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Events and People Who Made History on February 21

12th Century

1173 - Pope Alexander III canonizes Thomas Becket Absp of Canterbury

15th Century

1431 - England begins trial against Joan of Arc

16th Century

1564 - Philip II routes cardinal Granvelle to Franche-Comte
1574 - Spanish garrison of Middelburg Netherlands surrenders
1583 - Groningen Netherlands begins using Gregorian calendar
1598 - Boris Godunov crowned tsar

17th Century

1613 - Michael Romanov, son of Patriarch of Moscow, elected Russian tsar
1673 - Michiel A de Ruyter appointed lt-admiral-general of Dutch fleet
1675 - Prince Willem III appointed viceroy of Gelderland

18th Century

1764 - John Wilkes thrown out of English House of Commons for "Essay on Women"
1777 - English ambassador Joseph Yorke demands dismissal of Governor John de Graaff for saluting U.S. flag
1782 - U.S. congress resolves establishment of a U.S. mint
1792 - Congress passes President Succession Act
1795 - Freedom of worship established in France under constitution
1797 - Trinidad, West Indies surrenders to British

19th Century

1804 - 1st locomotive, Richard Trevithick's, runs for 1st time, in Wales
1828 - 1st American Indian newspaper in U.S., "Cherokee Phoenix," published
1842 - 1st known sewing machine patented in U.S., John Greenough, Washington D.C.
1846 - 1st U.S. woman telegrapher, Sarah G. Bagley, Lowell, Mass
1853 - U.S. authorizes minting of $3 gold pieces
1857 - Congress outlaws foreign currency as legal tender in U.S.
1857 - U.S. issues flying eagle cents
1858 - Edwin T. Holmes installs 1st electric burglar alarm (Boston, Massachusetts)
1861 - Navaho indians elect Herrero Grande as chief
1862 - Confederate Constitution and presidency are declared permanent
1862 - Texas Rangers win Confederate victory at Battle of Val Verde, New Mexico
1864 - 1st U.S. Catholic parish church for blacks dedicated, Baltimore
1864 - Battle at Okolona, Mississippi
1866 - Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st U.S. woman to earn a DDS degree
1874 - Benjamin Disraeli replaces William Gladstone as English premier
1874 - Oakland Daily Tribune begins publication
1878 - 1st telephone book issued, 50 subscribers (New Harbor, Connecticut)
1882 - New York City's 24 hour race begins, winner with most mileage in 24 hours
1883 - 2nd French government of Ferry begins
1885 - Washington Monument dedicated in Washington D.C.
1887 - 1st U.S. bacteriology laboratory opens in Brooklyn
1887 - Oregon becomes 1st U.S. state to make Labor Day a holiday
1895 - North Carolina Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

20th Century

1902 - Dr. Harvey Cushing, 1st U.S. brain surgeon, does his 1st brain operation
1903 - Cornerstone laid for U.S. Army war college, Washington, D.C.
1904 - National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming, Michigan
1907 - SS Berlin sinks off Hoek van Holland Netherlands (142 dead)
1909 - John Galsworthy's "Strife," premieres in London
1910 - John Galsworthy's "Justice," premieres in London
1911 - Gustav Mahler conducts his last concerto (Berceuse elegique)
1914 - White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China
1915 - 20th Russian Army corps surrenders
1915 - World's Fair in San Francisco opens
1916 - Battle of Verdun in WW I begins (1 million casualties)
1917 - British Mendi sinks off Isle of Wight, 627 die
1917 - Train near Chirurcha Romania catches fire and explodes; 100s die
1918 - Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
1919 - German National Meeting accepts Anschluss: incorporation of Austria
1919 - Revolutionary strike in Barcelona
1920 - Darius Milhaud and Jean Cocteau's ballet, premieres in Paris
1922 - Airship Rome explodes at Hampton Roads Virginia; 34 die
1922 - Great Britain grants Egypt independence
1922 - WHK-AM in Cleveland OH begins radio transmissions
1923 - Andre Charlot's musical "Rats," premieres in London
1925 - 1st issue of "New Yorker" magazine published
1925 - Mass meeting of SPD's Reichsbanner Black-Red-Gold in Magdeburg
1927 - Franz Lehr's opera "Zarewitsch," premieres
1930 - Marc Connelly's "Green Pastures," premieres in New York City
1931 - Alka Seltzer introduced
1931 - Chicago White Sox and New York Giants play 1st exhibition night game
1932 - Andre Tardieu becomes premier of France
1932 - Camera exposure meter patented, W. N. Goodwin
1934 - Nicaraguan patriot Augusto Cesar Sandino assassinated by National Guard
1939 - Belgian government of Pierlot forms
1941 - U.S. Senate accepts Omar Bradley's demotion to Brigadier-General
1942 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Jane Vaughn
1942 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Bobby Specht
1943 - Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews
1943 - German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia
1944 - "War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (New York City only)
1945 - Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
1945 - British Army captures Goch
1945 - U.S. 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
1946 - Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt
1947 - 1st broadcast of 1st U.S. TV soap opera "A Woman to Remember"
1947 - 1st instant developing camera demonstrated in New York City, by E H Land
1947 - Whipper Billy Watson beats Bill Longson, to become wrestling champ
1950 - WOI TV channel 5 in Ames-Des Moines, IA (ABC/PBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - South Carolina House urges "Shoeless Joe" Jackson be reinstated
1952 - Bangladesh Martyrs Day (martyrs of Bengali Language Movement)
1952 - Dick Button performs 1st figure skating triple jump in competition
1952 - Liz Taylor's 2nd marriage to Michael Wilding
1953 - Francis Crick and James Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule
1953 - Longest collegiate basketball game (6 OTs) Niagara beats Siena 88-81
1953 - "Maggie" closes at National Theater New York City after 5 performances
1957 - Dodgers (Ft. Worth) and Cubs (LA) "trade" minor league franchises
1958 - Egypt-Syria as UAR elect Nasser president with 99.9 percent of the vote
1958 - "Portotino" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City for 3 performances
1960 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1961 - Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Die Physiker," premieres in Zurich
1961 - Gabon adopts constitution
1961 - Mercury-Atlas 2 reentry Test reaches 172 km
1962 - Minister De Pous confirms natural gas reserves in Groningen Netherlands
1963 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 - U.K. flies 24,000 rolls of Beatle wallpaper to U.S.
1966 - Indonesia's president Sukarno fires General Nasution
1968 - 150,000 demonstrate against leftist students in West-Berlin
1968 - Baseball announces a minimum annual salary of $10,000
1969 - 1st launching of heavy N-1 rocket at Baikonur Kazachstan (explodes)
1969 - Ted Williams signs 5-year contract to manage Washington Senators
1970 - Jackson 5 make TV debut on American Bandstand
1970 - Pathet Lao conquerors Xieng Khuang and Muong Suy
1971 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Sears Women's World Golf Classic
1971 - Series of tornadoes cuts through Mississippi and Louisiana killing 117
1972 - Michael Weller's "Moonchildren," premieres in New York City
1972 - Richard Nixon becomes 1st U.S. president to visit China
1973 - Chicago Black Hawks, record 262nd NHL game without being shut-out
1973 - Israeli fighters shoot Libyan aircraft down, killing 108
1974 - Israeli forces leave western Suez
1974 - Silver hits record $5.96 an ounce in London
1974 - Yugoslavia adopts constitution
1975 - John Lennon releases "Rock 'n' Roll" album
1975 - John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman sentenced to 2-8 yrs
1976 - Cardinal Willebrands installed as archbishop of Utrecht
1976 - "Rockabye Hamlet" closes at Minskoff Theater New York City after 7 performances
1977 - 74 Unification Church couples wed in New York City
1979 - 2 Iowa girls High School basketball teams play 4 scoreless quarters game was won 4-2 in 4th overtime period
1979 - Japan launches Hakucho x-ray satellite and Corsa-B (550/580 km)
1980 - Eric Heiden skates Olympic record 1500m in 1:55.44
1980 - Hanni Wenzel is 1st Liechtensteiner to win Olymp gold (giant slalom)
1981 - Japan launches Hinotori satellite to study solar flares (580/640 k)
1981 - NASA launches Comstar D-4
1981 - "Yorkshire Ripper" Peter Sutcliffe, murderer of 13 women, captured
1982 - "Ain't Misbehavin'" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 1604 performances
1982 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA Bent Tree Ladies Golf Classic
1982 - "Little Me" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater New York City after 36 performances
1983 - Donald Davis runs 1 mile backwards in 6 minutes 7.1 seconds
1983 - NBA San Diego Clippers begin a 29 game road losing streak
1985 - Evert van Benthem wins 13th Friese 11 city skateing race
1985 - Largest NBA crowd to date 44,970 (Atlanta at Detroit)
1985 - Tim Raines is awarded a $12 million salary for 1985 by arbitrator
1986 - AIDS patient Ryan White returns to classes at Western Middle School
1986 - Tennis star Jimmy Connors fined $20,000 and suspended for 10 weeks
1987 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Tsumura Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1987 - Syrian army marches into Beirut
1988 - Actor Dudley Moore marries actress Brogan Lane
1988 - Gustafson skates world record 10km (13:48.20)
1988 - Televangelist Jimmy Swaggert confesses his sins to his congregation
1989 - Pete Rose meets with Commissioner Ueberroth to discuss his gambling
1989 - U.S. bust Chinese ring, capture record 820 lbs heroin ($1 Billion street value)
1990 - 32nd Grammy Awards: Wind Beneath My Wings, Nick of Time wins
1991 - "Lost in Yonkers" opens at Richard Rodgers Theater New York City for 780 performances
1991 - Neil Simon's "Lost in Yonkers," premieres in New York City
1991 - U.S.S.R. announces Iraq agrees to a proposal to end Persian Gulf War U.S. calls the plan unacceptable
1992 - Kristi Yamaguchi of U.S. wins Olympic gold medal in women's figure skating
1993 - 43rd NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 135-132 (OT) at Salt Lake City
1993 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.15 m)
1995 - CFL's Sacramento Gold Miners become San Antonio Texans
1995 - RAF-pilot Jo Salter is 1st woman to fly in a tornado
1996 - Soyuz TM-23, launched into orbit
1997 - "Empire Strikes Back, special edition," premieres
1997 - STS-82 (Discovery 22) lands
1998 - Cup Noodles Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open

21st Century

2001 - 43rd Grammy Awards, U2, Steely Dan, Macy Gray and Sting win major awards


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