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Events and People Who Made History on February 11

4th Century

385 - Oldest Pope elected; Siricius-bishop of Tarragona

9th Century

824 - St. Paschal I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

16th Century

1531 - Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England
1543 - Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian/Portugese troops beat Moslem army
1543 - Karel/Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant
1573 - 1st European, Francis Drake sees the Pacific (from Panama)
1575 - King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe

17th Century

1638 - Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode

18th Century

1720 - Sweden and Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
1752 - Pennsylvania Hospital, the 1st hospital in the U.S., opened
1766 - Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia
1768 - Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes
1790 - Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
1793 - Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
1794 - 1st session of U.S. Senate open to the public

19th Century

1808 - Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa
1809 - Robert Fulton patents steamboat
1810 - Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria
1811 - President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
1812 - Massachusetts Governor Gerry signs a redistricting bill-1st "gerrymander"
1814 - Norway's independence proclaimed
1826 - London University founded
1837 - American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
1840 - Gaetano Donizetti's Opera "La Fille du Regiment," premieres in Paris
1843 - Opera "I Lombardi," premieres in Milan
1851 - 1st cricket 1st-class game in Australia, Tasmania vs. Vic, Launceston
1852 - 1st British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street London)
1854 - Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
1858 - 1st apparition of Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes France
1861 - President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield Illinois to Washington D.C.
1861 - U.S. House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
1873 - Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
1878 - 1st U.S. bicycle club, Boston Bicycle Club, forms
1878 - 1st weekly Weather report published in UK
1889 - Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
1895 - -17 degrees F (-27.2 degrees C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
1895 - Georgetown became part of Washington D.C.
1896 - Oscar Wildes "Salom" premieres in Paris
1897 - White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, New York City
1898 - Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named minister to Liberia
1899 - -15 degrees F (-26 degrees C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
1899 - -61 degrees F, Montana (record low temperature)

20th Century

1902 - Police beats up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels
1903 - Anton Bruckner's 9th Symfonie premieres in Vienna
1905 - James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299 -last pin breaks but stands
1905 - Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
1907 - De Master's Dutch government resigns
1907 - Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, 322 die
1908 - Australia regain the Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory vs England
1908 - Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
1916 - Baltimore Symphony Orchestra presents its 1st concert
1916 - Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
1919 - Friedrich Ebert (SPD), elected president of Germany
1921 - Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St. New York City
1922 - "April Showers" by Al Jolson hits #1
1922 - U.S. intervention army leaves Honduras
1926 - Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to New Zealand
1927 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
1927 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
1928 - 2nd Winter Olympic games opens in St. Moritz, Switzerland
1929 - Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo," premieres in New York City
1929 - Vatican City, world's smallest country, made an enclave of Rome
1932 - 73 degrees F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
1935 - -11 degrees F (-24 degrees C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
1935 - 1st U.S. airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, New York
1936 - Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
1937 - 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint, Michigan ends
1938 - Steve Casey beats Lou Thesz in Boston, to become wrestling champ
1941 - Lieutenant-general Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli
1941 - Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
1942 - "Archie" comic book debuts
1943 - General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe
1943 - Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - German troops reconquer Aprilia Italy
1944 - U-424 sunk off Ireland
1945 - 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, California
1945 - Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill and Stalin
1948 - Billy Griffith scores cricket century on debut England vs. WI, out for 140
1948 - John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
1948 - Test Cricket debut of Frank Worrell, vs. England Port-of-Spain
1949 - Willie Pep recaptures world featherweight boxing title
1950 - "Rag Mop" by The Ames Brothers hit #1
1951 - Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election on Gold coast (Ghana)
1953 - "Hazel Flagg" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 190 performances
1953 - J. Styne/B. Hilliard's musical "Hazel Flagg," premieres in New York City
1953 - President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
1953 - Russia breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
1954 - 6th Emmy Awards: I Love Lucy, Donald O'Connor and Eve Arden wins
1957 - KUMV TV channel 8 in Williston, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - NHL Players Association forms (New York City), Red Wings' Ted Lindsay elected president
1958 - 1st flight with black stewardess, Ruth Carol Taylor, Ithaca New York
1958 - Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Minister of Foreign affairs
1958 - WTVC TV channel 9 in Chattanooga, Tennessee (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 - Vinoo Mankad ends his final Test Cricket (v WI at Delhi)
1960 - Jack Paar walks off his TV show
1961 - Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black
1961 - Trial of Adolf Eichmann begins in Jerusalem
1962 - Beatles record "Please, Please Me"
1963 - Beatles tape 10 tracks for their 1st album
1963 - CIA Domestic Operations Division created
1964 - Beatles 1st live appearance in U.S.; Washington D.C. Coliseum
1964 - Greek and Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
1964 - Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
1965 - Beatle Ringo Starr marries Maureen Cox
1965 - Braves propose to pay 5 cents from each ticket to bring a new team to Milwaukee
1966 - San Francisco Giant Willie Mays signs highest contract, $130,000 per year
1968 - Israeli-Jordan border fight
1968 - Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Washington Bridge, Hudson River New York
1968 - Madison Square Garden III closes MSG IV opens (New York City)
1969 - Diana Crump becomes 1st U.S. woman jockey to ride against men, Hialelah
1969 - Dorey Funk, Jr. beats Gene Kiniski in Tampa, to become NWA champ
1970 - 26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mount Washington, New Hampshire (state 24-hour rec)
1970 - Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite, Osumi, in orbit
1970 - John Lennon pays 1,344 pounds fine for 96 protesting South African rugby team playing in Scotland
1971 - Montreal Canadien John Believau scores his 500th NHL goal
1971 - U.S., U.K., U.S.S.R., others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons
1973 - 1st one-day international for Pakistan and New Zealand
1973 - 1st sub 17-minute 1,500m female free style swim (Shane Gould 16m56.9s)
1973 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Naples-Lely Golf Classic
1973 - Philadelphia 76ers lose their 20th NBA game in a row
1974 - 1st baseball arbitration Twins pitcher Dick Woodson seeking $29,000 wins, Twins offered $23,000
1974 - Dick Woodson is 1st of 48 to invoke baseball's new arbitration rule
1974 - Titan-Centaur Test launch fails
1975 - Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for Conservative leadership
1976 - Clifford Alexander, Jr. confirmed as 1st black secretary of Army
1977 - 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)
1978 - 16 Unification church couples wed in New York City
1978 - 25th hat trick in Islander history-Denis Potvin
1978 - China lifts a ban on Aristotle, Shakespeare, and Dickens
1978 - EOKA organization disbands in Cyprus
1979 - 43 million watch "Elvis!" on ABC
1979 - Emmy News and Documentaries Award presentation
1979 - Iran's premier Bakhtiar resigns, Ayatollah Khomeini seizes power
1979 - Musical "They're Playing Our Song," premieres in New York City
1979 - "They're Playing Our Song" opens at Imperial New York City for 1082 performances
1981 - Australia all out 83 vs. India at MCG chasing 143 to win
1981 - Polish premier Jozef Pinkowski replaced by Wojciech Jaruzelski
1982 - Ozzie Smith for Garry Templeton trade finally goes through
1983 - 4th largest snowfall in New York City history (18"(46 cm))
1983 - "Weird Al" Yankovic records "Ricky" and "Buckingham Blues" debut LP
1984 - 10th space shuttle mission (41-B)-Challenger 4-returns to Earth
1984 - Wayne Gretzky sets NHL short handed season scoring record at 11
1985 - Jordan king Hussein and PLO leader Arafat sign accord
1985 - Kent Hrbek signs 5-year, $6 million contract with Minnesota Twins
1985 - Wasim Akram takes 10 wickets in his 2nd Test Cricket, New Zealand still wins
1986 - Activist Anatoly Scharansky released by U.S.S.R., leaves country
1986 - Australia beat India 2-0 to win the World Series Cup
1986 - Iran begins Fajr-8 offensive against Iraq
1987 - British Airways begins trading stocks
1987 - England beat Australia 2-0 to win the World Series Cup
1987 - Philippines constitution goes into effect
1987 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1988 - Anthony M. Kennedy appointed to Supreme Court
1989 - Barbara Clementine Harris consecrated 1st female bishop (Episcopalian)
1989 - U.S. Female Figure Skating championship won by Jill Trenary
1990 - 40th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 130-113 at Miami
1990 - James "Buster" Douglas KOs Mike Tyson to win heavyweight boxing crown
1990 - Nelson Mandela, a political prisoner for 27 years, freed in South Africa
1990 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
1991 - UNPO, Unrepresented Nations and People Org forms in Hague
1992 - F-16 jet crashes at residential district of Hengelo Netherlands (No deaths)
1992 - Michael Johnson runs indoor world record 400m (44.97 sec)
1993 - Howard Stern's radio show begins transmitting to Rochester, New York on WRQI
1993 - Irina Privalova runs world record 60m indoor (6.92 seconds)
1993 - Janet Reno selected by Clinton as U.S. Attorney General
1994 - Lu Parker, (South Carolina), crowned 43rd Miss USA
1994 - Space shuttle STS-60 (Discovery 18), lands
1995 - Danyon Loader swims world record 400m freestyle (340.46)
1995 - Mark Foster swims world record 50m butterfly (23.55 sec)
1995 - Sandra Volker swims European record 50m backstroke (27.67 sec)
1995 - Space shuttle STS-63 (Discovery 19), lands
1995 - U.S. Male Figure Skating championship won by Todd Eldredge
1995 - West Indies score 5-660 against New Zealand
1996 - 46th NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 129-118 at San Antonio
1997 - Bill Parcells becomes head coach of New York Jets
1997 - STS-82 (Discovery 22) launches
1998 - KVBC-FM (Las Vegas) offers Monica Lewinsky $5M for interview
1998 - Lyrics to "Candle in the Wind 1997," auctioned for $442,500

21st Century

2006 - Dick Cheney accidentally shoots friend in a hunting accident
2009 - Morgan Tsvangirai becomes Prime Minister of Zimbabwe after agreeing to share power with President Robert Mugabe


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