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Events and People Who Made History on February 27

9th Century

837 - 15th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet

16th Century

1526 - Saxony and Hesse form League of Gotha (league of Protestant princes)
1531 - Evangelical German monarchy/towns form Schmalkaldische Union
1557 - 1st Russian Embassy opens in London, Russia and U.S. sign trade agreement
1563 - William Byrd is appointed organist at Lincoln Cathedral
1594 - Henri IV crowned king of France

17th Century

1665 - Battle at Elmina, Gold Coast: Vice-Admiral De Ruyter beats English
1667 - Abraham Crijnssen conquerors Fort Willoughby (Zeelandia), Suriname
1670 - Jews expelled from Austria by order of Leopold I
1678 - Earl of Shaftesbury freed out of London Tower
1696 - English / Welsh nobles lay down Oath of Assn

18th Century

1700 - Pacific Island of New Britain discovered
1713 - French troops bomb Willemstad Curacao

19th Century

1801 - Washington D.C. placed under Congressional jurisdiction
1803 - Great fire in Bombay, India
1813 - 1st federal vaccination legislation enacted
1813 - Congress authorizes use of steamboats to transport mail
1814 - Ludwig von Beethovens 8th Symphony in F, premieres
1816 - Dutch regain Suriname
1827 - 1st Mardi Gras celebration in New Orleans
1844 - Dominican Republic gains independence from Haiti (National Day)
1854 - Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
1861 - Russians shoot at Poles protesting Russian rule of Poland
1861 - U.S. Congress authorizes 1st stamped newspaper wrappers for mailing
1861 - Warsaw Massacre: Russians fire on crowd demonstrating against Russia
1864 - 6th and last day of battle at Dalton, Georgia (about 600 casualties)
1864 - Near Andersonville Georgia, rebels open a new POW camp "Camp Sumpter"
1865 - Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
1869 - John Menard is 1st black to make a speech in Congress
1871 - Meeting of Alabama claims commission
1872 - Charlotte Ray, 1st Black woman lawyer, graduated Harvard University
1873 - Dutch socialist Samuel van Wooden demands law against child labor
1874 - Baseball 1st played in England, at Lord's Cricket Grounds
1877 - U.S. Electoral College declares R. Hayes winner presidential election
1879 - Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin the artificial sweetener
1881 - Battle at Amajuba, South Africa: Boers vs. British army under General Colley
1883 - Oscar Hammerstein patents 1st cigar-rolling machine
1890 - D Needham and P Kerrigan box 100 rounds (6 h 39 m), SF; match is draw

20th Century

1900 - Battle at Pietershoogte
1900 - Boer General Cronje surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South Africa
1900 - British Labour Party forms
1901 - NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes
1906 - France and Britain agree to joint control of New Hebrides
1908 - Sacrifice fly adopted (repealed in 1931, reinstated 1954)
1908 - Star #46 was added to U.S. flag for Oklahoma
1912 - Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway
1919 - 1st public performance of Holst's "Planets"
1919 - American Association for Hard of Hearing forms (New York City)
1921 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
1921 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1922 - Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover convenes 1st National Radio Conference
1922 - G. B. Shaw's "Back to Methusaleh I/II," premieres in New York City
1922 - Supreme Court unanimously upheld 19th amend woman's right to vote
1924 - Belgium's Theunis government falls
1925 - Hitler's resurrects NSDAP political party in Munich
1925 - Test Cricket debut of Clarrie Grimmett, who took 5-45 and 6-37 vs. England
1927 - For 2nd Sunday in a row golfers in South Carolina arrested for violating Sabbath
1929 - Turkey signs Litvinov-pact
1930 - Bouvet Island declared a Norwegian dependency
1932 - 38 die in coal mine explosion Boissevain, Virginia, USA
1933 - Jean Genet's "Intermezzo," premieres in Paris
1933 - Nazis set fire to German parliament building, Reichstag, blame it on Communists
1936 - Willy den Ouden swims world record 100 m free style (1:04.6)
1937 - Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket vs. England in 223 minutes
1938 - Britain and France recognize Franco government in Spain
1939 - Belgian government of Pierlot falls
1939 - English Spook house Borley Rectory destroyed in a fire
1939 - France recognizes Franco's regime in Spain
1939 - Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes
1942 - 1st transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany
1942 - Battle of Java Sea began 13 U.S. warships sunk - 2 Japanese
1942 - J. S. Hey discovers radio emissions from Sun
1945 - Battle of U.S. 94 Infantry
1946 - 4th "Road" film, "Road to Utopia" premieres (New York City)
1947 - Paul-Emile Victor French polar expeditions organized
1949 - Chaim Weizmann becomes 1st Israeli president
1950 - General Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China
1951 - 22nd amendment ratified, limiting president to 2 terms
1955 - Betty Jameson wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1956 - Elvis Presley's releases "Heartbreak Hotel"
1956 - Female suffrage in Egypt
1957 - Mao's speech "On Correct Handling of Contradictions Among People"
1957 - Premiere of only prime-time network TV show beginning with an "X": "Xavier Cugat Show" on NBC (until X-Files)
1958 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1959 - Boston Celtic Bob Cousy sets NBA record with 28 assists Boston Celtics score 173 points against Minneapolis Lakers
1959 - Chicago Cards trade running back Ollie Matson to Los Angeles Rams for 9 players
1960 - Oil pipeline from Rotterdam to Ruhrgebied opens
1960 - U.S. Olympic Ice Hockey Team beats U.S.S.R. 3-2 en route to gold medal
1962 - South-Vietnam President Ngo Dinh Diem's palace bombed, 1st U.S. killed
1963 - Mickey Mantle of New York Yankees sign a baseball contract worth $100,000
1964 - "What Makes Sammy Run?" opens at 84th St. Theater New York City for 540 performances
1965 - Dutch Marijnen government resigns
1965 - France performs Underground nuclear test at Ecker Algeria
1965 - "High Spirits" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 375 performances
1966 - Ice Dance Championship at Davos won by Diane Towler/Bernard Ford GRB
1966 - Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Belousova and Protopopov of URS
1966 - Ladies Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Peggy Fleming of U.S.
1966 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Emmerich Danzer AUT
1967 - Antigua and St. Christopher-Nevis become associated states of UK
1967 - Dominica gains independence from England
1967 - Pink Floyd release their 1st single "Arnold Layne"
1967 - Rio de la Plata Treaty
1969 - General Hafez al-Assad becomes head of Syria via miltary coup
1969 - President Nixon visits West-Berlin
1970 - New York Times falsely reports U.S. Army has ended domestic surveillance
1972 - President Nixon and Chinese Premier Chou En-lai issued Shanghai Communique
1973 - American Indian Movement occupy Wounded Knee in South Dakota
1973 - Dick Allen signs a record $675,000 3-yr contract with White Sox
1973 - Members of American Indian Movement begin occupation of Wounded Knee
1973 - Pope Paul VI publishes constitution motu proprio Quo aptius
1973 - White Sox slugger Dick Allen signs 3-year $750,000 contract
1974 - "People" magazine begins sales
1974 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1975 - CDU-politician Peter Lorentz kidnapped in West Berlin
1975 - House of Representatives pass $21.3 billion anti-recession tax-cut bill
1976 - Final meeting between Mao tse Tung and Richard Nixon
1977 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Bent Tree Golf Classic
1977 - Keith Richards gets suspended sentence for heroin possession, Canada
1978 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1980 - 22nd Grammy Awards: What a Fool Believe, Streisand-Diamond duet
1980 - Israel and Egypt exchange ambassadors
1980 - Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF wins elections in Zimbabwe
1980 - Terrorists occupies Dominican embassy in Bogota
1981 - Greatest passenger load on a commercial airliner-610 on Boeing 747
1981 - Paul McCartney and Stevie Wonder record "Ebony and Ivory"
1982 - Dan Issel (NBA-Nuggets), hits on 63rd consecutive free throw
1982 - Earl Anthony becomes 1st pro bowler to win more than $1 million
1982 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1982 - Wayne Williams found guilty of murdering 2 of 28 blacks in Atlanta
1983 - Eamonn Coghlan set indoor mile record of 3:49.78
1983 - Jan Stephenson wins Tucson Conquistadores LPGA Golf Tournament
1984 - Carl Lewis jumps world record indoor (8.675 m)
1984 - Worker's union leader Billy Nair freed in South Africa
1984 - WRC-AM in Washington D.C. changes call letters to WWRC
1985 - Farmers converge in Washington to demand economic relief
1985 - Mauritania's new constitutional charter published
1987 - Donald Regan resigned as White House chief of staff
1987 - Mike Conley triple jumps world indoor record (17.76m)
1987 - NCAA cancels SMU's entire 1987 football schedule for gross violations of NCAA rules regarding athletic corruption
1987 - "Washington Week In Review," 20th anniversary on PBS
1988 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Orient Leasing Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1988 - Bonnie Blair (U.S.) wins Olympic 500m speed skating in record 39.1
1988 - Gulfstream G-IV goes around the world 36:08:34
1988 - Katarina Witt (GDR) wins 2nd consecutive Olympic figure skating
1989 - German war criminals Aus der Funten/Fischer, freed in Holland
1990 - Exxon Corp and Exxon Shipping are indicted on 5 criminal counts (Valdez)
1990 - No one elected to Hall of Fame for 2nd time in 3 years
1991 - 6 week Gulf War ends after Iraqi troops retreated and Kuwait is liberated
1991 - Ben Elton's "Silly Cow," premieres in London
1991 - Noureddine Morcelli set 1500m mark at 3:34:16
1991 - Singer James Brown is released from prison
1992 - Larry Smith, named 9th Commissioner of the CFL
1992 - Tiger Woods, 16, becomes youngest PGA golfer in 35 years
1993 - PBA National Championship Won by Ron Palombi Jr
1994 - 17th Winter Olympic games closes in Lillehammer, Norway
1994 - Maronite church near Beirut bombed, 10 killed
1995 - Car bomb explodes in Zakho, North-Iraq (54-80 killed)
1996 - Mark Waugh scores 126 in World Cup against India
1997 - "Last Night of Ballyhoo" opens at Helen Hayes Theater New York City
1997 - Singer Sade (Helen Folasade), arrest in Jamaica for disobeying a cop
1998 - 14th Soap Opera Digest Awards
1998 - Apple discontinues developing Newton computer
1998 - FBI arrests 10 most wanted suspected serial killer Tony Ray Amati
1998 - New England Patriot David Meggett arrested in Toronto on sex assault charges

21st Century

2002 - 44th Grammy Awards, U2, Alicia Keyes, Nelly Furtado and James Taylor win major awards


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