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Events and People Who Made History on December 14

7th Century

644 - Osman ibn Affan appointed 3rd kalief of islam

9th Century

867 - Adrian II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
872 - John VIII elected as Catholic Pope

12th Century

1124 - Theobald Buccapecus elected Pope Coelestinus II (he refuses)

13th Century

1287 - Zuider Zee seawall collapses with loss of 50,000 lives

15th Century

1490 - Anna van Bretagne marries a proxy Maximilian of Austria

16th Century

1575 - Polish Parliament selects Istvan Bathory as king of Poland
1582 - Zealand/Brabant Netherlands adopt Gregorian calendar, tomorrow is 12/25

17th Century

1600 - Olivier van Noort sinks Sp galleon San Diego at Bay of Manila, 350 die
1656 - Artificial pearls 1st manufactured by M Jacquin in Paris made of gypsum pellets covered with fish scales

18th Century

1708 - Prosper Jolyot's "Electre," premieres in Paris
1774 - Mass militiamen successfully attacked arsenal of Ft. William and Mary
1782 - Charleston, South Carolina evacuated by British
1793 - 1st state road authorized, Frankfort, Kentucky to Cincinnati
1798 - David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut and bolt machine

19th Century

1819 - Alabama admitted to Union as 22nd state
1825 - Decembrist uprising in Russia against Tsar Nicholas I begins
1849 - 1st chamber music group in U.S. gives their 1st concert (Boston)
1863 - Battle of Bean's Station-Confederacy repulses Union in Tennessee
1882 - Henry Morton Stanley returns to Brussels from the Congo
1889 - American Academy of Political and Social Science organized, Philadelphia
1894 - Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren

20th Century

1901 - 1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium)
1903 - Reg Foster completes 287 England vs. Australia on Test Cricket debut
1911 - South Pole 1st reached, by Norwegian Roald Amundsen
1913 - Greece formally takes possession of Crete
1915 - Jack Johnson is 1st black world heavyweight boxing champion
1917 - UFA, Universal Film AG, forms in Germany
1918 - Giacomo Puccini's opera "Il Trittico," premieres in New York City
1920 - Heavyweight Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in New York City
1920 - Jack Dempsey KOs Bill Brennan in 12 for heavyweight boxing title
1923 - Gerard K "Simon" van het Reve, Dutch writer (Evenings)
1924 - Chiang Kai-shek occupies Hankou
1924 - Respighi's symphony "Pini di Roma," premieres in Paris
1926 - Danish Madsen government, forms
1927 - Iraq gains independence from Britain, but British troops remain
1928 - 2nd Test Cricket Australia vs. England starts with Bradman 12th man
1929 - Alexander Zaimis elected President of Greece
1930 - New York Giants defeat Notre Dame 22-0 in a charity game
1931 - 1st assembly of Anton Musserts NSB in Utrecht
1932 - French government of Herriot falls
1933 - Josephine Baker performs in Amsterdam
1934 - 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany New York)
1935 - Test Cricket debut of "Chuck" Fleetwood-Smith vs. South Africa, Durban
1937 - Japanese troops conquer/plunder Nanjing
1938 - AL permits Cleveland and Philadelphia to play night games
1938 - Major leagues agrees on standard ball
1938 - Major leagues disagree on increasing rosters from 23 to 25
1938 - Will Harridge is elected to a 10-year-term as AL president
1939 - Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union
1941 - 1st NFL division playoff, Bears beat Packers 33-14
1941 - Premier Winston Churchill travels to U.S. on board HMS Duke of York
1941 - U-557 torpedoes British cruiser Galatea
1944 - Begin(ning) Liese-Aktion: werving of labor force for Germany
1944 - Congress establshes rank of General of Army (5-star General)
1944 - German occupiers forbid use of electricity in parts of Holland
1945 - Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl," premieres in New York City
1946 - "Three to Make Ready" closes at Adelphi Theater New York City after 323 performances
1946 - Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN
1946 - U.N. General Assembly votes to establish United Nations HQs in New York City
1947 - Cleveland Browns beat New York Yankees 14-3 in AAFC championship game
1950 - Baseball owners choose Lou Perini (Braves), Phil Wrigley (Cubs), Del Webb (Yankees), and Ellis Ryan (Indians) to select new commissioner
1950 - "Bless You All" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater New York City for 84 performances
1950 - U.N. General Assembly establishes High Commission for Refugees (Nobel 1954)
1952 - KROD (now KDBC) TV channel 4 in El Paso, Texas (CBS) begins broadcasting
1952 - R H Shodhan scores 110 on Test Cricket debut vs. Pakistan, Calcutta
1952 - Uprising of captives in Pongam South Korea, 82 die
1953 - Brooklyn Dodgers sign pitcher Sandy Koufax
1954 - WOAY TV channel 4 in Oak Hill-Beckley, WV (ABC) begins broadcasting
1955 - Dutch Reformed Church condemns woman/wife as vicar
1955 - Tappan Zee Bridge in New York opens to traffic
1956 - Paul-Henri Spaak appointed Secretary-General of NATO
1957 - "Most Happy Fella" closes at Imperial Theater New York City after 678 performances
1957 - "Rumple" closes at Alvin Theater New York City after 45 performances
1959 - Archbishop Makarios proclaimed president of Cyprus
1959 - J B Jordan in F-104C sets world altitude record, 31,513m
1959 - USAF Captain Joe B. Jordan reaches 103,395 feet in F-104 jet fighter
1960 - Australia vs. West Indies 1st Test Cricket at the Gabba ends in a tie
1960 - Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) forms
1960 - Washington Senators joins American League
1961 - Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John" is 1st country song to get a gold record
1962 - Mariner 2 makes 1st U.S. fly-by of another planet (Venus)
1962 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Verne Gagne beats The Crusher in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
1964 - Michael Brown meets Rene Fladen, then writes "Walk Away Rene"
1965 - "La Grusse Valise" opens at 54th St. Theater New York City for 7 performances
1967 - DNA created in a test tube
1969 - Bishen Bedi takes 7-98 (career-best) vs. Australia at Calcutta
1969 - Jackson Five made their 1st appearance on "Ed Sullivan Show"
1969 - "La Strada" opens/closes at Lunt Fontanne New York City for 1 performance
1971 - Golden Gate Bridge lights out all night due to power failure
1971 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1972 - Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt leave the Moon
1972 - Willy Brandt re-elected West German chancellor
1974 - Islander Glenn Resch's 1st shut-out opponent-Kings 3-0
1974 - Viv Richards scores 1st Test Cricket ton 192 vs. India 20 fours 6 sixes
1975 - 6 So Moluccan terrorists surrender, holding 23 hostages for 12 days
1975 - "Treemonisha" closes at Uris Theater New York City after 64 performances
1976 - Dutch 1st Chamber condemns Dutch Liberal/social dem abortion laws
1977 - Egypt and Israel reps gather in Cairo for 1st formal peace conference
1977 - Red Sox trade Fergie Jenkins to Rangers for John Poloni and cash
1977 - "Saturday Night Fever,"starring John Travolta, premieres in New York City
1977 - Test Cricket debut of Abdul Qadir, vs. England at Lahore
1977 - War criminal Pieter Menten sentenced in Amsterdam to 15 years
1978 - "Ballroom" opens at Majestic Theater New York City for 116 performances
1978 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1978 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1979 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1980 - Anders Kailur scores on 6th Islander penalty shot
1980 - At 2 PM EST there is 10 minutes of silence in memory of John Lennon
1980 - Minnesota Vikings pass for 456 yards against Cleveland Browns, winning 28-24
1980 - Nancy Lopez/Curtis Strange wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic
1980 - New Orleans Saints end 14 game losing streak, beat New York Jets 21-20
1980 - "Onward Victoria" opens/closes at Martin Beck New York City for 1 performance
1980 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1981 - Israel annexes Golan Heights (seized from Syria in war of 1967)
1982 - Marcel Dionne, LA, becomes 9th NHLer to score 500 goals
1983 - "Peg" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City for 5 performances
1984 - Howard Cosell retires from Monday Night Football
1985 - U.S. Foreign Minister George Shultz arrives in West Berlin
1986 - Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager, took off from Edwards AFB, California on 1st non-stop, non-refueled flight around world
1987 - Allan Border scores 205 vs. New Zealand to become Australia's top rungetter
1987 - Chrysler pleads no contest to selling driven vehicles as new
1988 - CBS' $1.1 B bid wins exclusive 1990-94 major-league baseball rights
1988 - NBA's Miami Heat wins 1st game ever, 89-88 (Clippers), after 17 loses
1988 - Spanish General strike to protest austerity measures
1988 - U.S. agrees to talk to Palestine Liberation Org (1st time in 13 yrs)
1990 - Louis Jordan's revue "Five Guys Named Moe," premieres in London
1990 - Right to Die case permits Nancy Cruzan to have her feeding tube removed, she dies 12 days later
1991 - 57th Heisman Trophy Award: Desmond Howard, Michigan (WR)
1991 - Ferry boat Salem Express sinks in Red Sea, 476 killed
1992 - Lennox Lewis given WBC title, when Riddick Bowe refused to fight him
1993 - Moslem fundamentalists murder 12 Kroates/Bosnians in Algeria
1995 - AIDS patient Jeff Getty recieves baboon bone marrow transplant
1995 - "Les Miserables" opens at Cable Hall, Helsinki
1996 - 12th Soap Opera Digest Awards
1996 - 62nd Heisman Trophy Award: Danny Wuerffel, Florida (quarterback)
1997 - Diners Club Senior Golf Match
1997 - Juli Inkster and Dottie Pepper win LPGA Diners Club Matches
1997 - Phoenix Coyote Mike Gartner is 5th NHLer to score 700 goals
1997 - "View From the Bridge," opens at Criterion Theater New York City


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