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Events and People Who Made History on February 3

1st Century

6 - The boy emperor, Ping Di dies of unexpected causes at age 14; Wang Mang alone selects the new emperor, the Ruzi Ying, age 2, starting the Jushe era of the Han Dynasty.

14th Century

1377 - Cardinal Robert of Geneva (anti-pope Clemens VII) starts term
1377 - Mass execution of population of Cesena Italy

15th Century

1488 - Bartholomeus Diaz discovers Mosselbaai (Angra dos Vaqueros)

16th Century

1547 - Russian czar Ivan IV (17) marries Anastasia Romanova
1576 - Henry of Navarre (future Henry IV) escapes from Paris
1591 - German monarchy forms Protestant Union of Torgau

17th Century

1653 - Cardinal Mazarin returns to Paris from exile
1660 - General Moncks army reaches London
1690 - 1st paper money in America issued (colony of Mass)

18th Century

1740 - Charles de Bourbon, King of Naples, invites Jews to return to Sicily
1743 - Philadelphia establishes a "pesthouse" to quarantine immigrants
1752 - Dutch States-General forbid export of windmills
1781 - Dutch West Indies island of St. Eustatia taken by British
1783 - Spain recognizes U.S. independence

19th Century

1809 - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
1815 - World's 1st commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland
1825 - Dutch North Sea coast floods
1836 - Whig Party holds its 1st national convention (Albany New York)
1844 - Hector Berlioz' "Carnaval Romain," premieres in Paris
1855 - Wisconsin Supreme Court declares U.S. Fugitive Slave Law unconstitutional
1860 - Thomas Clemson takes office as 1st U.S. superintendent of agriculture
1864 - Sherman's march through Mississippi
1865 - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln and Stephens reach an impasse
1867 - Prince Mutsuhito, 14, becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan (1867-1912)
1869 - Booth theater at 23rd and 6th opens in New York City (Romeo and Juliet)
1870 - 15th Amendment (Black suffrage) passed
1876 - Albert Spalding with $800 starts sporting goods co, manufacturing 1st official baseball, tennis ball, basketball, golf ball, and football
1882 - Circus owner PT Barnum buys his world famous elephant Jumbo
1887 - To avoid disputed national elections, Congress creates Electoral Count Act
1892 - Russia closes down Yeshiva of Volozhin
1894 - 1st U.S. steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me
1895 - Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 seconds)

20th Century

1900 - Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt
1901 - Dutch troops under General Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilie on Sumatra
1903 - Frederick Lugard occupies Kano West Africa
1908 - Supreme Court rules a union boycott violates Sherman Antitrust Act
1913 - 16th Amendment, federal income tax, ratified
1913 - Golden/Cawthorne's musical "Sunshine Girl," premieres in New York City
1915 - Turkish and German army reach Suez Canal
1916 - Canada's original Parliament buildings, in Ottawa, burns down
1916 - Tristan Tzar publishes Dada-manifest in Zurich Switzerland
1917 - U.S. liner Housatonic sunk by German sub and diplomatic relations severed
1918 - Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920') streetcar tunnel begins service
1919 - Herbert/Blossom's musical "Velvet Lady," premieres in New York City
1919 - League of Nations 1st meeting (Paris)
1919 - Socialist conference convenes (Berne Switzerland)
1924 - Alexei Ryko elected as President of People's commission (succeeds Lenin)
1927 - Uprising against regime of general Carmona in Portugal
1929 - Revolutionary Socialist Party forms in Amsterdam
1930 - Vietnamese Communistic Party forms
1930 - William Howard Taft, resigns as chief justice for health reasons
1931 - Arkansas legislature passes motion to pray for soul of H L Mencken after he calls state "apex of moronia"
1933 - 1st interstate legislative conference in U.S. opens, Washington, D.C.
1933 - German minister Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe departs to Berlin
1937 - Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th Test Cricket vs. England
1938 - Paul Osborn's "On Borrowed Time," premieres in New York City
1941 - Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage and Hour law, sets minimum wages and max hours
1942 - 1st Japanese air raid on Java
1942 - Baseball owners agree to permit each club up to 14 night games in 1942
1943 - 4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others
1945 - Almost 1000 Flying Fortresses drop 3000 ton bombs on Berlin
1945 - Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
1947 - 1st black reporter in Congressional press gallery (Percival Prattis)
1947 - -81 degrees F (-63 degrees C), Snag Yukon (North American record)
1947 - Bradman bowled by Alec Bedser for a duck in 4th Test Cricket
1948 - Dick Button becomes 1st world figure skating champion from US
1950 - Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spy charges
1951 - Dick Button wins U.S. skating title for 6th time
1951 - Largest purse to date in horse racing, $144,323, won by Great Circle
1951 - Tennessee Williams' "Rose Tattoo," premieres in New York City
1951 - "Victor Borge Show," debuts on NBC TV
1953 - J. Fred Muggs, a chimp, becomes a regular on NBC's Today Show
1954 - Jeen van den Berg wins Dutch Eleven Cities Skating race (7:32)
1956 - Autherine J Lucy admitted to University of Alabama, suspended 2/7 after a riot
1956 - Toni Sailor becomes 1st Olympic skier to sweep 3 alpine events
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Havana Golf Open
1958 - Royal Teens' "Short Shorts" enters Top 40 chart and peaks at #3
1959 - American Airlines Electra crashes in New York's East River, killing 65
1961 - 6th largest snowfall in New York City history (17.4" (44.2cm))
1962 - John Uelses pole vaults record 489 cm
1962 - President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food and drugs
1963 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1964 - Black and Puerto Rican students boycott New York City public schools
1964 - "Meet the Beatles" album goes Gold
1965 - 105 USAF cadets resigned for cheating on exams
1965 - Braves offer Milwaukee $500,000 to terminate their lease a year earlier, the proposal is turned down
1965 - Geraldine McCullough wins Widener Gold Medal for Sculpture
1965 - Orbiting Solar Observatory 2 launches into Earth orbit (552/636 km)
1966 - 1st operational weather satellite, ESSA-1 launched U.S.
1966 - 1st soft landing on Moon (Soviet Luna 9)
1967 - "Purple Haze" recorded by Jimi Hendrix
1969 - "Canterbury Tales" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City for 122 performances
1969 - The Palestine National Congress appointed Yasser Arafat head of PLO
1971 - KTSC TV channel 8 in Pueblo-Colorado Spgs, CO (PBS) 1st broadcast
1972 - 11th Winter Olympic games opens in Sapporo, Japan (1st in Asia)
1972 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1973 - Dr. Hook's "Cover of "Rolling Stone"" enters Top 40 and peaks at #6
1973 - President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law
1974 - "Pajama Game" closes at Lunt Fontanne Theater New York City after 65 performances
1974 - Sandra Palmer wins LPGA Burdine's Golf Invitational
1975 - Billy Herman, Earl Averill, and Bucky Harris elected to Hall of Fame
1976 - 26th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 123-109 at Philadelphia
1977 - Martin Dihigo John Lloyd elected to Hall of Fame
1978 - Australia beat India 3-2 on 6th day of final test
1978 - India needing 493 to beat Australia at Adelaide, all out 445
1979 - Minnesota Twins trade Rod Carew to California for 4 players
1979 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
1979 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
1979 - "YMCA" by Village People peaks at #2 on pop singles chart
1980 - 30th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 144-136 (OT) at Washington
1980 - Larry Holmes TKOs Lorenzo Holmes in 6 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 - Mohammed Ali tours Africa as President Carter's envoy
1981 - Australia beats New Zealand 3-1 to win World Series Cup
1981 - Gro Harlem Brundtland elected premier of Norway
1982 - Columbia Shuttle moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating for STS-3 mission
1982 - Greatest helicopter lift, 56,888 kg, Podmoscovnoe, U.S.S.R.
1982 - John Sharples of England finishes disco dancing 371 hours
1983 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Rosalynn Sumners
1984 - 10th Space Shuttle Mission (41B)-Challenger 4 launched
1985 - "Harrigan 'n Hart" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 5 performances
1985 - Joanne Carner wins LPGA Elizabeth Arden Golf Classic
1986 - President Reagan announces formation of Commission on Challenger Accident
1987 - Expos trade Jeff Reardon to Twins for Neal Heaton
1987 - San Diego Yacht Club celebrates return of America's Cup
1989 - Bill White named NL president; 1st black major-league sports head
1989 - Military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay
1989 - Start 1st Test Cricket, New Zealand vs. Pak, washed out
1990 - Darryl Strawberry enters Smither Center for Alcohol rehabilitation
1990 - Jockey Billy Shoemaker (58), retires after 40,350 horse race
1990 - New York Met Darryl Strawberry voluntarily enters Alcohol rehab center
1991 - Meg Mallon wins Oldsmobile LPGA Golf Classic
1991 - NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 23-21
1992 - Labor strike at Royal Canadian Mint ends
1992 - Maximum New York State unemployment benefits raised to $300 per week
1993 - Cincinnati Red owner Marge Schott suspended for 1 year due to racist comments
1993 - Federal trial of 4 police officers charged with civil rights violations in videotaped beating of Rodney King begins in Los Angeles California
1994 - Actor Jean-Claude van Damme (32) weds Darcy Lapier (28) in Bangkok
1994 - "Les Miserables," opens at Kallang Theatre, Singapore
1994 - President Bill Clinton lifts U.S. trade embargo against Vietnam
1994 - STS-60 (Discovery) launches into orbit
1995 - STS-63 (Discovery 19), launches into orbit
1997 - Carl Sagan Public Memorial at Ithaca New York
1997 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Detroit, Michigan on WKRK 97.1 FM
1998 - Florida Panther Dino Ciccarelli's is 9th NHLer to score 600 career goals
1998 - New York Yankees replace general manager Bob Watson with Brian Cashman
1998 - Stamps commemorating Princess Diana go on sale across Britain
1998 - U.S. military plane clips cable car lines in northern Italy, kills 20

21st Century

2002 - Super Bowl XXXVI, Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, New England Patriots beat St. Louis Rams 20-17


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