 - Yankees beat Milwaukee Brewers 4-1, score is changed to 5-1 after game is over. Umpire rules Roberto Kelly scored before a double-play
1990 - 11th U.S. Seniors Golf Open: Lee Trevino
1990 - 18th du Maurier Golf Classic: Cathy Johnston
1990 - 1st Zen winter session in Sydney Zen Center's Gorrick's Run Zendo
1990 - Despite Andy Hawkins no-hitting White Sox, Yankees lose 4-0
1990 - Dordrecht '90 soccer team forms in Dordrecht
1990 - FC Swells soccer team forms in Swells
1990 - German Democratic Republic accepts Deutsche Mark as its currency
1990 - In Victoria, Australia, helmetless bike riding becomes illegal
1990 - New York Yankee Andy Hawkins throws no-hitter in Comiskey Park, losing 4-0
1992 - 6.6 earthquake in Big Bear Valley of Los Angeles
1992 - Ali Kafi becomes president of Algeria
1992 - Fox broadcasting adds Wednesday night TV programming
1993 - 1 second is added to the clock
1993 - Russian manned space craft TM-17, launches into orbit
1993 - STS-57 (Endeavour) lands
1994 - Fokker's-28 crashes at Tidjikja, Mauritania (94 killed)
1994 - Roman Herzog sworn in as German president
1994 - Soyuz TM-19 launches
1994 - Yassar Arafat returns to Gaza strip
1995 - Kiersten Rickenbach, of New Jersey, crowned America's Junior Miss
1995 - "Kiss of the Spider Woman" closes at Broadhurst New York City after 906 performances
1996 - Kevan James scores 103 and takes 4 wkts in 4 balls, Hants vs. Ind
1996 - NHL Winnipeg Jets officially become the Phoenix Coyotes
1996 - Placido Domingo becomes art director of Washington Opera
1996 - WBSI TV replaces WNYC on channel 31 in New York City
1997 - Nevada Athletic Commission suspends Mike Tyson for biting Holyfield
1997 - STS-94 (Columbia 23) launches into orbit
1997 - U.K. returns Hong Kong to China

21st Century

2009 - Sweden takes over the presidency of the European Union


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