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Events and People Who Made History on December 13

9th Century

863 - Boudouin with the Iron Arm weds Charles de Kales' daughter Judith

13th Century

1294 - Pope Coelestinus V ends term

16th Century

1545 - Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opens
1545 - Pope Paul III opens council of Trente
1570 - Sweden/Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
1572 - Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet under Admiral Lumey
1577 - Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England to go around world

17th Century

1621 - Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
1642 - New Zealand discovered by Dutch navigator Abel Tasman
1668 - Jean Racines "Britannicus," premieres in Paris

18th Century

1734 - England and Russia sign trade agreement
1742 - Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes
1759 - 1st music store in America opens in Philadelphia
1769 - Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter
1774 - 1st incident of Revolution-400 attack Ft. William and Mary, New Hampshire

19th Century

1816 - Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
1823 - Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London
1833 - HMS Beagle and Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia
1843 - "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens published, 6,000 copies sold
1861 - Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV
1864 - Battle of Ft. McAllister, GA
1879 - 1st federal fish hatching steamer lauched (Wilmington Delaware)
1889 - Belgium rules on women/child labor law
1895 - 1st complete execution of Gustav Mahlers 2nd Symphony

20th Century

1900 - Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey/Smuts beat Britten
1901 - Test debut of S F Barnes vs. Australia SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings
1903 - Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone in New Jersey
1903 - Wright Bros make 1st flight at Kittyhawk
1906 - German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament
1907 - George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut vs. Australia SCG
1907 - German emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam
1913 - Mona Lisa stolen in Aug 1911 returned to Louvre
1916 - Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian and Italian troops in 24 hours in Tyrol
1916 - Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
1916 - French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
1918 - U.S. Army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
1918 - Wilson, becomes 1st to make a foreign visit as president (France)
1919 - Ross and Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
1920 - F Pease's interferometer measures 1st stellar diameter (Betelgeuse)
1920 - League of nations establishes International Court of Justice in The Hague
1920 - Netherland breaks contact with kingdom of Serbia, Croatia and Slavia
1922 - Charles Ebbets proposes putting numbers on players' sleeves or caps
1924 - KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
1928 - Clip-on tie designed
1928 - George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres (New York City)
1930 - George Sisler's career ends when Boston Braves release him
1930 - Theodore Steeg forms French government
1934 - Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St. New York City
1936 - Final Boston Redskin NFL game, lose to Packers 21-6, move to Washington D.C.
1936 - Green Bay Packers win NFL championship
1938 - Los Angeles freezes at 28 degrees F
1939 - Battle at La Plata - 3 British cruisers vs German Graf Spee
1941 - German occupiers forbid National Front and Netherland Union
1941 - Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
1941 - U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier Ark Royal
1942 - Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
1942 - Washington Redskins defeat Chicago Bears 14-6, to win NFL title
1943 - 150 U.S. Marauders bomb Schiphol
1944 - Japanese kamikaze crashes into U.S. cruiser Nashville, kills 138
1944 - Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth," premieres in New York City
1946 - Leon Blum elected French premier
1947 - "Caribbean Carnival" closes at International New York City after 11 performances
1947 - Maine Turnpike opens to traffic
1949 - AL votes down proposal to revive spitball
1949 - Knesset votes to transfer Israel's capital to Jerusalem
1950 - James Dean begins his career with an appearance in a Pepsi commercial
1950 - "Let's Make an Opera" opens at John Golden Theater New York City for 5 performances
1951 - Future British Prime Minister Margaret Roberts Thatcher marries Denis Thatcher
1953 - KOAM TV channel 7 in Pittsburg-Joplin, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Dodgers trade Jackie Robinson to Giants for pitcher Dick Littlefield and $35,000 Robinson retires
1959 - Archbishop Makarios elected 1st president of Cyprus
1960 - Italy beats U.S. in Davis cup (1st time in 24 years U.S. not in finals)
1960 - Laos General Fumi Nosavang occupies Vientiane
1961 - Beatles sign a formal agreement to be managed by Brian Epstein
1961 - Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann
1961 - Jimmy Dean's Big Bad John album is country music 1st million $ seller
1962 - Relay 1 communication satellite launched
1963 - Capital records signs right of 1st refusal agreement with Beatles
1964 - In El Paso, Texas, Lyndon Baines Johnson and Mexican President Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border
1964 - Shirley Englehorn and Sam Snead wins Haig and Haig Mixed Foursome Golf
1965 - Algerian president Boumedienne visits Moscow
1966 - 1st battle for Bijlmer flats Amsterdam
1966 - 1st U.S. bombing of Hanoi
1966 - Test debut of Clive Lloyd, vs. India Bombay, 82 and 78
1966 - U.S. performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - United Soccer Association and National Pro Soccer League merge into NASL
1967 - Unsuccessful coup against Greek King Constantine II
1968 - Playland at Beach reopens
1968 - President Da Costa e Silva disbands parliament/grabs power
1969 - Arlo Guthrie releases "Alice's Restaurant"
1969 - Billy Martin fired as Twins' manager
1970 - Greg Chappell scores 108 on Test debut vs. England at the WACA
1970 - Neil Simon's "Gingerbread Lady," premieres in New York City
1971 - John Sinclair (sentence: 10 yrs, sold 2 marijuana joints) is freed
1973 - MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
1973 - World Football League grants 1st franchise (Detroit)
1974 - Jim "Catfish" Hunter wins free agent claim against A's owner Finley
1974 - Malta becomes a republic
1975 - 1st time Saturday Night Live uses a time delay - Richard Pryor as host
1975 - Australian Conservatives and Liberals win parliamentary election
1975 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA 14 Colgate Triple Crown Golf Tournament
1975 - Roy Fredericks hits 169 vs. Australia at WACA, hundred in 71 balls
1975 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1976 - Golden Gate Bridge District starts ferry service to Larkspur
1976 - Longest non-stop passenger airflight (Sydney to San Francisco 13h14m)
1977 - 14 University of Evansville basketball players die in plane crash
1978 - Susan B. Anthony dollar, 1st U.S. coin to honor a woman, issued
1979 - "Oklahoma!" opens at Palace Theater New York City for 301 performances
1979 - Strikes against price increases in Gdansk Poland
1980 - "Perfectly Frank" closes at Helen Hayes Theater New York City after 16 performances
1981 - 70th Davis Cup: USA beats Argentina in Cincinnati (3-1)
1981 - Polish government declares martial law, arrests Solidarity activists
1982 - 71st Australian Mens Tennis: Johan Kriek beats Steve Denton (63 63 62)
1982 - Earthquake hits Northern Yemen; 2,000 die
1983 - 9,655 see highest-scoring NBA game: Detroit 186, Denver 184 (3 OT)
1983 - British Airways incorporates
1983 - Islander's Butch Goring scorings 4 goals against Oilers
1983 - KYA-AM in San Francisco, California changes call letters to KOIT
1983 - Martha Layne Collins inaugurated as Kentucky's 1st female governor
1984 - Artificial heart recipient William Schroeder suffers 1st stroke
1985 - David Boon's 1st Test century, 123 vs. India at Adelaide
1985 - Test debut of Merv Hughes, Geoff Marsh and Bruce Reid (v India)
1987 - Belgium Christian Democrats (CVP) loses parliamentary election
1987 - Browns set club record for most points scored in a quarter, 28
1987 - U.S.S.R. performs nuclear test at Semipalitinsk, Eastern Kazakhstan U.S.S.R.
1988 - 3 men end 29-hour all-466-station subway ride in New York City
1988 - Arafat addresses United Nations in Geneva
1989 - Walter Davis (Denver) ends NBA free throw streak of 53 games
1990 - Heavy earthquake strikes Sicily, 18 die
1990 - "Peter Pan" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater New York City for 45 performances
1990 - President De Klerk of South Africa meets with Mandela to talk of end of apartheid
1991 - Both Koreas sign an accord calling for reconcilliation
1991 - NY assembly speaker Mel Miller is convicted of federal mail fraud
1991 - Ricky Pierce (Seattle) ends NBA free throw streak of 75 games
1992 - Dawn Coe-Jone wins Pizza-La LPGA Match Play Golf Championship
1992 - FCC fines Infinity Broadcasting $600,000
1992 - "Show Off" closes at Criterion Theater New York City after 45 performances
1993 - Deadline for Israeli troop withdrawal from Gaza, they don't
1993 - Dow Jones hits record 3764.43
1993 - Fire in textile factory in Fuzjou China, 60 killed
1993 - Space shuttle STS-61 (Endeavour 5), lands
1994 - American Eagle commuter plane crashes in NC, killing 15
1995 - Christopher Reeves released from physical rehab center
1995 - U.S. Federal Court votes that Cable companies must carry local stations
1996 - Free agent Roger Clemens signs with Toronto Blue Jays
1997 - 63rd Heisman Trophy Award: Charles Woodson, Michigan (CB)

21st Century

2000 - Al Gore concedes presidential election, George W. Bush named president
2001 - Terrorists break into parliament building in New Delhi, murder at least 12
2003 - American forces capture Sadam Hussen outside of Tikrit


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