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Events and People Who Made History on February 12

11th Century

1049 - Bruno count of Egesheim and Dagsburg crowned Pope Leo IX

12th Century

1111 - German King Hendry V arrives at St. Peter, Rome
1130 - Pope Innocent II elected

16th Century

1528 - Treaty of Dordrecht between emperor and ecclesiastical power
1541 - Santiago, Chile founded (or Feb 24)
1577 - Spanish land guardian Don Juan of Habsburg signs "Eternal Edict"

17th Century

1624 - English parliament comes together

18th Century

1709 - Alexander Selkirk, Scottish seaman is rescued after 4+ years from Fernandez Island (inspiration for Daniel Defoe's "Robinson Crusoe")
1733 - Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe, at site of Savannah
1736 - Maria Theresa Habsburg marries French Stefanus (emperor Francois I)
1762 - English fleet occupies Martinique
1763 - John Casteret appointed British minister of foreign affairs
1772 - Yves de Kerguelen of France discovers Kerguelen Archipelago, India
1793 - 1st U.S. fugitive slave law passed; requires return of escaped slaves
1797 - Haydn's song "Gott erhalte Franz den Kaiser," premieres in Vienna

19th Century

1818 - Chile gains independence from Spain
1821 - Mercantile Library of City of New York opens
1825 - Creek Indian treaty signed. Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government and migrate west by Sept 1, 1826
1832 - Ecuador annexes Gal pagos Islands
1839 - Aroostock War: Boundary dispute between Maine and New Brunswick
1840 - Housatonic Railroad opens
1848 - Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
1850 - Original Washington's Farewell Address manuscript sells for $2,300
1861 - State troops seize U.S. munitions in Napoleon, Arkansas
1865 - Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in U.S. House of Reps
1870 - Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for U.S. silver coins to circulate in Canada
1873 - Congress abolishes bimetallism and authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins
1874 - King David Kalakaua of Sandwich Is Hawaii, is 1st king to visit U.S.
1876 - Al Spalding opens his sporting good shop
1877 - 1st news dispatch by telephone, between Boston and Salem, Mass
1877 - U.S. railroad builders strike against wage reduction
1878 - Frederick Thayer patents catcher's mask (pat # 200,358)
1879 - 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Square Garden, New York City)
1879 - News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
1880 - National Croquet League organizes in Philadelphia
1882 - Social-Democratic Union forms in Amsterdam
1885 - Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society
1886 - 2nd British government of Salisbury forms
1889 - Cesar Francks Symphony in D, premieres
1889 - Henrik Ibsens "Fruen fra Haven," premieres in Oslo
1899 - 1st 2-man team 6-day bicycle race in U.S. begins, MSG, New York City
1899 - -47 degrees F (-44 degrees C), Camp Clarke, Nebraska (state record)

20th Century

1901 - Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed
1906 - George Cohan's musical "George Washington," premieres in New York City
1908 - Anna Jeanes bequeaths $1,000,000 to Swarthmore to become all female
1908 - New York to Paris auto race (via Alaska and Siberia) begins in New York City George Schuster wins after 88 days behind the wheel
1909 - National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) forms
1909 - Netherlands' SDAP suspends Marxist Tribune group (Gorter and Wijnkoop)
1909 - Robert Fowler runs world record marathon (2:46:52.6)
1912 - China adopts Gregorian calendar
1912 - Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates
1915 - Cornerstone laid for Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C.
1916 - 1st edition of Joseph Patterson/Sidney Smith strip "Gumps"
1920 - NL votes 6-2 for 1 commissioner AL votes 6-2 to keep group commission
1921 - Soviet troops invade Georgia
1921 - Winston Churchill becomes British, minister of Colonies
1924 - George Gershwin's "Rhapsody In Blue" premieres at Carnegie Hall (New York City)
1924 - George Kaufman's "Beggar on Horseback," premieres in New York City
1925 - 1st federal arbitration law approved by Congress
1925 - E Thieffry departs with Handley Page for the Belgian Congo
1925 - Estonia forbids communist Party
1926 - Barendrecht soccer team forms
1927 - British expeditionary army lands in Shanghai
1929 - Karst Leemburg wins Dutch 11 cities skate (11:30)
1932 - Communist Party of Holland forms Unemployed Combat Committees
1933 - German vice-chancellor von Papen demands Catholic aid for Nazis
1934 - Export-Import Bank incorporates
1934 - France hit by a general strike against fascists and royalists
1935 - Great airship, USS Macon, crashes into Pacific Ocean
1937 - Cleveland (now Los Angeles) Rams granted an NFL franchise
1938 - Austrian chancellor Schuschnigg visits Hitler in Berchtesgaden
1938 - German troops entered Austria
1941 - Jewish Council for Amsterdam forms, under Ascher/Cohen
1941 - Occupation Police arrest "Jewish Foursome"
1942 - 3 German battle cruisers escape via Channel to Brest N Germany
1943 - General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa
1944 - Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race
1945 - San Francisco selected for site of United Nations Conference
1947 - Daytime fireball and meteorite fall seen in eastern Siberia
1947 - Record 100.5-kg sailfish caught, C W Stewart, Galapagos Islands
1948 - 1st Lt. Nancy Leftenant becomes 1st black in army nursing corps
1949 - "Annie Get Your Gun" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 1147 performances
1949 - Panic in Quito Ecuador, after "War of the World" played on radio
1949 - Team Canada beats Denmark 47-0 in hockey
1949 - Unidentified aircraft bomb Jerusalem
1950 - Albert Einstein warns against hydrogen bomb
1950 - Senator Joe McCarthy claims to have list of 205 communist government employees
1953 - U.S.S.R. breaks relations with Israel
1955 - McGuire Sisters' "Sincerely" single goes to #1 and stays #1 for 10 weeks
1955 - President Eisenhower sends 1st U.S. advisors to South Vietnam
1955 - Soviets decides space center built in Baikonur, Kazachstan
1955 - WTVY TV channel 4 in Dothan, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Miami Beach Golf Open
1957 - Researchers announce Borazan (harder than diamonds) been developed
1958 - Celtic Bill Russell grabs 41 rebounds to beat Syracuse 119-101
1958 - General Miguel Ydegoras Fuentes elected president of Guatemala
1960 - Chinese army kills 12 Indian soldiers
1961 - Celtic Bill Russell grabs 40 rebounds to beat Warriors 136-125
1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA St. Petersburg Golf Open
1961 - Mushtaq Mohammad scores 1st Test Cricket century at 17 years 82 days
1961 - U.S.S.R. launches Venera 1 toward Venus
1962 - Bus boycott starts in Macon, Georgia
1963 - Argentina asks extraditon of ex-president Peron
1964 - Beatles 1st New York City concert at Carnegie Hall
1964 - End of Richie Benaud's 63-Test Cricket career
1964 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
1964 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Allen
1965 - KHFI (now KBVO) TV channel 42 in Austin, Texas (NBC) begins broadcasting
1965 - Nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
1967 - Kees Verkerk becomes world champ all round skater
1967 - Keith Richards, Mick Jagger and Marianne Faithful busted for drugs
1970 - Anthony Shaffers "Sleuth," premieres in New York City
1971 - Only Test Cricket for Ken Eastwood, who scored 5 and 0 Australia vs. England
1973 - 1st U.S. POWs in North Vietnam released; 116 of 456 flown to Philippine
1976 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 - Toronto Maple Leafs shutout Washington Capitals 10-0
1978 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA American Cancer Society Golf Classic
1978 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" closes at Longacre Theater New York City after 96 performances
1978 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Linda Fratianne
1978 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Charles Tickner
1979 - Kosmos 1076, 1st Soviet oceanographic satellite, launched
1980 - "Canterbury Tales" opens at Rialto Theater New York City for 16 performances
1980 - New York Islanders 2nd scoreless tie, vs. Winnipeg Jets
1980 - Richard Hadlee becomes New Zealand's top wicket-taker with 117
1981 - Admiral Bobby R. Inman, USN, becomes deputy director of CIA
1981 - Arbitrator Goetz declares Red Sox catcher Carlton Fisk a free agent
1981 - Cape Verde amends its constitution
1981 - Pete Squires sets record for 1575 steps of Empire State Building, 10m
1982 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - Wayne Gretzky scores 153rd point of season, tieing NHL record
1984 - Alice Miller wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic
1984 - Cale Yarborough, becomes 1st Daytona 500 qualifier, above 200 MPH
1984 - Jayne Torvill and Christopher Dean skate "Bolero" at Olympics
1984 - West Indies beat Australia 2-0-1 to win cricket World Series Cup receiving all perfect scores for quality and gold medal
1985 - 37th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 6-4 at Calgary
1985 - West Indies beat Australia 2-1 to win cricket World Series Cup
1986 - 1st-class cricket debut of Curtly Ambrose, Leeward Is vs. Guyana
1989 - 39th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 143-134 at Houston
1989 - 5 Pakistani Moslem rioters killed protesting "Satanic Verses" novel
1989 - 50th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Larry Mowry
1989 - Barbara Harris becomes 1st female bishop of a U.S. Episcopal church
1989 - Gretzky sets 2 records, his 45th hat trick and 10th 40+ goal season
1989 - Thursday's Child sets sailing record, New York-Cape Horn-SF, 80 d 20 h
1989 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Christopher Bowman
1991 - Iceland recognizes Lithuania's independence
1991 - North and South Korea form a joint team for table tennis competition
1994 - 17th Winter Olympic games opens in Lillehammer, Norway
1994 - 20th century premiere of 6 restored Haydn-sonatas in Boston
1994 - Edvard Munch's painting "The Cry" stolen (in Oslo)
1994 - Inna Lassovskaya jumps world record 14.90m
1994 - Model Anna Nicole Smith hospitalized for drug overdose
1995 - 45th NBA All-Star Game: West beats East 139-112 at Phoenix
1995 - Angela Kennedy swims woman's world record 50m butterfly
1995 - Bonnie Blair skates female world record 500m (38.69 sec)
1995 - Dieter Baumann runs European record 3k indoor (7:37.51)
1995 - Jeff Rouse swims world record 50m backstroke (24.37 sec)
1995 - Moses Kiptanui runs world record 3k indoor (7:35.15)
1995 - PRI loses/PAN wins Mexican regional elections
1995 - Sun Cayun pole vaults indoor female world record (4.13m)
1995 - Susan Auch skates female world record 500m (38.94 sec)
1997 - Fred Goldman says he will settle for a signed murder confession from O. J. Simpson in lieu of his $20.5 million judgement
1998 - 250-car Italy pile-up due to fog, 4 die and 50 hurt
1998 - Dallas Cowboys sign Chan Gailey as their 4th head coach
1998 - "Freak," opens at Cort Theater New York City
1998 - Intel unveils its 1st graphics chip i740
1998 - U.S. district judge T. Hogan declares line-item veto law unconstitutional
1999 - Senate acquits President Clinton of lying under oath and obstruction of justice in the Lewinski case

21st Century

2002 - Iran Air Tours flight 956 crashes into a mountain in Iran killing 119


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