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Events and People Who Made History on January 23

7th Century

638 - Start of Islamic calendar

13th Century

1265 - 1st English Parliament formally convened (some authorities)

15th Century

1490 - 1st printing of Ramban's Sha'ar ha-Gemul
1492 - "Pentateuch" (Jewish holy book) 1st printed

16th Century

1552 - 2nd version of Book of Common Prayer becomes manditory in England
1556 - Most deadly earthquake kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China
1570 - Earl of Moray, regent of Scotland, assassinated; civil war breaks out
1571 - Queen Elizabeth I opens Royal Exchange in London
1579 - Union of Utrecht signed, forming protestant Dutch Republic

17th Century

1631 - France and Sweden sign anti-German Treaty of Barwald
1637 - Dutch governor Johan Mauritius lands in Pernambuco Brazil
1643 - Sir Thomas Fairfax takes Leeds for Parliamentarians
1647 - Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament
1663 - King Louis XIV affirms covenant with Ronstaten
1668 - England, Netherlands and Sweden signs Triple Alliance against French

18th Century

1719 - Principality of Liechtenstein created within Holy Roman Empire
1723 - Georg Friedrich Handel's opera "Ottone," premieres in London
1779 - Charles Messier catalogs M56 (globular cluster in Lyra)
1789 - Georgetown, 1st U.S. Catholic college, founded
1793 - 2nd partition of Poland, between Prussia and Russia
1793 - Humane Society of Philadelphia (1st aid society) organized
1796 - Armand-Gaston Camus becomes chairman of Council of 500

19th Century

1812 - 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
1833 - Joseph Pease, a Quaker, admitted to Parliament on his affirmation
1845 - Uniform U.S. election day for president and Vice President authorized
1849 - Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes 1st woman physician in US
1849 - Patent granted for an envelope-making machine
1856 - Steamer Pacific lost
1862 - Agoston Haraszthy, 1st vintner in Sonoma Valley, imports 10,000
1870 - 173 Blackfoot (140 women and children) killed in Montana by U.S. Army
1879 - National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)
1889 - Dr. Daniel Hale Williams forms Provident Hospital in Chicago
1894 - G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min
1896 - Edward Macdowell's 2nd Suite in E, premieres
1897 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange"

20th Century

1902 - Winnipeg Victorias sweep Toronto Wellingtons in 2 for Stanley Cup
1907 - Charles Curtis of Kansas becomes 1st Native American U.S. senator
1908 - U.S. and Great Britain demand end of abuses in Congo
1909 - 1st radio rescue at sea
1916 - Temp falls from 44 degrees F (7 degrees C) to -56 degrees F (49 degrees C) night of 23-24, Browning, Montana
1920 - Dutch refuse to turn over ex-kaiser Wilhelm I of Germany to allies
1923 - Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
1924 - Ramsey MacDonald forms 1st Labour government in Britain
1926 - Eugene O'Neill's "Great God Brown," premieres in New York City
1928 - "Abenteuer of brave Soldier Schwejk" premieres in Berlin
1930 - Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto
1930 - George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia established
1930 - WIS-AM (now WOMG) in Columbia South Carolina begins radio transmissions
1932 - El Salvador army kills 4,000 protesting farmers
1933 - 20th amendment changes date of presidential inaugurations to 1/20
1936 - Catholic People's Party (KVP) of Curacao forms
1937 - Karl Radek and 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge
1940 - Pianist Ignaz Paderewski becomes premier of Polish government in exile
1941 - Ground breaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
1941 - WOR-AM in Newark New Jersey moves to New York City
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Rabaul New Britain
1942 - Tank battle at Adzjedabia, African corps vs British army
1943 - 66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record)
1943 - British 8th army marches into Tripoli
1943 - Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period
1943 - Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured
1944 - Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon," premieres in New York City
1944 - Detroit Red Wings score 15 goals against New York Rangers and NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals and most lopsided game 15-0
1945 - Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, offers his resignation
1946 - Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA
1948 - Bradman scores 201 in 272 minutes vs. India, 21 fours 1 six
1948 - Huston's "Treasure of Sierra Madre" starring Humphrey Bogart opens
1948 - Test debut of Neil Harvey, vs. India at Adelaide
1950 - 3rd edition of Joseph Kane's Famous 1st Facts published
1950 - AP picks "Miracle Braves" of 1914 as greatest sports upset
1950 - Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel
1950 - NFL rule changes open way for 2-platoon system (offense and defense)
1950 - Rebel army of cap Raymond Westerner occupies Bandung
1951 - 3rd Emmy Awards: Alan Young Show, Alan Young and Gertrude Berg
1953 - Bobby Simpson makes 1st-class debut for NSW 16 years 357 days
1953 - NFL Dallas Texans become Baltimore Colts (now Indianapolis Colts)
1953 - NFL's National and American conference become Eastern and Western conf
1954 - Harry van Thorn chosen chairman of Dutch KVP
1954 - Longest undefeated streak in Toronto Maple Leaf history (18 games)
1955 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Golf Open
1955 - KORK (now KVBC) TV channel 3 in Las Vegas, NV (NBC) 1st broadcast
1958 - "Body Beautiful" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 60 performances
1958 - Dictator Marcos Perez Jimenez flees Venezuela, Larrazabal takes power
1958 - Hanif Mohammad completes 337 in 970 minutes vs. West Indies
1960 - Bathosphere "Trieste" reach bottom of Pacific (10,900 m)
1961 - Supreme Court rules cities and states have right to censor films
1961 - Venezuela adopts constitution
1962 - Bob Feller and Jackie Robinson elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1962 - British spy Kim Philby defects to U.S.S.R.
1962 - Libya, Morocco, Algeria and Tunisia plan to form United Arab Maghreb
1964 - 24th Amendment ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections
1964 - Arthur Miller's "After the Fall," premieres in New York City
1965 - Boston Celtic center Bill Russell misses all 14 shots in loss to Philadelphia Warriors led by Wilt Chamberlain
1965 - BPAA All-Star Tournament won by Dick Weber
1965 - "King Family Show" (musical variety) premieres on ABC TV
1967 - Stan Musial is named General Manager of Cards
1968 - Joe Medwick elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1968 - Spy ship USS Pueblo and 83-man crew seized in Sea of Japan by N Korea
1969 - Cream releases their last album "Goodbye"
1970 - Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (Calif)
1970 - Dolle Mina's burns her bra in Amsterdam
1970 - U.S. launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1
1970 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971 - 4th ABA All-Star Game: East 126 beats West 122 at Carolina
1971 - -80 degrees F (-62 degrees C) in Prospect Creek Camp, Alaska (U.S. record)
1971 - UCLA loses to Notre Dame, UCLA then wins next 88 games in a row
1972 - 2nd AFC-NFC pro bowl, AFC wins 26-13
1972 - Ard Schenk becomes European all-round skating champ
1972 - Bootlegger sells wood alcohol to wedding party-100 die-New Delhi
1972 - Entire population of Istanbul under 24 hour house arrest
1972 - NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 26-13
1973 - 23rd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 104-84 at Chicago
1973 - Helgafell, island of Heimaey Iceland erupts for 1st time in 7,000 yrs
1973 - Jordan Air crash at Kano, Nigeria kills 176 Moslem pilgrims
1973 - President Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War
1974 - 1st edition of women's magazine "Story"
1975 - "Barney Miller" premieres on ABC TV
1975 - Ralph Kiner elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
1976 - Ian Redpath hits his only 2 sixes in Cricket Tests, vs. WI Adelaide
1976 - Washington Caps end 25 game winless streak (0-22-3) beat New York Rangers 7-5
1977 - $1.5-million Serge Lepage dress exhibited, Paris
1977 - Miniseries "Roots" premieres on ABC
1978 - Belgian industrial Haron Empain kidnapped in Paris
1978 - NFL Pro Bowl: NFC beats AFC 14-13
1979 - Willie Mays elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1981 - 1st Richard Nixon museum opens in San Clemente, California
1981 - Jochem Bird elected mayor of West Berlin
1981 - Mike Bossy becomes 1st in NHL to score 50 goals in 50 games
1981 - Red Sox trade Fred Lynn to Angels for Frank Tanana and Joe Rudi
1982 - Urbe Blanca (cow) produces record 110 kg of milk, Cuba (approx date)
1982 - World Airways DC-10 skids at Boston Logan Airport killing 2
1983 - "A-Team" with Mr. T premieres on NBC
1983 - Bjorn Borg announces his retirement from tennis
1983 - Cerebral Palsy telethon raises $14,700,000
1983 - In NBA, Portland scores all 17 pts in overtime to beat Houston 113-96
1983 - Russian radioactive satellite falls into Indian Ocean
1983 - Schone skates ladies world record 5 km (7:40.97)
1984 - Buffalo Sabres win NHL record 10th straight road game
1984 - Greatest unpaced 1-hour bicycle distance, F Moser (Italy), 51.15 km
1984 - Hulk Hogan defeats Iron Sheik to become WWF champ
1985 - Britains House of Lords debate 1st televised
1986 - 1st induction of Rock 'N' Roll Hall of Fame (Chuck Berry, James Brown, Ray Charles, Domino, Everly Bros, B Holly, J L Lewis and Elvis Presley)
1986 - Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB
1986 - "Jerome Kern Goes to Hollywood" opens at Ritz Theater New York City for 13 performances
1987 - Dow Jones rises 64 points then drops 110 points (44.15 pt loss)
1987 - Japan 1st exceeds military spending cap of 1% of GNP ($23 billion)
1988 - 45th Golden Globes: Last Emperor, Sally Kirkland, Michael Douglas
1988 - 62nd Australian Womens Tennis: Steffi Graf beats Chris Evert (61 76)
1988 - Bob Benoit bowls 1st 300-pt game in a televised title match
1988 - Experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, complete 1st nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling lands
1989 - Challenge to "who is a Jew" law filed in Israeli Supreme Court
1989 - NBA New Jersey Nets begin a 32+ game road losing streak
1990 - Dean Jones scores twin Test tons vs. Pakistan at Adelaide Oval
1991 - Seinfeld debuts on NBC-TV
1991 - World's largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait
1992 - "Visit" opens at Criterion Theater New York City for 45 performances
1993 - 50th Golden Globes: Scent of a Woman, wins
1993 - Graham Gooch scores his 100th 100, on tour at Cuttack
1993 - Indian Airlines B737 crashes art Aurangabad, 61 die
1993 - New York Newsday reports Oregon Senator Bob Packwood sexually harassed 23 women
1993 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Nancy Kerrigan
1994 - Bernie Kosar is 2nd quarterback to throw TD passes in AFC and NFC Champ games
1994 - Worldwide Day for peace in Bosnia-Hercegovina
1996 - Chris Cairns scores 120, 96 balls, 10x4, 9x6 in Test New Zealand vs. Zim
1998 - Pope John Paul II condemns U.S. embargo against Cuba

21st Century

2006 - Stephen Harper, wins the election in Canada and is the first conservative Prime Minister in 12 years


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