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Events and People Who Made History on February 13

12th Century

1130 - Gregorio de' Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II

14th Century

1349 - Jews are expelled from Burgsordf Switzerland

16th Century

1510 - Charles of Gelre conquerors Oldenzaal
1545 - Willem of Nassau becomes prince of Orange
1566 - St. Augustine, Florida founded
1578 - Tycho Brahe 1st sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system

17th Century

1601 - John Lancaster leads 1st East India Company voyage from London
1633 - Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun
1635 - Oldest U.S. public institution, Boston Latin School founded
1651 - Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
1668 - Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
1689 - British Parliament adopts Bill of Rights
1692 - MacDonald clan murdered on orders of King William III
1693 - College of William and Mary opens

18th Century

1706 - Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia/Saksen
1741 - Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
1755 - Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java
1777 - de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress
1782 - French fleet occupies St. Christopher
1786 - Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
1795 - 1st state university in U.S. opens, University of North Carolina
1799 - 1st U.S. law regulating insurance passed, by Massachusetts

19th Century

1809 - French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
1816 - Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire
1826 - American Temperance Society, forms in Boston
1832 - 1st appearance of cholera at London
1837 - Riot in New York over high price of flour
1858 - Sir Richard Burton and John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa
1860 - King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
1861 - 1st military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor
1861 - Abraham Lincoln declared president
1861 - Col Bernard Irwin attacks and defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
1864 - Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek and Wyatt, Mississippi
1866 - Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)
1867 - Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
1886 - Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class
1895 - Moving picture projector patented
1899 - -1 degrees F (-18 degrees C) New Orleans, Louisiana
1899 - -16 degrees F (-27 degrees C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
1899 - -2 degrees F (-19 degrees C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)

20th Century

1905 - -29 degrees F (-34 degrees C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
1905 - -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
1905 - -40 degrees F (-40 degrees C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
1907 - English suffragettes storm British Parliament and 60 women are arrested
1912 - England regains cricket's Ashes
1914 - American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers-ASCAP forms in New York City
1920 - League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
1920 - Switzerland rejoin League of Nations
1923 - 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance," organizes
1924 - King Tut's tomb opened
1925 - U.S. Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult
1927 - Uprising against Portuguese regime of General Carmona defeated
1929 - Cruiser Act: OKs construction of 19 new cruisers and an aircraft carrier
1929 - Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop," premieres in Moscow
1932 - "Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang"
1934 - Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialistic party
1935 - 1st U.S. surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
1935 - Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap and murder of Lindbergh's infant
1937 - Bradman scores 123 SA vs. Queensland, 165 minutes, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
1937 - Maribel Vinson wins her 9th U.S. figure skating championship
1937 - NFL Boston Redskins move to Washington D.C.
1937 - "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
1937 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
1937 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 - Bradman scores 209* in 161 minutes for South Australia at the WACA
1941 - Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council
1942 - Hitler's Operation Seelowe (invasion of England) cancelled
1943 - German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, General Eisenhower visits front
1943 - Women's Marine Corps created
1945 - Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die
1945 - Gerbrandy British government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
1945 - U.S.S.R. captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
1946 - "Duchess Misbehaves" opens at Adelphi Theater New York City for 5 performances
1948 - Andy Ganteaume scores 112 for West Indies in only Test Cricket innings
1948 - Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy and Baugniet of BEL
1948 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
1948 - Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to U.S. from England
1952 - Rocky Marciano defeated Lee Savold for his 39th straight win
1953 - A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
1954 - Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
1955 - Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls
1955 - KRCG TV channel 13 in Jefferson City, MO (CBS) begins broadcasting
1955 - Patty Berg wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
1956 - KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland
1957 - Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans
1959 - Barbie doll goes on sale
1959 - Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
1960 - "Beg, Borrow or Steal" opens at Martin Beck Theater New York City for 5 performances
1960 - France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
1960 - "Saratoga" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 80 performances
1961 - Frank Sinatra launches Reprise label under Warner Bros Records
1961 - Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
1965 - Peggy Fleming, 16, wins ladies senior figure skating title
1965 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
1965 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
1966 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1968 - U.S. sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam
1969 - Mary Hopkin's Postcard album on Apple is released
1969 - Suriname government of Pengel resigns
1970 - Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
1970 - NL offices begins move from Cincinnati to San Francisco (completed February 23)
1971 - 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos
1971 - Golfing Vice President Spiro Agnew hits 2 tee shots into crowd, injuring 2
1972 - 11th Winter Olympic games close at Sapporo, Japan
1972 - "1776" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 1,217 performances
1972 - "Grease" opens on Broadway
1973 - Musical "El Grande de Coca-Cola," premieres in New York City
1973 - U.S. dollar devalues 10 percent
1974 - Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from U.S.S.R.
1974 - James "Cool Papa" Bell is named to baseball's Hall of Fame
1974 - "Rainbow Jones" opens and closes at Music Box Theater New York City
1975 - Cyprus premier Denktash procliams Turkish-Cypriot Federation
1976 - Dorothy Hamill wins Olympic figure-skating gold, Innsbruck, Austria
1976 - Peter Casserly of New Zealand hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 holes
1977 - Eric Heiden is 1st American to win world speed skating championship
1977 - "Guys and Dolls" closes at Broadway Theater New York City after 239 performances
1977 - "Ipi Tombi" closes at Harkness Theater New York City after 39 performances
1977 - Pam Higgins wins LPGA American Cancer Society Golf Classic
1977 - "Robber Bridegroom" closes at Biltmore Theater New York City after 145 performances
1978 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1979 - 2nd Emmy Sports Award presentation
1979 - Washington State's Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm
1980 - Apollo Computer Inc. incorporated
1980 - New Zealand beats West Indies by one wicket in cricket at Dunedin
1981 - Longest sentence published by New York Times-1286 words
1982 - Dark Side of the Moon, is on charts for 402nd week
1982 - Islander's Bryan Trottier scores 5 goals against Flyers
1983 - 33rd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 132-123 at LA
1983 - Australia beats New Zealand 2-0 to win World Series Cup
1983 - E Bernstein, Levinson and Link's musical "Merlin" premieres in New York City
1983 - "Merlin" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 199 performances
1983 - World Boxing Council becomes 1st to cut boxing from 15 to 12 rounds
1984 - 6 year old Texan Stormie Jones gets 1st heart and liver transplant
1984 - Konstantin Chernenko succeeds Yuri Andropov as U.S.S.R. leader
1985 - Dow Jones closes at 1297.92 (record high) after topping 1300 earlier
1985 - Polish police arrests 7 Solidarity leaders
1987 - Tigers' Jack Morris awarded $1.85 million salary by arbitrator
1988 - 15th Winter Olympic games open at Calgary, Canada
1988 - Christine Wachtel runs world record 800m indoor (1:56:40)
1988 - European Community plans removal of inner boundaries on Jan 1, 1992
1988 - Heike Dreschler long jumps world record indoor (7.37m)
1988 - Ronald Weigel runs unofficial world record speed walking (18:11.41)
1989 - Kidnapped Belgian Premier Vanden Boeynants freed
1989 - Oklahoma football player Charles Thompson is charged with selling cocaine; he is later sentenced to 2 years in prison
1990 - 50 killed at Inkatha-UDF battle in Natal, South Africa
1990 - Larry Bird (Celtics) ends NBA free throw streak of 71 games
1990 - U.S., England, France and England give Germany OK to reunify
1991 - Syria tells Germany they are ready to recognize Israel
1991 - U.S. bombs Iraqi air raid shelter, killing 334
1992 - Jose Canseco repeatedly rams his Porsche into wife Esther's BMW
1992 - "Most Happy Fella" opens at Booth Theater New York City for 229 performances
1992 - West beats East 14 to 9 in Major Soccer League all star game
1993 - Ljubow Kremljowa runs world record 1000m indoor (2:34:84)
1993 - Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (21.87 sec)
1993 - Sergei Bubka pole vaults indoor record (6.14 m)
1994 - 44th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 127-118 at Minneapolis
1994 - Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.9m
1994 - Johann Olav Koss skates world record 5000m 6:34,96
1994 - Ship disaster near Ranong Thailand, kills 200
1995 - West Indies beat New Zealand by innings and 332, Courtney Walsh 13-55
1996 - Howard Stern announces he will be making the film "Private Parts"
1996 - Rock musical "Rent," by Jonathan Larson, opens off-Broadway
1997 - Discovery captures Hubble Space Telescope
1997 - "Three Sisters," opens at Criterion Theater New York City

21st Century

2000 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship
2000 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship
2008 - Prime Minister Kevin Rudd issues a formal apology to the Aboriginal people of Australia


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