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Events and People Who Made History on January 12

15th Century

1493 - Last day for all Jews to leave Sicily

16th Century

1552 - Dutch west coast hit by heavy storm, 100s killed
1583 - Holland begins use of Gregorian calendar (yesterday was 1/1/1583)
1598 - Pope Clement VIII seizes duchy of Ferrara on death of Alfonso

17th Century

1684 - French king Louis XIV marries Madame Maintenon

18th Century

1701 - Frisia and Groningen begin use of Gregorian calendar
1701 - Parts of Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar
1723 - Handel's opera "Ottone" premieres, London
1755 - Tsarina Elisabeth establishes 1st Russian University
1773 - 1st U.S. public museum established (Charlestown SC)
1777 - Mission Santa Clara de Asis founded in California

19th Century

1806 - French evacuate Vienna
1807 - Gunpowder-ship explodes in Leiden, Netherlands, 150 die
1809 - British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
1812 - 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
1816 - France decrees Bonaparte family excluded from the country forever
1820 - Royal Astronomical Society founded in England
1836 - Battle of Wetumka, Florida
1836 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin reach Sydney, Australia
1839 - Anthracite coal 1st used to smelt iron, Mauch Chunk, Penn
1842 - Franciscan nuns begin missionary work on Netherland Antilles
1861 - FL state troops demand surrender of Ft. Pickens
1863 - President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
1865 - Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
1867 - Leo Tolstoy's "Smert Ioonna Groznogo," premieres in St. Petersburg
1879 - British Zulu War begins: Lieutenant-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
1896 - 1st X-ray photo in U.S. (Dr. Henry Smith, Davidson NC)

20th Century

1900 - Freeland Colony founded in US
1903 - Harry Houdini performs at Rembrandt theater, Amsterdam
1904 - Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison
1906 - 1st time Dow Jones closes above 100
1906 - Football rules committee legalizes forward pass
1907 - Britain grants responsible government to former colony of Transvaal
1912 - -47 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Washta, Iowa (state record)
1915 - House of Representatives rejects proposal to give women right to vote
1916 - Britain proclaims Gilbert and Ellice Is colony in Pacific
1918 - Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4
1920 - Annual drafting of baseball players from minor leagues to be done in inverse order of the final standings, agreed to
1921 - Kenesaw Mountain Landis becomes 1st commissioner of baseball
1924 - History of Science Society organized at Boston
1925 - John Howard Lawson's "Processional," premieres in New York City
1928 - Philip Barry and Elmer Rice's "Cock Robin," premieres in New York City
1929 - Seatrain (RR cars on ships) service begins, New Orleans-Havana
1930 - NHL's Boston Bruins win then-record 14th consecutive game
1932 - France's Laval government falls
1932 - Hattie W Caraway elected 1st woman senator (D-Ark)
1932 - Philip Barry's "Animal Kingdom," premieres in New York City
1933 - U.S. Congress recognize independence Philippines
1933 - Uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain, 25 dies
1937 - Plow for laying submarine cable patented
1942 - British troops reconquer Sollum
1942 - Dutch troops on Tarakan surrender
1942 - National War Labor Board created
1943 - Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat and soy meal)
1944 - Churchill and de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh
1944 - Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd
1945 - German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
1945 - U.S. Task Force 38 destroys 41 Japanese ships in Battle of South China Sea
1946 - Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!," premieres in Rome
1946 - NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA
1946 - "Polonaise" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 113 performances
1948 - 1st Supermarket in U.K. opens
1948 - Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi begins his final fast
1948 - U.S. Supreme Court decision (Sipuel vs. Oklahoma State Board of Regents)
1949 - "Arthur Godfrey and His Friends" premieres on CBS TV
1949 - Dutch court affirms death sentence against SS chief Hanns Rauter
1950 - Swedish tanker rams British submarine Truculent in Thames, 64 die
1950 - U.S.S.R. re-introduces death penalty for treason, espionage and sabotage
1951 - Ezzard Charles TKOs Lee Oma in 10 for heavyweight boxing title
1952 - NFL Pro Bowl: National Conference beats American Conference 30-13
1952 - University of Tennessee admits it's 1st black student
1953 - 9 "Jewish" physicians arrested for "terrorist activities" in Moscow
1954 - Austria's worst avalanche-kills 200; 9hrs later 2nd one-kills 115
1954 - Queen Elizabeth II opens New Zealand parliament
1957 - Southern Christian Leadership Council (SCLC) founded
1958 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Golf Open
1958 - NCAA adds 2 point conversion to football scoring
1958 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 26-7
1958 - Syracuse National Dolph Schayes sets NBA record at 11,770 points
1959 - KOED TV channel 11 in Tulsa, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Sobers and Worrell complete 399 stand for 4th wkt vs. England
1960 - Syracuse National Dolph Schayes is 1st NBA'er to score 15,000 points
1961 - "Show Girl" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 100 performances
1961 - U.N. genocide pact goes into effect
1963 - "Go Away Little Girl" by Steve Lawrence peaks at #1
1963 - Spin bowler Bobby Simpson takes 5-57 for Australia vs. England
1964 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 31-17
1964 - Revolution overthrows Sultan of Zanzibar, 1 month after independence
1965 - At 10:58 am PST burn up a nuclear rocket in Nevada
1965 - "Hullabaloo" premieres on NBC-TV
1966 - 12 day New York City transit strike ends
1966 - "Batman" with Adam West and Burt Ward premieres on ABC TV
1966 - Lyndon Baines Johnson says U.S. should stay in South Vietnam until communist aggression ends
1966 - Red Auerbach wins his 1,000th game as coach of NBA Boston Celtics
1967 - Louisville, Kentucky, draft board refuses exemption for boxer Muhammad Ali
1968 - Beatles Film Production Ltd changes name to Apple Film Production Ltd
1968 - Nighttime version of "Hollywood Squares" premieres on NBC TV
1969 - "Golden Rainbow" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 355 performances
1969 - Superbowl III: New York Jets beat Baltimore Colts, 16-7 in Miami Superbowl MVP: Joe Namath, New York Jets, quarterback
1970 - Biafran War ends, Biafra surrenders to Nigeria
1970 - Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage
1971 - "All in the Family" premieres on CBS featuring 1st toilet flush on TV
1971 - Congressional Black Caucus organizes
1971 - Federal grand jury indicts Reverend Philip Berrigan and 5 others, including a nun and 2 priests, on charges of plotting to kidnap Henry Kissinger
1971 - "Soon" opens at Ritz Theater New York City for 3 performances
1972 - Tigers sign a lease to build a $126M domed stadium (doesn't happen)
1974 - "Joker" by Steve Miller Band peaks at #1
1974 - Libya and Tunisia announces they are merging as "Islamic Arab Republic"
1975 - Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates
1975 - Superbowl IX: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Minnesota Vikings, 16-6 in New Orleans Superbowl MVP: Franco Harris, Pittsburgh, RB
1976 - U.N. Security Council votes 11-1 to seat Palestine Liberation Org
1977 - Anti-French demonstrations takes place in Israel after Paris released Abu Daoud, responsible 1972 Munich massacre of Israeli athletes
1977 - "Ipi Tombi" opens at Harkness Theater New York City for 39 performances
1979 - 6th American Music Award: Barry Manilow, Linda Ronstadt win
1979 - LA's Hillside Strangler, Kenneth Bianchi, arrested in Bellingham
1979 - Record blizzard struck midwest killing over 100
1980 - Mike Bratz (Phoenix) begins NBA free throw streak of 57 games
1981 - -35 degrees F (-37 degrees C), Chester, Massachusetts (state record)
1981 - Dynasty, a prime time soap opera inspired by Dallas, premieres on ABC
1981 - "Dynasty" with Joan Collins premieres on ABC-TV
1983 - Brooks Robinson and Juan Marichal elected to Hall of Fame
1983 - NCAA creates football Kickoff Classic to begin in August
1986 - 24th space shuttle (61-C) mission-Columbia 7-launched
1986 - Chicago Blackhawks Denis Savard scores at 4 seconds of 3rd period
1987 - Britain's Prince Edward resigns from his Royal Marines training
1988 - Willie Stargell (Pittsburgh Pirate), elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1989 - 6 claim to survive in rubble, 35 days after Armenian quake (hoax)
1989 - Idi Amin expelled from Zaire
1990 - Civil Rights activist Reverend Al Sharpton is stabbed in Bensonhurst Bkln
1990 - Romania bans Communist party (1st Warsaw Pact member to do so)
1991 - Largest crowd to watch Atlantic Coast Womens Basketball game (11,520)
1991 - Melvin Stewart swims world record 200 m butterfly (1:55.69)
1991 - U.S. Congress gives George Bush authority to wage war against Iraq
1992 - 13th ACE Cable Awards: HBO wins 27 awards
1992 - Algeria's general elections canceled after strong gains by Islamic Salvation Front in the 1st round
1992 - Last building in Gateway area in Cleveland is demolished
1992 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman
1993 - Doctors announce Pitts Penguin Mario Limeux has Hodgkin's disease
1993 - MTV hostess Martha Quinn marries longtime boyfriend Jordan Tarlow
1994 - Malcolm X's daughter arrested for plotting Louis Farrakham's murder
1994 - Steve Carlton (Phillies) elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1995 - Major earthquake kills 5,092 in Kobe Japan
1995 - Murder trial against OJ Simpson, begins in LA
1995 - Pope John Paul II begins visit to SE Asia
1996 - Russian troops arrived in Bosnia (joint operation with U.S.)
1997 - Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Champions
1997 - HAL became operational (2001: A Space Odyssey)
1997 - Ice skater Oksana Baiul injured slightly whiled driving intoxicated
1997 - Space Shuttle STS-81 (Atlantis 18), launches into space
1997 - Tiger Woods wins Mercedes Championships

21st Century

2005 - Deep Impact spacecraft is launched from Cape Canaveral


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