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Events and People Who Made History on January 15

8th Century

708 - Sisinnius begins his reign as Pope (dies 20 days later)

10th Century

946 - Caliph al-Mustaqfi blinded/ousted

14th Century

1346 - Emperor Louis IV of Bavaria gives his wife Margaretha, Holland/Zealand

16th Century

1535 - Henry VIII declares himself head of English Church
1552 - France signs secret treaty with German Protestants
1562 - 3rd sitting of Council of Trente opens
1582 - Russia cedes Livonia and Estonia to Poland, loses access to Baltic
1586 - Battle at Boxum: Spanish troops under Tassis beat state army

18th Century

1752 - Tobias Smollett publishes pamphlet accusing Fielding of plagiarism
1754 - Riot at burial of doelist Daniel Raap in Amsterdam
1759 - British Museum opens in Montague House, London
1762 - Fraunces Tavern opens in New York City
1777 - People of New Connecticut, Vermont, declare independence from England
1780 - Continental Congress establishes court of appeals
1785 - Mozarts string quartet opus 10 premieres
1797 - 1st top hat worn (John Etherington of London)

19th Century

1831 - 1st U.S. railroad honeymoon trip, Mr. and Mrs. Pierson, Charleston, SC
1831 - 1st US-built locomotive to pull a passenger train makes 1st run
1833 - HMS Beagle anchors at Goeree Tierra del Fuego
1844 - University of Notre Dame receives its charter in Indiana
1847 - 1st Swedish magazine in U.S., Skandinavia, published in New York City
1851 - GGeneralen Arista replaces Mexican President Herrera
1857 - 1st first-class game in Sydney, NSW vs. Vic at The Domain
1861 - Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis
1863 - 1st U.S. newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
1865 - Ft. Fisher, North Carolina falls to Union troops
1866 - Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori vs. Cechach," premieres in Prague
1870 - Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
1877 - U.S. Assay Office in Helena, Montana opens
1882 - 1st U.S. ski club forms, Berlin, New Hampshire
1886 - Weekly Herald, 1st Vancouver, BC newspaper, publishes 1st issue
1892 - Basketball rules published in Triangle Magazine, Mass
1895 - Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record
1895 - French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar
1895 - Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St. Petersburg
1896 - Henry Arthur Jones' "Michael and his Lost Angel," premieres in London

20th Century

1900 - SCNEC soccer team forms
1905 - Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater
1907 - 3-element vacuum tube patented by Dr. Lee De Forest
1907 - Gold dental inlays 1st described by Wm Taggart, who invented them
1908 - C Hill and R J Hartigan make 8th wkt partnership 243 for Australia
1915 - Japan claims economic control of China
1915 - Sydney, Kern and Smith's musical "Love o' Mike," premieres in New York City
1919 - 2 million gallons of molasses flood Boston MA, drowning 21
1919 - Frank Wedekind's "Die letzten Tage der Menschheit," premieres
1919 - Pianist and statesman Ignace Paderewski becomes 1st premier of Poland
1919 - Semana Tragica (Tragic Week): Bloodbath in Buenos Aires
1919 - W Collison and O Harbach's "Up in Mabel's Room," premieres in New York City
1922 - Irish Free State forms; Michael Collins becomes 1st premier
1924 - 3rd Dutch government Ruijs de Beerenbrouck forms
1925 - Hans Luther forms German government, with DNVP
1930 - George Headley scores century on debut vs. England (made 176)
1934 - 8.4 earthquake in India/Nepal, 10,700 die
1934 - Babe Ruth signs a 1934 contract for $35,000 ($17,000 cut)
1935 - 300 Dutch ice cream salesmen protest against Italian competition
1935 - Clifford Odets' "Waiting for Lefty," premieres in New York City
1936 - 1st all-glass windowless structure in U.S. completed, Toledo, Ohio
1936 - Horace Stoneham elected president of New York Giants
1936 - Non-profit Ford Foundation incorporates
1939 - 1st NFL pro bowl, New York Giants beat All Stars 13-10 in Wrigley Field
1939 - Municipal Railway and Market St. RR begin service to Transbay Terminal
1940 - German U-Boot torpedoes Dutch trade ship Arendskerk (Eagle's Church)
1942 - Cubs, drop plans to install lights at Wrigley due to WW II
1942 - Franklin D. Roosevelt asks commissioner to continue baseball during WW II
1943 - 1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught
1943 - World's largest office building, Pentagon, completed
1944 - European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany
1944 - General Eisenhower arrives in England
1944 - Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die
1945 - Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg sugar beets
1945 - "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 429 performances
1945 - Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
1949 - Mao's Red army conquers Ten-tsin
1950 - 4,000 attend National Emergency Civil Rights Conference in Washington D.C.
1951 - "Cloud of Death" rolls down Mount Lamington, New Guinea kills 3-5,000
1951 - Supreme Court rule "clear and present danger" of incitement to riot is not protected speech and can be a cause for arrest
1953 - 16 car Federal Express train loses brakes and crashes in Washington D.C. station
1953 - GDR Minister of Foreign affairs Georg Dertingen arrested for "espionage"
1955 - 1st official act of Princess Beatrice, launches tanker Vasum
1955 - D Shostakovich' "From Jewish Folk Poetry," premieres in Leningrad
1955 - U.S.S.R. ends state of war with German Federal Republic
1956 - Bauer Marlene wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
1956 - D Shostakovich appointed honorary member of Academia Santa Cecilia
1956 - KWAB TV channel 4 in Big Spring, Texas (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 31-30
1957 - Brooklyn Dodgers sign a new 3 year lease for Ebbets Field
1958 - New York Yankees sign million dollar plus deal to show 140 games on WPIX TV
1961 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 35-31
1961 - Suggs wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational Open
1961 - Supremes signed with Motown Records
1962 - 50th Australian Mens Tennis: Rod Laver beats R Emerson (86 06 64 64)
1962 - Dutch and Indonesian Navy encounter in Etna Bay New Guinea
1964 - Baseball agrees to hold a free-agent draft in New York City
1964 - Teamsters negotiate 1st national labor contract
1965 - Rock group Who releases 1st album "I Can't Explain"
1965 - Washtenaw Community College in Ann Arbor, Michigan forms
1966 - AFL Pro Bowl: All-Stars beats Buffalo 30-19
1966 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 36-7
1967 - Superbowl I: Green Bay Packers beat Kansas City Chiefs, 35-10 in LA Superbowl MVP: Bart Starr, Green Bay, quarterback
1968 - KDCD TV channel 18 in Midland, Texas (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 - Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
1969 - Soyuz 5 launched by Soviet Union
1970 - Milwaukee Brewers make their 1st trade (with Oakland A's)
1970 - Republic Biafra disbands/joins Nigeria
1971 - "Ari" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 19 performances
1971 - Aswan Dam official opens in Egypt
1971 - George Harrison releases "My Sweet Lord"
1972 - Heavyweight Joe Frazier KOs Terry Daniels
1973 - 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court
1973 - Gene Shalit joins Today Show panel
1973 - Pope Paul VI has an audience with Golda Meir at Vatican
1973 - President Nixon suspends all U.S. offensive action in North Vietnam
1974 - 24th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 134-123 at Seattle
1974 - Expert panel reports 18 -m gap in Watergate tape, 5 separate erasures
1974 - "Happy Days" begins an 11 year run on ABC
1975 - Portugal signs accord for Angola's independence
1975 - Space Mountain opens at Disneyland
1976 - Sara Jane Moore sentenced to life for attempting to shoot President Ford
1976 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1976 - US-German Helios B solar probe launched into solar orbit
1977 - Coneheads debut on "Saturday Night Live"
1977 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Colgate Triple Crown Golf Tournament
1978 - Superbowl XII: Dallas Cowboys beat Denver Broncos, 27-10 in N Orleans Superbowl MVP: Harvey Martin, Dallas, DE and Randy White, Dallas, DT
1978 - Theodore Bundy kills Florida State University coeds Lisa Levy and Margaret Bowman
1980 - Pam Gems' "Piaf!," premieres in London
1981 - Bob Gibson elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame
1981 - "Hill Street Blues" premieres on NBC-TV
1982 - "Forbidden Broadway" by/with Gerard Alessandrini premieres in New York City
1983 - Dutch political party DS'70 disbands
1983 - Hartford Whalers smallest crowd 4,812 (beat Devils) during blizzard
1983 - Javed Miandad and Mudassar Nazar make 451 stand vs. India
1983 - Thom Syles keeps a life saver intact in his mouth for over 7 hours
1984 - Hana Mandlikova ends Martina Navratilova's 54-match winning streak
1984 - Schonbrun skates world record 5 km (7:39.44)
1985 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to John Ashbery and Fred Chapell
1985 - Civil rights activist Tancredo Neves elected president
1985 - Mike Gatting and Graeme Fowler both scores 200's vs. India
1985 - Tancredo Neves becomes 1st elected president of Brazil in 21 years
1986 - Living Seas opens at Epcot
1988 - Jimmy "The Greek" Snyder makes racist remarks about black athletes
1988 - Kiran More stumps five WI batsman at Madras, world Test record
1988 - Narendra Hirwani takes 16-136 (8-61 and 8-75) vs. WI on Test debut
1989 - 10th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 35 awards
1989 - "Ain't Misbehavin'" closes at Ambassador Theater New York City after 176 performances
1989 - Betsy King wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic
1989 - Big John Studd wins WWF's 1st Royal Rumble
1989 - Cerberal Palsy telethon raises $22,600,000
1990 - 42 year old George Foreman KOs George Cooney in 2 rounds
1990 - 6th Soap Opera Digest Awards - Knots Landing wins
1990 - AT&T experiences long distance problems due to a computer glitch
1990 - Blue Jay Cecil Fielder signs with Detroit as a free agent
1990 - New York Knicks Trent Tucker scores with 1/10 sec, beats Bulls, 109-106
1991 - Australia beat New Zealand 2-0 to win the World Series Cup
1991 - UN's deadline for Iraq to withdraw from Kuwait (they don't)
1992 - Bulgaria recognizes Macedonia
1992 - Cleaning woman finds intimate photos of Sarah Ferguson with U.S. man
1992 - Supreme Court rules 5-3 that Joseph Doherty isn't entitled to asylum
1993 - 7.5 earthquake strikes northern Japan, 2 die
1993 - Soap opera "Santa Barbara" final show on NBC TV
1993 - Top mafia leader Salvatore "Toto" Riina arrested in Palermo
1994 - 15th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 34 awards, Showtime wins 10
1994 - Hague motorist with .51% alcohol in blood, breaks Dutch record (.47%)
1994 - Queen Elizabeth falls off her horse and breaks her left wrist
1995 - Dawn Coe-Jones wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Champion
1995 - San Diego Chargers beat Pittsburgh Steelers 17-13 for AFC championship
1995 - San Francisco 49ers beat Dallas Cowboys for NFC championship
1995 - Southern Alabama begins using new area code 334
1995 - Western Washington begins using new area code 360
1997 - Chicago Bull Dennis Rodman kicks cameraman, Eugene Amosin the groin
1997 - Space Shuttle Atlantis docks with Mir Space Station
1998 - NASA announces John Glenn, 76, may fly in space again

21st Century

2006 - Stardust space mission returns dust from a comet to earth
2009 - U.S. Airways plane ditches in the Hudson River - all 155 passengers survive


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