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Events and People Who Made History on December 3

8th Century

741 - St. Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III

14th Century

1347 - Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics

16th Century

1557 - 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
1586 - Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England, from Colombia

17th Century

1621 - Galileo invents telescope
1639 - 1st annulment by court decree passes
1676 - Battle at Lund: Sweden beats Denen
1678 - Edmund Halley receives MA from Queen's College, Oxford
1685 - Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm Sweden
1694 - English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
1699 - Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague

18th Century

1775 - 1st official U.S. flag raising (aboard naval vessel Alfred)

19th Century

1818 - Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)
1828 - Andrew Jackson elected 7th president of US
1833 - Oberlin College in Oh, 1st truly coeducational college opens
1834 - 1st U.S. dental society organized (NY)
1835 - 1st U.S. mutual fire insurance company issues 1st policy (RI)
1844 - RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms
1847 - Frederick Douglass publishes 1st issue of his newspaper "North Star"
1863 - Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN
1864 - Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia
1866 - Paid fire department replaces volunteer companies
1868 - Trial of Jefferson Davis starts; 1st blacks on U.S. trial jury
1878 - Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah Israel
1881 - Henry M Stanley finds Leopoldville/Kinshasa
1883 - 48th Congress (1883-85) convenes
1893 - Ndebeles destroy Rhodesia

20th Century

1901 - Milwaukee is dropped from the AL and replaced by St. Louis Browns
1903 - Panglima Polim surrenders to Captain Colijn at Atjeh
1907 - George Cohans musical "Talk of the Town," premieres in New York City
1908 - Edward Elgar's 1st Symphony in A, premieres
1910 - Neon lights, 1st publically seen (Paris Auto Show)
1912 - Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
1912 - Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece and Bulgaria sign weapons pact
1914 - Netherlands army shoots up geinterneerde Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
1920 - Turkey and Armenia agree to peace treaty
1921 - 9th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Edmonton Eskimos, 23-0
1922 - 1st successful technicolor movie (Tall of the Sea), shown in New York City
1923 - 1st Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington D.C.)
1926 - Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)
1929 - Boston Bruins begins then NHL record 14 game winning streak
1930 - Air-borne chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley Belgium)
1930 - Otto Ender forms Austrian government
1930 - Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's musical "Evergreen," premieres in London
1931 - Alka Seltzer goes on sale
1932 - 20th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Tigers defeats Regina Roughriders, 25-6
1932 - General Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor of Germany
1933 - Connie Mack sells Mickey Cochrane to Detroit Tigers for $100,000
1933 - Joe Lilliard quarterbacks Chicago Cardinals; last NFL black until 1946
1934 - Italian colonial Tripoli and Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
1934 - KYW-AM in Chicago, Illinois moves to Philadelphia Penn
1938 - AAU's decides to continue linear measuring system over metric
1939 - Dmitri Sjostakovitsj's 6th Symphony, premieres
1941 - Hitler views Poltava Ukraine
1943 - 9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (quarterback)
1943 - Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
1943 - Howard Hanson's 4th Symphony, premieres
1943 - Strike of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
1944 - British order to disarm, causes general strike in Greece
1944 - Hungarian death march of Jews ends
1944 - Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
1944 - NFL Cardinals-Pitts merger disolves
1944 - U.S. 5th Armour division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
1946 - 12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB)
1946 - U.S. government asks United Nations to order dictator Franco out of Spain
1947 - Tennessee Williams' "Streetcar Named Desire," premieres in New York City
1948 - 1st U.S. woman army officer not in medical corps sworn-in
1948 - Bradman scores his last century, 123 in his own testimonial
1948 - Chinese refugee ship "Kiangya" explodes in E China Sea, killing 1,100
1948 - "Pumpkin Papers" come to light (claimed to be from Alger Hiss)
1949 - KRLD (now KDFW) TV channel 4 in Dallas-Fort Worth, Texas (CBS) begins
1950 - Cleveland Browns last NFL team with no-pass game (beat Philadelphia 13-7)
1950 - Cleveland Browns' Horace Gillom sets club record with 12 punts
1950 - Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast
1952 - 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii
1952 - Marcos Perez Jimenez elected president of Venezuela
1953 - Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in Rep party
1953 - "Kismet" opens at Ziegfeld Theater New York City for 583 performances
1953 - Premier of Dmitri Shostakovich' 5th String Quartet
1954 - Samuel Barber's "Prayers of Kierkegaard," premieres
1954 - William Walton's opera "Troilus and Cressida," premieres in London
1955 - KTVE TV channel 10 in Monroe-El Dorado, LA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - England and France pull troops out of Egypt
1956 - KFSA (now KFSM) TV channel 5 in Ft. Smith, AR (CBS) 1st broadcast
1956 - Wilt Chamberlain's 1st collegiate basketball game (scores 52)
1957 - 23rd Heisman Trophy Award: John Crow, Texas A&M (HB)
1958 - Indonesian parliament accepts nationalisation of Dutch businesses
1959 - State of emergency on Cyprus ends
1960 - "Camelot" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 873 performances
1960 - Frederick Loewe/Alan Jay Lerner's "Camelot," premieres in New York City
1961 - Anton Geesink becomes 1st not-Japanese judo world champion
1961 - Beatles meet future manager Brian Epstein
1961 - George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
1961 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 - Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as 1st U.S. black female judge
1962 - Pravda criticizes western art
1964 - KHQL (now KCAN) TV channel 8 in Albion, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1964 - Police arrests 800 sit-in students at Univeristy of California at Berkeley
1964 - "Rudolph The Red-Nosed Reindeer" 1st airs on TV
1965 - Beatles begin final U.K. concert tour in Glasgow
1965 - U.S.S.R. launches Luna 8; crashes on Moon
1966 - U.S. performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg, Mississippi
1967 - 1st human heart transplant performed (Dr. Christian Barnard, South Africa)
1967 - Derek Clayton runs world record marathon (2:09:36.4)
1967 - Ex-president Sukarno under house arrest in Indonesia
1967 - Final run of "20th Century Limited," famed N.Y. - Chicago luxury train
1968 - Pitcher's mound drops from 15" to 10" and strike zone reduced from knees to shoulders to top of knees to armpits, to help hitters
1969 - John Lennon is offered role of Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ Superstar
1970 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971 - Miss Teenage America Pageant
1971 - President Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa's jail term
1972 - Convair 990A charter crashes in Tenerife Canary Island, 155 die
1973 - Pioneer 10 passes Jupiter (1st fly-by of an outer planet)
1975 - Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Rep proclaimed
1976 - Dr. Patrick J Hillery elected president of Iraq
1978 - "King of Hearts" closes at Minskoff Theater New York City after 48 performances
1978 - Pat Bradley/Lon Hinkle wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1979 - 45th Heisman Trophy Award: Charles White, Southern California (RB)
1979 - Christies auctions a thimble for a record $18,400
1979 - Iran accepts constitution
1980 - NY Federal jury finds Reps Thompson D-New Jersey and Murphy, D-NY, guilty
1981 - Beth Daniel/Tom Kite wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1981 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1982 - 1st New Jersey Devil hat-trick (Steve Tambellini) defeat Hartford 5-4
1982 - 35.7 cm rainfall at Big Fork, Arkansas (state record)
1982 - 77 degrees F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in December
1982 - New Jersey Devils 1st hat trick (Steve Tambellini)
1982 - Tommy Hearns wins WBC Welterweight title in decision over Benitez
1983 - 49th Heisman Trophy Award: Mike Rozier, Nebraska (RB)
1983 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1983 - "Marilyn: An American Fable" closes at Minskoff New York City after 16 performances
1984 - 2,000 die from Union Carbide poison gas emission in Bhopal, India
1984 - Oldest groom - Harry Stevens, 103, weds Thelma Lucas, 83, in Wisc
1985 - 23rd Shuttle Mission (61-B)-Atlantis 2-lands at Edwards AFB
1986 - Sri Lanka all out 55 vs. WI in one-dayer Walsh 5-1 in 4 3 overs
1988 - 54th Heisman Trophy Award: Barry Sanders, Oklahoma State (RB)
1988 - New York Lotto pays $45 million to twelve winner (#s are 1-8-13-18-28-48)
1989 - Pat Bradley/Bill Glasson wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1990 - NL batting champ Willie McGee signs as a free agent with San Francisco Giants
1991 - Hulk Hogan defeats Undertaker to become 4th time WWF champion
1991 - Muslim Shites release U.S. hostage Alan Steen
1991 - White House Chief of Staff John Sununu resigns
1992 - U.N. Security Council votes unanimous for U.S. led forces to enter Somalia
1995 - 84th Davis Cup: USA beats Russia in Moscow (3-2)
1995 - Beth Daniels/Davis Love III wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1995 - "Company" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 68 performances
1995 - "Holiday" opens at Circle in Sq Theater New York City for 49 performances
1995 - Jack Russell takes 11 catches in Test Cricket vs. South Africa, a record
1995 - Naeem Akhtar takes 10-28 for Rawalpindi B against Peshawar
1995 - Northwestern South Carolina begins using new area code 864
1997 - "1776," opens at Gershwin Theater New York City
1997 - Golden State Warrior guard Latrell Sprewell, four-year, $32 million, contract terminated for attacking his coach P J Carlesimo

21st Century

2006 - Hugo Chavez, leftist dictator, is re-elected President of Venezuela


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