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Events and People Who Made History on February 26

13th Century

1266 - Battle of Benevento

16th Century

1531 - Earthquake in Lisbon Spain, kills 20,000-30,000
1534 - Pope Paul II affirms George van Egmond as bishop of Utrecht
1590 - Mauritius of Nassaus sails to Breda

17th Century

1616 - Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo

18th Century

1732 - 1st mass celebrated in 1st American Catholic church, Philadelphia
1732 - Mass celebrated for 1st time at St. Joseph's Church in Philadelphia
1773 - Construction authorized for Walnut St. jail in Philadelphia

19th Century

1804 - Vice-Admiral William Bligh ends siege of Fort Amsterdam, Willemstad
1815 - Napoleon and 1,200 leave Elba to start 100-day re-conquest of France
1832 - Polish constitution abolished/replaced by Czar Nicholas I
1834 - 1st U.S. interstate crime compact (New York - New Jersey) ratified
1839 - Jem Mason on Lottery wins 1st Grand National Steeplechase (Britain)
1848 - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
1848 - Marx and Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
1852 - British frigate Birkenhead sinks off South Africa-458 die
1859 - Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins
1862 - Battle of Woodburn, Kentucky
1863 - Lincoln signs National Currency Act
1866 - New York Legislature forms New York City Metropolitan Board of Health
1869 - 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote sent to states
1869 - Franz Schubert's "4th Tragic," premieres
1870 - 1st New York City subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
1881 - Natal: British troops under General-major Colley occupy Majuba Hill
1881 - SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
1884 - British and Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II
1885 - Congress of Berlin, gives Congo to Belgium and Nigeria to England
1887 - George Lohmann took 1st 8-wkt haul in Test Crickets, 8-35 at SCG
1891 - 1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park
1891 - Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler," premieres in Oslo
1893 - 2 Clydesdale horses set record by pulling 48 tons on a sledge, Michigan
1893 - Einar Halvorsen skates world record 500m (48 sec)
1895 - Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine

20th Century

1907 - Royal Oil and Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)
1907 - U.S. Congress raised their own salaries to $7,500
1912 - Coal miners strike in England (settle on 03/01)
1914 - New York Museum of Science and Industry incorporated
1916 - Germans sink French transport ship Provence II, killing 930
1916 - Mutual signs Charlie Chaplin to a film contract
1916 - Russian troops conquer Kermansjah Persia
1917 - 1st Annual fair at Utrecht Harbor (Netherlands)
1918 - Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse and burn, killing 604
1919 - Acadia National Park forms (as Lafayette N P), Maine
1919 - Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona
1923 - Italian nationalist and fascists merge (blue-shirts and black-shirts)
1924 - Trial against Hitler in Munich begins
1925 - Jihad-Saint war against Turkish government
1926 - Dark Street in the Bronx renamed Lustre Street
1929 - President Calvin Coolidge establishes Grand Teton National Park
1930 - 1st red and green traffic lights installed (Manhattan New York City)
1930 - "Green Pastures" opens at Mansfield Theater
1930 - West Indies make 1st Test Cricket win, by 289 runs over England
1933 - Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe kept overnight in a police cell
1935 - Germany begin Luftwaffe operation, under Reichsmarshall H Goering
1935 - New York Yankees release Babe Ruth, he signs with Boston Braves
1935 - RADAR-Radio Detection and Ranging 1st demonstrated (Robert Watson-Watt)
1936 - Hitler introduces Ferdinand Porsche's "Volkswagen"
1936 - Military coup in Japan
1937 - C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
1938 - 1st passenger ship equipped with radar
1938 - Rie Van Veen swims world record 200m free style (2:24.6)
1938 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
1938 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 - U.S. Air Defense Command forms at Mitchel Field, LI, New York
1941 - 2 fighters unable to continued slugfest, referee declares double KO
1941 - Cowboys' Amateur Association of America organized, California
1941 - Utrecht and Zaandam strike against raid on Jews
1941 - Vichy-France makes religious education in school mandatory
1942 - German battle cruiser Gneisenau deactivated by bomb
1942 - Radio Orange calls for March 1 day of prayer in Dutch Indies
1942 - Werner Heisenberger informs nazis about uranium project "Wunderwaffen"
1942 - WW II Navy flier Don Mason sends message "Sighted sub sank same"
1943 - German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia
1944 - 1st female U.S. Navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed
1945 - Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th U.S. Air Force
1946 - 2 killed and 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia, Tennessee
1949 - USAF plane began 1st nonstop around-the-world flight
1950 - Leonard Bernstein's "Age of Anxiety," premieres in New York City
1951 - 22nd amendment to Constitution is ratified
1951 - Bread rationing in Czechoslovakia
1952 - Netherlands-Indonesian Unity conference
1952 - Prime Minister Winston Churchill announces Britain has its own atomic bomb
1953 - Allen W. Dulles, promoted from deputy to 5th director of CIA
1954 - 1st typesetting machine (photo engraving) used, Quincy Massachusetts
1954 - Michigan rep Ruth Thompson (R) introduces legislation to ban mailing "obscene, lewd, lascivious or filthy" phonograph (rock and roll) records
1955 - 1st aviator to bail out at supersonic speed-GF Smith
1955 - "Peter Pan" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 149 performances
1956 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1956 - Writers Sylvia Plath and Ted Hughes meet at a party in Cambridge
1960 - Soviet premier Khrushchev voices support for Indonesia
1960 - USA's David Jenkins wins Olympic Gold for men's figure skating
1960 - Verne Gagne beats Doctor X in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ
1962 - Arthur Kopit's "Oh, Dad, Poor Dad..." premieres in New York City
1962 - U.S. Supreme Court disallows race separation on public transportation
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Philadelphia Warriors scores 67 points vs. New York
1965 - Dutch Government of Marijnen falls
1965 - West Germany ceases military aid to Tanzania
1966 - KBIM TV channel 10 in Roswell, New Mexico (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1967 - Verne Gagne beats Mad Dog Vachon in St. Paul, to become NWA champ
1968 - Clandestine Radio Voice of Iraqi People (Communist) final transmission
1970 - Beatles release "Beatles Again" aka "Hey Jude" album
1970 - "Georgy" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 4 performances
1972 - Slag heap dam collapses above Buffalo Creek, West Virginia, kills 125
1973 - Triple Crown horse Secretariat bought for a record $5.7m
1974 - Gold hits record $188 an ounce in Paris
1975 - 1st televised kidney transplant on the Today Show
1975 - "Night... Made America Famous" opens at Barrymore New York City for 75 performances
1976 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 - 1st flight of Space Shuttle (atop a Boeing 747)
1978 - Ira Levin's "Deathtrap," premieres in New York City
1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Bent Tree Golf Classic
1979 - Last total eclipse of Sun in 20th century for continental US
1980 - Egypt and Israel exchange ambassadors for 1st time
1980 - Miltary coup under Desi Bouterse in Suriname
1980 - R Hadlee scores Test Cricket century vs. Roberts, Garner, Holding, Croft
1981 - 3 Anglican missionaries detained in Iran since Aug 1980 are released
1981 - 84 penalties (406 minutes) assessed for a brawl between NHL Minnesota and Boston
1981 - French Train Grande Vitesse averages 380 kph on trial run
1982 - Test Cricket debut of Martin Crowe, vs. Australia Wellington, run out 9
1983 - Michael Jackson's "Thriller" album goes to #1 and stays #1 for 37 weeks
1984 - Last U.S. Marines in multinational peacekeeping force in Lebanon left Beirut
1984 - Pak Awang (84) marries 80th spouse
1984 - Reverend Jesse Jackson acknowledges that he called New York City, "Hymietown"
1984 - Robert Penn Warren, Pulitzer Prize winner, named 1st U.S. poet laureate
1985 - 27th Grammy Awards: Whats Love Got to Do With It, Cyndi Lauper wins
1986 - Evert van Benthem wins 14th Frisian 11-Cities skating race (6:55:16)
1987 - 1st release of Beatles compact discs
1987 - NASA launches GEOS-H
1987 - NBA's Michael Jordan's 58 points is a Chicago Bull record
1987 - Tower Commission probes Iran-Contra affair
1987 - U.S.S.R. resumes nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1987 - Washington blocks 20 Indiana shots tying NBA regulation game record
1988 - Christa Rotherburger (GDR) skates ladies world record 1000m (1:17.65)
1989 - Betsy King wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open/Helene Curtis Pro-Am
1989 - California court throws out most of Margo Adams's $12 million breach-of- contract suit against Red Sox third baseman Wade Boggs
1989 - "Jerome Robbins' Broadway" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 634 performances
1989 - Lowest barometric pressure in Netherlands (95.5 hPa)
1989 - New York Yankees announce that Tom Seaver is their new TV sportscaster
1990 - U.S.S.R. agrees to withdraw all 73,500 troops from Czechoslovakia by July, 1991
1991 - Asanka Gurusinha scores twin Test Cricket tons vs. New Zealand (119 and 102)
1991 - Bill Veeck and Tony Lazzeri elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
1991 - Kuwaiti resistance leaders declare they have control of their capital
1991 - New York - New Jersey Knights (WLAF) players 1st come together
1992 - "Search and Destroy" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 46 performances
1993 - 2nd tallest building in world, New York City World Trade Center bombed, 7 die
1993 - 9th Soap Opera Digest Awards
1993 - Allan Border beats Gavaskar's record for most Test Cricket runs 10,123
1994 - Actor Dolph Lundgren (34) weds Anette Qviberg in Stockholm
1994 - St. Louis Blues beat Ottawa Senators 11-1
1995 - London finance house of Barings collapse after losses in Singapore by trader Nick Leeson
1997 - 39th Grammy Awards: Change the World Babyface, Beck and LeAnn Rimes wins
1998 - Oprah Winfrey beats Texas cattlemen in beef trial
1998 - Steven M. Gluckstern completes sale of New York Islanders
1998 - Total solar eclipse in Venezuela-Pacific Ocean (4m09)

21st Century

2009 - Former Serbian President Milan Mulutinovic is acquitted of war crimes during the Kosovo War


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