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Events and People Who Made History on February 20

16th Century

1525 - Swiss and German mercenaries desert Francois I's army
1547 - King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII

17th Century

1613 - Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch Governor-General of East-Indies
1653 - Defeat of Dutch fleet under Admiral Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth
1673 - 1st recorded wine auction held in London

18th Century

1710 - Johan Willem Friso becomes viceroy of Groningen, Netherlands
1725 - 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for bounty
1732 - Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
1737 - French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlies troops occupy Fort August, Scotland
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Castle of Inverness
1768 - 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
1792 - U.S. postal service created; postage 6 cents -12 cents, depending on distance

19th Century

1809 - Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
1811 - Austria declares bankruptcy
1816 - Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
1823 - English Captain James Weddell reaches 74 degrees 15' S, 1520 km from S pole
1831 - Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
1832 - Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
1835 - Concepcion, Chile destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
1839 - Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
1846 - British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
1856 - John Rutledge, Liverpool - New York steamer, hits iceberg; many die
1861 - Department of Navy of Confederacy forms
1861 - Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
1864 - Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
1865 - MIT forms 1st U.S. collegiate architectural school
1869 - Tennessee Governor W. C. Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
1872 - Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
1872 - Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
1872 - Metropolitan Museum of Art opens in New York City
1872 - Silas Noble and JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
1873 - University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
1877 - 1st cantilever bridge in U.S. completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
1877 - International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
1887 - 1st minor league baseball association organizes in Pittsburgh
1887 - Germany, Austria-Hungary and France end Triple Alliance
1890 - Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
1895 - Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at Denver, Colorodo
1899 - Ill Tel and Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system

20th Century

1901 - 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
1902 - Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks and damages Sutro Baths, San Francisco
1903 - Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
1912 - Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
1915 - Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
1917 - Ammunitions ship explodes in Archangelsk harbor, about 1,500 die
1917 - Kern, Bolton and Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in New York City
1919 - French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
1921 - Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
1922 - Marc Connelly and George Kaufman's "To the Ladies," premieres in New York City
1922 - Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
1922 - WOR-AM in New York City begins radio transmissions
1923 - Christy Mathewson becomes President of Boston Braves
1927 - Golfers in South Carolina arrested for violating Sabbath
1929 - American Samoa organizes as territory of U.S.
1929 - Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field
1930 - Capelle soccer team forms
1931 - Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
1932 - Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
1933 - Curom, Curacaose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech
1933 - House of Representatives completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
1933 - Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in New York City
1934 - Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in New York City
1935 - Karoline Mikkelson is 1st woman on Antarctica
1937 - 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
1938 - U.K. Foreign Secretary Eden resigns, says Prime Minister Chamberlain appeased Germany
1940 - Larry Clinton and his Orchestra record "Limehouse Blues"
1941 - 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk, Poland
1941 - Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
1941 - Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
1942 - Lt. E. H. O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers
1943 - Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
1943 - New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico)
1943 - Phil Wrigley and B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
1944 - Batman and Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
1944 - U.S. takes Eniwetok Island
1947 - Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in Los Angeles
1947 - Lord Mountbatten appointed as last viceroy of India
1948 - Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
1949 - 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
1950 - Dylan Thomas arrives in New York City for his 1st U.S. poetry reading tour
1950 - WOL-AM in Washington D.C. swaps calls with WWDC
1952 - 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
1952 - "African Queen" opens at Capitol Theater in New York City
1953 - August A. Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
1953 - U.S. Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport and not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
1954 - Babe Didrikson Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1954 - General Zahedi wins election in Persia
1955 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1956 - WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 vs. England, 13 wkts for match
1958 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner
1958 - Los Angeles Coliseum Commission approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility
1962 - John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth in Friendship 7
1963 - End of the Test Cricket careers of Neil Harvey and Alan Davidson
1963 - Willie Mays for the San Francisco Giants signs a record $100,000 per year contract
1965 - Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
1965 - Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
1965 - Turkish government of Uerguplu forms
1966 - Author Valery Tarsis banished in U.S.S.R.
1968 - John Cleese (Monty Python) marries Connie Booth
1968 - State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A and M
1971 - Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season
1971 - General Idi Amin Dada appointed president of Uganda
1971 - National Emergency Center erroneously orders U.S. radio and TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
1972 - 1st time Cleveland Cavaliers beat New York Knicks (111-109)
1972 - Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater
1972 - Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee
1973 - 10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins
1974 - Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
1974 - Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA
1975 - Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, vs. Pakistan Lahore
1975 - Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party
1975 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1976 - Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1977 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1977 - "My Fair Lady" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 384 performances
1978 - 4th People's Choice Awards: Star Wars, Carol Burnett and Bob Hope
1978 - Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ
1978 - Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
1978 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1979 - "Comin' Uptown" opens at Winter Garden Theater New York City for 45 performances
1980 - Actress Susan Dey (LA Law) weds producer Bernard Sofronski
1981 - Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds
1981 - James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec)
1982 - New York Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game
1983 - Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
1983 - Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
1985 - After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
1986 - Los Angeles Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration
1986 - Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany, New York
1987 - Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
1987 - David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years
1988 - 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
1988 - Andre Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
1988 - Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating
1988 - Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec)
1988 - Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0
1988 - Peter Kalikow purchases New York Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
1988 - Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2)
1988 - Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)
1989 - Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players
1991 - 33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey
1991 - "Taking Steps" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 78 performances
1992 - Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands
1992 - "Private Lives" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 37 performances
1992 - Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
1993 - Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp
1993 - Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1993 - New York Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31
1994 - 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
1994 - Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55)
1994 - Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
1997 - San Francisco Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract
1997 - "Stanley" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City
1998 - Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal
1998 - U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations
1998 - U.S. movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)

21st Century

2002 - Stove mishap sets Egyption train on fire, kills over 360 people
2003 - Fire at the Station rock club in Rhode Island kills nearly 100
2008 - U.S. Navy destroys a U.S. spy satellite with a missile


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