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Events and People Who Made History on December 26

3rd Century

268 - St. Dionysius ends his reign as Catholic Pope

5th Century

418 - St. Zosimus ends his reign as Catholic Pope

8th Century

795 - St. Leo III begins his reign as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1198 - French bishop Odo van Sully condemns Zottenfeest

15th Century

1481 - Battle at Westbroek: Dutch army beats Utrecht
1492 - 1st Spanish settlement in New World founded, by Columbus

16th Century

1568 - Uprising of Morisco's against suppression in Granada

17th Century

1620 - Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth, MA
1659 - Long Parliament reforms in Westminster

18th Century

1748 - France and Austria signs treaty about Southern Netherlands
1773 - Expulsion of tea ships from Philadelphia
1776 - Battle of Trenton-major British defeat
1776 - George Washington defeats Hessians at Trenton
1799 - George Washington is eulogized by Col Henry Lee as "1st in war, 1st in peace and 1st in hearts of his countrymen"

19th Century

1805 - France and Austria signs Peace of Pressburg
1805 - Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts established, Philadelphia
1809 - English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
1813 - Zamose, Modlin, Torgau surrenders to allied armies
1825 - Erie Canal opens
1830 - Gaetano Donizetti's opera "Anna Bolena," premieres in Milan
1831 - Vincenzo Bellini's opera "Norma," premieres in Milan
1848 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
1848 - William and Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
1854 - Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
1860 - Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)
1860 - Major Robert Anderson, under cover of darkness, concentrated his small force at Ft. Sumter
1862 - 1st U.S. Navy hospital ship enters service
1862 - 38 Santee Sioux Indians hanged in Mankato Minn, due to their uprising
1862 - Battle of Dumfries, VA
1865 - James H Mason (Mass) patents 1st U.S. coffee percolator
1872 - 4th largest snowfall in New York City history (18")
1877 - Socialist Labor Party of North America holds 1st national convention
1878 - 1st U.S. store to install electric lights, Philadelphia
1879 - John Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture," premieres
1890 - King Mwanga of Uganda signs contract with East Africa Company
1892 - Opera "Cristoforo Colombo" is produced (La Scala)
1899 - Mafeking: Bathe-Powells failed assault up fort Game Tree: 24 killed

20th Century

1902 - Most knock downs in a fight, Oscar Nelson (5) and Christy Williams (42)
1908 - Jack Johnson TKOs Tommy Burns in 14 for heavyweight boxing title
1916 - Joseph Joffre becomes marshal of France
1917 - 1st NHL defensemen to score a goal: Toronto Maple Leaf Harry Cameron
1917 - Federal government took over operation of American RR for duration of WW I
1918 - 1st day of 1st-class cricket in Australia after WW I (Vic vs. NSW)
1919 - Yankees and Red Sox reach agreement on transfer of Babe Ruth
1924 - Judy Garland, 2, billed as Baby Frances, show business debut
1925 - 1st East West football game at Ewing Park before 25,000 fans
1925 - New York's Jake Forbes makes 67 saves, Pitt's Ray Waters makes 70
1925 - NHL record 141 shots as New York Americans (73) beat Pitt Pirates (68) 3-1
1925 - Turkey adopts Gregorian calendar
1926 - Prince-regent Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan
1928 - Johnny Weissmuller announces his retirement from amateur swimming
1928 - World record 10th wicket stand 307 (Kippax / Hooker) NSW vs. Vic
1931 - George/Ira Gershwin's "Of Thee I Sing," premieres in New York City
1931 - Pulitzer Prize-winning musical play "Of Thee I Sing" opens on Bdwy
1931 - SS-Sturmbannfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich marries Lina von Osten
1932 - Earthquake kills 70,000 in Kansu China
1933 - Bradman scores 187* NSW vs. Victoria, 294 minutes, 13 fours
1933 - U.S. forswears armed intervention in Western Hemisphere
1934 - Yomiuri Giants, Japan's 1st professional baseball team forms
1935 - Stalin views Dmitri Sjostakovitsj' opera "Lady Macbeth"
1936 - Israel Philarmonic Orchestra forms
1938 - Bradman scores 225 South Australia vs. Qld before Christ gets him out
1938 - Tom Goddard takes a cricket hat-trick for England vs. South Africa
1939 - Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey
1939 - Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels
1940 - 1st-class debut of Arthur Morris, who scores 148
1940 - JA Fields/J Chodorov's "My Sister Eileen," premieres in New York City
1941 - Winston Churchill becomes 1st British Prime Minister to address a joint meeting of Congress, warning that Axis would "stop at nothing"
1943 - British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst
1943 - Chicago Bears win NFL championship
1943 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter
1944 - Battle of Bastogne - U.S. General Patton's 4th Pantzers repulse Germans
1944 - Budapest surrounded by soviet army
1944 - Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie," premieres in Chicago
1946 - 35th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Melbourne (5-0)
1946 - "Beggar's Holiday" opens at Broadway Theater New York City for 111 performances
1946 - Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era)
1946 - "Toplitzky of Notre Dame" opens at Century Theater New York City for 60 performances
1947 - British transfer Heard and McDonald Is (Indian Ocean) to Australia
1947 - "Cradle Will Ruck" opens at Mansfield Theater New York City for 34 performances
1947 - Heavy snow blankets Northeast, buries New York City under 25.8" of snow in 16 hours That same day, LA set a record high of 84 degrees F
1948 - Hungarian cardinal Mindszenty arrested
1950 - Gillette and Mutual buy All Star and World Series rights ($6M for 6 yrs)
1954 - Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating Detroit 56-10
1954 - "The Shadow," airs for last time on radio
1955 - Cleveland Browns win NFL Championship, beating LA 38-14
1955 - RKO is 1st to announce sale of its film library to TV
1957 - Roger Sessions' 3rd Symphony premieres in London
1960 - "Do Re Mi" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 400 performances
1960 - Musical "Do re mi" with Phil Silvers premieres in New York City
1960 - Philadelphia Eagles beat Green Bay Packers 17-13 in NFL championship game
1963 - Beatles release "I Want To Hold Your Hand"/"I Saw Her Standing There"
1963 - "Double Dublin" opens at Little Theater New York City for 4 performances
1963 - U.S. furnishes cereal to U.S.S.R.
1964 - Beatles' "I Feel Fine," single goes #1 and stays #1 for 3 weeks
1964 - Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 20-7 in AFL championship game
1965 - Buffalo Bills beat San Diego Chargers 23-0 in AFL championship game
1965 - "Funny Girl" with Barbra Streisand closes on Broadway
1966 - Maulana Karenga establishes Kwanzaa (1st fruits of harvest) holiday
1967 - BBC broadcasts "Magical Mystery Tour"
1967 - Dave Brubeck Quartet formally disbands
1968 - Arab terrorists in Athens fire on El Al plane, kills 1
1968 - Bruin Ted Green sets NHL penalty record of 3 minors, 2 majors and 2 game misconducts in a game against New York Rangers in New York's MSG
1968 - Jay Allens "Forty Carats," premieres in New York City
1968 - Led Zeppelin's concert debut in Boston as opener for Vanilla Fudge
1973 - 2 Skylab 3 astronauts walk in space for a record 7 hours
1973 - "Exorcist," starring Linda Blair and rated X, premieres
1973 - Soyuz 13 returns to Earth
1974 - Washington Capitals 1st NHL sellout
1975 - 1st supersonic transport service (U.S.S.R.-Tupolev-144)
1975 - A crowd of 85661 attends the 1st day of the Aust-WI MCG Test Cricket
1976 - "Music Is" closes at St. James Theater New York City after 8 performances
1977 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1978 - India's former Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi, released from jail
1981 - One of the great day's Test Cricket at the MCG Australia vs. WI
1982 - TIME's Man of the Year is a computer
1982 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1983 - Test Cricket debut of Gregory Richard John Matthews, vs. Pakistan MCG
1983 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1984 - Belgian princess Astrid marries arch duke Otto L van Austrian-Este
1985 - Test Cricket debut of Steve Waugh, vs. India at the MCG
1986 - Captured Iraqi Airways Boeing-737 in Saudi Arabia, about 60 killed
1986 - Doug Jarvis, 31, sets NHL record of 916 consecutive games
1986 - TV soap "Search for Tomorrow" ends 35 year run
1987 - "Les Miserables" opens at National Theatre of Iceland, Reykjavik
1988 - Anti African student rebellion in China PR
1988 - "Legs Diamond" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 64 performances
1989 - ODI debut for Mark Taylor and Sanath Jayasuriya at cricket MCG
1990 - Garry Kasparov beats Antatoly Karpov to retain chess championship
1990 - Reggie Williams becomes 1st General Manager of WLAF's NY-New Jersey Knights
1990 - Senior Professional Baseball Association folds
1991 - Chuck Knolls retires as NFL coach after 23 years
1991 - Jack Ruby's gun sells for $220,000 in auction
1991 - Militant Sikhs kill 55 and wound 70 in India
1991 - New York Islander Derek King ties New Jersey Devils 5-5 with second left
1992 - NY Jet announcer Marty Glickman retires at 75
1993 - Antonov-26 crashes at Gyumri, Armenia, 36 killed
1993 - Comedian Rodney Dangerfield (72) weds Joan Child (41)
1993 - Floyd, Nicklaus and Rodriguez wins Wendy's 3-Tour Challenge Golf Tourn
1994 - Actor Jason Hervey (22) weds Kelley Patricia O'Neill (27)
1994 - French commando's terminate Air France hijacking in Marseille
1994 - President brother Roger Clinton (37) weds 8-mo pregnant Molly Nartin (25)
1995 - Muttiah Muralitharan no-balled for throwing (SL vs. Australia, MCG)
1995 - Paul Adams becomes South Africa's youngest Test Cricket player, 18 years 340 ds

21st Century

2003 - Earthquake kills more than 30,000 in Bam, Iran
2004 - Earthquake, greatest in over 40 years, strikes the Pacific Ocean near Sumatra, triggering a massive Indian Ocean tsunami, killing as many as 266,000 in coastal regions of Asia and Africa


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