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Events and People Who Made History on December 17

3rd Century

283 - St. Gaius begins his reign as Catholic Pope

16th Century

1526 - Ferdinand of Austria chosen as King of Bohemia
1526 - Pope Clemens VII publishes degree Cum ad zero - forms Inquisition
1538 - Pope Paul III excommunicated England's King Henry VIII
1572 - Spanish army begins fires in Haarlem Netherlands
1587 - Earl Leicesters army leaves Netherlands

17th Century

1638 - French/Swedish troops occupy Breisach on the Rhine

18th Century

1718 - England declares war on Spain
1728 - Congregation Shearith Israel of New York purchases a lot on Mill Street in lower Manhattan, to build New York's 1st synagogue
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charles army retreats to Scotland
1777 - France recognizes independence of English colonies in America
1777 - ,George Washingtons army returns to Valley Forge Pennsylvania
1788 - Russian army of Grigorij Potemkin occupies Ocharov
1790 - Aztec calendar stone discovered in Mexico City
1791 - New York City traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street
1792 - Opening of 1st legislative assembly of Lower Canada in Quebec city
1798 - 1st impeachment trial against a U.S. senator (Wm Blount, TN) begins

19th Century

1819 - Congress of Angostura establishes Colombia's independence from Spain
1821 - Kentucky abolishes debtors prisons
1832 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin sails in Strait Le Maire
1852 - 1st Hawaiian cavalry organized
1860 - Anaheim Township created in Los Angeles County
1862 - General U.S. Grant issues order #11, expelling Jews from Tennessee
1864 - Battle of Franklin, TN
1865 - Franz Schubert's "Unvolendete" Symphony," premieres
1875 - Violent bread riots in Montreal
1885 - France declares Madagascar a protectorate
1887 - Georges Feydeaus' "Tailleur Pour Dames" premieres in Paris
1892 - Tsjaikovski's ballet "Casse-noisette," premieres in St. Petersburg
1893 - Russia ratifies Duple Alliance with France
1895 - Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, D.C.
1895 - George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass)

20th Century

1900 - 1st prize of 100,00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy
1900 - New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million
1902 - Frank Wedekind's "Der Erdgeist," premieres in Berlin
1903 - At 10:35 AM, 1st sustained motorized aircraft flight (Orville Wright)
1907 - Ugyen Wangchuck became 1st hereditary king of Bhutan
1909 - Leopold II, king of Belgium, buried in Brussels
1914 - Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland
1914 - Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate
1914 - Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities
1919 - Austria parliament approves 8-hour day
1920 - AL votes to let spitball pitchers to continue using it
1920 - British Empire receives League of Nations mandate to Nauru
1920 - Japan receives League of Nations mandate over Pacific islands
1920 - South Africa receives League of Nations mandate over SW Africa
1922 - Last British troops leave Ireland Freestate
1923 - Greek king George II overthrown by army/republic
1924 - 1st U.S. diesel electric locomotive enters service, Bronx, New York
1925 - Col William "Billy" Mitchell court-martial for insubordination
1925 - Russia and Turkey sign non-aggresion pact
1926 - German Marx government falls due to cooperation with red army
1926 - KYA-AM in San Francisco, California begins radio transmissions
1926 - Lithuanian military state under General Augustine Woldemaras
1927 - U.S. submarine 'S-4' sinks after collision kills all 34 aboard
1927 - Victoria score 793 against Queensland, Bill Ponsford 437
1928 - John McGraw backs NL President John Heydler's designated hitter idea
1932 - Cards trade Jim Bottomley to Reds for Estel Crabtree and Ownie Carroll
1933 - B H Valentine scores 133 on Test Cricket debut, England vs. India at Bombay
1933 - Lala Amarnath scores century on Test Cricket debut (went on to 118)
1933 - NFL starts official stats as Bears beat Giants 23-21 in champ game
1933 - Spain's 2nd Government of Lerroux forms
1936 - Ventriloquist Edgar Bergen and dummy Charlie McCarthy, appear on TV
1938 - Utrecht Central Station destroyed by fire
1939 - German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay
1940 - British troops occupies Sollum
1941 - Dutch and Australian troops lands on Portuguese-Timor
1941 - German submarine U-31 sunk
1941 - German troops led by Rommel begin retreating in North Africa
1942 - Allies in London sentence German war criminals
1943 - Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - Green Bay Packers win NFL championship
1944 - Japanese-Americans released from detention camps
1944 - M-Ocean View streetcar resumes service and is extended to Market St
1944 - U.S. Army announces end of excluding Japanese-Americans from West Coast
1944 - U.S. destroyers sink in storm off Philippines, 790 killed
1946 - Bradman and Barnes complete 405 run 5th wkt stand, score 234 ea
1946 - U.S. V-2 rocket reaches 183 km, White Sands Proving Grounds, NM
1947 - NY struck by a blizzard, resulting with 27" of snow
1947 - WEWS TV channel 5 in Cleveland, OH (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - Burma recognizes People's Republic of China
1949 - "Regina" closes at 46th St. Theater New York City after 86 performances
1951 - Dutch Communist Party members forbidden to be civil servants
1953 - Dmitri Shostakovich' 10th Symphony, premieres in Leningrad
1953 - FCC approves RCA's black and white - compatible color TV specifications
1954 - 1st fully automated railroad freight yard (Gary, Indiana)
1954 - WEAU TV channel 13 in Eau Claire, Wisconsin (NBC) begins broadcasting
1957 - U.S. successfully test-fires Atlas intercontinental ballistic missile
1959 - 1st movie opening simultaneously in major cities (On The Beach)
1959 - "On The Beach," is 1st film to premiere on both sides of Iron Curtain
1960 - "La Plume de Ma Tante" closes at Royale Theater New York City after 835 performances
1960 - Pablo Casals' oratorio "El Pesebrio," premieres
1960 - "Take Me Along" closes at Shubert Theater New York City after 448 performances
1961 - Disgruntled employee set fire to a circus tent in Niteroi Brazil
1961 - India seizes Goa and 2 other Portuguese colonies
1961 - Niteroi Circus of Rio de Janeiro catches fire; 323 die
1962 - Beatles 1st British TV appearance (People and Places)
1962 - Current constitution of Monaco promulgated
1963 - Tsjoi Doo Sun forms government in South Korea
1963 - West and East Berlin sign accord about travel rules
1965 - Astrodome opens, 1st event is Judy Garland and Supremes concert
1965 - British government proclaims ends oil-embargo against Rhodesia
1965 - David Levy begins his search for comets
1965 - Dutch government shuts Limburgs coal mine
1967 - WEDW TV channel 49 in Bridgeport, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1969 - 50m TV viewers saw singer Tiny Tim marry Miss Vicky, on Tonight Show
1969 - USAF closes Project Blue Book, concluding no evidence of extraterrestrial spaceships behind thousands of UFO sightings
1970 - Gdansk, Poland shipworkers strike
1970 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1970 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1971 - Cease fire between India and Pakistan in Kashmir
1971 - "Diamonds are Forever" premieres in US
1971 - Radio Bangladesh begins transmitting
1972 - New line of control agreed to in Kashmir between India and Pakistan
1972 - WGVC (now WUCX) TV channel 35 in Grand Rapids, MI (PBS) 1st broadcast
1973 - Arabs terrorists shoot passengers on Boeing 737 to Kuwait
1975 - 1st time New York Islanders shut-out New York Rangers, 3-0-Billy Smith's 5th
1975 - Lynette Fromme sentenced to life for attempt on President Ford's life
1976 - Superstation WTBS in Atlanta went national
1977 - Bobby Simpson scores 176 Australia vs. India at the WACA, aged 41
1977 - Elvis Costello and The Attractions 1st U.S. TV appearance (SNL)
1977 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1978 - OPEC raises oil prices 18%
1978 - Referendum approves new constitution of Rwanda
1979 - Budweiser rocket car reaches 1190 kph
1980 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 - Mauritania provisional constitution published
1981 - Members of Red Brigades kidnap Brigadier General James L Dozier
1983 - Bomb attack on Harrod's war house in London, 5 killed, 94 injured
1983 - Disco in Madrid catches fire; 83 die
1983 - "Peg" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City after 5 performances
1984 - New Jersey Devils 1st penalty shot-Rocky Trottier scores against Edmonton
1984 - New Jersey Devils 1st shutout, Glenn Resch makes 42 saves beat Minn, 2-0
1986 - Mrs Davina Thompson makse medical history by having the 1st heart, lung and liver transplant (Papworth Hospital in Cambridge, England)
1986 - U.S. Congress forms Irangate committee
1987 - Czechoslovakian party leader Gustav Husak resigns
1988 - 77th Davis Cup: Germany beats Sweden in Gothenburg (4-1)
1988 - Bryan Murray becomes 17th NHL coach to win 300 games (Washington Caps)
1988 - New York Islanders break 12 game losing streak, beat Devils 5-2
1988 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1988 - USS Tennessee, 1st sub to carry Trident 2 missiles, commissioned
1989 - 78th Davis Cup: Germany beats Sweden in Stuttgart (3-2)
1989 - Brazil elects conservative Fernando Collor de Mello president
1989 - Michael Bevan scores cricket century on 1st-class debut (114 SA vs. WA)
1989 - Patti Rizzo/Mike Hill wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship
1990 - KTBN, Salt Lake City Utah, begins shortwave radio transmissions
1991 - Cleveland Cavaliers beat Miami Heat 148-80, by record 68 pts
1991 - NBA's most lopsided game Cleveland beats Miami 148-80
1991 - Patrick Manning becomes premier of Trinidad and Tobago
1991 - Soap opera "One Life To Live" airs its 6,000th episode
1992 - "Christmas Carol" opens at Broadhurst Theater New York City for 22 performances
1992 - General Suwa finds tooth of 4.4 million year old Australopithecus ramidus
1993 - Bangladesh moslem call for murder of feminist Taslima Nasrin
1993 - Kevin Scott skates world record 1000 m (1:12.54)
1993 - Northern Exposure star Barry Corbin falls off his horse
1993 - Tennis star Boris Becker (26) weds Barbara Feltus (27)
1994 - KLM's last DC-10 goes out of service
1995 - "School after Scandal" closes at Lyceum Theater New York City after 23 performances

21st Century

2004 - President Bush signs the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Act of 2004 which reorganizes intelligence agencies and creates position of national security director


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