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Events and People Who Made History on February 22

9th Century

896 - Pope Formosa crowned king Arnulf of Karinthie/French emperor

11th Century

1071 - Battle of Cassel-Robert I the Frisian defeats Arnulf III/I

13th Century

1281 - Simon de Brion elected Pope Martinus IV
1288 - Girolamo Masci elected Pope Nicolas IV

14th Century

1300 - Pope Boniface VIII delegates degree
1349 - Jews are expelled from Zurich Switzerland

15th Century

1495 - French King Charles VIII enters Naples to claim crown

16th Century

1561 - William of Orange appointed viceroy of Burgundy/Charolais

17th Century

1630 - Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn, at Thanksgiving
1656 - New Amsterdam granted a Jewish burial site

18th Century

1744 - Battle at Toulon: English-French and Spanish fleet
1746 - French troops conquer Brussels
1746 - Jakobijnse troops vacate Aberdeen
1774 - English House of Lords rules authors do not have perpetual copyright
1775 - 1st U.S. joint stock company (to make cloth) offers shares at 10 cents
1775 - Jews expelled from outskirts of Warsaw Poland
1784 - 1st U.S. ship to trade with China, "Empress of China," sails from New York

19th Century

1819 - Spain renounces claims to Oregon Country, Florida (Adams-Onis Treaty)
1821 - Spain sells eastern Florida to United States for $5 million
1825 - Russia and Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary
1828 - Russia and Persia sign Peace of Turkmantsjai
1835 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin leave Valdivia Chile
1836 - Dutch garrison evacuates fort Du Bus New Guinea
1847 - Battle of Buena Vista: U.S. troops beat Mexican army
1854 - 1st meeting of Republican Party in Michigan
1856 - 1st national meeting of Republican Party in Pittsburgh
1858 - Dion Boucicault's "Jessie Brown," premieres in New York City
1860 - Organized baseball played in San Francisco for 1st time
1860 - Shoe-making workers of Lynn Ms, strike successfully for higher wages
1861 - On a bet Edward Weston leaves Boston to walk to Lincoln's inauguration
1864 - 2nd/last day of Battle of Okolona, Mississippi
1864 - Battle at Dalton Georgia
1864 - Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek (Sparta) Tennessee
1865 - Battle of Wilmington, North Carolina (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
1865 - Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
1872 - 1st national convention of Prohibition Party (Columbus Ohio)
1876 - Johns Hopkins University opens
1878 - Greenback Labor Party forms (Toledo Ohio)
1879 - 1st 5 and 10 store opened by Frank W. Woolworth (Utica New York)
1882 - With 120 miles James Saunders wins New York City's 24 hour race and $100 prize
1887 - Union Labor Party organized in Cincinnati
1888 - John Reid of Scotland demonstrates golf to Americans in Yonkers, New York
1889 - Dakotas, Montana and Washington admitted to union
1889 - President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana and Washington state
1892 - "Lady Windermere's Fan" by Oscar Wilde premieres at St. James (London)
1892 - Manitoba Rugby Football Union forms

20th Century

1900 - Battle at Wynne's Hill, South Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 - Hawaii became a U.S. territory
1903 - Due to drought the U.S. side of Niagara Falls runs short of water
1906 - Black evangelist William J. Seymour arrives in Los Angeles California
1907 - 1st cabs with taxi meters begin operating in London
1907 - Leonid N Andreyev's "Zhizn Cheloveka," premieres in St. Petersburg
1909 - Great White Fleet, 1st U.S. fleet to circle the globe, returns to Virginia
1912 - J. Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph - 161.29 kph
1913 - Lowell HS, San Francisco opens (on it's 1st campus)
1915 - Germany begins "unrestricted" submarine war
1917 - German Navy torpedoes 7 Dutch ships
1918 - Germany claims Baltic states, Finland and Ukraine from Russia
1920 - 1st artificial rabbit used at a dog race track in Emeryville, California
1922 - Congress authorizes Grant Memorial $1 gold coin
1923 - 1st successful chinchilla farm in U.S. (Los Angeles California)
1923 - Transcontinental airmail service begins
1927 - ARC soccer team forms in Alphen on the Rhine
1927 - Baruch Spinosa's house of mourning opened as a museum
1928 - 1st solo England to Australia flight lands (Bert Hinkler)
1932 - Purple Heart award reinstituted
1933 - Goering forms SA/SS-police, shoots 40-50
1934 - "It Happened One Night," opens at New York's Radio City Music Hall
1935 - Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House
1936 - Construction on Ypenburg Netherlands airport begins
1939 - Netherlands recognizes Franco-regime in Spain
1940 - Finnish troops vacate Koivisto island
1940 - German air force sinks 2 German destroyers, killing 578
1941 - Arthur T "Bomber" Harris becomes British Air Marshal
1941 - German assault on El Agheila Libya
1941 - IG Farben decides building Buna-Werke in Auschwitz Concentration Camp
1941 - Nazi SS begin rounding up Jews of Amsterdam
1941 - Paul Creston's 1st Symphony, premieres
1941 - Roy Harris' "Ballad of a Railroad Man," premieres
1944 - U.S. 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem and Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die
1945 - Arab League froms (Cairo)
1945 - British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
1945 - Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
1948 - Arabs bomb attack in Jerusalem, 50 die
1950 - Brockway and Weinstock publish "Men of Music"
1955 - British aircraft carrier Ark Royal sets sail
1956 - 1st British soccer match at Kunstlicht: Portsmouth vs Newcastle United
1956 - Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel"
1957 - Jockey Ted Atkinson, 3,500th win
1957 - Walter O'Malley says Dodgers may play 10 exhibitions in California in 1958
1958 - Australian swimmer Jon Konrads sets 6 world records in 2 days
1958 - Egypt and Syria form United Arab Republic (UAR)
1958 - Indonesian air force bombs Padang, Sumatra/Menado, Celebes
1958 - "Portotino" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City after 3 performances
1959 - 1st Daytona 500 auto race-Lee Petty wins (135.521 MPH)
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain sets NBA record with 34 free throw attempts
1963 - Beatles begin their own music publishing company (Northern Songs)
1964 - Beatles arrive back in England after their 1st U.S. visit
1965 - U.S.S.R. launches Kosmos 57 into earth orbit (Voskhod Test)
1966 - Soviets launch Kosmos 110 with Veterok and Ugolek, 1st 2-dog crew
1967 - 25,000 U.S. and South Vietnamese troops launched Operation Junction City, offensive to smash Viet Cong stronghold near Cambodian border
1967 - Barbara Garson's "MacBird," premieres in New York City
1967 - Sling-shot goal post and 6' wide border around field are standard in NFL
1968 - Rock group Genesis release their 1st record "Silent Sun"
1969 - Barbara Jo Rubin becomes 1st female jockey to win at a major U.S. track
1970 - "Charles Aznavour" closes at Music Box Theater New York City after 23 performances
1971 - Lieutenant General Hafiz al-Assad becomes President of Syria
1972 - Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani becomes Amir and Prime Minister of Qatar
1972 - President Nixon, meets with Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai in Beijing
1973 - U.S. and China agree to establish liaison offices in Beijing and Washington D.C.
1974 - Ethiopian police shoot at demonstrators
1976 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Bent Tree Golf Classic
1978 - 2 tankers with propane gas explode killing 15 at Waverly, Tennessee
1979 - Billy Martin named manager of Oakland A's
1979 - Cleveland Metroparks Zoo's Primate and Cat Building is dedicated
1979 - St. Lucia gains independence from Britain
1980 - Afghanistan declares martial law
1980 - USA beats U.S.S.R. in Olympic hockey 4-3 en route to a gold medal
1981 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Bent Tree Ladies Golf Classic
1982 - New York City Mayor Koch announces he will run for New York governor (unsuccessful)
1983 - Harold Washington wins Chicago's Democratic mayoral primary
1983 - Hindus kill 3000 Moslems in Assam, India
1983 - Vladimir Salnikov (U.S.S.R.) sets 1500m free style swimming record
1984 - Brothers Anton and Peter Stastny score 8 pts each for NHL Quebec
1987 - Bruno Marie-Rose runs world record 200m indoor (20.36 sec)
1988 - Bonnie Blair skates world record 500m (39.10 sec)
1989 - 1st Spanish commercial on network TV (Pepsi-Cola-CBS Grammy Award)
1989 - 31st Grammy Awards: Don't Worry Be Happy, Faith, Tracy Chapman
1989 - Fins ministry of Public health installs sex vacation to thwart stress
1989 - New York Lotto pays $26.9 million to one winner (#s are 1-5-12-19-44-50)
1989 - U.K. physicist Stephen Hawking calls Star Wars a "deliberate fraud"
1989 - U.S. authors demonstrate against Iranian death treats against Salman Rushdee, author of "Satanic Rituals"
1990 - 1st day India vs New Zealand cricket at Auckland New Zealand 5-78 at lunch, 9-387 stumps
1991 - Actor Bill Bixby (57) weds Laura Michael (32)
1991 - Bush and U.S. Gulf War allies give Iraq 24 hours to begin Kuwait withdrawal
1991 - Kelli McCarty, 21, (Kansas), crowned 40th Miss USA
1991 - Test Cricket debut of Sanath Jayasuriya, vs New Zealand at Hamilton
1992 - Barry Diller resigns as CEO of Fox
1992 - Ed McMahon, 69, weds Pamela Hurn, 37
1992 - Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Open Golf Tournament
1992 - "Park Your Car in Harvard Yard" closes at Music Box New York City
1992 - Rockers Kurt Corbin (Nirvana) and Courtney Love (Hole), wed
1993 - Vinod Kambli scores 224 vs. England at Bombay, 411 balls, 23 fours
1994 - "Les Miserables," opens at Chunichi Theatre, Nagoya
1995 - Algiers police kill at least 99 prison rioters
1995 - Steve Fossett completes 1st air balloon over Pacific Ocean (9600 km)
1996 - Actress Halle Berry files for divorce from David Justice
1996 - "Bus Stop" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 29 performances
1996 - STS-75 (Columbia 19), launches into orbit
1997 - Annika Sorenstam wins LPGA Cup Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Open
1998 - 18th Winter Olympic games close at Nagano Japan
1998 - "King and I," closes at Neil Simon Theater New York City after 781 performances

21st Century

2006 - Al-Askari Mosque is bombed, setting off protests and violence across Iraq
2006 - Apple's iTunes store sells it's 1 billionth song


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