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Events and People Who Made History on February 14

9th Century

842 - Charles II and Louis the German sign treaty

11th Century

1014 - Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II, Roman German emperor
1076 - Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Henry IV

12th Century

1130 - Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II

16th Century

1540 - Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels
1556 - Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic

17th Century

1610 - Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 and Romanov family sign covenant against czar Vasili Shushki
1613 - King James I's daughter Elizabeth marries Frederik
1630 - Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco Brazil
1670 - Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna
1689 - English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince Willem III on the throne

18th Century

1711 - Handels opera Rinaldo, premieres
1746 - Henry Pelham appointed English premier
1766 - Dutch governor Falck signs Treaty of Batticaloa with rebels
1778 - "Stars and Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France)
1794 - 1st U.S. textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Philadelphia

19th Century

1803 - Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Pennsylvania
1848 - James K. Polk became 1st President photographed in office by Matthew Brady
1859 - Oregon admitted as 33rd state
1862 - Galena, 1st U.S. iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut
1867 - Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection and Insurance Co. issues 1st policy
1867 - Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia)
1872 - 1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt, California)
1876 - A G Bell and Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
1879 - Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
1883 - 1st state labor union legislation; New Jersey legalizes unions
1887 - Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000
1889 - 1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves Los Angeles for east
1890 - 1st NSW vs. South Australia 1st-class cricket game
1894 - Venus is both a morning star and evening star
1895 - Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London
1896 - George Lohmann takes a hat-trick vs. South Africa, 8-7 for inning
1896 - South Africa all out for 30 vs. England - their lowest ever
1896 - Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0
1896 - Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat"
1899 - U.S. Congress begins using voting machines

20th Century

1900 - Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock"
1903 - U.S. Department of Commerce and Labor forms
1907 - 1st U.S. fox hound association forms in New York City
1912 - 1st U.S. submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Connecticut
1912 - Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state
1914 - High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands
1918 - H Atteridge and S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in New York City
1918 - U.S.S.R. adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
1919 - United Parcel Service forms
1920 - League of Women Voters forms in Chicago
1921 - Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized
1921 - Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," NY
1924 - IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson
1925 - State of emergency crisis in Bayern ends, NSDAP re-allowed
1929 - St. Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed
1931 - Bradman scores 152 Australia vs. WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives
1931 - Spanish Government of General Damasco Berenguer falls
1932 - South Africa all out for 36 in 1st innings vs. Australia (Ironmonger 5-6)
1934 - NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto
1936 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1936 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1939 - Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind
1940 - British merchant vessel fleet is armed
1941 - 1,000,000th vehicle traverses the New York Midtown Tunnel
1941 - Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published
1941 - Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street
1941 - German Africa Corps lands in Tripoli, Libya
1942 - Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang Sumatra
1942 - Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens
1943 - German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia
1943 - Soviets recapture Rostov
1944 - Anti-Japanese revolt on Java
1944 - Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial and Sport Fishing
1945 - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
1945 - Peru, Paraguay, Chile and Ecuador joins UN
1946 - Bank of England nationalized
1949 - 1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel)
1949 - Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses
1950 - Moroney scores cricket twin centuries for Australia at Johannesburg
1950 - U.S.S.R. and China sign peace treaty
1951 - Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta and takes middleweight title
1952 - 6th Olympic winter games open at Oslo, Norway
1952 - Comedian Joey Adams marries gossip columnist Cindy Heller
1954 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
1954 - Senator John Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press"
1954 - WTOC TV channel 11 in Savannah, Georgia (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - WFLA (now WXFL) TV channel 8 in Tampa-St. Petersburg, Florida (NBC) begins
1956 - 20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
1956 - Indonesia withdraws from Netherlands Indonesian Union
1956 - Verhoeven/Nauta/De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate
1957 - Georgia Senate unanimously approves Senator Leon Butts' bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites
1958 - Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan forms
1959 - $3.6 million heroin seizure in New York City
1960 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
1960 - Marshal Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan
1961 - Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley California
1961 - Louise Suggs wins LPGA Royal Poinciana Golf Invitational
1962 - 1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV
1963 - U.S. launches communications satellite Syncom 1
1966 - Australia introduces 1st decimal currency postage stamps
1966 - Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points
1966 - Writers Andrei Sinjavski and Joeij Daniel found guilty
1967 - Aretha Franklin records "Respect"
1967 - Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up
1968 - Pennsylvania Railroad/New York City Central merge into Penn Central
1968 - WHKY TV channel 14 in Hickory, North Carolina (IND) begins broadcasting
1970 - "Gantry" closes at George Abbott Theater New York City after 1 performance
1971 - Movie "Ben Hur" 1st shown on television
1971 - Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House
1972 - John and Yoko co-host "Mike Douglas Show" for entire week
1972 - Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit and soft landing on Moon
1975 - Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station
1976 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1978 - 1st "micro on a chip" patented by Texas Instruments
1978 - In girls' High School basketball, Chicago Latin beats Harvard St. George
1979 - "Whoopee!" opens at ANTA Theater New York City for 204 performances
1980 - 13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, New York
1980 - U.S. launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares
1980 - "West Side Story" opens at Minskoff Theater New York City for 341 performances
1982 - Hollis Stacy wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1982 - "Night of 100 Stars" takes place at New York's Radio City Music Hall
1984 - Singer Elton John marries Renate Blauel in Sydney, Australia
1985 - Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut
1987 - 53,745 largest NBA crowd to date-Philadelphia at Detroit
1988 - 49th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player
1988 - Alfredo Stroessner re-elected president of Paraguay
1988 - Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500
1988 - General hospital star Jackie Zeman marries Glenn Gorden
1988 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic
1989 - African National Congress (ANC) opens office in Amsterdam
1989 - Boxer Mike Tyson divorces actress Robin Givens
1989 - Khomeini orders Moslems to murder "Satanic Verses" novelist Rushdie
1989 - Robin Givens is granted a divorce from Mike Tyson in Dom Rep
1989 - Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 mill damages for Bhopol disaster
1989 - World's 1st satellite Skyphone opens
1990 - Alan Ayckbourn's "Man of the Moment," premieres in London
1990 - Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some
1990 - Space probe Voyager 1 takes photograph of entire solar system
1991 - "Mule Bone" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater New York City for 67 performances
1991 - NL Cy Young winner Doug Drabek wins record $3 mil salary arbitration
1992 - Andre Cason runs world record 6 m indoor (6.41 sec)
1992 - Cease fire in Somalia begins
1992 - Kieren John Perkins swims world record 800m freestyle (7:46.60)
1992 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 60m indoor (6.96 sec)
1993 - Fire in Linxi department store in Tangshan China, kills 79
1994 - Alexander Golubev skates Olympic record 500m (36.33)
1994 - Grateful Dead's Jerry Garcia (51) weds Deborah Koons
1995 - Roseanne weds bodyguard Ben Thomas
1995 - Wellington 2-498d and 4-475 beat Canterbury 496 and 2-476d

21st Century

2001 - Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) spacecraft becomes first vehicle to land on an asteroid (433 Eros)


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