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Events and People Who Made History on December 8

14th Century

1326 - Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi

18th Century

1710 - Battle at Brihuega: English General Stanhope captured
1776 - George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from New Jersey
1777 - Captain Cook leaves Society Islands
1792 - 1st cremation in U.S., Henry Laurens
1794 - 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published

19th Century

1813 - Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres
1846 - Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust," premieres
1849 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller," premieres in Naples
1852 - Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten," premieres in Breslau
1854 - Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin
1857 - 1st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY"
1863 - 2,500 reported killed at Church of La Compana, Santiago Chile
1863 - Abraham Lincoln announces plan for Reconstruction of South
1863 - Jesuit church in Chile catches fire, 2,500 die in panic
1863 - President Lincoln offers amnesty for confederate deserters
1864 - Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")
1869 - 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
1874 - Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie, Kansas
1875 - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty," premieres in St. Petersburg
1876 - Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
1880 - 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South Africa
1881 - Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850
1886 - American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president
1895 - Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out
1896 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter"
1899 - Natal: British fall/burst out belegerd Ladysmith

20th Century

1902 - Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. became Associate Justice on Supreme Court
1909 - Bird banding society found
1913 - Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
1914 - British and German fleets battle at Falkland Island
1914 - Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox
1914 - Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step," premieres in New York City
1915 - Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E, premieres
1921 - Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty
1923 - German - U.S friendship treaty signed
1923 - Labour/Liberals win British parliament
1923 - Salary and price freeze in Germany
1930 - Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway New York City
1930 - Cole Porter's musical "NYCers," premieres in New York City
1931 - Coaxial cable patented
1934 - Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock," premieres in Zurich
1936 - Anastasio Somoza elected President of Nicaragua
1936 - NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black and white teachers
1938 - Highest temperature for December in U.S. recorded in La Mesa California
1938 - LP Beria follows Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police
1940 - 1st NFL championship on national radio; Bears beat Redskins 73-0
1941 - Destruction Camp Chelmo opens
1941 - London: Dutch government declares Japan the war
1941 - Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo
1941 - SF 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM
1941 - U.S. and Britain declare war on Japan, U.S. enters WW II
1942 - 8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB)
1943 - John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle," premieres in New York City
1946 - Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight
1947 - "Caribbean Carnival" opens at International Theater New York City for 11 performances
1948 - 14th Heisman Trophy Award: Doak Walker, SMU (HB)
1948 - Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine
1948 - "Marinka" closes at Winter Garden Theater New York City after 168 performances
1949 - Chinese Nationalist government moves from Chinese mainland to Formosa
1949 - "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opens at Ziegfeld Theater New York City for 740 performances
1949 - Jule Styne's "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes," premieres in New York City
1951 - AL alters its restrictions on night games, adopting NL's suspended game rule and lifting its ban on lights for Sunday games
1951 - "Tree Grows in Brooklyn" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 267 performances
1952 - 1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy)
1952 - French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die
1952 - Isaak Ben-Zwi elected President of Israel
1953 - 19th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lattner, Notre Dame (HB)
1954 - Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed," premieres in New York City
1954 - WPTZ TV channel 5 in Plattsburgh, New York (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - 21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB)
1955 - Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award
1955 - Turkish government of Menderes forms
1956 - 16th Olympic games close at Melbourne, Australia
1956 - 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
1956 - Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues," single goes #1 for 10 weeks
1959 - Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta
1959 - President Eisenhower watches Pakistan vs. Australia Test Cricket at Karachi
1960 - Expansion LA Angels sign a 4 year lease to use Dodger Stadium
1961 - Antwerp Belgium diocese forms
1961 - Larry Costello scores 32 consecutive pts without a miss (NBA rec)
1961 - South Africa vs. New Zealand, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow and Peter Pollock
1961 - Wilt Chamberlain scores the 2nd highest total in the NBA - 78
1962 - 114-day newspaper strike begins in New York City
1962 - Failed coup in Brunei
1962 - Funeral for Queen Wilhelmina of Holland (New Kerk, Delft)
1962 - "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes at Shubert New York City after 300 performances
1963 - 3 fuel tanks explodes when jetliner is struck by lightning crashing near Elkton, Maryland-Only case of lightning caused crash, 81 die
1963 - "Girl Who Came to Supper" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 112 performances
1963 - Mickey Wright/Dave Ragan, Jr. wins LPGA Haig and Haig Scotch Mixed Golf
1965 - Abe Burrows' "Cactus Flower," premieres in New York City
1965 - Nikolai Podgorny succeeds Mikojan as president of U.S.S.R.
1965 - Pope Paul VI signs 2nd Vatican council
1966 - A terrible Yankee trade, Roger Maris for Card's Charlie Smith
1966 - U.S. and U.S.S.R. sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space
1967 - Beatles "Magical Mystery Tour" album is released in UK
1967 - NHL California Seals change name to Oakland Seals
1969 - Greek DC-6B crashes in storm at Athens, 93 killed
1969 - Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in LA
1972 - United Airlines crashes at Chicago's Midway Airport killing 45
1973 - 39th Heisman Trophy Award: John Cappelletti, Penn State (RB)
1973 - "Seesaw" closes at Uris Theater New York City after 296 performances
1974 - Greek monarchy rejected by referendum
1974 - Irish Republican Socialist Party forms
1974 - Sandra Post wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open
1974 - Soyuz 16 returns to Earth
1975 - "Raisin" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 847 performances
1976 - U.N. General Assembly re-elects Kurt Waldheim secretary-General
1976 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1977 - 43rd Heisman Trophy Award: Earl Campbell, Texas (RB)
1977 - Portugal's premier Soares resigns
1978 - Commencement of the 1st day/night WSC cricket supertest at VFL Park
1980 - Bravo network premieres on cable TV
1981 - France performs nuclear test
1982 - Clark Gilles fails in 7th Islander penalty shot
1982 - Demanding an end to nuclear weapons, Norman Mayer, held Washington Monument hostage. After 10 hours, police kill him he had no explosives
1982 - "Herman Van Veen: All of Him" opens at Ambassador New York City for 6 performances
1982 - Suriname army leader Bouterse murders 15 opponents
1983 - 9th Space Shuttle Mission - Columbia 6 - lands at Edwards AFB
1983 - Richard Baker, Zen teacher, steps down from abbotship of San Francisco Zen Center
1984 - 73rd Australian Men Tennis: Mats Wilander beats K Curren (67 64 76 62)
1984 - Europe and 64 developing countries sign Lome III treaty
1984 - Ringo appears on Saturday Night Live
1985 - 60th Australian Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats C Evert (62 46 62)
1985 - Ken O'Brien's 96 yard TD pass (New York Jet record) to Wesley Walker
1985 - Laurie Rinker/Larry Rinker wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1986 - House Dems select majority leader Jim Wright as 48th speaker
1987 - Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games
1987 - Occupied Palestinians start "intefadeh" (uprising) against Israel
1987 - President Reagan and Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles
1988 - Knick's set NBA record of 11 3-pointers and sink Bucks, 113-109
1989 - Great Britain performs nuclear test
1990 - Galileo Earth-1 Flyby
1990 - Indians agree to a lease new ballpark in Gateway (Jacobs Field)
1991 - "Homecoming" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 49 performances
1991 - Kris Tschetter/Billy Andrade wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1991 - "Nick and Nora" opens at Marquis Theater New York City for 9 performances
1991 - Russia, Belorussia and Ukraine form Commonwealth of Ind States
1992 - Galileo's nearest approach to Jupiter (303 km)
1992 - NBC announces that "Cheers" will go off the air in May, 1993
1993 - 30 killed at religious rebellion in Algeria
1993 - 4th Billboard Music Awards
1993 - Dow-Jones hits record 3734.53
1993 - Storm hits West Europe, 11 killed in England
1994 - Darryl Strawberry indicted on tax evasion charges
1994 - Fire in cinema in Karamay China, 310 killed
1994 - "What's Wrong With this Picture?" opens at Circle in Sq New York City for 12 per
1996 - Donna Andrews and Mike Hulbert win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1996 - "God Said, Ha!" closes at Lyceum Theater New York City after 22 performances
1997 - 8th Billboard Music Awards: LeAnn Rimes and Spice Girls win


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