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Events and People Who Made History on December 25

1st Century

1 - 1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus

4th Century

337 - Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
352 - 1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th
390 - Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica

5th Century

498 - French king Clovis baptises himself

6th Century

597 - England adopts Julian calendar

7th Century

604 - Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers

8th Century

795 - Adrian I ends his reign as Catholic Pope

9th Century

800 - Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor
875 - Charles, the Bare, crowned emperor of Rome

10th Century

967 - John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor
969 - Johannes I Tzimisces, crowned emperor of Byzantium
979 - Rotardus appointed as bishop of the kingdom
999 - Heribertus becomes bishop of Cologne

11th Century

1000 - Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary
1046 - Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III RC-German emperor
1048 - Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin count Bruno van Egisheim/Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX
1066 - William the Conqueror, crowned king of England

12th Century

1100 - Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned king of Jerusalem
1101 - Henry I of Limburg becomes duke of Netherlands-Lutherans
1121 - Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen
1130 - Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman, king of Sicily

13th Century

1223 - St. Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)

15th Century

1492 - Columbus' ship Santa Maria docks at Dominican Republic

16th Century

1522 - Turkish troops occupy Rhodos
1582 - Zealand/Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th

17th Century

1613 - Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant
1621 - Governor William Bradford of Plymouth forbids game playing on Christmas
1640 - Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis
1641 - Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden and France
1651 - Massachusetts General Court ordered a fine (five shillings) for "observing any such day as Christmas"
1683 - English Whig-leader duke of Monmouth flees to Holland
1688 - English king James II lands in Ambleteuse, France
1688 - Lord Delamere sides with King James II

18th Century

1717 - Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, 1000s killed
1741 - Astronomer Anders Celcius introduces Centigrade temperature scale
1745 - Prussia/Austria signs Treaty of Dresden
1745 - Treaty of Dresden gives much of Silesia to the Prussians
1758 - Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch during return
1760 - Juptier Hammon, New York slave, publishes poetry in "An Evening Throught"
1775 - Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate
1776 - Washington crosses Delaware and surprises and defeats 1,400 Hessians

19th Century

1818 - 1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night") sung (Austria)
1818 - Handel's Messiah, U.S. premieres in Boston
1830 - Hector Berlioz's "Symphony Fantastic," premieres
1831 - Louisiana and Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday
1832 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St. Martin at Cape Receiver
1833 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia
1834 - Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile
1835 - Charles Darwin company celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand
1837 - Battle of Okeechobee-U.S. forces defeat Seminole Indians
1843 - 1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, New York City)
1848 - New Haven Railroad opens
1862 - 40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, SC
1868 - Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War)
1875 - Lambs Club in New York forms
1888 - 1st indoor baseball game played at fairgrounds in Philadelphia
1894 - 1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, California in football
1896 - "Stars and Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa
1899 - Farmers send/guide belegerd Ladysmith Kerstpudding/desire in grenade

20th Century

1900 - Arthur Schnitzlers "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany
1901 - Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits
1902 - Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes," premieres in New York City
1905 - V Herbert/H Blossoms musical "Mlle Modiste," premieres in New York City
1908 - Jack Johnson KO Tommy Burns and becomes 1st black heavyweight champ
1911 - Edward Knoblock's "Kismet," premieres in New York City
1914 - Legendary/unofficial "Christmas Truce" takes place (Brits and Germans)
1915 - Irving Berlin and Harry B Smith's musical premieres in New York City
1917 - Hirsch/Harbach's musical "Going Up," premieres in New York City
1917 - "Why Marry," 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in New York City
1922 - Lenin dictates his "Political testament"
1923 - Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St. New York City
1926 - Hirohito becomes emperor of Japan 1926-1989
1928 - Christmas Day attendance at cricket MCG (Vic vs. NSW) 14,887
1928 - NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps
1929 - Grimmett takes 6-146 for SA, Queensland all out 380 Crowd 5,390
1930 - Mount Van Hoevenberg bobsled run at Lake Placid, New York opens
1930 - Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA vs. Qld at Adelaide before 5,422
1930 - Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500
1931 - Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA vs. Qld at Adelaide before 5,697
1931 - Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria vs. Tas at Hobart
1931 - New Yorks's Metropolitan Opera broadcasts an entire opera over radio
1932 - During King George V Christmas dinner speech, his chair collapes
1933 - Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett
1933 - Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor
1933 - Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria vs. Tasmania at Hobart
1934 - Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 vs. Qld before 6,180
1934 - Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth," premieres in New York City
1936 - Belgian bishops condemn fascism and communism
1936 - Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA vs. Queensland before 4,865
1937 - Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio
1937 - Queensland all out for 93 vs. SA in front of 10,436
1938 - George Cukor announces Vivien Leigh will play Scarlett O'Hara
1939 - Grimmett and Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156)
1939 - Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer
1940 - Bradman out 1st ball for SA vs. Victoria before 6213
1940 - Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Harts "Pal Joey," premieres in New York City
1941 - Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong
1941 - Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan
1942 - Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death
1942 - British Col S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter
1942 - Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad
1946 - Constitution accepted in Taiwan
1947 - Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law)
1950 - Cleveland Browns beat Los Angeles Rams 30-28 in NFL championship game
1950 - Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey and smuggled back to Scotland
1950 - Dick Tracy marries Tess Truehart
1951 - 1st Christmas Day in Test Crickets, Australia vs. WI at Adelaide
1951 - West Indies defeat Australia by 6 wkts on 3rd day of 3rd Test Cricket
1953 - Avalanche of lava kills 150 (Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand)
1954 - WSFA TV channel 12 in Montgomery, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Cleveland Browns win NFL championship
1955 - Pope Pius XII encyclical on sacred music and popular music
1957 - Ed Gein found insane of murder
1958 - Alan Freed's Christmas Rock and Roll Spectacular opens
1959 - A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swatstikas
1959 - Richard Starkey receives his 1st drum set
1959 - Sony brings transistor TV 8-301 to the market
1962 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya U.S.S.R.
1963 - Walt Disney's "The Sword in the Stone" is released
1964 - George Harrison's girlfriend Patti Boyd attacked by female Beatle fans
1964 - "Goldfinger" premieres in US
1967 - Paul McCartney and Jane Asher get engaged
1968 - Frank Borman's Christmas reading while orbiting Moon
1969 - 5 Israeli gunboats escape from Cherbourg harbor
1969 - India all out for 163 at Madras vs. Australia, Ashley Mallett 5-91
1971 - Longest NFL game (82m40s) as Dolphins beat Chiefs 27-24
1971 - Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) form Jesse Jackson
1971 - Worst hotel fire in history kills 163 at Taeyokale Hotel in Seoul
1972 - England beat India by six wickets in the 1st Test Cricket at Delhi
1973 - Tommy Chambers (Scotland) finishes 51 yr cycle tour (799,405 miles)
1974 - Cyclone Tracy virtually destroys Darwin, Australia
1976 - Egyptian SS Patria sinks in Red Sea, about 100 killed
1976 - Takeo Fukuda becomes Japanese premier
1977 - Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin meets Egyptian President Sadat in Egypt
1979 - Opening day of 4th Test Cricket, India 8-112 vs. Pakistan at Kanpur
1979 - U.S.S.R. airlifts invasionary army to Afghanistan
1982 - Mudassar Nazar scores century, then Imran rips through Indians
1983 - 1st live telecast of Christmas Parade
1984 - NBA's Bernard King scores 60 points
1987 - Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who escaped 2 days earlier, recaptured
1989 - Japanese scientist achieve -271.8 degrees C, coldest temp ever recorded
1990 - "Godfather III" premieres
1991 - Last day of a washout Pakistan vs. Sri Lanka at Gujranwala
1991 - Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigned as President of U.S.S.R.
1994 - "Comedy Tonight" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City after 8 performances
1997 - For 1st time U.S. movie box office receipts pass $6 billion
1997 - Jerry Seinfeld says this is the final season of his TV show

21st Century

2003 - Union des Transports Africains de Guinee flight 141 crashes on takeoff from Cotonou Airport


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