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Events and People Who Made History on December 20

1st Century

69 - General Vespasianus occupies Rome

11th Century

1046 - Benedictus IX and Silvester III and names Bishop Siutger, Pope Clemens II
1046 - Synod of Sutri: German king Henry III removes Popes Gregory VI,

12th Century

1192 - Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna

15th Century

1448 - Pope Nicolaas V named Utrechts bishop Rudolf of Diepholt, cardinal

16th Century

1585 - English fleet and earl Robert Dudley van Leicester reach Vlissingen

17th Century

1600 - Ottario Rinuccini/Giulio Caccini's opera "Euridice" published
1606 - Virginia Company settlers leave London to establish Jamestown Va
1626 - Emperor Ferdinand II/Transylvanian monarch Gabor Betlen signs Peace of Pressburg
1661 - Corporation Act enforced in England
1669 - 1st jury trial in Delaware; Marcus Jacobson condemned for insurrection and sentenced to flogging, branding and slavery
1688 - Prince Willem III's troops pull into London
1694 - Frederik van Brandenburg flees Schweiben
1699 - Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed-Sept 1 to Jan 1

18th Century

1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's army meets de Esk
1780 - England declares war on Netherlands
1790 - 1st successful U.S. cotton mill to spin yarn (Pawtucket, RI)

19th Century

1803 - Louisiana Purchase formally transferred from France to U.S. for $27M
1820 - Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 and 50
1823 - Franz Schuberts "Ballet-Musik aus Rosamunde," premieres in Vienna
1830 - England, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium
1850 - Hawaiian post office established
1860 - South Carolina votes 169-0 for Ordinace of Secession, 1st state to secede
1861 - Battle of Dranesville, VA
1862 - Battle of Holly Spring, MS
1862 - Brigadier-General Nathan Bedford Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky
1865 - De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens
1879 - Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park
1880 - Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten
1880 - NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way"
1883 - International cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls
1891 - Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses
1892 - Phileas Fogg completes around world trip, according to Verne
1892 - Pneumatic automobile tire patented, Syracuse, New York
1893 - 1st state anti-lynching statue approved, in Georgia
1894 - England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket

20th Century

1900 - Giacobini discovers a comet (will be 1st comet visited by spacecraft)
1906 - Venezuela (under vice-president Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet
1907 - Explosion at Yolande Alabama, coal mine kills 91
1912 - J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart," premieres in New York City
1912 - Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faote Maroe," premieres in Paris
1915 - Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia
1917 - Russian secret police in Czechoslovakia forms under Felix Dzerzjinski
1918 - Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees," premieres in New York City
1919 - Canadian National Railways established (North America's longest, 50,000 KM)
1919 - U.S. House of Representatives restricts immigration
1920 - Bert Collins scores 104 on Test Cricket debut vs. England SCG
1920 - Bob Hope became an American citizen
1921 - AL votes to return to best-of-7 World Series, while NL votes best-of-9 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis casts deciding vote for best-of-7
1922 - 14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (U.S.S.R.)
1922 - Polish parliament selects Stanislaw Wojcieckowski as president
1924 - Adolf Hitler freed from jail early
1926 - Cards trade Rogers Hornsby to Giants for Frankie Frisch and Jimmy Ring
1926 - Pope Pius XI convicts fascist pursuit in Italy
1926 - Sidney Howard's "Silver Cord," premieres in New York City
1928 - 1st internationsl dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Que
1928 - Ethel Barrymore Theater opens at 243 W 47th St. New York City
1929 - Heinie Wagner replaces Bill Carrigan as Red Sox manager
1929 - Mount Davidson dedicated as a San Francisco city park
1930 - Learie Constantine cricket 100 in 52 minutes WI vs. Tas (10x4, 1x6, 1x5)
1932 - Queensland all out 74 vs. Victoria, Ironmonger (age 50) 7-13
1933 - Bolivia and Paraguay sign weapon cease fire
1935 - Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii
1937 - Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia
1938 - Vladimir K Zworykin (Penn) receives patent on Iconoscope TV system
1939 - Radio Australia begins overseas shortwave service
1940 - Connie Mack acquires controlling interest in the Athletics for $42,000
1941 - Free France under Admiral Muselier occupies St-Pierre et Miquelon
1941 - Japanese troops lands on Mindanao
1942 - 1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta
1943 - "International" is no longer U.S.S.R. National Anthem
1944 - Archbishop De Young and bishop Huibers condemn black market
1944 - Battle of Bastogne, Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!)
1944 - Bishop forbids membership in non Catholic unions
1944 - Terence Rattigans "O Mistress Mine," premieres in London
1945 - Rationg of auto tires ends in US
1946 - Darius Milhaud's 2nd Symphony, premieres
1948 - Second Chamber accept 2nd Police Action in Indonesia
1949 - Maurice Ravel/John Cranko's ballet "Beauty and the Beast," premieres
1950 - "Harvey," starring James Stewart, premieres in NY
1952 - KHQ TV channel 6 in Spokane, WA (NBC) begins broadcasting
1953 - KID (now KIDK) TV channel 3 in Idaho Falls, Idaho (CBS) 1st broadcasting
1953 - KWTV TV channel 9 in Oklahoma City, OK (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra
1956 - Montgomery, Ala, removed race-based seat assignments on its buses
1957 - Elvis Presley given draft notice to join U.S. Army for National Service
1959 - Jasu Patel takes 9-69, India vs. Australia at Kanpur
1960 - Auschwitz commandant Richard Bar arrested in West Germany
1962 - D Sjostakovitz opera "Katerina Ismailova," premieres in Moscow
1962 - Osmond brothers debut on Andy Williams Show
1963 - Berlin Wall opens for 1st time to West Berliners
1963 - Massemba-Debate elected President of Congo-Brazzaville
1963 - Trial against 21 camp guards of Auschwitz begins
1964 - Levi Eshkol forms Israeli government
1966 - Brussels: Nuclear Planning Group established
1966 - NBA awards Seattle Supersonics a franchise for 1967-68 season
1966 - Nuclear Planning Group forms in Brussels
1966 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - 474,300 U.S. soldiers in Vietnam
1967 - "Graduate," starring Dustin Hoffman and Anne Bancroft, premieres
1967 - Ian Anderson and Glenn Cornick form rock group Jethro Tull
1969 - Peter, Paul and Mary's "Leaving on a Jet Plane" reaches #1
1970 - Edward Gierek succeeds Wladyslaw Gomulka as Poland's party leader
1971 - Pakistan president Yahya Khan resigns
1972 - Neil Simons "Sunshine Boys," premieres in New York City
1973 - AL President Joe Cronin refuses to allow Dick Williams to manage Yankees
1973 - Dutch Antillean government of Evertsz forms
1973 - Montreal Canadien Henri Richard scores his 1,000th NHL point
1974 - Ethiopia becomes socialist one-party state
1974 - George Harrison releases his "Dark Horse" album in the United Kingdom
1975 - Joe Walsh recruited to join Eagles
1975 - Pope Paul VI named J Willebrands archbishop of Utrecht
1976 - Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin resigns
1976 - "Music Is" opens at St. James Theater New York City for 8 performances
1977 - 1st Space walk made by G Grechko from Salyut
1977 - RAF-terrorist Knut Folkerts sentenced to 20 years
1978 - H R Haldeman, Nixon's White House chief of staff released from jail
1980 - NBC broadcasts New York Jets' 24-17 win over Dolphins without audio
1980 - U.S.S.R. formally announces death of Alexei Kosygin
1981 - Browns set team records for most fumbles (9) and most turnovers (10)
1981 - Doug Small (Winnipeg Jets) ties NHL record scoring at 5 second mark
1981 - "Dreamgirls" opens at Imperial Theater New York City for 1522 performances
1981 - Harry Krieger/Tom Eyen's musical "Dreamgirls," premieres in New York City
1983 - El Salvador adopts constitution
1983 - Guy Lafleur, Montreal, became 10th NHLer to score 500 goals
1983 - New York Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Pitts Penguins
1983 - PLO chairman Yasser Arafat and 4,000 loyalists evacuate Lebanon
1984 - 33 unknown Bach keyboard works found in Yale library
1984 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1985 - Denis Potvin passes Bobby Orr as NHL defenseman scorer (916 points)
1985 - Howard Cosell retires from television sports after 20 years with ABC
1985 - Position of American Poet Laureate established (Robert Warren is 1st)
1986 - White teenagers beat blacks in Howard Beach, New York
1987 - 76th Davis Cup: Sweden beats India in Gothenburg (5-0)
1987 - Dona Paz ferry sinks after crash with oil tanker Vector, 4386 die
1987 - Nancy Lopez/Miller Barber wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship
1987 - "Nuts" with Barbra Striesand premieres
1988 - Animal rights terrorists fire-bomb Harrod's department store, London
1988 - NBC signs lease to stay in New York City, 33 more years
1988 - Premier Ranasinghe Premadasa elected President of Sri Lanka
1989 - Premier Lubbers sees CDA-party leader Elco Brinkman as successor
1989 - U.S. troops invade Panama and oust Manuel Noriega, but don't catch him
1990 - Pentagon warns Saddam that U.S. air power is ready to attack on 1/15
1990 - Robert F X Sillerman purchases WAFL NY-New Jersey Knights for $11 million
1990 - Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze resigns
1991 - NHL grants permanent membership to Tampa Lightning and Ottawa Senators
1991 - Paul Keating installed as premier of Australia
1992 - Northwest and KLM introduce a new joint logo "Worldwide Reliability"
1992 - Slobodan Milosevic re-elected president of Serbia
1993 - Donald Trump weds Marla Maples
1995 - American Flight 965 crashes in Columbia, 159 die, 5 survive
1995 - "Paul Roebson" opens at Longacre Theater New York City for 14 performances
1998 - Wendy's Three-Tour Golf Challenge
1999 - Portugal returns Macau to China

21st Century

2005 - New York City union members shut down subway and bus services for 3 days


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