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Events and People Who Made History on February 23

4th Century

303 - Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians

15th Century

1455 - Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)

16th Century

1574 - France begins 5th holy war against Huguenots

17th Century

1660 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
1668 - Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
1672 - Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
1689 - Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England

18th Century

1778 - Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
1792 - Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
1792 - Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G, premieres

19th Century

1804 - Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
1813 - 1st U.S. raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Massachusetts
1820 - Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
1821 - College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st U.S. pharmacy college
1822 - Boston is incorporated as a city
1836 - Alamo besieged by Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
1846 - Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
1847 - Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
1854 - Great Britain and Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
1861 - By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from U.S.
1861 - Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
1861 - President-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington D.C. to take office
1869 - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
1870 - Mississippi is readmitted to U.S.
1874 - Major Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
1883 - Alabama becomes 1st U.S. state to enact an antitrust law
1883 - American Anti-Vivisection Society organized in Philadelphia
1886 - Aluminum manufacturing process developed
1886 - London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad
1886 - Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred," premieres
1887 - Congress grants Seal Rocks to San Francisco
1887 - French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
1892 - 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn
1894 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
1895 - Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)
1895 - William Heard, AME minister and educator, named minister to Liberia
1896 - Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
1898 - In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism and wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus

20th Century

1900 - Battle at Hart's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in San Francisco Bay
1903 - Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
1904 - U.S. acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
1905 - Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
1906 - Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
1909 - Russian tsar Nicolas II dissolves Finnish Diet
1910 - 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)
1910 - George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance," premieres in London
1915 - Germany sinks U.S. ships Carib and Evelyn and torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
1915 - Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
1916 - Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
1916 - French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
1917 - February revolution begins in Russia
1921 - 1st U.S. transcontinental air mail flight arrives in New York City from San Francisco
1923 - German Republic day with laws against worker
1923 - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
1927 - President Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FCC)
1934 - Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
1934 - Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
1936 - 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, New York
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St. Louis, to become wrestling champ
1940 - Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio," released
1942 - Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, California
1943 - German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
1943 - Major General Bradley arrives in Dakar and Marrakesh
1945 - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
1945 - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
1945 - U.S. Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo and statue
1947 - General Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews
1954 - 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1954 - Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
1955 - Edgar Faure forms French government
1956 - 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
1956 - Russian party leader Khrushchev attacks memory of Stalin
1957 - "Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 383 performances
1958 - 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
1958 - Arturo Frondizi elected president of Argentina
1958 - Last Municipal arc light, Mission and 25th removed (installed in 1913)
1958 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1959 - KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, California (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 - Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City
1965 - Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
1966 - Aldo Moro forms Italian government
1966 - Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
1966 - Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda
1967 - 25th amendment (presidential succession) declared ratified
1967 - John Herbert's "Fortune and Men's Eyes," premieres in New York City
1967 - Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner
1967 - U.S. troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War
1968 - Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points
1969 - Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
1969 - WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1970 - Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
1970 - Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
1971 - Boston Bruins begin 13 NHL game win streak
1971 - George Harrison is fined and his driving license is suspended for 1 year
1971 - Lt. Calley confessed and implicates Captain Medina
1973 - Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
1974 - Patty Hearst, daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, kidnapped by SLA
1974 - Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orth"
1975 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1976 - Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract
1978 - 20th Grammy Awards: Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone wins
1979 - Frank Peterson, Jr. named 1st black general in Marine Corps
1979 - George Harrison releases "George Harrison" album
1979 - "Sarava" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 140 performances
1980 - 13th Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, New York
1980 - Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics
1980 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1980 - Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-million-gallon spill
1981 - People mag features drug ordeal of Mackenzie and Papa John Phillips
1981 - Spanish coup under Lt-colonel Antonio Tejero Molina fails
1982 - Michael Frayn's "Noises Off," premieres in London
1983 - 25th Grammy Awards: Roxanna, Toto IV, Men at Work wins
1983 - USFL New Jersey Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 mil)
1985 - Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game
1985 - U.S. Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as attorney general
1986 - Despite losing, Red Sox Wade Boggs gets largest arbitration ($1.35M)
1986 - Mary Beth Zimmerman wins LPGA Standard Register/Samaritan Golf Classic
1986 - Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 m indoor (7.00 sec)
1987 - Dick Howser retires from managing Kansas City Royals, due to brain tumor
1987 - Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member
1987 - Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604
1988 - 15th Winter Olympic games opens in Calgary, Alberta
1988 - Chicago gives Cubs right to install lights and play up to 18 night games
1988 - Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94)
1990 - Ian Smith 173* New Zealand vs. India, 136 balls, world record for no 9 bat
1991 - Greg Haugen scores a split decision over Hector "Macho" Camacho
1991 - Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
1991 - North Carolina is 1st NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games
1991 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1991 - U.S. insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST
1992 - 16th Winter Olympic games closes in Albertville, France
1992 - Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut, Zimbabwe vs. Sri Lanka
1992 - World Cup scoreline Zimbabwe 4-312, Sri Lanka 7-313
1993 - Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees
1993 - India complete a 3-0 series drubbing of England
1993 - Sacramento Gold Miners admitted as CFL's 9th franchise (1st U.S. team)
1994 - Indians owner Richard Jacobs announces he will pay $10 million to name baseball field (Jacobs Field) at Gateway (becomes official 3/23)
1995 - Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi
1995 - Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)
1995 - "Uncle Vanya" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 29 performances
1996 - Mark Waugh scores 130 in World Cup vs Kenya, 207 w/brother Steve
1996 - Rajindra Dhanraj takes 9-97 for Trinidad against Leeward Islands
1997 - Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building and kills 1
1997 - American Express Senior Golf Invitational
1997 - Jeff Sluman wins Tucson Golf Classic
1997 - NBC TV shows "Schindler's List," completely uncensored, 65 million watch
1997 - Scientists in Scotland announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly"
1997 - Tucson Chrysler Golf Classic
1998 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Charleston South Carolina on WAVF 96.1 FM
1998 - Supreme Court lets Megan's Law stand
1998 - Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31

21st Century

2000 - 42nd Grammy Awards, Santana, Sarah McLachlan and Sting win major awards
2003 - 45th Grammy Awards, Norah Jones and John Mayer win major awards


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